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1,^IM\ Ann Ban'ks I'owkks 

Powers-Banks Ancestry 



LYDIA ANN BANKS 1829-1919 



1921 > 

J X^ 


Introduction H 

The Powers Line 23 

The Davis Line 44 

The Beebe Line 49 

Pratt, Boosey, Wyatt, Bronson .... 51 

The Colliers 54 

Adams, Sanford 55 


The Willards 60 

The Deane Line 61 

The Parsons Line 70 

The Edwards Line 17 

Sheldon, Woodford, Blott 80 

The Strong Line 81 

The Ford Line 82 

The Bliss Line 83 

The Thatchers, Partridges, Tracys ... 86 

The Allworth Line 92 

The Banks Line 97 

The Phillips Line 114 

The Lewis Line 124 

Maccoons, allied with Lewis .... 128 

The Cheesebrough Line 129 

The Harris Line 134 

Collins and Marvin 136 

Miner, Avery, and Palmer 139 

Wilcox, Hazard, Brownell, allied with Lewis ' . 146 

The Gates Line 149 

Benjamin Line, allied with Gates; also 

Eddy Line; and Lombards 155 

Woodward, Hammond, and others .... 158 

The Wentworths 158 

The Josselyns 160 

The Branches 163 



The Lincolns 

Ayer Line, connected with Phillips . 

Travers, Hutchins 

The Gold Line 

The Barlows 

The Lockwoods 

The Burr Line 

Wakeman Antecedents .... 
The Hawleys, Birdseyes .... 

The Ward Line 

The Shermans and Makins 

The Goodyears 

Hopkins, Vickaris 


Bradleys, Thompsons, Harrisons, Prichards 

The Talcott Line 

Skinner, Mott, connected with Talcott 

The Bradley Line 

Davises of Fairfield .... 

Jacksons, Goodwins 

The Lyon Connection .... 
The Taintors and Hyatts 


Descendants of David Bradley and Pamelia ( 

lips) Banks 

A Bundle of Old Letters 

Major Gold's part in the Indian War . 

Witchcraft in Connecticut 


Indian Lands in Groton 

Various Notes 


General Index 

Genealogical Indkx 





Lydia Ann Banks Powers 

Facsimile Signature 

Charles Powers 

James Powers . 

Peter Powers . 

Cottage at Woodville 

Front Door oe Farm Home 

Sallie Gold (Banks) Cotton 

Mary Lewis (Phillips) Cale 

Pamelia Phillips (Banks) Warriner 

Lydia Ann Banks (Powers) Deering 

Church Built by David Bradley 

Maps oe Old England and New England 

between pp. 

facing p. 10 
facing p. 23 
facing p. 23 
facing p. 23 
facing p. 37 
facing p. 37 
facing p. 97 
facing p. 97 
facing p. 97 
facing p. 97 
facing p. 238 

246 and 247 

J A €J(o^ 



'rCo/f^Eu^ *foP'p^ 






Facsimile Signatures taken from Old Documents 


This book is the result of studies carried on in intervals 
from regular occupation extending over a period of about nine 
years. For a long time no thought of printing occurred to the 
writer and when that thought was first entertained it was sup- 
posed that the public would be only the immediate family. As 
a consequence of these circumstances the work is somewhat 
uneven; part of it has been written rather familiarly in the 
first person ; part of it is unaccompanied by citation of sources. 
Yet, though it is too much to expect where so many particular 
facts are gathered that there should not be error, it is confi- 
dently asserted that pains have been taken to make the work 
accurate and that in the later portions of the work sources have 
been carefully indicated. 

The scope of the work may be understood when it is stated 
that every ancestor of Charles Powers and of his wife has 
found a place here, so far as such ancestor could be determined, 
and that in some lines the information runs back to the four- 
teenth century ; in a good many to the end of the sixteenth cen- 
tury. The number of families represented is over a hundred. 
Among the more important, arranging in the order of the 
alphabet, are Avery (1616-1684), Banks (1630-1919), Barlow 
(1650-1826), Beebe (1650-1829), Bliss (1560-1712), Bradley 
1600-1790), Branch (1585-1760), Burr (1630-1777), Cheese- 
brough (1620-1760), Davis (1600-1841), Deane (1591- 
1828), Gates (1600-1840), Gold (1640-1836), Lewis (1650- 
1886), Miner (1358-1730), Parsons (1636-1770), Phillips 
(1635-1840), Powers (1740-1871), Pratt (1598-1794), Tal- 
cott (1540-1696), Thacher (1574-1740), Wakeman (1545- 

The method of treatment differs greatly, especially in the 


amount of dependence upon family genealogy already printed. 
For an extreme case in one direction, the Cheeseb rough is al- 
most entirely derived from the family genealogy ; at the other 
extreme the Powers data have never been collected and have 
in general been gathered from registers, tombstones, and the 
like. In most cases the material is primarily from family gene- 
alogies where such have been accessible, but supplemented 
from other sources. Roughly it may be said that all data sub- 
sequent to the Revolution is dependent on first sources ; earlier 
material is very little of it from first sources. To illustrate the 
method of treatment further, take the case of the Avery family : 
the basis is the Avery Clan, but this has been largely supple- 
mented from the Colonial Records of Connecticut. Another 
example of still different treatment, the Sherman family : In 
this case the printed genealogy was found unreliable and de- 
pendence is almost entirely upon the wills presented in Waters's 

The aim has been to trace the direct line and all its ramifica- 
tions, giving in additon the collateral lines with dates (as far 
as possible) of births, marriages, deaths. The sketches differ 
as much as the sources of material, some of them being minute 
and extended even in the case of rather minor figures; for 
example the accounts of Abel Gold and of Thankful Parsons 
have been elaborated because they could be conveniently made 
centers of interest in the Revolution. These disproportions 
have been somewhat dependent upon the amount of informa- 
tion available, but perhaps even more have been controlled by 
the interest of the writer. 

In addition to the family histories there are presented some 
chapters of a more general nature, one treating of the family 
in a general way in its connection with the development of the 
country and the growth of its institutions and government. 
There is also a chapter on witchcraft, particularly in Connecti- 
cut, and a good deal about King Philip's War and the land 
system of Connecticut. 

For the most part lines of descent have been successfully 


traced to the immigrant ancestor and with two exceptions 
where this has been done the migration antedated the eigh- 
teenth century. The two exceptions are Peter Powers and his 
wife, Mary Allworth, who came from Ireland shortly before 
1740. Many lines have been traced to the English home of 
the immigrant, some of them for centuries prior to the migra- 
tion. The following have been identified in their English 
home: Avery, Beebe, Bradley, Branch, Brownell, Cheese- 
brough, Collins, Davis, Deane, Ford, Gates, Lincoln, Miner, 
Phillips, Pratt, Shemian, Talcott, Thacher, Wakeman, Ward. 
On the other hand, though most of the Fairfield families have 
been traced to the immigrant, it has been impossible in most 
cases to connect the immigrant with his English home. Fur- 
thermore, in a number of cases it has been impossible to dis- 
cover all the links back to the immigrant. By way of hint to 
the future student of these families a few of these "no thor- 
oughfare" cases are here listed: The maiden names of these 
are unknown : the wives of John and Samuel Davis of Fair- 
field; of Abigail, wife to Jonathan Davis; of Sarah, wife of 
Thomas Banks; of Sarah, second wife of Isaac Gates, The 
paternity of these is undetermined: Anna Barlow, wife of 
Talcott Gold; Content Howse, wife of Peter Branch; Mary 
Allworth, wife of Peter Powers. The English origin of many 
of those hitherto undetermined doubtless will be revealed as the 
wills and registers of England become more completely studied. 


The writer has contemplated with pleasure the writing of 
this section. But as the time arrives he shrinks from making 
the discrimination that will inevitably mark any attempt to 
thank those who have helped him. His first bids for aid were 
sent out timidly with the fear that no response would be re- 
ceived. It is gratifying to record that to most inquiries he got 
a reply; often the help afforded was most generous in time 
and effort required. It must be admitted, however, that in 
some cases he has failed after repeated trials; even town offi- 


cials have failed to reply when asked merely to state the fee 
for having their records examined for certain facts, and that 
too though stamps were enclosed for the reply. I might add 
that on the other hand inquiries that have brought me no in- 
formation have sometimes led to most pleasant correspondence. 
In one case, I must chronicle a most pleasant personal acquain- 
tance resulting from the interchange of letters ; I refer to 
George H. Merwin, the author of the History of Greenfield 
Parish. I take the more pleasure in expressing this obligation 
as with him I explored the comers of the old parish hunting 
for Banks houses and went through the old burying-ground. I 
must also express a very great special obligation to my cousin, 
Mrs. Helen A. Ellis of Medford, Massachusetts, who has made 
available to me the stores of the library of the New England 
Historical Genealogical Society. Other libraries I have used, 
some of them but once, others frequently ; I name : the Con- 
gressional Library, the Eorbes Library, the Kansas Historical 
Library, the Minnesota Historical Library, the Newberry 
Library, the New York Public Library, the Toledo Public Li- 
brary, and the South Dakota Historical Library. 

Although I know it is impossible to include the names of all 
who have helped me, I venture nevertheless to append a list of 
a goodly number: Kathryn Davis Allan, Chatham, New 
York; Mrs. Julia M. B. Ambler, Chatham, New York; Rev. 
A. E. Beaman, Fairfield, Connecticut; Mrs. C. A. Bradley, 
Norfield, Connecticut ; Miss Annie C. Carlisle, Forbes Library, 
Northampton, Massachusetts; Mrs. Chase, Russell, Pennsyl- 
vania ; Sam. Cotton, Albany, Missouri ; Geo. S. Godard, Con- 
necticut State Librarian, Hartford, Connecticut ; W. E. Grum- 
man, Public Library, Redding, Connecticut; Carl A. Lewis, 
Hampton, Connecticut ; Walter H. McClenon, Library of Con- 
gress, Washington. D.C. ; George H. Merwin, Greenfield, Con- 
necticut; Lee Phillips, Forestville, New York; Augusta Pow- 
ers, Perrysburg, Ohio ; Mabel Powers, Hoytsville, Ohio ; Mrs. 
Mary J. Pratt, Appleton City, Missouri ; Mrs. Alice E. Pray, 
Albany, New York; Malcolm D. Rudd, secretary Salisbury 


Association, Lakeville, Connecticut; Doane Robinson, Pierre, 
South Dakota; Mrs. E. E. Rogers, Norwich, Connecticut; D. 
O. Sawyer, Spencertown, New York ; Lucretia W. Smith, New 
London, Connecticut; H. M. Spence, Parkersburg Virginia; 
Francis B. Trowbridge author of the Troivhridgc Genealogy 
and other works, New Haven, Connecticut ; Everett E. Wliip- 
ple, Westerly, Rhode Island. ■-. 


One might be pardoned a little pride who could bring to- 
gether into one family history the name of Joel Barlow, our 
most ambitious epic poet; of Justice Bradley of the Supreme 
Court ; of John Davis, governor of Massachusetts ; Silas Deane, 
diplomatic colleague of Benjamin Franklin ; of Gates, the Rev- 
olutionary general; of Jay Gould, the railroad millionaire; of 
Wendell Phillips, the orator of abolition ; of Talcott, colonial 
governor for many years of Connecticut; of General Sherman, 
and of John Sherman; of Oxenbridge Thacher, eloquent pa- 
triot of the pre-Revolution ; of Frances E. Willard, who needs 
no epithet for identification. This pride, one might suspect, 
should be spelled boasting; yet that reproach should be re- 
moved on the concession that not one of these names belongs 
in the direct lines here traced, and in many cases the branches 
have run far apart. Still, at the further risk of the charge of 
boasting, it is some satisfaction to look back over the direct 
lines and find Indian fighters of gallantry, ranging from pri- 
vates to lieutenant colonels, colonial statesmen in both branches 
and for long in the chair of the deputy governor, merchants of 
wide influence. Harvard and Cambridge and Oxford scholars, 
the first pastor of the Old South Church, and, in short, men of 
influence in all walks of life. Not of the widest influence it 
is true; the families here traced belong to the great middle 
class who often attain a local eminence but seldom shine in the 
world's eye. Perhaps it is as pioneers that it is most interest- 
ing to regard them; for not only were they effective in estab- 
lishing dozens of the early New England towns and building 


up sound institutions on the foundations laid, but in New York 
in later generations and still later even to the utmost bounds 
of the Middle West they carried eager pioneering energy. 

To be specific, these pioneer ancestors had a hand in settling, 
sometimes a main hand, the towns of Barnstable — Dolor 
Davis, 1640; Boston — Wm. Cheesebrough first constable, as- 
sessor of rates, and early deputy, 1630; Cambridge — John 
Pratt, one of the original members of Thomas Hooker's 
church ; Charlestown — where Walter Palmer built the first 
house; Concord — where Dolor Davis was as early as 1636; 
Dorchester — Thomas Ford, 1630; Gloucester — Christopher 
Avery; Hartford — where Talcott built the first house, 
whither also Pratt came with Hooker ; New Haven — whose 
deputy governor was Stephen Goodyear, with whom were 
associated Richard Harrison and John Thompson; New Lon- 
don — of which James Avery may be considered founder; 
Newport — the original contract of which was signed by 
Thomas Hazard, 1639; Northampton — established by a party 
from Springfield, led by Joseph Parsons and Alexander Ed- 
wards, 1654-1655, to which also speedily came Israel Sheldon 
and Thomas Woodford ; Plainfield — served by James Deane 
as first clerk ; Preston — for whose establishment Peter Branch 
was one of the petitioners ; Roxbury — where Jehu Burr is 
found in 1630 or 1632; Rutland — Jonathan Davis is fifth 
among the church founders ; Springfield — Jehu Burr is named 
third in importance among the founders 1636, Edwards and 
Parsons were there very shortly ; Stamford — whose first dep- 
uty was Andrew Ward ; Salem — where lived Palmer before 
tramping to Charlestown ; Stonington — where Cheesebrough 
was the unquestioned father, quickly companioned by Thomas 
Miner, James Yorke, John Beebe, Wheeler, and a little later 
by James Deane; Watertown — whose first preacher was 
George Phillips and where Robert Lockwood and John Ben- 
jamin were very early; Westerly — whose articles of agree- 
ment were signed by John Lewis 22 March, 1661, where also 
John Maccoon was as early as 1669, or earlier; Wethersfield 


where Andrew Ward was present at the start in 1636, Taintor 
was deputy as early as 1643; and Windsor — Thomas Ford, 
1636-1667, John Banks clerk, 1643. In a number of cases the 
date of arrival is hard to determine; thus Richard Harrison 
and Charles Taintor were early at Branford; Benjamin and 
Collins, early and influential at Cambridge; Davis there in 
1634, Gates in 1638; Woodward at Charlestown; Thomas 
Hammond and Gates early at Hingham; Gates also at Lan- 
caster and Stow; Brownell deputy from Newport in 1647; 
Hawley certainly among the earliest at Stratford; Thomas 
Hyatt a pioneer of Norwalk; and at Fairfield next in im- 
portance to Ludlow were Nathan Gold and Andrew Ward, 
with John Banks and John Barlow early and substantial in 
their citizenship. 

Or to put the matter in another way, of the first regions in 
New England settled, Plymouth, 1620; Boston, 1629-1630; 
Springfield, 1636; Hartford, 1636; New Haven, 1638; Rhode 
Island 1636, these pioneers had a prominent part in all except 
the earliest, Plymouth. They were however not long asso- 
ciated with eastern Massachusetts, but after the ver>' earliest 
years are for the most part identified with Connecticut, Spring- 
field, and Rhode Island. It is true that Edward Collins re- 
mained until his death a leading figure in Cambridge and vicin- 
ity, and after the first generation had passed away, Thomas 
Thacher as first pastor of the Old South Church came into a 
commanding influence in the Puritan stronghold, at least with 
the more liberal wing of Puritanism. Another paragraph 
might be written by carr}'ing this pioneering beyond the con- 
fines of New England, across New York state, and into Ohio. 
The descendants of those earliest pioneers are now scattered 
pretty well over the continent. 

These men were found in every walk in life. Most of them 
were educated men, although few were college graduates. In 
a Puritan community few men attained leadership who lacked 
education. Most of them were landowners and fanners, 
though they show in the main a marked tendency to town life 


and the .activities of the business or professional man. A few 
came from famiHes prominent in poHtical or ecclesiastical life 
in England, as the Gateses, the Pratts, and the Thachers. 
There were several clergymen in the colonies: Thomas 
Thacher, Rodolphus Thacher, Ralph Partridge, and Samuel 

Several were lawyers or judges: John Banks won the cele- 
brated case against Roger Ludlow; the two Nathan Golds 
were leading judicial figures for sixty years; the second Joseph 
Parsons was almost as prominent; still others are noted as at- 
torneys. Several were senators, many were deputies. Nathan 
Gold jr. and Stephen Goodyear were deputy governors. Sev- 
eral were instrumental in establishing the Fundamental Orders 
of New Haven and the Connecticut Constitution of 1639. Two 
were among the seventeen patentees to whom was granted in 
1661 the Charter of Connecticut, Nathan Gold and John Tal- 
cott. John Banks was to all intents colonial surveyor; others, 
too, were engaged at times in laying out land and marking 

It is in Connecticut more especially that the family lines con- 
verge. Throughout the seventeenth century men of the fam- 
ilies here represented were prominent in town and colony af- 
fairs. To illustrate, here is a list of those whose names appear 
as servants of the colony at successive decades in the century : 
In 1640 John Talcott, John Pratt, Andrew Ward, James Boo- 
sey, and Thomas Ford were deputies. In 1650 two of these 
still served, Talcott and Ward. In 1660 appears the name of 
Mr. Gold as magistrate (senator) and these deputies: Talcott, 
Jehu Burr, and James Avery. In 1670 Captain Nathan Gold 
and Captain John Talcott are magistrates, Samuel Chees- 
brough, John Banks, and Thomas Miner, deputies. In 1680 
Major Gold and Major Talcott are magistrates, William Brad- 
ley, Thomas Miner, John Banks, and Captain James Avery, 
deputies. In 1690 Major Nathan Gold is still a magistrate 
(death has taken Lieutenant Colonel Talcott), but in the direct 
line there are no deputies; close kinsmen, however, are these 


deputies : John Burr, John Wakeman, Ephraim Miner, and 
Samuel Hawley. In 1700 Captain Nathan Gold has succeeded 
his father as magistrate (soon to become deputy-governor) 
and Abraham Bradley is a deputy. There are besides about a 
dozen kmsfolk among the deputies. 

Perhaps the continuity of this public service will come into 
even stronger light by listing those who served for the eleven 
years from 1670 to 1680. Every year the list of magistrates is 
headed by the names of Gold and Talcott; every year John 
Banks's name occurs as deputy, sometimes from three towns 
at the same time, Fairfield, Greenwich, and Rye. The names 
of Joseph Hawley and William Bradley appear for five years, 
James Avery, Thomas Miner, and Samuel Cheesebrough for 
four years, that of Samuel Collins for a single year. 

Charles Powers's children are entitled to membership in the 
Revolutionary societies because of the services of Captain John 
Davis and of Surgeon William Powers. Through his wife, 
Lydia, they are entitled to membership because of Talcott 
Gold's service at Bunker Hill and his year as midshipman of 
the Alliance, because of Thaddeus Banks's services, because of 
Squire Phillips in the Preston company, and because of Cap- 
tain Abraham Lewis of Petersburg, New York. In the Soci- 
ety of Colonial Wars they could become members because of 
the death of Surgeon William Ward in the war of 1676, King 
Philip's War, and also because of the distinguished service of 
Captain James Avery and Captain Thomas Miner in captur- 
ing Canonchet, and the still more distinguished career of 
Colonel John Talcott, the savior of Hadley. The second John 
Lewis also was granted land for service in this same war. 
Others held commissions in the colonial militia. Captain Joseph 
Wakeman, Ensign John Deane, younger and elder, Lieutenant 
Joseph Pratt, and Cornet Joseph Parsons; the second Joseph 
Parsons was a member of the celebrated Ancient and Honor- 
able Artillery of Boston. 

John Tisdale [killed war, 1676]. 


Charles Powers (about 50) 

James Powers (al»out 75) 

Charles Powers (about 40) 

Peter Powers at 79 


Of Peter Powers, presumably the immigrant ancestor, not 
many specific facts have come to Hght. When his grandson 
James died in 1868 it was declared in a New York paper, the 
Examiner, that his grandfather was from DubHn: "His grand- 
father was an Irish Gentleman, liberally educated in the city 
of Dublin, and studied his profession of Medicine and Surgery 
in the same city. He afterwards emigrated to this country, with 
his wife and three children — two sons and a daughter — and 
followed his profession successfully before the Revolution." As 
this note was published to correct the mistake of a speaker 
at a meeting of the bar on the occasion of the death of James 
Powers, namely that James was born in humble life, the state- 
ments were doubtless authorized by some member of the family 
of James Powers. The copy of the item has been supplied for 
the present purpose by the granddaughter of James Powers, 
Mrs. C. P. Burr. 

Of family record all that remains — these also furnished by 
Mrs. Burr — is that Dr. Peter Powers died 28 March, 1782, 
aged seventy-three years, his widow Mary, 22 January, 1787, 
aged eighty-three years. This record is from a Bible, not very 
old, as the writing is that of Caroline, the daughter of James 
Powers. The tombstones tell the same story; Doctor Peter 
Powers died 1782, age seventy-three. His wife Mary died 1787, 
age eighty-three.^ 

Peter Powers is listed among the land company of seventy 
who under a grant from Massachusetts ^ took up a township of 
land in the Upper Green River Valley, now a part of New 
York, before 1760. In this region he was buried, in the Spen- 
certown churchyard. Of his family, aside from William his 
son, there is no family record. Among the witnesses to the 

1 Copied from the stone in Spencertown by Kathryn Allan. 

2 More details concerning this grant will be found under the Deanes. 
See p. 61. 


will of William Powers are Anne Savage and Peter Savage; 
James Savage, after his wife Rhoda, is the first named of the 
executors. Inasmuch as family letters refer to Uncle Savage, it 
is a fair inference that Anne was daughter to Peter Powers, 
wife to James Savage, and mother to Peter, named for his 
grandfather. A letter written by Rhoda, daughter to William 
Powers, of date 1801, mentions the death of Cousin Peter by 
drowning — perhaps this Peter Savage. There is mention of 
a John Powers in such connection as to imply relationship; per- 
haps he is a nephew of Peter and cousin of William. These 
particulars about the names and number of Peter's children re- 
ceive significance in connection with the next fact. 

On the church register of S'tonington, Conn., is recorded un- 
der date of 6 July, 1740: Married by Ebenezer Rosseter, Peter 
Powers and Mary All worth. On 26 April, 1741, was baptized 
Mary, daughter to Peter Powers; on 22 October, 1742, was bap- 
tized Anne; on 13 May, 1744, a son Richard; on 15 December, 
1745, a son William. Now Mary Allworth was undoubtedly an 
Irish girl.^ William Powers named his second son Richard. 
Add the other coincidences in name and there can be little doubt 
that this Peter of Stonington and the Peter of Upper Green 
River are the same : a wife Mary, a daughter Anne, a son 
William. Furthermore, the members of the land company were 
said to have come from Connecticut ; the leader of the company, 
John Deane, lived before 1750 in Windham and Groton, just a 
few miles from Stonington. 

There are some discrepancies in the accounts, but none that 
are insurmountable. The item published at the death of James 
Powers allots Peter three children ; the Stonington record names 
four; Mary may have died in infancy. The newspaper item 
says that the children were born in Ireland ; this is very likely 
a mistake. ]\Iore of difficulty attends the date of William's 
birth ; more of this later. In spite of the discrepancies it seems 
certain that the Peter of Stonington and the Peter of Upper 
Green River are one and the same.^ 

1 More concerning the Allworths will be found on page 92. 

2 This is all that can with certainty be learned about Peter Powers, 
The records of Trinity College, Dublin, do noi show his name. His 
training may have been had in some hospital or under some physician 


Peter's son William, according to the Stonington church rec- 
ord, was baptized 15 December, 1745. He died, according to 
the Bible referred to in the account of his father, 8 April, 1796, 
aged 49; born therefore in 1747. Here is a difficulty hard to 
get over. Either the two Williams are different persons, or one 

privately. When he came to America, or whether he came alone, can 
only be conjectured. There are other Powerses in southeastern Con- 
necticut; the Rev. Peter Powers of the tribe of Walter was at Norwich 
in 1757. Prominent in New London was Joseph Powers, who, like 
Peter, was probably an Irishman. His will is not recorded and a 
full list of his children cannot be made out; it is more likely that Peter 
was no nearer than a nephew if he were of any relationship. What be- 
came of Peter between the last record in Stonington, 1745, and his 
appearance in New York about 1757, is indicated below: 

According to information furnished by the town clerks of Waterbury, 
Woodbury, and Aliddlebury, Peter Powers was resident in that vicinity 
previous to his "squatting" in Upper Green River. Woodbury records 
show that he acquired land 25 Januar>', 1751, 2 and 20 August, 1753; sold 
land 24 Alarch, 1755, at which latter date his residence was given as 

George S. Godard, state librarian, sends the following excerpts : 

Crimes and misdemeanors, iv:220: 

14 May 1754. Dr. Peter Powers of Waterbury testifieth that he has 
been acquainted with Benjamin King of Woodbur>' three years past and 
some short time after he was bound by Jonathan Atwater of New Haven 
he said King came to me in said Woodbury and showed me his wrist and 
complained that it was hurt by said Atwaters binding of him and I never 
heard him complain any thing about any difficulty in his wrist till then & 
at the same time I told I did believe it came by a sprain or a hurt. 
Ecclesiastical xii :1b: 

Autograph of Peter Powers on a petition for formation of new society 
called Middlebury and taken from parts of Waterbury, Woodbury, and 
Soulhbury, dated May, 1757. (See page 10.) 

The name of Dr. Peter Powers appears in the history of Woodbury as 
living within the limits of present Woodbury. 

In that vicinity then he practiced his profession and owned property in 
the years intervening between his departure from Stonington and his re- 
moval to Spencertown. 

In the campaign of 1757 a Peter Powers is recorded for eighteen days' 
service at the relief of Fort William Henry in "Col. B. Halls Redgement." 
Some of the officers are from Waterbury. 

Peter's wife's family migrated in part to Connecticut, in part to Amenia, 
New York. There also is a family of Powerses but clearly of Dutch 
descent, Pauer. 

I append what I have gathered at much cost concerning Joseph and 
other Powerses of the New London region. Joseph is said to have 
come from Kingston, Rhode Island. In North Kingston is recorded, 


of the dates is wrong, or one has been incorrectly copied. Of 
course the Peter Powers of Stonington may be another person 
from the Peter Powers of Green River. I do not think so. If 
not, the William who was baptized 15 December, 1745, probably 
died in infancy and to a younger son was given his name, this 
younger son not being recorded in the Stonington register. Such 
a repetition of names is common enough. Again, the date 1745 
may be incorrectly copied. That William Powers's age was 
forty-nine at the time of his death seems to be certain : for it is so 

30 October, 1738, the marriage of Ichabod Powers and Meribah; Icha- 
bod appears later in New London, a son of Joseph. On the South 
Kingston records, 12 April, 1750, is the marriage of William Powers of 
Warwick and Sarah Bill. Concerning Joseph much that can be learned 
comes from the Hempstead Diary, with the writer of which, Joshua 
Hempstead, Powers seems to have been intimate. Hempstead records 
his appointment for seven years in charge of the ferry, 1734. The first 
notice however is from the land records : James Rogers sold to Joseph 
Powers of Kingston, Rhode Island, twenty acres in the Great Neck, 16 
July, 1726. There are various records of land transactions showing that 
Joseph was a large landholder. Joseph Powers's wife, Abigail, died 
20 May, 1754, ae. 71. Hempstead writes: "28 December, 1756, Old Mr. 
Powers & the widow Want published. Sunday, Feb. ye 1 in the evening 
1 went over to Isaac Kellows & married old Mr. Powers & the widow 
Want." On his tombstone is recorded : "In memory of Mr. Joseph 
Powers who died November the 13th day Anno Domini 1761 in the 
82 yr of his age." He was therefore born about 1679 and was of the 
generation older than Peter. He had a daughter Lydia (see land 
record, 17 December, 1735), also a son Samuel (land record 3 May, 
1750). He kept slaves; "one Girll by the name of Marrooh" is given 
to his daughter Lydia; Hempstead, 1746, mentions the death of his black 
boy Frank Poveddo. Such facts show that his position was much the 
same as that of Peter Powers; Peter's son William had six slaves in 
1790. A Michael Powers also appears in Hempstead's Diary: Wednes- 
day 22 Jan. 1755 "I rid out to the widow Susanna Foxes and married 
Michael Powers (an old Countryman) & Hannah Fox Datr of Benja- 
min Fox Deed." It is not clear what relation existed between Michael 
and Joseph. Michael may belong to another family. Joseph's children 
were Ichabod, Samuel, Lydia. Samuel lost a child 19 April, 1754, and his 
wife in child-bed 4 April. A Mary Powers (perhaps another family) 
was married to Wm. Satterly (clearly Irish) 1 December, 1736. 

On 10 September, 1758, James Powers and Bathsheba Smith were mar- 
ried, at New London. On 2 November, 1766, Joseph Waterman (signifi- 
cant in view of the "Uncle Waterman" of one of the letters) and Bathshe- 
ba Powers were married at New London. Not any of these belong to the 
family of the Reverend Peter Powers. 


given in the Examiner item appearing at the time of the death of 
his son James ; it is so recorded in the family Bible of his grand- 
daughter; it is so recorded on his tombstone in the Spencertown 
burying-ground : "Hon. Wm. Powers died April 8, mdccxcvi in 
XLix yr, of his age." On the stone are Masonic emblems. 

The next mention of William Powers is as trustee of the 
church in Spencertown — next I call it though not dated. The 
church at Spencertown (Presbyterian) in the Upper Green River 
Valley, was started in 1769, the first meeting-house being built 
in 1771 ; incorporated 10 May, 1803, as St. Peter's Church. Ac- 
cording to the history- of Columbia County, Colonel Matthew 
Scott and William Powers, Esq., were among the first recorded 
trustees. This may have been later than the marriage of Will- 
iam, which marriage by the way connected him with Colonel 
Scott, of whom we shall have further mention. At any rate 
the marriage probably took place in the Spencertown church; it 
is recorded in the book of New York marriages under date 16 
June, 1775, the day before Bunker Hill; the Bible record makes 
the date 13 June. His bride was Rhoda Deane. The marriage 
must have been in every way a very fortunate one ; but for the 
present, back to the chronology of facts. 

According to the item in the Examiner William Powers also 
practiced medicine: "His son William, the father of Mr. P. 
[that is, James Powers], practiced medicine during the war, and 
at its close gave up his practice and became a successful merchant 
— was an extensive landholder, one of the leading men of 
Columbia, a member of the legislature, when it held its sessions 
in the city of New York, and for some years after its removal 
to Albany."^ 

^William Powers was present at the tenth session of the New York 
legislature, meeting in New York City, from 12 January to 21 April, 
1787. Two of his colleagues from Albany County were John Lansing 
jr., and John Livingston. In the next session, the eleventh, meeting 
at Poughkeepsie, he represented, with John Livingston, the new Colum- 
bia County; he was present from 9 January to 29 March, 1788. The 
journals record his activities but there was nothing distinctive. His 
most distinguished colleagues in the house, not from Albany County, 
were Alexander Hamilton and Robt. C. Livingston. 

In the fifteenth session, 5 January to 12 April, 1792, he was a sena- 
tor; so also in the sixteenth and seventeenth sessions. Among his as- 
sociate senators were John Livingston, Philip Livingston, Isaac Roose- 


According to the military lists in New York in the Revolu- 
tion, William Powers was enlisted in the Seventeenth Regiment 
of Albany County (Columbia was until 1787 a part of Albany) 
with land bounty rights. Among his associates were many of 
his neighbors of Canaan and the Green River. There is no other 
record of his military service. One little fact, tantalizingly sug- 
gestive, shows that he was in good repute in those troublous 
times. Under date of 19 May, 1778, he becomes surety for the 
good behavior of John Powers and David Wyng, accused of 
treason. "David Wyng & J. Powers brought before the Board 
and having inquired into their Offenses and nothing appearing 
against them (save that of going to the enemy) they were per- 
mitted to go at large on entering in Recognizance for good Be- 
havior & monthly Appearance." So the record as published in 
the volume of New York Conspiracies. The bail exacted was 

velt, Peter Schuyler, Peter Van Ness, and Stephen Van Rensselaer. 
William Powers was counted a Federalist and the votes show that he 
supported the measures of Alexander Hamilton. There seems to be 
no evidence whether he was a member of the Constitutional Conven- 
tion of 1788. It is not improbable that his retirement from the legis- 
lature after 1787 was due to his activities as a Federalist; for his 
county seems at the time to have been strongly for Clinton and Burr 
and opposed to Hamilton. 

1 There was still another Tory Powers. In the third volume of the 
fifth series of American Archives, p. 570, is a letter from Col. Wm. 
Whiting to Mr. Barclay, chairman (probably of the Albany committee), 
dated 24 October, 1776: "I am informed . . . that John Savage 
and Richard Power were at home since our regiment marched, and 
it is highly probable, in my views and others, that they determine to 
wrest the Tories [these were captives to be sent from Hartford to 
Albany] out of the hands of the guard, unless it be a strong one, 
which I pray it may be, at least until they have passed thru the land of 
Moabites." Substantially the same, with the name Powers, is given 
under date of 21 October, in volume ii of the same Archives. 

Now this Colonel Whiting was of Columbia County and to his regi- 
ment belonged the Canaan men, including the Deanes, the Savages, 
and the Watermans. Doubtless Richard was well known to him. 

The Calendar of Historical Documents of the Revolutionary Period 

gives additional information, vol. ii, p. 526: "Information of Augustus 

Odel who saith — that this morning about ten o'clock he was in the 

woods Ten miles south of Albany — that he came upon one showers 

( PPowers) who asked which way this informant was travelling who 


Once at least his name is on record as a surgeon; by infer- 
ence also he had before this held a commission for military ser- 
vice. The document is found among the Governor Clinton 
Papers, vol. iii, 625, iv, 240: 

Associated Exempts of Albany Co., Claverack District. 

We the subscribers under the age of 55 years who have 
held civil or m,ilitary commissions, and have not been re- 
appointed to our respective Ranks of Office; or being be- 
tween the ages of 50 and 55 [William Powers was 33] — 
Do hereby Severally engage that wee will Respectively on 
all occasions obey the orders of our Respective Commanding 
officers, and will in case of Invasion or Incursion of the 
Enemy or Insurrection march to Repell the Enemy &c. &c. 

Witness our hand this — 1778. Signed Jonathan Dean, 
July 28, 1778. William Powers, Surgeon, August 10, 1778. 
Samuel Dean, Aug. 12, 1778. Matthew Scott, Aug. 12, 

Samuel Dean[e] was, on petition appointed ensign of said Corn- 

answered he could hardly tell, but by dropping a few words of Tory 
Talk, this informant soon discovered said showers to be a tory, then 
told said showers he wanted to get with John Savage. Said showers 
said John Savage was gone, that he went away day before yesterday 
with two men, to the northward to join the regulars." This information 
is dated 29 October, 1776, a week later than the letter of Colonel Whiting. 
The information of Stephen Kitchener is also given : "On Friday last 
he saw one Simeon Warner who informed him that John Savage had 
with him about five hundred men and that they had disarmed one 
Collo — . of the militia and taken some guns and other warlike stores 
from him. Sworn before John Beebe, Chairman of the Commission 
of King's Dist. in Albanj'." John Savage was taken and imprisoned 
in Kingston jail; according to list of prisoners in Ulster County gaol, 
he sent a petition, 11 June, 1777, to the Hon. Council of Safety, "to be 
allowed to return to his distressed wife and helpless children." He had 
also applied to receive the benefit of General Washington's proclamation. 

Doubtless this Richard Powers is brother to William, eldest son to 
Doctor Peter. Doubtless John Savage is a connection by marriage. 
Apparently Richard escaped capture ; very likely he succeeded in doing 
what "showers" says Savage had done, joined the regulars. Perhaps he 
continued to reside in Canada after the war was over. Perhaps it was 
through his influence that William's sons, Henry, Richard, William, and 
Peter, about 1800 went to Shefford, Canada. R. R. Bachand, a notary of 
Waterloo (near Shefford), writes, 20 Februarj', 1919: "A Richard Powers, 
who lived in Waterloo and in Frost Village died about twenty years ago 
in St. Hyacinthe. They left no relations about here but an adopted girl." 

See Appendix, p. 283. 


pany of Associate Exempts. This Samuel Dean[e] is probably the 
same as the executor of William Povvers's will and was a half- 
brother to Rhoda Deane. 

After the Revolution William Powers was occupied with busi- 
ness and public affairs. His home was in Canaan, but apparent- 
ly in that part which in 1796 became Chatham. On the town 
records of Canaan he is mentioned as supervisor in 1784, 1785, 
1786, 1789, and 1790; as overseer of the poor in 1788, 1789, 
1790. There are two items of account: In May or June, 1786 
(not entirely legible), "By D° of Esq"" Powers By comm. of 
excise 1-10-0." On 5 April, 1788, "Due Wm. Powers for keep- 
ing Nathan Gale 10 weeks 4-0-0." In these years also accord- 
ing to the Examiner item, he was in the legislature in New York ; 
for the legislature met in New York until 1788, then for two 
years in Poughkeepsie, after that in Albany. He was in the 
fifteenth session of the legislature a senator from the eastern 
district, which included Columbia County, from 5 January to 
12 April, 1792. He was a member of the Council of Appoint- 
ment from the eastern district 14 January, 1792, and also 6 
January, 1795, a year before his death. He was associated with 
Hamilton and Clinton and Schuyler and Jay and perhaps Burr. 
He may have been in the Constitutional Convention of 1788. 
He may have been present at the inauguration of Washington 
as President. Party spirit in New York ran high ; the Federal- 
ists in general were in the lead in New York and to that party 
William Powers adhered. Philip Schuyler was a United States 
senator from 1789 to 1791, to be succeeded by Aaron Burr. 
The other United States senator was Rufus King, a Federalist. 
Clinton had been governor ; in 1792 the popular choice leaned 
to John Jay, but through irregularites in counting the votes, the 
decision was given to Clinton. In 1795 he declined to be a can- 
didate and John Jay was chosen. William Powers must have 
been in the thick of the contested election of 1792. 

How much property William Powers had and how obtained is 
not certain. Doubtless he inherited at least two hundred acres 
from his father; doubtless too he acquired considerable from 
his father-in-law. He may have received several hundred acres 
as bounty land, though of this there is no evidence. The state 
bounty consisted of 500 acres for every private; the continental 


bounty of 100 acres to each private. Samuel Deane, Powers's 
brother-in-law and executor of his will, is on record as receiv- 
ing 600 acres, 6 July, 1790. By purchase, according to his 
will dated 13 January, 1794, he held an estate in Great Barring- 
ton across the line in Massachusetts. "Conveyed by mortgage 
and deed," according to the will, he had an estate in Green River, 
but this was evidently still claimed by his brother-in-law, Gaius 
Deane. He had been in business with a man by the name of 
Root; at the time of the will the firm had become Powers and 
Cade.^ In 1790 the census listed his family as consisting of 
twenty persons, six of whom were slav^es ; this is the largest 
household in the town and the largest number of slaves. His 
associates were men of property also. Colonel Scott of Hills- 
dale had four slaves, the largest number in that town ; William 
Garner, another executor of his will, in Hudson, had one slave. 
James Savage had one slave. 

Of the disposition of William Powers, his aflFections, rela- 
tions to his family, little is known, nothing except by inference. 
A prompt, decisive man, I should judge; resentful and master- 
ful. If of a Celtic strength in his emotions (he appears to have 
been pure Irish, though probably remotely of Anglo-Norman 
blood) he was not the gay but the melancholy Celt. The tone 
of the passage in the will concerning Gaius Deane is not pleas- 
ant: "In case the Lands and Buildings conv^eyed to me by 
mortgage and Deed, by Gaius Dean, lying and being in Green 
River in the town of Hilsdale, shall be established as my proper 
Estate that then I give and bequeath unto my two said 
Daughters an additional sum of twenty-five pounds each . . . 
Item, Being sensible of the justice of my right to the Estate I 
hold of Gaius Dean of Green River aforesaid I order that in 
case any controversy shall arise respecting the same, I then re- 
quest and direct that my Executors shall make every legal de- 
fence, and charge my whole Estate w^ith the legal expense at- 
tending the same." Here is certainly an animus not friendly. 
Gaius Deane was a man of some importance, let us hope of 
probity, at least the only ground for suspecting anything ir- 
regular in the man is that he was in 1787 removed from the 

1 Most likely Cady ; Elizabeth Cady belonged in this neighborhood. 


captaincy to which in the preceding year he had been appointed. 
Yet William Powers knew his brother-in-law better than we. 

His language concerning his wife is at least a little curious 
in its insistence upon her widowhood, which by the way she 
maintained only about two years. "To my beloved Wife, I 
give and devise the income and produce of one equal third of 
my whole Estate, To hold during her widowhood, provided that 
she do not claim anything in right of her dower. Item, It is 
my will that my said Wife during her widowhood be sup- 
ported , . . out of the income and produce of my whole Es- 
tate . . . Lastly, I appoint my beloved Wife Rhoda my Ex- 
ecutrix, during her widowhood." It is as if he would have forbid- 
den a second marriage if he could. This feeling doubtless 
arose from a very jealous sense of the dignity of the name of 
Powers: one who had once worn it should not contaminate it 
by adding another. His son James undoubtedly had this feeling, 
in him so strong that he would not allow his mother's name of 
Kellogg to appear on her tombstone. 

His intellectual interests were keen. What his own education 
had been we do not know ; perhaps largely derived from his 
father. Had he lived he would undoubtedly have provided for 
his children the education fitted to their aptitudes. In his will 
"It is my will," he writes, "that my children be educated and 
supported out of the income and produce of my whole Estate." 
More specifically: "Whereas I have it in contemplation to give 
a liberal Education to one or more of my five Sons, namely, 
Richard, William, Peter, John, and James^ — It is my will and 
I do order that it shall be left discretionary with my wife, and 
in case of her death, with my executors, or the majority of 
them to send such of my said Children as she or they shall 
think proper, to such a place as she or they shall think proper 
to obtain such their education on condition that the expense 
thereof shall be paid out of his or their share, or shares, or 
proportion of the Estate." 

William Powers had six sons and two daughters. ^ The eld- 

1 Perhaps Henry was already married. He had separate provision 
made for him ; the other boys shared alike. 

2 An infant James is buried near the grave o2 William Powers. Per- 
haps his youngest son bore the name of an earlier child. 


est, Henry, bom 18 March, 1776, went to Canada, though he 
was in Plattsburg early in the century. His life in Canada was 
unfortunate. Nothing- is known of his family.^ The second, 
Richard, born 17 July, 1777, also appears to have gone to Can- 
ada, though later he perhaps settled in Vermont; nothing is 
known of him. The third son, William, bom 29 September, 
1779, married young and went to Canada. About 1825 he went 
to Green County, Ohio, and settled in or near Xenia; his de- 
scendants are still living there.^ The fifth son, John, born 24 
December, 1783, settled in Catskill, where and in New York he 
v/as a merchant. His daughter married a Jordan and had a 
son, but the family is now extinct. Of the sixth son, James, 
a fuller account will be given on another page. Rhoda was 
born 21 January, 1788. She was a precocious, sensitive child; 
according to the report of her brother Peter she was unfortunate 
in love, died young, unmarried, and insane. A sampler of her 
working is in the possession of Mrs. C. P. Burr. Mary, born 
30 September, 1793, became a woman of unusual charm and 
loveliness of character; "A very remarkable woman" according 
to the words of one who as a child knew her well. She married 
John Day 2 October, 1817, and lived in Catskill; the family is 

Peter, the fourth son, was born 3 January, 1782, and died in 
Perrysburg, Ohio, in August, 1861 ; he is buried in the Peck- 
Powers lot, but the stone is unmarked by name or date. In 
spite of his father's careful interest, perhaps because after his 
father's early death his wishes were not carried out, more likely 
because of a born ineptitude, his education was neglected to 
such an extent that he remained to the end an atrocious speller, 
none worse except Josh Billings. Yet he had an ambition to 
become a school teacher. A letter of Rhoda's, written in June, 
1801, addresses him as Peter Powers, M.D. ; is this a hint 

1 Mrs. Drew of Chatham (21 March, 1919) sends this tombstone in- 
scription from Spencertown : "\Vm. Henry Powers, son of Henr\' and 
Elizabeth Powers, born Sept. 7, 1799, died Feb. 19, 1800." 

2 Repeated attempts to get into communication with the Green County 
Powerses have resulted only in a letter from James Powers who thinks 
he is a descendant of William. 

* Children, Maria, Cornelia, James. Maria (Day) Younglove lived in 


that he tried to follow in the footsteps of his father and grand- 
father? There appears to be no other evidence.^ He was then 
only nineteen; the title is likely to be a mild joke on the part 
of his lively little sister. He appears to have remained in and 
about home until the time of his marriage, perhaps even after 
that. There was however one short trip to his brothers in 
Canada. He thought of becoming a farmer, but John advised 
against it on the ground that his "constitution was too feeble." 
He was married to Altana Davis about 1805 ; a letter dated 27 
August, 1806, from his brother John, speaks of his wife. Another 
letter from John shows that he was in Salisbury, near Herkimer, 
in Montgomery County, New York, 4 January, 1817. He was 
there at least more than a year, probably in the dairy business, 
though there is nothing certain about it. John, under date 13 
April, 1818, dissuades him from going to Canada, where presum- 
ably some of his family still were. The letter makes mention of 
Richard for the last time, in connection with a deed from "Uncle 
Dean." On 18 November, 1825, he is addressed by James in 
Canaan. The letter relates to the building of a kitchen, presum- 
ably on the old home estate; perhaps his mother was still living 
there. ^ Some time in the thirties he went to Ohio, whither also 
his half-brother, John Kellogg, and several of the relatives of his 
wife went. They lived in and about Lorain and Grafton. Here 
John Kellogg's daughter Mary married a son of John Brown 
of Ossawatomie. Here his wife Altana died in 1841 ; she is 
buried in Litchfield. A letter to his son Charles, 24 April, 1844, 
shows that with his youngest daughter, Lucy, he was making 
his home with his son Henry. Apparently Henry's wife, Jane, 
died that spring. There was friction, probably worse. Lucy 
left Henry's for nephew Frisbie's. Ultimately, perhaps that 
same year, she went to Woodville to keep house for Charles, 
her father going to live with George in Perrysburg. Lucy 
married and died shortly after; Charles was married in 1847 
and the father divided his time between the homes of Charles 
in Woodville and of George in Perrysburg. Thus his last years 
were spent in quiet and comfort. Apparently his was not a 

^ An elderly lady who knew him is said to have referred to him as 
Doctor Powers. 

2 Colonel Kellogg appears to have died in 1826. 


temper meant for the strenuous life. In his old age he pottered 
about the sheds and barns and worked in the shop with plane 
and saw when he felt disposed. He spent much time with his 
Bible. He was so deaf that talking to him was a great effort. 
His disposition was severe and tended to melancholy so that 
he did not take kindly to children, or at least was unable to 
make himself at home with them — unfortunate, as both houses 
were full of children. A bundle of letters from his brothers 
and sisters, chiefly written between 1800 and 1808, were found 
among his belongings. They show that whatever may have 
been his defects as a business man, and doubtless these defects 
were total, he still possessed a power of sympathy that invited 
confidence. No matter what their troubles or losses, the brothers 
still write to Peter ; even when they are at outs with one another, 
he is a go-between. He was very tall, about six feet three, and 

Petef Powers had eight children, six sons ^ and two daughters, 
though the name of one daughter who died young is unknown. 
His eldest son, James, a cripple, was born 10 August, 1806, and 
died in Wood County, Ohio, about 1870. He was married to Jane 
and left one son, Peter, living in Gibsonburg. 

George was born 17 July, 1809, and died 15 September, 1872, 
in Perry sburg, Ohio. He married Augusta (born January 1, 
1814), sister of Doctor Peck. The children: 

Emily A., born 30 March, 1841 ; married William Dunipace. 

Caroline A., born 30 September, 1842; married John Wilki- 
son. Children: Mary A., born 19 May, 1869; Lucy P., born 12 

1 Henry Powers died in 1861 and was buried in Webster, Wood 
County, Ohio. He married (1) Jane Wilson; children: John; George, 
married Mary Deran, children, Lillian and Elva ; Harry, married Marie 
Palmer, children, Edward, George, Frank, twins Carrie and Clarence, 
Laura, Harry; Mary, married Fred Aply, no children. He married 
(2) Marian Sheldon ; children : Sarah Ann, married James Walker, chil- 
dren, Helen and Jacob; Charles, married Nancy , children, Maude, 

May, and two boys ; Albert, married Sina Miller, children, Louis, Ruth, 
Minerva, Altana, Mar>'; Dwight, died infancy; Frank, married Susan 
Daly, children, Blanche, Claude, Mabel, Hoytsville, Ohio; Ruth, died 
age 8; twins: Altana, born 23 July, 1S60, married 21 April, 1880, Frank 
Stephens, 206 South Clinton Street, Albion, Michigan, children, Mabel 
Janet, died 6 Januarv-, 1918, Maude Marian, died 27 October, 1885, Pearl 
Anna; Roxanna, died in 1865. All the children are dead except Altana. 


August, 1874; John E., born 25 November, 1877; Fred F., born 
December, 1883. 

Charles A., born 2 July, 1844; married Sarah Alcorn. Children : 
Augusta, born 9 February, 1878; Geo. A., born 11 February, 
1882 ; Lucy E., born 22 March, 1884. 

Erasmus Darwin, born 7 March, 1847. Children: Geo. A., 
born 26 October, 1881 ; Hiram J., born 2 September, 1885 ; Laura 
(Mrs. Ralph Ricks), born 9 November, 1888. 

Lucy E., born 8 April, 1849; married Wm. H. Day. Child: 
Mary, born May, 1885. 

All of the children of George Powers are dead. 

William Powers was born 8 December, 1812 ; married 9 July, 
1839, Maria Nevins,; died 25 June, 1879. Maria died 23 July, 
1897. Children: 

Frank, born 3 May, 1840; killed in the Civil War, 27 May, 

Alice, born 29 April, 1843; married Dr. J. D. Greenamyer 3 
April, 1878; died 10 February, 1914. 

Mary, born 29 April, 1843 ; married L. R. Smith ; died 25 May, 
1897; Mr. Smith died April, 1916. Children: Iva, married 17 
July, 1901, Chas. Jewell, Winnetka, Illinois; Winifred, lives at 
Riverside, California, 

Lucy was married to Henry Kaley and died in Woodville, 6 
July, 1848, ac. twenty-three years, five months, two days; their 
child was buried with her. 

John Powers was born 24 November, 1826, married to Eme- 
line Cook 11 February, 1852, died Perrysburg, 29 October, 
1886. Emeline Cook was born near Mansfield, Ohio, 6 August, 
1831, and died at Urbana 17 March, 1906. Children: Two boys 
died young; Eva Augusta, born 17 November, 1857, married 
John H. Williams, 6 October, 1883; children: Harold R., bom 
5 July, 1884. married 1912, is a lawyer at Tulsa, Oklahoma; Ken- 
neth Powers, born 25 August, 1887, captain Battery F, 150th 
First Indiana Field Artillery, in France; before that, professor 
of mathematics at Indiana University; Dorothy Louise, born 5 
January, 1891, married Victor TT. Schleicher, lives in Belleville, 
New Jersey; Evelyn, born 19 July, 1895, junior at Ohio State 
University. John and Emeline (Cook) had a son, Jesse Cook, 
born 14 I-Vbrunry. 1865. died 8 March. 1905. 

Charles Powers was bom 3 June, 1819, probably in Chat- 






1 — 1 





• r-t 

































ham, perhaps in Canaan, New York, There is no record of 
his education except that when a lad he went to Catskill, lived 
with his uncle John, did chores for his board, and went to 
school. This could not have continued very long; for he never 
became a scholar. About 1837 he went to Perrysburg, Ohio, 
where his brother George, eleven years his elder, had opened a 
store. For a time he served as an apprentice to a cabinet maker 
and attained some considerable skill, as is shown by a dresser 
of his make now owned by George, grandson of Charles's broth- 
er George. About 1839 he went to Woodville, sixteen miles 
east of Perrysburg on the Northwestern Ohio Pike, a thorough- 
fare from Fort Croghan at Fremont to Fort Meigs on the 
Maumee at Perrysburg, a two hundred foot canal, as it were, 
through the forest, without a bend. Here he opened a little 
store for general merchandise, helped by his brother George 
and his uncle John in establishing business relations. From the 
beginning he prospered. He bought what the farmers had to 
sell and shipped hams and eggs and other truck by way of 
boat from Perrysburg. His brother George helped him in mar- 
keting these products. He also bought wood ashes and made 
lye and potash. He also engaged the women to make socks and 
pants and other articles which he sold for them. His brother 
John was for a time with him, and his sister Lucy. Finally, 
after an acquaintance of several years, he married Lydia Ann 
Banks, the daughter of a widow who lived a mile up the river 
at the Old Mill. By this time his business prosperity was such 
that he was enabled to return for a visit to New York State 
and married his bride at the home of her grandmother in Friend- 
ship, New York, in October, 1847. He went to housekeeping in 
a cottage in the village, but, a good opportunity offering, he 
bought a farm of two hundred acres a mile west of Woodville 
on the Pike and stretching to the river. Here he built a large 
substantial house, considered in that region very handsome; 
to this he went to live in 1855. Later, he bought another 
farm north of town, but never lived upon it. He drove back 
and forth daily to his business in the village. His prosperity 
continued without check until, in 1869, chiefly that his children 
might have the advantage of better schools, he sold his estate 
and moved to Perrysburg. Even at the time of the sale he had 
doubts of its wisdom ; before the moving was complete he was 


deeply regretful and was never content afterwards. He bought 
a shoe-store in Toledo but kept it only a short time. He bought 
a grist-mill in Sylvania, about twenty miles west of Toledo. 
But the business did not prosper ; he was discontented and wor- 
ried. Finally, on a hot day in July, after a fifteen mile drive, 
a few miles from Sylvania he was overcome with the heat; his 
son George, who accompanied him, took the lines, hastened to 
Sylvania for help; but all was too late; he had spoken only a 
few words: "Sell it, that is what did it," he said as they drove 
past the mill. Although he lived until by train and by boat 
they had returned to Perrysburg, and still retained conscious- 
ness to such an extent as to call out "Boots, boots," when he 
was laid on the bed with his boots on, yet he was unable to 
talk connectedly and after twenty hours died 26 July, 1871. 

I have followed his business life to the end ; for he was es- 
sentially the business man. Yet he was a man interested in 
everything that concerned the community with which he was 
brought into touch. It is no exaggeration to call him the best 
known man in his community. He was a staunch Democrat, 
remaining so even after the test of the war. His political ac- 
tivity brought him into contact with the chief men of his county 
and the neighboring counties, including such a man as Henry 
Paine of Cleveland. He was chosen to the legislature of Ohio 
in 1858 and served the two following sessions. The most note- 
worthy acquaintance he made in Columbus was that of James A. 

His general merchandise store brought him into acquaintance 
with every farmer for miles about the village. To replenish 
his stock he made a number of visits to New York; traveling 
salesmen were not then at hand seeking the buyer. The influ- 
ence which his business gave was enlarged by the readiness with 
which he fixed his active intelligence on practical problems; 
his advice was sought by friends and neighbors. 

He superintended himself the large farm on which he lived 
and had a general oversight of another on which he had a 
tenant. He gave personal attention to his stock — he kept a 
good many sheep — to his garden, his fruit, and his flowers. 
He was active in promotion of rural life through agricultural 
and horticultural societies, through fairs and exhibits. 


He lived in generous country fashion with a hospitality al- 
ways ready for friend or relative. His father for fifteen years 
made his home with him during much of the time. His wife's 
mother for even a longer period was an inmate of his home. 
All his relatives, especially his nephews and nieces, counted it 
a chief delight to visit Uncle Charles, His affections were 
strong and settled, his temper irritable and subject to tempests. 
He was kindly and generous. Possessed of a keen mind, he 
gave it exercise with good books and periodicals. From the 
beginning he was a subscriber to Harper's Weekly and Monthly; 
he also took Graham's Magazine for years. 

He was of medium height, portly in build, weighing about 
two hundred pounds. His right eye was defective; indeed by 
1860 he had lost the use of it. His hair was a dark brown, 
early turning gray. His eyes were blue, his features strong 
rather than regular. Physically he was probably like his mo- 
ther's family; in ability he bore close resemblance to William 

His defective eyesight and three small children were the prin- 
cipal reasons that kept him from service at the front during the 
Civil War. But he was active in work at home. He was one of 
the commissioners sent by the governor to look after the Ohio 
troops after the battle of Shiloh ; to take hospital and other sup- 
plies to the sick and wounded, and to bring back home those who 
were likely to be incapacitated for some time. (See Appendix p. 

Respecting his public life, it was written of him at his death : 
"His fine social qualities and good business habits secured for 
him more than the usual amount of influence accorded to mem- 
bers of that body [the legislature] and none of his democratic as- 
sociates was more popular with republicans than Mr. Powers." ^ 

"He was at Columbus when the war was in progress, and to 
the extent of his ability he looked after the wants of the sick 
and wounded soldiers." ^ Unable to go to the war himself be- 
cause of his defective health and also because of his opportunities 
for greater usefulness at home, he had nevertheless secured the 
services of a substitute. 

^ A Toledo paper. 
2 Perr>'sburg Journal. 


It is pleasant to close with other characterizations appearing 
in the public prints at the time of his death. 

"Few men enjoyed a larger circle of devoted friends than did 
Mr. Powers. He possessed the elements of character to a large 
degree which secure strong personal friendships and his sudden 
death, occurring in the prime of life, will be mourned by a large 
circle of relatives and friends." ^ 

"His social feelings were the strongest of all, and these he 
gratified irrespective of business or politics. Courteous toward 
all, he was bitter toward none, and died as we think leaving no 
feuds behind, but troops of personal friends who mourn his 
decease and with the tears of relatives mingle their own. In 
his religious opinions he was a Presbyterian by education ; while 
in practice he made no public profession, yet he sought religious 
training for his family; at one time he was trustee of a church 
in Woodville, built in the interests of the Methodists, Evangeli- 
cals, Lutherans, and Presbyterians, and built largely with his 
money and by his energy. These things it is pleasant to recall. 
It is hard to bury the friend and brother, the husband and 
father, and hard to have him thus suddenly taken away. But 
it is pleasant to recall the facts connected with a generous so- 
cial nature; pleasant to connect his name with things which are 
calculated to make men happier and better." ^ 

James, the youngest of the six sons of William and Rhoda 
Powers, was the most successful, at least in a worldly way. 
Such early letters as have been preserved certainly show him 
somewhat precocious and perhaps give promise of the man of 
affairs. His brother John can write an evangelical exhortation 
to piety worthy of a John Newton, sister Rhoda at thirteen 
expresses her sisterly solicitude in a style really Johnsonese, 
But James is brief and writes always with a specific purpose. 
At the age of fifteen, while he was studying at Kinderhook 
— • perhaps even at that age apprentice to a lawyer — he 
writes to Peter about the purchase of a grammar, about which 
subject he knows more than his elder brother. In 1802 he gives 
advice respecting the disposition of the estate. His legal edu- 
cation was probably given to him in accordance with his father's 

1 Toledo Blade. 

2 Perrysburg Journal. 


will. The letters would lead one to infer that his training was 
completed in 1804; for in July of that year he gives a two 
and a half page letter to the discussion of the legal aspects of 
putting through a road near the estate. A letter of the pre- 
ceding month shows that although the family had been left in 
comfortable circumstances and still owned much land, yet ready 
money was not always at hand. The letter shows more of 
feeling than any other from his pen. It is written from Hud- 
son, 19 June, 1804: "I have heard," he writes, "a. few days 
since from my Mother who remains in the same way as she 
has for this year back happening to be enveloped more than 
usual in the cloud of spleen. . . Rhodas Bonnet is finished 
and I have not one cent to pay for it. The attending the court 
in Claverack dreened my pocket entirely dry. Borrow it for 
me if you can, and I will be able to return it soon." Another 
letter of the following month serves to confirm the sense of his 
precocious development in business sense ; it relates to Mary's 
attending school and living with Mr. Van Nys, It would ap- 
pear that James, though only a stripling and with five eldier 
brothers, was more or less guardian to the still younger girls. 
James Powers was educated in the Kinderhook Academy by 
the Rev. David B. Worden, later consul-general in France. 
Among his schoolmates and associates were Martin Van Buren, 
John C. Spencer, Benjamin F. Butler, and Daniel Cady,^ so said 
the New York Evening Post after his death. He studied law 
with Elisha Williams at Hudson and was admitted to the bar 
in 1804. In partnership with John Adams and later with Caleb 
Day, he early became a leader of the Greene County bar. As 
receiver of the Bank of Columbus, although he was a friend 
of the president of the bank, he conducted with sagacity and 
fidelity his delicate and very difficult task. In 1816 and again 
in 1822 he represented his county in the Assembly. In 1835 
he was elected to the State Senate where he served four years. 
When he spoke it was earnestly and to the point and 
what he said never failed to command attention and re- 
spect. His integrity gave him a commanding influence. 
It was during his term that two senators were driven 
from the senate and almost from society for voting for 

1 Father of Elizabeth Cady Stanton ; his father was Eleazer, neighbor 
to Wm. Powers ; perhaps his partner. 


a bill in which they had some slight personal interest. In 
1845 Governor Silas Wright, desiring a man of Mr. Pow- 
ers's character to aid in the management of the State 
prisons, persuaded him to accept the position of Inspector, 
which he did, being associated in that office with his friend 
John Bigelow, subsequently one of the editors of this pa- 
per, and afterwards minister to France. In 1846 he was 
elected by a very large majority to the convention to revise 
the Constitution, and was a valuable and influential mem- 
ber of that body. This we believe was the last public ser- 
vice in which he engaged. Through all the trying inci- 
dents of a long life he has left a record without a single 
stain. He may almost be said to have been a worshiper 
of truth and justice, and such was his firmness that no fear 
of consequences could even induce him to violate either. 
During the time of Jackson, Van Buren, and Wright, he 
was the devoted and personal friend of each of them.^ 

For the practice of law he had established himself in the 
village of Catskill. He married Nancy Day, a cousin of the 
husband of his sister Mary. His wife died in 1826. Three 
daughters were born to them, Emily and Caroline dying unmar- 
ried after their father's death, Frances marrying Nelson Beards- 

James Powers established his home in a large and very 
comfortable brick house on Main Street, where his children 
were born and his daughter Frances married. It was furnished 
handsomely in mahogany. Shortly after the marriage of his 
daughter in 1836, he was persuaded to give up the old house, 
as his daughters spent the winters in Albany. For many years 
he had owned a large tract of land overlooking the Hudson and 
had amused himself in the culture of choice fruits. In a small, 
oddly arranged, oddly built cottage lived a Frenchman and 
his wife as caretakers. Several summers were spent here by the 
family, well cared' for by the French couple. About 1839 he 
built for himself what may in comparison be called a mansion, 
near at hand. The situation is a lordly one, nothing finer on 

1 New York Evening Post, Bryant's paper ; did Bigelow himself write 
the tribute? See quotations from Bigelow's Retrospections, Appendix, p. 

2 Emily, born 13 September, 1809; died 1 January, 1893. Caroline, bom 
17 September, 1811; died 20 July, 1896. Frances, born 6 March, 1815; 
died 16 July, 1854; married 18 May, 1836; seven daughters. 


the river. The estate is now and always has been beautiful with 
shrubs, trees, and flowers, though the old trees have disappeared. 
After his retirement from the law, he occupied himself fully on 
this estate. His fruits commanded high prices in the New York 
markets, but nevertheless were not a source of profit. He also 
interested himself in making wine, and even after his death his 
daughters still found great pleasure making gifts of the choice 
wines to invalids and very dear friends. For a number of 
years his sister Mary and her husband occupied the cottage. 
After his death, the daughters preferred its freedom from care 
to the larger house. Recently it has been renovated for the 
summer use of Mrs. Burr's grandson; for the estate still re- 
mains, in the fifth generation, in the possession of the family. 
Tradition says that the cottage antedates the Revolution. The 
thickness of its walls and overhanging beams and the wrought- 
iron hinges two feet in length would indicate great age. 

Though, as has been said, somewhat eccentric in conduct, 
though acquaintances found him "reserved, at times even distant 
and unapproachable," it is pleasant to know that he was devoted- 
ly attached to his family and that they returned the afifection. "He 
was the most indulgent of grandparents," writes Mrs. Burr, 
who has furnished much of the information concerning him, 
"and was never happier than when he could gather around him 
his six granddaughters." 

From old time friends in Catskill one gets the impression that 
Miss Emily and Miss Caroline, who administered the household 
after the death of their mother, dispensed a beautiful and gener- 
ous hospitality. Miss Becker of the public library said that her 
abiding impression of the old ladies is of coming from their house 
with dhilldish arms burdened with flowers, "flowers rather more 
profuse, not less than now." Their sweetness found a task laid 
out for them in tempering the rather arbitrary and severe manners 
of their father. One friend tells of the old gentleman's Betsy 
Trotwood-like pride in his lawn — a pride that could as ill tol- 
erate disorder as could Miss Betsey the donkeys of Dover. The 
daughters used quietly to caution guests against any even inno- 
cent act that might seem vandalism to the father. Shortly after 
the father's death the sisters made a trip to relatives in the 


West — a beautiful visit long remembered, yes, even yet talked 
of. These sisters must have possessed some of the charm that 
had been their Aunt Mary's, whose letters still show her worthy 
of the praise of a friend, "A lovely and remarkable woman." 


Charles Powers's mother was Altana Davis. The first of the 
line was Dolor Davis. Much has been written about the fam- 
ily but no complete genealogy. There was prepared in 1859 a 
chart of the family by E. A. Davis. Horace Davis, son of 
Governor John Davis, printed in 1881 a pamphlet, Dolor Danns, 
sketch of his life zmth a record of his earlier descendants; in 
1897 he printed another, Ancestry of John Davis, governor and 
U. S. senator. In 1908 was printed another pamphlet entitled, 
Three generations of Northboro Davises 1781 to 1894, by John 
Davis Estabrook. The writer has had some correspondence 
with J. D. Estabrook, who presented the writer with a copy of 
his pamphlet. 

Dolor is first mentioned in the will of James Clark of East 
Farleigh, Kent, 13 July, 1614: "I give unto Dolor Davis my 
servant my house and land lying in the parish of Marden the 
which is in the occupation of one Terrye."^ Dolor was born 
about 1593. His marriage is recorded at East Farleigh and also 
at Horsemonden, Kent, two parishes about ten miles apart with 
Marden between: 1624, Dolor Davis married Margery Willard, 
29 March. There was another connection between Willards and 
Davises, as Richard, Margery's father, mentions in his will, 
Mary, now "wife of John Davy, my sister-in-law." Dolor came 
to America about 1634, his wife and child coming in 1635 on 
the Elizabeth, Wm. Stagg master. On 4 August, 1634, 25 acres 
were granted to him in Cambridge, his house-lot being at the 
corner of Winthrop and Dunster Streets. In 1636 he became a 
settler of Concord with Willard. Soon after, he took the oath 
of fidelity in Duxbury, though he was rejected as freeman 5 
March, 1638(9). In 1640 he is listed among the inhabitants 
of Barnstable, where his son John remained. He was freeman 
in Plymouth, 2 June, 1646; surveyor of highways, Plymouth, 

1 Quoted by H. Davis from N. E. H. and G. R., January, 1896, p. 118. 


3 June, 1652; constable, Plymouth, 6 June, 1654. In 1655 he 
returned to Concord. May 25, 1655, he was selectman in Gro- 
ton, though he does not appear to have lived there. In 1666 
he returned to Barnstable, though the Concord farm is still 
in the family. His will, dated 13 September, 1672, was proved 
2 July, 1673. He died 16 June, 1673. His lands in Concord 
were valued at 125£ 5s 7d. He was a man of education, his sig- 
natures being extant ; a liberal in theology. Part of his mill in 
Barnstable is said to be extant. He was a carpenter and master 
builder. Amos Otis wrote of him in the Barnstable Patriot, 
1863: "Perhaps among all the families coming to New England, 
not one can be selected more deserving of our esteem and un- 
qualified approbation than that of Dolor Davis. . . honest, in- 
dustrious, prudent, a Christian, tolerant and exact in the per- 
formance of his religious duties . . kind and obliging, ever 
ready to help. . ." His wife was living in 1658, probably died 
before 1667. He married (2) Mrs. Joanna Bursley, daughter 
of the Rev. Jos. Hull. His children were: John, bom in Eng- 
land, married Hannah Lynnell, had twelve children; Mary, mar- 
ried Thomas Lewis ; Elizabeth ; Simon, born in America, mar- 
ried Mary Blood; Samuel, married (1) Mary Meddowes, (2) 
Ruth Taylor, no children ; Ruth, married S. Hall. John was born 
1627, died 1703. 

Of Dolor's son Samuel not much is known. He lived in 
Concord and Bedford. His marriage is recorded as follows 
(in Concord) : "Samewell Davies and Mary Medos maryed 11 
Jen'. 1665." There is no other appearance of the name of 
Meadows in the records. Savage, however, names a Philip 
Meadows who was married in Roxbury, in April, 1641, to Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Stephen Iggulden ; they had Hannah, 1 Feb- 
ruary, 1643 ; Mary may have been their second daughter. Samuel's 
children were : Mercy, 27 October, 1666, died 18 December, 
1667; Samuel, 21 June, 1668, married Abigail Read, lived in 
Concord and Bedford; Daniel, 16 or 26 March, 1673, married 
27 April, 1699, Mary Hubbard, who died 2 February, 1769, 
aged 87; Daniel lived in Bedford, died 11 February, 1741; Mary, 
12 August, 1677, married 26 April, John Stearns; Eleazer, 26 
July, 1680, married 7 May, 1705, Eunice Potter, died 6 August, 
1721 ; Lieut. Simon, 19 August, 1683, married Dorothy Heald 


in 1713, who died 21 July, 1776, age 84; S'imon removed to 
Rutland about 1720, died 16 February, 1763, eight children, 
ancestor of Governor Davis ; Stephen, 30 March, 1686, married 
26 March, 1713, Elizabeth Fletcher, lived in Bedford. Samuel 
is credited for service under his uncle, Major Willard, 28 Sep- 
tember, 1675.1 Likewise under Captain Wheeler, 24 June, 1676, 
il-2-10.2 (See Appendix, p. 284.) 

Of Samuel's son Daniel no more is known than of the father. 
Here is the record of his mariage : "Dan'l Davis & Mary Hub- 
bard, both of Concord, were mar. by ye Revernd Mr. Joseph 
Estabrook June ye 2nd 1699." He died 11 February, 1741. 
His children were: Jonathan, 15 February, 1699(1700), "prob- 
ably removed to Rutland," so says the Life of Dolor Davis; 
Daniel, 29 September, 1701, probably in Rutland; Mary, 29 
November, 1703, died 3 November, 1709; Ephraim, 27 January, 
1705(6), probably in Rutland; Amos, 8 April, 1711, in Grafton; 
Joseph, 9 July, 1713; Nathaniel, 3 November, 1715; Mary, 4 
April, 1719. 

There is no doubt that Jonathan Davis of Rutland is the 
Jonathan, earlier at Concord, son of Daniel and Mary (Hubbard) 
Davis. Identity of family names proves this fact. His marriage 
is not found on the records. In Concord is recorded the birth of 
two children : "Abigail, daughter of Jon. Davis & Abigail his wife, 
b. 3 Aug. 1725 ; Jonathan, s. of Jon. Davis and Abigail, b. 14 
Feb. 1726(7)." The marriage therefore probably occurred in 
1724, when Jonathan was in his twenty-fifth year. His removal 
to Rutland probably occurred in 1727. In Rutland are recorded 
these births: "Mary Jan. 1728(9) ; Ruth, Mch. 1731 ; Ezra, May 
1733 ; John, Sept. 1735 ; Ruth, Sept. 1737." Reed's History of 
Rutland calls Jonathan a useful man and shows that with eight 
others he signed the first church covenant, 9 October, 1727, his 
name ^ being fifth. 

^N. B. H. and G. R., 38, p. 219. 

2 Ihid, p. 42. A Samuel Davis is also credited with service under Cap- 
tain Dan. Hirchman (of Boston) 20 August, 1675, £2-07-00. 

A^. E. H. and G. R., 37, p. 65. 

8 In Rutland were a number of Davises. Among them Simon is 
known definitely to be of this family. Others were Peter, also from 
Concord, Ephraim, Daniel and wife Lydia, Jonathan. There seems little 


Jonathan next appears in Sliaron, Connecticut. Sedgwick's 
History of Sliaron, p. 121, says that he came in 1746. "He had 
one son Ezra, who died in early life, leaving a widow and three 
children. Mr. Davis afterward lived over the line in Oblong, 
but where he died is not known." On the Sharon records ap- 
pears the birth of a daughter Hannah, 5 September, 1749. Here 
also is recorded the marriage of Ezra to Phebe Brown, 17 June, 
1750, of Mary to Smith Parke, 9 July, 1747, of a second Mary 
to Solomon Hollister, 25 October, 1770, and of Ruth to Benjamin 
Brooks, 25 January, 1754. 

The history next de|>ends upon a family record. The will of 
Jonathan Davis is dated 10 September, 1780, place not mentioned. 
He names his wife Joanna and children, Jonathan, John, Abi- 
gail, Hannah, Keziah, Mary, and Mercy, speaks of his extreme 
age, and makes John, his second son, administrator. Thus we 
see that his first wife Abigail has died and find two children, 
Keziah and Mercy, of whose birth no record has been found. 

His son John is an even more patriarchal figure. Bom in 
1735 or 1736 (Rutland records make the date 1735; family pa- 
pers say 1736; tombstone says age 81 in 1817) he died in 1817, 
full of years, leaving a wdow who had been the mother of 
his eleven children and who survived to 1829. His wife was 
Sarah Beebe.^ His first child was born 11 February, 1757, his 
youngest 7 November, 1787. 

He settled in that part of Canaan or Chatham known as New 
Concord about 1758, one of the company of squatters from Con- 
necticut. The History of Columbia County tells us that he is 
on the list of original members of the Church of Christ in New 
Concord. Three military commissions were issued to John Davis, 
the originals now in possession of his great-granddaughter, Mrs. 
H. M. Spence of Parkersburg, West Virginia. The first, as 
second lieutenant, was issued by Sir Henry ]\Ioore, bart., first 
governor of the Province of New York, 5 September, 1768; the 
second, also as second lieutenant, by Governor Wm. Tryon, 18 
July, 1772; the third, as captain of troops, by the "People of 

room for question that Jonathan, Daniel, and Ephraim were brothers 
and nephews of Simon. Jonathan's house-lots were numbered 7 and 9. 

^ Charles Powers had a silver spoon, marked S. D., which had been his 


the State of New York, by the grace of God, free and indepen- 
dent," 16 June, 1778.' The Davis farm is now in possession of 
Mrs. JuUa M. B. Ambler, who has been kind enough to furnish 
some descriptions and anecdotes. She is a sister of Stephen 
Babcock who compiled the Babcock genealogy; this work con- 
tains an account of Captain Davis and two of his daughters. 
The will of Captain Davis is dated 16 March, 1814. He men- 
tions his wife Sarah, who, with son Stephen and son-in-law, 
Wm. Babcock, is the executor. He mentions sons, John, Eleazer, 
and Roswell, and "Daniel, son of my son Elijah"; he names 
daughters, Lucretia, Cloe, Sarah, and Altany. From the family 
papers we get a complete list of the children: Lucretia, born 
Thursday, 11 February, 1757, married Capt. Wm. Babcock; 
Daniel, born Monday, 10 July, 1759, probably dead before 1814; 
Cloah, born Wednesday, 9 September, 1761, married Gershom, 
brother to Wm. Babcock; Sarah, born Wednesday, 23 August, 
1763, probably dead before 1814; John, born Monday, 13 August, 
1765, wife Mary died 13 September, 1854, John died 1826; Ele- 
azer, born Monday, 14 September, 1767; Ruth, born Monday, 26 
September, 1769, probably dead before 1814; Roswell B., born 
6 August, 1776; Stephen, born Monday, 12 July, 1779, married 
Sarah Frisbie ; Elijah, born Saturday, 23 February, 1781 ; Altana, 
born Tuesday, 7 November, 1787, married Peter Powers. 

This family record was preserved by the wife of Stephen, 
Sallie Frisbie Davis, and her son. Colonel Uriah L. The latter 
writes: "All but one of my grandfather's family lived to raise 
families, to be more than fifty years old ; I remember them all and 
had a personal acquaintance with most of them. My grand- 
mother it would seem was sixteen years old at the birth of her 
first child." Uriah's brother, Philip Frisbie, named for his 
grandfather. Colonel Frisbie, lived near Peter Powers, in Graf- 
ton, Ohio. 

As has been indicated, it was John Davis's youngest daughter 
Altana, who married in 1806 Peter Powers. Nothing is known 
of her separate history. She was buried in Litchfield, Ohio; the 

^ From Connecticut Military Records: John Davis was drummer from 
1 September to 6 December, 1755, Nathaniel Davis, also drummer, Ezra 
Davis, corporal in Captain Samuel Bellows' company of Salisbury in 1755; 
Samuel Dean served in the same company. John Davis was a sergeant in 
Captain Samuel Dunham's company of Sharon in 1757. 


stone is marked : "Altana, wife of Peter Powers died April 12, 

Capt. John Davis was buried in New Concord in 1817; his 
widow was buried in Spencertown in 1829; probably she there 
lived with her youngest son, Elijah, who is buried near her, 
death dated 1830. 


The Beebes have been in this country since 1650. John Beebe 
was of Broughton, Northampton, England, and died on ship- 
board on the way to this country, 18 Alay, 1650, his will being 
probated at Hartford, Connecticut. He left five sons and two 
daughters. His youngest son, James, born 1641, married Alary 
Boltwood and left many descendants, best known of whom was 
Colonel Bezaleel Beebe, serving from Connecticut in the Revolu- 

The oldest son, John, baptized in Broughton, 4 November, 
1628, married Abigail, daughter of James Yorke of Stonington. 
This was probably the James Yorke who sailed from England 
in the ship Philip, 20 June, 1635, bound for Virginia.^ Yorke's 
age was twenty-one. He is next heard of at Braintree, and ap- 
peared in Stonington about 1660, receiving grants of land. He 
was made freeman in the colony 10 May, 1666. His wife was 
Joanna. He died 1683, she died 1685. Two children are 
known; James jr. figures occasionally in the town and colony 
records ; he received grants for service in Indian wars, but died 
before his father, 26 October, 1676. Abigail, who was married 

1 The Beebe Genealogy, A monograph of the descent of the family, ed. 
by Clarence Beebe, gives a copy of John's will, 1650, a picture of the Eng- 
lish village of Broughton in Northampton, and baptismal records of the 
children of John and Rebecca Beebe: John, baptised 4 November, 1628; 
Thomas, baptised 23 June, 1633; Samuel, twin of Thomas; Nathaniel, 
baptised 23 January, 1635; James, born about 1641; Rebecca, baptised 11 
August, 1630; Mar\^ baptised 23 June, 1640. 

The wife and a daughter Hannah had probably died in England. John 
and Samuel had preceded him to America ; he was accompanied b}' the 
other five children. Benjamin, son of the second John, and wife Hannah 
(probably Hannah Wheeler) had Hannah, Benjamin, John, Ebenezer, 
Rebecca, Zachariah, Joanna, Clement, and perhaps James. 

2 See History of Stonington, by R. A. Wheeler, 1900. 


to John Beebe, was born about 1638 and died 9 March, 1725, 
ag"ed eighty-six.^ 

The children of John and Abigail Beebe were John, born about 
1661, Benjamin, and Rebecca, who was married to Richard Shaw 
of Easthampton. Benjamin, born about 1663, baptized 9 July, 
1693, was married before 4 April, 1695, probably to Hannah 
Wheeler, and died 1752. 

Benjamin had a son John, baptized in New London, 7 Decem- 
ber, 1701. This John settled in Colchester ^ and about 1726 mar- 
ried Ruth Pratt, daughter of Sergeant Joseph Pratt. A record 
of the town of Colchester connects John Beebe and Joseph 
Pratt: 25 Sept. 1725, "S'erg. Jos. Pratt's gun was pressed for 
the public service and was then apprized by Jos. Wright and 
Nath. Cahoone and judged to be worth fifty shillings, and was i 

then delivered to John Beebe, who was going into service in 
the county of Hampshire ; also a hatchet belonging to Azariah 
Pratt, pressed and delivered to sd John Beebe for said service." 
This service was probably in the last expedition against the In- 
dians about Deerfield, incident to what is known as Father Rale's 
War, 1721-1725. 

John and Ruth Pratt Beebe had the following children : John, 
Hezekiah, Daniel, Martin, Ruth, Ann, Sarah, Trial, Chloe, and 
Tryphena. The Beebes removed to Canaan, New York, where 
Ruth died 15 September, 1794. John died 15 July, 1788.^ Daugh- 

^ John Beebe was active in the Indian war period. He was ensign for 
New London County 11 May, 1676. See Colonial Records. He was 
listed along with Miners and other citizens of New London who were 
complained of by Lyme in the Lyme-New London civil war of 1670; 
see Colonial Records, 2, p. 558. 

2 John Beebe was freeman in Colchester 3 September, 1736. On 27 
March, 1738, he bought a share in the new town of Kent. He was con- 
stable in Kent from 1739 to 1743. On 26 May, 1754, he sold his Kent 
property for 1700 pounds sterling and went to Amenia, then called the 
Oblong, where he lived until 1763. The History of Columbia County 
shows that he was poundmaster 1772. He or his son was justice of the 
peace in 1786. — Beebe Genealogy. 

3 Bccbe was chairman of the commission, 1776; see p. 29; see also 
Calendar of Historical Documents, New York. John Beebe is recorded 
for service in the campaign of 1759 from June 7th to November 26th, in 
the Twelfth Company of the Fourth Connecticut Regiment under Colonel 
Eleazer Fitch. 


ter Sarah was baptized in Kent, Connecticut, in 1741 and married 
John Davis. ^ (See Appendix, p. 285.) 


In the History of County Hereford, by Robt. Clutterbuck, is 
a memorial of the Rev. Wm. Pratt, Clk., S.T.B. He was rector 
of the church of St. Nicholas, Stevenage, from 6 December, 
1598, till his death in 1629. On the north wall of the church is 
his epitaph in Latin : 

Here lies Wm. Pratt Bachelor of Sacred Theology and 
most illustrious rector of this church during thirty years. 
He had three sons John, William, and Richard, and the same 
number of daughters, Sarah, Mary, and Elizabeth, by his 
renowned wife Elizabeth. At length the course of his life 
being run and his age becoming burdensome he emigrated 
to the celestial country in the year of salvation 1629 aged 67. 

He was born then in 1562, two years before Shakespeare; he 
was baptized at Baldock, Hereford, in October, 1562. His father 
was Andrew, his grandfather Thomas. John, William, and Eliza- 
beth are not mentioned in his will ; they had probably received 
their portions and were ready to embark for America. 

The elder John Pratt appears on the records of Cambridge ^ 
as one of the original members of Hooker's congregation and 
as the owner of a home-lot. He was a freeman early in May, 
1634. He owned a house on the north side of Mount Auburn 
Street which he sold to Joseph Isaac. He went with Hooker to 
Hartford. In the original assignment of lands, 31 May, 1636, he 
drew lot number 31 and later purchased from Governor Haynes 
number 30. The lots were on Main Street from Asylum to 
Pratt Streets. He represented Hartford in the General Court 
in 1639 and was chosen constable on 3 February, 1644.^ 

^ The intimacy of the Beebe, Davis, and Frisbie families appears from 
their intermarriages and the recurrence of given names. Colonel Roswell 
Beebe was a popular military figure ; it was probably his widow who, after 
she married Colonel Philip Frisbie, named her son Roswell B. Frisbie; 
he was brother to Sallie (Frisbie) Davis. Again in Independence year 
Captain John Davis named a son Roswell B. Davis. 

2 See Page, History of Cambridge. 

^John Pratt receives occasional mention in the colonial records. "25 
July, 1640, It is ordered yt John Pratt & Rich. Goodman are to order 



He died 15 July, 1655. His will be^ns as follows: "I the 
said John Pratt having my perfect memory doe desire to have 
my soule in the everlasting arms of Jesus Christ and my tem- 
poral goods to them hereafter mentioned." He mentions wife 
Elizabeth and two sons, John and Daniel, of whom John is the 
chief heir. The curious language respecting John's heirs leads 
one to infer that at the time John jr. had no son, but had daugh- 
ters. The will is long. 

The son John was baptized, probably by his grandfather, in 
the church of St. Nicholas, Stevenage, 9 November, 1620. The 
accounts of his marriage are confusing. He was married twice; 
to Hannah, daughter of James Boosey of Wethersfiekl, and to 
Hepzibah, daughter of John Wiatt, one of the first settlers of 
Haddam. Savage regards Hannah as mother of his children. 
The Pratt Genealogy regards Hepzibah as the mother of his 
children, at least of most of them. 

James Boosey was dead before 23 February, 1652(3) ; for on 
that date we read in the Colonial Records of widow Boosey's 
marriage to Jeames Wakely. The widow died, probably in 1668 ; 
for on 14 May of that year there is entry in the Colonial Records 
securing to Jam,es Boosey's heirs title to any property in rever- 
sion of the death of their mother. As John Pratt is one of the 
petitioners in this case, the first inference would be that his 
wife Hannah still lived. She probably, however, was dead and 
Pratt's interest was for her children. It has been inferred that 
Pratt's second marriage took place before 1661 ; for his son 
John, who was born 11 May, 1661, by probated records, 15 Febru- 
ary, 1693, received his portion from his father and "his mother 
Hepzibah Pratt Sadd." On the other hand Savage gives the 

his proportion of fences in the south medow layd together & also to 
see yt a siifhcient bounde marke a greate stone sett in a houle." 

In 1643 he served on the grand jury; in 1644 he was freed from 
watching; 4 December, 1645, he is awarded 30£ and costs in a suit for 
defamation against Mathew Allen. On 2 March, 1652(3), R. Goodman and 
John Pratt are ordered to receive 30£ for carrying on necessary work 
about the prison house. In 1640 John Talcott and John Pratt had pre- 
sented the will of W. Spenser. There is a passage that suggests rela- 
tionship; perhaps Pratt's wife was a sister of Spenser: "My mind is my 
Cosen Mathew Allen, my brother John Pratt and John Taylcoate . . . 
shall have the oversight of my estate." See Appendix, p. 286. 


date of birth of Hepzibah Wiatt as 1652; she could not have 
been married in 1661. (See Appendix, p. 286.) 

James Boosey was a prominent citizen of Wethersfield. John 
Wiatt, according to Savage, sold his land in Windsor in 1649 
and removed to Farmington, where he married Mary, daughter 
of John Bronson. He was a freeman of the colony 20 May, 
1658. He was dead in 1674; for the Court, Colonial Records, 
14 May, 1674, then granted the administratrix of John Wiatt's 
estate, late of Haddam, permission to sell the land of her late 
husband, provided security be given for the children's portions.^ 
John Bronson appears to have been constable of Farmington ; 
for in Colonial Records, vol. 1, p. 327, is John Cullick's receipt 
for payment from the constable of Farmington on account of the 
purchase of Saybrook, the sum of 14£ 6s 8d ; the receipt is given 
to John Bronson. Savage says that Wiatt had these children: 
Mary, born 1648; John, 1650; and Hepzibah, 1652; all three 
being baptized 23 October, 1653 ; and five others, the youngest, 
Israel, born 1668. The father John died in that year; the in- 
ventory, 7 September, 1668, records the ages of his children. It 
would seem certain then that Hepzibah could not have married 
John Pratt until after that date; perhaps Joseph was her first 
child. John's children, as listed in the Pratt Genealogy, are as 
follows: Hannah, born 25 November, 1658, married Jared Spen- 
cer; 2 John, born 11 May, 1661, married Hannah Sanford; Eliza- 
beth, born 1664; Sarah, born 1668; Joseph, born 6 March, 1671; 
Ruth, born 1677, married Willerton Merrill; Susanna, born 1680,"^ 
married Daniel Merrill; Jonathan, born 1683, married Mary 
Benton, There seems little room for doubt that Joseph was son 
of Hepzibah Wiatt Pratt, not of Hannah. (See Appendix, p. 286.) 

John was freeman 1657, constable 1670, died 23 November, 
1687. His will is dated 9 April, 1687. He names his three 
sons, refers to his five daughters but does not name them. In 

1 5 December, 1676, Conn. Col. Records: "The Council! granted John 
Brunson of Farmington the sume of five pounds as reparation for his 
wounds and damage reed thereby and quarteridge and half pay to the first 
of the present moneth." 

No further record. This John must have been a brother to Mary Wiatt. 

2 A Jared Spencer had a wife, Hannah, in 1660. See Colonial Records, 
1, p. 361. 


the main the will is chiefly concerned to accept the conditions set 
up by his father's will. 

In volume 3 of the Connecticut Colonial Records, occurs an 
item, not set down in the index, connecting John Pratt with one 
of the old world tragedies. William Kelso, "Chirurgeon Gen- 
erall" in the late Rebellion in Scotland, having escaped from 
England, to the captain of the ship made declaration of what he 
knew about the murder of Archbishop Sharp. Accordingly, an 
order was out for the arrest of Kelso. On the return of the 
warrant, dated 15 June, 1683, by John Shephard and John Pratt, 
constables, it was noted that they "cannot find or hear of him." 
No further record of the case appears. 

Joseph Pratt married, 22 July, 1697, Sarah Colyer, daughter 
of Joseph and Elizabeth (Sanford) Collier. In 1700 he dis- 
posed of his Hartford land and appears soon after among tlie 
first settlers of Colchester, where the birth of his children is 
recorded. He was made way- warden 29 December, 1703, and 
granted a meadow. He was made constable 31 December, 1711, 
and again in 1718; in 1715 he was a grand juryman. In 1719 
he was appointed to gather the county rate. A curious entry, 
quoted under the Beebes, connects him with John Beebe. He 
was called sergeant in 1700. He was a deputy from Milford 
to the General Court in 1700. The last entry in the town 
records concerning him is in 1726. His children were: Joseph, 
born 1698; Azariah, 1699; Abigail, 1702; Ruth, 16 March, 
1705(6) ; Elisha, 1707; Daniel, 1710; Sarah, 1713. His widow, 
Sarah, died 20 November, 1730. 

Ruth Pratt who was born at Colchester, was married about 
1726 to John Beebe. She died in Canaan, New York, 15 Septem- 
ber, 1794.^ 


Joseph Colyer (Collier) was the first of the name in Connec- 
ticut, from Salisbury, Massachusetts, says Savage. He was 
at Pinefield in Hartford in 1668. He was chimney viewer 
in 1669. He was married to Elizabeth, daughter of Rob- 
ert Sanford, about 1668. He died 16 November, 1691, 

1 There are two Pratt genealogies : The Pratt Family, by the Rev. 
F. W. Chapman, Hartford, 1864; Ancestry of John Pratt, by C. B. Whittle- 
sey, 1900. 


The inventory of the estate, taken by John Wilson and Samuel 
Olcutt, 2 December, 1691, amounted to 820>£. The whole estate 
passed to the widow during her life, moveables to be for the 
daughters, lands to the sons; Ensign Sanford and Robert San- 
ford are recommended as advisers, so Hartford probate records, 
Manwaring. The children are mentioned : Joseph, age 23 ; Mary 
Phelps, age 22; Sara Colyer, age 18; Elizabeth, age 16; Abel, 
14; John, 12; Abigail, 9; Susanna, 7; Ann, 43/2. 

The widow Elizabeth died 1695(6), will probated 16 March, 
1695(6), dated 27 December, 1695: 

I give unto my son Joseph 5£ and unto my two sons 
Abell & John all the tackling which belongs to the team 
to be equally divided between them and to each of them a 
horse colt. I give unto my daughter IMary Phelps of Sims- 
bury 40 shillings. I do give unto all those of my children 
who have wrought for me in spinning or otherwise for 
procuring divers pieces of cloth not now come home from 
the weavers I say I give unto them all the cloth not now 
come home equally those that have done most at the work 
or procuration of it I give more than an equal part as shall 
be judged convenient by my overseers. I give unto all my 
children who now live at home all that provision which is 
now laid out for my family use and not to be divided pro- 
vided they can agree to live together upon it. I desire the 
Hon. John Allyn and my bro. Ensign Zachary Sanford and 
my bro. Robt. to be the overseers. Witness Caleb Stanley 
jr., Eliz. (X) Goodwin, Eliz. (X) Colier. 

Evidently the lands, since her husband's death, had been dis- 
posed of ; the inventory amounted to 57£ 12s 4d. It seems pretty 
clear that the S'anfords and Colliers were of East Hartford. It 
might be noted that the Pitkins and the Allyns and the Olcotts 
were well known families, Allyn standing high in colony afifairs. 
The daughter, Abigail, married 16 March, 1700(1) Samuel Peck. 
John chose his uncle Zachary as guardian in 1697; he married in 
1705 Elizabeth Humphries. The daughter Sara, who was bom 
about 1673, married Sergeant Joseph Pratt, 22 July, 1697. 


Jeremy Adams is said to have come over with Thomas Hooker, 
settling with him first in Braintree, then in Cambridge, and final- 
ly going with him to Hartford. In Cambridge he was freeman, 


6 May, 1635. He is listed among the Hartford freemen 13 Oc- 
tober, 1669. In the Connecticut Colonial Records he is first 
mentioned as joined with Captain Mason in a mission to the 
Warronocke Indians "to know why they are affraide of us," 5 
April, 1638. In 1639^ he married Rebecca, widow of Samuel 
Greenhill, and came into possession of the Greenhill property 
in Hartford by giving bond to pay the Greenhill children when 
they came of age. He sold his own house and lot to Thomas 
Catlin. In 1651 he purchased a lot of John Steel on the east 
side of Main Street and kept a tavern there for years,'-^ the well 
in front of the inn being used for more than two hundred years. 
The colonial rules governing inns were most minute, some of 
them amusing. A servant must be kept to make a fire for a 
guest and to pull ofif his boots. Acording to Roberts, in Tozms 
of the Connecticut Valley, p. 204, Adams was a famous charac- 
ter. "Hospitable, jolly, and full of deviltry in his youth when he 
began the duties of landlord, he settled down and became a 
soHd, substantial, and prominent citizen." At his instigation 
Thomas Hosmer resisted the levy of the constable, for which 
Adams was formally censured by the General Court 5 March, 
1644. In 1663 he was appointed master of customs. By special 
enactment it was provided that if Adams failed in any particu- 
lars of his duty, his license should not be forfeited, but he should 
continue in its possession at the discretion of the Court and be 
himself subject to censure, 13 March, 1662 — a kind of proba- 
tion. He was thus given a practical monopoly and had control 
of the wholesale and retail liquor trade of the colony. It is 
evident that Adams had what in these days is known in politics 
as a "pull." However, in 1679, he was fined forty shillings for 
failing to have placed a sign where strangers entering the town 
could see it. About this time he was obliged to mortgage his 
property to the colony. His wife died in 1678 and he married, 
in 1679, another Rebecca, widow of Andrew Warner jr., and 

1 Mention of Greenhill's will (Thomas, son of Samuel,) is made in 
Connecticut Colonial Records 4 October, 1660. On 14 March, 1660(1), 
Adams "did resigne all power of disposing ye estate (left by Thomas 
Greenhill to Goodwife Adams) into his wives hands to be wholly at her 

2 An account of the history and location of this tavern is found in 
Colonial Records 3, p. 145. 


daughter of John Fletcher. She died 25 June, 1715, aged seven- 
ty-seven. He died in 1683, willing his property ^ to his grandson 
Zachariah Sanford who redeemed the inn in 1685 ^ and was in 
charge of it in 1687 when with Andros the General Court held its 
famous charter meeting in the inn. 

Of his children Savage says he had a son Samuel, born about 
1643, perhaps others by a first wife. His later children were: 
Ann(?), Eleanor, who married Nathaniel Willet, and John. 
Ann certainly was not a daughter of Rebecca Greenhill, but 
must have been born before 1630. She was married to Robert 
Sanford.^ Sanford was in Hartford in 1645. Like Adams he is 

1 Connecticut Colonial Records October, 1685 : Treasurer's act. " To J. 
Adams his estate 275£ 4s." 

2 Connecticut Colonial Records, 3, p. 172. 

3 A. D. Hodges, quoted in Thomas Sanford Genealogy, vol. ii, declares 
that Robert's wife was not a daughter of Jeremy Adams; that there is no 
evidence that Jeremy Adams had any children by an earlier marriage or 
in fact that he had been married before his marriage to widow Greenhill. 
He explains the inheritance of the Adams tavern by Zacheray Sanford as 
grandson to Adams in this way : that Zacheray had married Sarah Willett, 
who was the daughter of Eleanor (Adams) Willett. The volumes on 
Thomas Sanford, the emigrant to New England, by Carleton E. Sanford, 
1911, contain an article by C. A. Hoppin, entitled, "The medieval origin 
of the Sanfords," vol. i, pp. 13-52. He is successful in establishing that 
Robert and Thomas were brothers, sons of an Ezekiel Sanford and 
nephews of another Hartford founder, Andrew Warner. Robert Sanford 
was baptized at Standstead, Mountfichet, Essex, 1 November, 1615. It is 
the will of a John Warner which shows the Sanford- Warner relationship, 
dated 16 July, 12 James (1614) ; he was a yeoman of Hatfield Broakoke 
(Broadoak) ; he mentions among other relatives, his son Andrew and the 
three sons of Ezekiel Sanford "my sonne in law." This Ezekiel was 
baptized 20 February, 1585(6), son of Thomas and Mary Sanford of 
Much Hadham, Herts. The burial of Thomas Sanford Glover is re- 
corded 6 April, 1597, and his will is given. The baptism of the oldest 
children of Ezekiel, Thomas, and John have probably been lost in the 
destruction of the records of Hatfield Broadoak. The Mountfichet records 
show the following: 1612, baptized Ezechiell son of Ezechiell Sanford, 
December 26; 1615, Robert, son of Ezechiell Sanford, November 1; 1617, 
Andrew, son of Ezechiell Sanford, November 1 ; 1619, Samuel, son of 
Ezechiell Sanford, November 25, died same year; 1622, Mary, daughter of 
Ezechiell Sanford, February 13; 1624, Jonathan, son of Ezechiell Sanford, 
January 18. 

The Thomas Sanford Genealogy, vol. ii, p. 1335, gives the date of 
Robert's marriage as 1643 and lists his children: Zacheriah, died 1714; 


listed among the freemen 13 October, 1669. A Robert Sanford 
was granted eighty acres of land 10 October, 1672. 

Robert Sanford died in 1675.^ His will, unsigned, was taken 
by John Gilbert and William Pitkin, 19 June, 1675. 

I Robert Sanford sr. do make this my last will and testa- 
ment as followeth. 

Item, The house Ortyard and Lott that was Goodman 
Phillips I give to my son Zachariah & his heirs forever be- 
ing about 2 acres of land (that is the Ortyard next Phillips 
house and the lot next that Ortyard to bee his after his 
mother's decease hee paying such legacies out of it as I 
shall appoint). 

Item, My other dwelling house in Hartford with the lot 
next it and Harts hill and the pasture bought of Kellsy and 
the barn and Ortyard next Gerrard Spike's lot and the land 
adjoining to S'amuel Olcotts and Specks lotts I give after 
my wifes decease to my son Robt. and his heirs forever hee 
paying such legacies as I shall appoint. 

Item, I give to my daughter Hannah the neck pasture 
which is next to Caleb Stanleys land after her mother's 
decease, the best kettel and pistoU and to Abigail my best 

Item, To my daughter Sarah I give a great kittle and a 
cowe after my wifes decease. 

Item, to Robt. Sanford the land in the soldiers field and 
the land over the great river in Mr. Crows meadow. 

Item, My woods lands I would have ly in common for 
the use of both my sons Robt. & Zach. 

During my wifes life I would have her have the whole 
of my estate as it now is myne and Robt. to live with her 
and to attend her and to have my team to help her. 

The children were: Zachariah, Elizabeth Collier, Ezekiel San- 
ford (not mentioned in the will), Mary Camp, Sarah, Robert, 
Hannah, and Abigail Sanford. 

Elizabeth, born 19 February, 1645, died 6 February, 1695; married Jos. 
Collier; Ezekiel, born 13 March, 1647, died 1716; Mary, born 1650, died 
1727, married J. Camp; Sarah, born 1652; Robert, born 1655(6), died 
1728; Hannah; Abigail. The wife Ann died in 1682, leaving a will which 
does not mention Hannah or Abigail. 

1 Colonial Records: 10 October, 1672, Robert Sanford was granted 
eighty acres of land. On 13 October, 1669, he had been made freeman at 
Hartford. Savage says, he was in Hartford in 1645. 


Zachariah married his cousin, daughter of Nathaniel Willett. 
Elizabeth married, in 1668, Joseph Collier. 


The birth of Mary Hubbard is recorded 3 April, 1682, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan Hubbard. Savage says that Jonathan was a 
brother of John of Boston. The will of Robert Merriam, dated 
10 December, 1681, proved 4 April, 1682, names his "cousin 
Jon. Hubbard who lives with me." The term cousin is quite 
likely to mean nephew. Merriam also names wife Mary, and 
cousin, Isaac Day, in Old England, "son to my sister Joan Day," 
He names also his brothers Joseph and George and their children, 
three daughters and two sons. Now Shattuck in his history of 
Concord says that the wife of Jonathan Hubbard was Hannah 
Merriam,^ niece to Deacon Robert. But she is not mentioned in 
Robert's will, neither is she found in the lists of the children of his 
brothers Joseph and George ; she may have been a granddaughter 
of Joseph or George. Deacon Robert had no children. George 
had a daughter Hannah who was married to William Taylor. 
Joseph, who died early, 1 January, 1641, was the ancestor of 
most of the Concord Merriams. His will, dated 29th 10th month, 
1640, is given in New England Historical and Genealogical Rec- 
ords, 2, p. 184, but gives no list of children. In the Concord his- 
tory are mentioned: John, married to Mary Cooper in 1663, had 
John, Nathan, Joseph, Samuel, and "some daughters." 

Joseph, married to Sarah Stow, 1653, left one daughter. 

The family was of consequence in Concord. Deacon Robert 
was a trader; his wife was Mary Slieafe. He died 15 February, 
1681, age seventy-two. It is to be noted that this is before the 
marriage of Jonathan Hubbard, showing clearly that the legacy of 
land was not made on account of his marriage to Hannah, which 
marriage did not occur until a year later. 

1 Wm. Merriam (probably a son to Joseph), John Merriam, Elizabeth 
West, Abigail Bateman, Anna Taylor (Hannah, daughter to brother 
George). Deacon Robert also names cousins John Buss and Sarah 
Wheeler. It seems likely that Robert had several sisters, one married 
to a Day, another to a Hubbard, another to a Buss, and still another 
to a Wheeler. 


According to Shattuck ^ Jonathan Hubbard had the following 
children between 1684 and 1700: Samuel, died 1753, age sixty- 
six; Joseph married Rebecca, daughter Capt. Joseph Bulkeley; 
Elizabeth, John, Daniel, Thomas, Abigail, and Ebenezer, who mar- 
ried Mary Conant. Shattuck does not include a daughter Mary 
who was married to Daniel Davis. (See Appendix, p. 287.) 


The lineage of the Willards has been studied at great ex- 
pense of time and money." Dolor Davis married Margery Will- 
ard. Willard is a frequent place name in Kent and Sussex. 
The name appears in Domesday Book. Wm. Willard was pro- 
vost of Canterbury, 1218; Richard was baron of the Cinque 
Ports in 1377. The will of Richard Willard of Brenchley, Kent, 
dated 18 September, 1558, proved 24 October, 1558, names sons, 
Robert, Alexander, George, Richard, Andrew, Symon, Thomas, 
William; daughters, Alice and Agnes. Andrew Willard's will, 
1662, mentions brothers, William and George ; sons, Thomas and 
Richard. Symon, in his will of 6 February, proved 26 February, 
1584, of Gowhurst, Kent, presumably son of the preceding Rich- 
ard, mentions sons, Thomas and Richard ; daughters, Thomacine 
and Bolde; also a messuage in Horsemonden, Kent. Elizabeth 
(also named in Symon's will), the widow of Symon, was buried 
in Horsemonden, 12 April, 1587. Richard of Horsemonden, in 
his will, 12 February, proved 8 March, 1616, names wife Joan 
and her son Francis Morebread, sons, George (six spoons), 
Richard, Symon; daughters, Mary, Elizabeth, Margery, and 
Catherine ; brother, Thomas ; brothers-in-law, Thomas Humf eries 
and Robert Goure; son-in-law, J. TybouU, and kinsman, Th. 
Bolde. Tyboull is the executor. The estate was considerable. 
Richard died in Febmary, 1617. From the Horsemonden regis- 
ter we learn that Margery was baptized 6 November, 1602 ; Si- 
mon, 7 April, 1605 ; George, 4 December, 1614. These three 
came to America, Simon becoming the celebrated soldier and 
Indian fighter and ancestor of most of the Willards of the coun- 

1 History of Concord. 

2 See Willard Genealogy, 1915, edited by C. H. Pope. This is the 
latest of several works. 


try. Margery's nephew, Simon's son Samuel, became assistant 
pastor with Thos. Thacher at the Old South Church, succeeded 
him, and continued pastor till his death. He was president of 
Harvard in succession to Increase Mather. 

Margery Willard, wife to Dolor Davis, was sister of Simon, 
the ancestor of all the Willards, including Frances E. She was 
christened 7 November, 1602, daughter of Richard Willard, yeo- 
man, and Margaret his wife; Simon was christened 1605, son 
of the same mother. Richard, the father, was married three 


The wife of William Powers was Rhoda Deane, born 1759. 
The first Deane on record was Walter, of South Chard, Somer- 
setshire, who died 1591, shortly after the Armada. He had a 
son William, died 1634, whose will, probated in London October, 
1634, is copied in Nezv England Historical and Genealogical Reg- 
ister, vol. 51. William had the following children: William, Isaac, 
Thomas, Susan, Eleanor, Elizabeth, John, Walter, and Marjorie. 
John and Walter came to Boston in 1637, stayed one year at 
Dorchester, then settled at Taunton. 

Walter Deane ^ was born in Chard, between 1615 and 1620, 

1 Walter Deane was instrumental in establishing the iron industry in 
Taunton. See A^. E. H. and G. R., 38, p. 265, Ancient iron works in Taun- 
ton. Among the proprietors in 1653(4) were Jas. Walker, John Tisdale, 
Thos. Linkon sr., and Walter Deane. His name is attached to the 
lease made in 1660, as well as that of John Deane, either brother or 
nephew, and again Thos. Linkon sr. In 1777 Josiah Deane became the 
purchaser of the works. In the scarcity of money iron was frequently a 
medium of exchange and many orders are extant certifying to this use. 
Here is one: 

Ensign Thomas Leonard, Please to pay ye bearer hereof one hun- 
dred of Iron yt is due on Mr. Shoves act. to my wife your friend. 
Taunton ye 16th of ye 1st mo. 1685(6). Walter deane 

Geo. Shove was the pastor. A similar order from Jas. Walker was 
to pay the schoolmaster's rates: 

Ensine Leonard, I pray you let Mr. greene have four shillings, 
ore in iron, as monej', and place it to my account. June 20, 1684. 

James Walker 

James Walker and his sister Sarah had come over with their uncle, 
John Brown, on the ship Elizabeth in 1635. Their mother, a widow, 
came a few years later with a son, Philip. She had married John 
Tisdale and their daughter Sarah became the wife of James Deane. Their 


probably 1617, if he were twenty-one in 1638 when he signed 
the freeman's oath in Dorchester. He married -Ekanor Strong, 
daughter of Richard Strong of Taunton, England, sister of 
Elder John Strong. Walter was a farmer and tanner and promi- 
nent in town affairs. He was deputy to the Plymouth Court in 
1640 and selectman in Taunton from 1678 to 1686. There is no 
record of the settlement of his estate. His children were : Joseph, 
Ezra, Benjamin, James, and two others of whom there is no 

There seems to be no certainty from the record that James 
Deane of Stonington was this son James of Walter, but the 
Deane genealogist, Arthur D. Deane of Scranton, thinks he has 
conclusively established the fact. This James of Stonington, 
who married Sarah Tisdale, having learned the smith's trade at 
Taunton, presumably from his father-in-law, as the Tisdales 
"have always been in the iron business," settled for a time at 
Scituate, where his first two children were born. The iron 
worker seems to have been much in demand in those days ; ac- 
cordingly the town of Stonington, Connecticut, voted to give 
James Deane twenty-four acres of land for a home lot and one 
hundred acres of common to induce him to follow his trade in 
Stonington. A deed from the town of Stonington to James 
Deane, dated 16 February, 1680, is on record at Stonington, con- 
veying one hundred acres of land. He began work there in 1677. 
He was dismissed from his contract, as completed, at town meet- 
ing, 1682. In 1698 he sold out to his son James and removed to 
Plainfield with other pioneers. Here he was elected, in 1699, 
the first town clerk. The public records in his handwriting are 
models of neatness and penmanship of the ancient style. He was 
a large landholder in Plainfield and the neighboring town of 
Voluntown. The Colonial Records show that in May, 1705, he 
with fifty others, became purchaser and proprietor of five square 
miles in Lebanon, Connecticut. 

James Deane's wife was Sarah Tisdale of Taunton.^ Two of 
their descendants have had the remains of James and Sarah 
Deane removed to the burial ground between Mystic and Ston- 

other children were: John; James, born 1644; Joshua, 1647; Joseph, 1656; 
Mary, 1658; and Elizabeth. 

The iron account shows that Walter Deane was familiarly known as 
Deacon Deane. 

^ See Appendix, p. 290. 


ington and over the grave a substantial monument erected : 
"James Deane born at Taunton, Mass., 1648; married Sarah 
Tisdale 1673-4; settled in Stonington 1677; removed to Plain- 
field 1696, and died there May 29, 1725, aged 76 years. Sarah 
Tisdale his vi^ife born at Taunton 1648, died at Plainfield 
April 26, 1726, aged 77 years." Their children were: James, born 
31 October, 1671; Sarah, bom 4 Sep>tember, 1676; John, born 
1[5] May, 1678; Bucephorus, born and died 1680; Mary, twin 
to Bucephorus, born 28 March, 1680, married Thomas Thacher; 
Francis, born 8 September, 1682; William, born and died, 1684; 
Hannah, baptized 4 April, 1686; William, born 12 September, 
1689, baptized 22 June, 1690; Nathaniel, baptized 16 April, 1693, 
married Joanna Fisher; and Jonathan, baptized 23 April, 1695, 
married Sarah Douglas ; eleven children in all. 

John Deane was probably born in Stonington, the date being 
15 May, 1678. His marriage record, given in the Mayflower 
descendants, as copied both from Chilmark and Plainfield records, 
is as follows: "Married John Deane and Lydia Thacher, both of 
Lebanon in the Colony of Connecticut ; by James Allen on Mar- 
tha's Vineyard on June 10, 1709-10." The Deane genealogy 
makes the date 1708. "John Deane was of Plainfield, Lebanon, 
and Groton," says the MayHoiver Magazine, ix, 249. Such 
a statement is not very clear: Groton adjoins Stonington 
to the west, separated by the Mystic, separated on the west by 
the Thames from New London; Plainfield is twenty-odd miles 
north of Groton ; Lebanon, as far west of Plainfield.^ Their 
children: Silas, born 14 September, 1709; John, born 7 May, 
1713; Anna, 27 May, 1711, died 12 September, 1793; Barzillai, 
born 28 December, 1714; Lydia, born 16 April, 1721; Barnabas, 
born 31 January, 1723(4). 

John Deane, although not a deputy to the General Court, was 
not without influence. In May, 1732, he joined with Humphrey 
Avery in a petition against Capt. Jas. Avery and Capt. J. Morgan, 
who were the guardians of the Pequot Indians of New London. 
Deane appears to have been trying to get the Indian lands thrown 
open to settlement. To consider the matter, a commission, of 
which Roger Wolcott was one, was appointed. In October the 

'^Colonial Records, 6, p. 4, 1717: "This Assembly do establish and 
confirm Mr. John Dean of Groton, to be Ensign of the North Company 
or train band in the town of Groton aforesaid May, 1717." 


commission reported to this effect: One-half of the said lands 
is sufficient for the Indians to dwell upon and cut fire-wood ; the 
other half the English should be allowed to fence. Nine years 
later the case came up again but a second time Deane was sus- 
tained in his purpose. Land hunger seems to be inherited. 

The date of John Deane's death does not appear to be known. 
His wife Lydia died, according to Groton records, 15 January, 
1737.^ His will, dated 8 October, 1748, names his sons, Silas, 
John, Barzillai, his daughters, Lydia, Mary, Lavinia. The sons, 
Silas and John, are made executors. Affidavits, 24 January, 
and 19 February, 1753, probably time of probate. 

Before speaking of his son John, through whom the line de- 
scends, a word about two other sons: Barzillai graduated at 
Yale in 1737 and, showing the Thacher taste for preaching, was 
pastor at Milford, Connecticut; afterwards he embarked for Eng- 
land to secure ordination in the Church of England, but died on 
the voyage. His brother Silas has the distinction of being the 
father of another Silas, who shared with Franklin the credit 
for the alliance with France in the Revolution. This Silas was 
born in 1737, graduated with high honors at Yale in 1758; but 
his history is in all the encyclopedias. To him more than to 
any one else was due the share of Lafayette in our Revolution. It 
would seem likely that his uncle John shared in his patriotic 

The second John Deane was born in Groton, or perhaps in 
Plainfield, as he is described as "late of Plainfield," in a deed 
recorded in Salisbury, June, 1750. The chief residence of his 
father, one infers, was at Groton ; yet the family were established 
clearly in Plainfield. James had settled there in 1696 or 1698 
and died there in 1725. James's brother Ezra was also an in- 
habitant of Plainfield. John was bom 7 May, 1713. He married 
21 December, 1738, Sarah Douglass, a girl of the same name as 
his aunt, the wife of his uncle Jonathan who married S'arah 
Douglass, 22 April, 1695. In Groton the births of the following 

children are recorded: Lydia, 6 April, 1740, married Dar- 

row; John, 4 March, 1741(2), married and had children, died 
on return from Arnold's expedition to Quebec ; Samuel, 2 Septem- 

^ A John Deane o£ Stonington appears in Colonial Records, in 1775, 
John Deane is deputy from Groton, 1774. 


ber, 1743, died at Spencertown, New York, 1799; Jonathan, 20 
December, 1744; died 17 August, 1825, at Westmoreland; Sarah, 
12' October, 1746, married Silas Boardman; James, 20 August, 
1748, died 10 September, 1823, at Westmoreland. 

John Deane removed to Salisbury, Connecticut, in 1750. Here is 
recorded the birth of William and Mary, 13 January, 1751(2), and 
the death of his wife two days later. He did not long remain a 
widower. On 6 November, 1753, is recorded the marriage by the 
Rev. Jonathan Lee, of Ensign John Deane and Mrs. Thankful 
Ashley of Sheffield, the town lying across the line in Massachu- 
setts. In Salisbury are recorded the births of Benoni, 24 July, 
1754 ("For Lieut. Dean's wife, Benony '54 Hester," wrote Parson 
Lee), and Gaius 26 September, 1755. Benoni lived two days. 
In Sheffield were recorded the births of Esther, 17 August, 
1757, and Rhoda, 28 September, 1759. According to John D. 
Fish, of Hempstead, Long Island, who furnished the Groton 
records, there were two other children : Ezra, father of the Hon. 
Ezra Deane, M.C., and Charlotte, who married Gladding Water- 

The first mention of John in Salisbury is the deed of June, 
1750, for eighty-five acres of land situated near the Sharon line 
for sixteen hundred pounds lawful mpney. He is described 
"late of Plainfield, now of Preston." Now Preston adjoins Plain- 
field to the southwest. By 9 December, 1751, he has become an 
inhabitant of Salisbury ; then he became the owner, for sixteen 
hundred pounds lawful money, of one-quarter interest in the iron 
works, water privileges, etc., in Salisbury, together with certain 
outlands lying adjacent. These iron works were in what is now 
Lakeville, a school town and summer resort, on ground now oc- 
cupied by the Historical Society. 

There is one earlier mention of John. On 13 January, 1746(7), 
there was reciprocal conveyance of land between John and his 
brother Silas, the land being bound north and south by lands of 
their father. John senior was then alive. Perhaps he still lived 
when John junior received his commission,^ 

^Colonial Records of Connecticut, 10, 1752: "This assembly do estab- 
lish and confirm Mr. John Deane, jr., to be the Ensign in the 2nd 
Company of trainband in the town of Salisbury and order that he be 
commissioned accordingly." 


The Deanes then were a prosperous people. John retained 
possession of the iron works only a short time, disposing of his 
share to John Pell of Slieffield, 27 November, 1753. He was then 
still of Salisbury. On March 14, 1757, he is called of Sheffield, 
yeoman, at which time he sold the outlying lands which he pur- 
chased with the iron works. Under date of 2 April, 1759, still 
of Sheffield, he sold his eighty-five acres on the Sharon line. 
Before this he had become interested in the Green River settle- 
ment. The Green River rises just south of Canaan, New York, 
flows southeast through the western edge of the Berkshires, and 
empties into the Housatonic a little north of Sheffield, Massachu- 
setts. The valley was squatted upon by Yankees, chiefly from 
Connecticut according to the History of Columbia County, by 
Ellis, between the years 1740 and 1760. The boundary line be- 
tween New York and Massachusetts was in dispute, but Massa- 
chusetts exercised jurisdiction over the parts adjoining Sheffield 
and Stockbridge and other border towns. "As a result," so goes 
a memorandum furnished by the State Library of Massachusetts, 
"of petitions from inhabitants of the lands lying west of Sheffield 
and Stockbridge, complaining of disturbances caused by persons 
acting under the direction of the Patroons, a resolve was passed 
April 28, 1755, appointing a committee to sell the right, title, 
and estate of the province in all lands westward of Sheffield and 
Stockbridge, directing them to quitclaim to any or all those 
who had made improvements on said lands upon such reason- 
able terms as the committee should deem proper." Now it was 
under this resolve that John Deane and Peter Powers and others 
entered into settlement of what is commonly called the Upper 
Green River. ElHs's history says that the settlers were granted 
a township of land six miles square, that the company consisted 
of seventy, among whom were John Deane, Peter Powers, Abra- 
ham Holdridge, and others, and that each proprietor was entitled 
to one hundred acres in the east and one hundred acres in the 
west division ; the remainder was to be divided equally among 
them. At the first town-meeting of what is now called Auster- 
litz, 31 May, 1757, Ensign John Deane was appointed one of 
the committee to lay out and settle the lots. About this time 
Deane must have taken up his residence in the new country, 
even though his family remained in Sheffield a few years longer. 


At any rate, in 1760 Deane was appointed on a committee to 
confer with the Indians (Mohican) and negotiate the purchase 
of one and three-quarters miles belonging to them. When trouble 
arose with New York over the title to the lands, John Deane 
was chosen as agent to represent the proprietors and defend their 
claim. May 27, 1767, a meeting was held at which it was voted 
that "a memorial be forthwith sent to the Government of the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony for protection, and a petition to lay 
before the King of Great Britain, praying for relief," The money 
to pay the expenses was procured by Ensign John Deane. In the 
Massachusetts Archives, vol. 6, page 362, is the petition of 
William Kellogg, John Deane, and Jonathan Darby, 

"a committee of the inhabitants and purchasers of Noble- 
town, Spencertown, and Tukonock Township, stating at con- 
siderable length that about a dozen years before the presen- 
tation of the petition, which was in June, 1767, they had 
purchased and contracted with the committee appointed by 
the General Court to dispose of the above mentioned tracts, 
and that they considered that they were under the jurisdic- 
tion of Massachusetts Bay. After they had been settled up- 
on the tracts for a few years the government of New York 
had required them to submit themselves to its jurisdiction 
and that in consequence a number of persons, claiming 
under old patents, took possession of their estates in some 
instances and in others compelled them to repurchase their 
holdings. The petitioners requested that the General Court 
of Massachusetts should take measures to assert its juris- 
diction over the territory they had purchased from the legis- 
lative committee authorized to dispose of it. The petition 
was referred to the next General Court and a copy of it trans- 
mitted to the Commissioners of jMassachusetts, who were at 
that time endeavoring to agree with similar officials appointed 
by New York as to a boundary line. The Commissioners 
had practically come to an agreement as early as June, 1773, 
but the disposition of affairs was such at that time that noth- 
ing further was done in connection with the boundary line." 

The settlers were not satisfied with the progress made by the 
Commissioners and just before the Revolution, so Ellis in the 
History of Columbia County, sent Nathaniel Culver^ and James 
Savage to England to receive a royal grant to the settlers to 
confirm their titles, but the Revolution made that no thorough- 

1 Deane's daughter Esther married the Rev. Nathaniel Culver. 


fare. The troubles were finally settled and the title to the lands 
confirmed to their possessors by an act of 22 March, 1791. John 
Deane was still alive but Peter Powers and probably most of the 
other settlers were then in their graves. Deane then seems to 
have been the most prominent of these seventy settlers. It 
seems not improbable that he formed the company and that it 
was made up in Slieffield. In this connection it is worth while 
to note his connection with other of the settlers. His daughter 
Rhoda married William Powers, son to Peter Powers^ one of the 
seventy; his step-daughter, Mercy Ashley, married Colonel 
Matthew Scott, whose father appears to have been one of the 
settlers. James Savage apparently married Anne, daughter to 
Peter Powers. Thankful Ashley, another step-daughter, married 
Thomas Williams of Stockbridge ; now an E. Williams is men- 
tioned in the will of William Powers; the Williamses therefore 
may have been among the settlers. Abigail Ashley, another 
step-daughter, married Isaac Clark of Columbia County, who may 
have been another settler. The connection with Kellogg has al- 
ready been mentioned. Another of the settlers, Holdridge, had 
business relations with Deane. Abraham Holdridge had mort- 
gaged certain lands to John Deane, which mortgage in October, 
1785, Deane assigned to Matthew Scott, William Powers being 
one of the witnesses.^ 

One recorded fact shows that his business burdens did not 
prevent John Deane from taking a becoming interest in the per- 
plexities of his country ; for in the calendar of the William John- 
son Mss. is listed under date of 1 March, 1770, a letter from John 
Deane and others of Spencertown, recommending officers for 
the Spencertown companies and for field officers of the regiment. 
His long and busy life came to an end in 1793 ; the date is copied 
from his tombstone in the Austerlitz burying ground by M. D. 
Rudd, secretary to the Salisbury Historical Society: "Mr. John 
Dean died Sept. 12, 1793, in his 81st year." 

Of Rhoda his daughter, born 28 September, 1759, not much is 
known. She married William Powers in June, 1776. After his 
death she married Colonel Aaron Kellogg, 8 January, 1798, and 

1 If the History of Litchfield County, Connecticut, is correct, Deane 
began his business relations with SaHsbury before 1750, the date of his 
first recorded purchase, when he is called of Preston. For in the History 
of Litchfield County he is said to have been in 1748 one of the pro- 
prietors of a blast furnace in Salisbury. 


had a son, John, born 23 November, 1798. She appears to 
have lived in Chatham, probably on the Powers estate, until after 
Kellogg's death about 1826. The last years she spent with 
her son, James, and was buried in his lot in Catskill, New York. 
The inscription reads: "Rhoda, Mother of James Powers, died 
Sept. 16, 1828." Very odd. One of James Powers's daughters, 
when questioned about it, merely laughed, saying: "It certainly 
is odd." Then she added : "Colonel Kellogg ^ was a fine man 
and he was married to a very young widow, with eight small 
children, and made her a good, kind husband." One gets the 
impression, especially as one recalls the almost prohibitory sen- 
tences in the will of William Powers against a second marriage, 
that Rhoda was of a much gayer cast of temper than her husband, 
William, or than her son James. Her health appears, at times 
at least, to have been delicate, as her children so write of her ; see 
for example a letter from her son James, quoted elsewhere. It 
is perhaps not going too far to assume that her sensitiveness was 
intensified in her daughter Rhoda into an intellectual and emo- 
tional precociousness that was not proof against disappointment. 
Of Rhoda's brother Gains everything known, except the size 
of his family from the census of 1790, has been recorded in con- 
nection with William Powers. Unlike Gains, Samuel Deane, 
presumably a half-brother, appears to have been on most intimate 
terms with the family of William Powers. He is an executor of 
the will and is presumably the Uncle Deane mentioned in business 
relations in certain letters. He is listed in the same company of 
land bounty men as William Powers, Seventeenth Regiment of 
Albany County. Furthermore, his land bounty is recorded, six 
hundred acres, township 14, lot 67, under date of 6 July, 1790, 
though he is there registered as being of the First New York 
Regiment. A Samuel Deane is mentioned as an ensign in Colum- 
bia County, 1805, and again as lieutenant in 1808. Of a John 
Deane, probably the brother of Samuel, and therefore half-broth- 
er of Rhoda, there is recorded the marriage of a daughter Cynthia, 
interesting, as it shows even then some care for family history. 

1 New York in the Revolution, Albany County militia, Seventeenth 
Regiment (Colonel Whiting), Aaron Kellogg is named captain. 

Military Minutes of Nezu York, 1786, Columbia County, Aaron Kellogg, 
major No. 2; 1787, Columbia County, Aaron Kellogg, major No. 1; 1791, 
Columbia County, Aaron Kellogg, lieutenant colonel, vice P. Frisbie 


She married in 1825 and is described as the daughter of John 
Deane of Austerlitz. "Her ancestors were of Puritan stock and 
landed at Plymouth in 1620 from^ the Mayflower, she being the 
seventh in descent." "Her grandfather was one of the earher 
settlers in this portion of Austerlitz, when the country was a 
wilderness." This grandfather can hardly be any other than 
John Deane, husband to widow Ashley. Unless the descent is 
through the mother's line, the writer must have made a mistake 
in calling Cynthia a IMayflower descendant.^ 


According to the Parsons genealogys Descendants of Cornet 
Joseph Parsons, by Henry Parsons, 1912, there were several broth- 
ers who came to this country by 1640 or before. The family be- 
longed to Great Torrington in Devonshire, but appear to have had 
connections in Exeter and perhaps in other parts of England. 
There was possible a relationship with a Joseph Parsons who went 
to Ley den and also with the Pynchon family. From Benjamin 
Parsons, probably a brother of Joseph (Cornet), sprang the Rever- 
end Jonathan of Newbury and his son, General Samuel Holden.^ 

^ A Deane has recently been in the Senate of New York from Hills- 
dale, probably a descendant of Gaius or John or Samuel. The congress- 
man from Ohio, 1841-1845, Ezra Deane, born in Hillsdale 9 April, 1795, 
died Ironton, 1872, was a nephew of Gaius and Rhoda Deane. 

The notes have been furnished chiefly by Mrs. Alice E. Pray of 
Albany; in part by M. D. Rudd of Salisbury, Connecticut. 

There is a volume. The Genealogy of the Dean Family, by Arthur 
D. Dean, of Scranton, Pennsylvania, but this gives nothing about the 
descendants of James Deane of Taunton, although the author estab- 
lishes, as he thinks, that this James was son to Walter of Taunton. 

The Vital Records of Salisbury have been published by the Historical 

2 Respecting the EngHsh origin of Joseph Parsons: 

1. Cornet Joseph Parsons was a brother of Deacon Benjamin Parsons 
of Springfield. Colonel John Pynchon so calls him in his account book: 
"12 March 1655 To Goodma Bissall I pd for you lOd more than I former- 
ly acotd & the wheat your Bro Benj dlred me I acoted it i bushel to 
much." Again after 18 June, 1658: "By so much I Reed of your Brother 
Benja 00 12 03." 

Again, in the slander suit brought by Joseph Parsons in defense of his 
wife, in 1656, Benjamin Parsons was a witness and in his evidence refers 
to Joseph's wife as "my sister" and as "sister Parsons." See Burt's 
Cornet Joseph Parsons. 

2. The Reverend Jonathan Parsons, who was a grandson of Deacon 


Thankful Ashley, who married, 1752, John Deane, was born 
Parsons. She was a descendant of Joseph Parsons. He is 
thoug'ht to have been born at or near Great Torrington, Devon- 
shire, about 1618, and came to this country about 1635. On 15 
July, 1636, he was a witness to the deed of cession made by the In- 
dians to William Pynchon and others of a large tract of land on 
both sides of the river Connecticut ; the place was then called Aga- 
wam, which means village, later Springfield, though Agawam still 
persists as a name for West Springfield. The consideration shows 
how relative are values: 18 knives, 18 yards of wampum, 18 
hatchets, 18 hoes, and 18 coats. The deed has been published with 
all the other Indian deeds of that region. Parsons was then about 
eighteen. He was probably a protege, perhaps a relative of 
Pynchon's ; his relations continued intimate and vital even with 
the son of William, named John, who also was prominent in 
Springfield affairs. In 1646 Parsons was elected town surveyor. 
In 1650 he was overseer of fences; in 1651 he was chosen select- 
Benjamin Parsons, in a letter dated Newbury Port, 20 October, 1769, 
wrote: "You write yt one Samuel Parsons from Martinico desires to 
know from wt part of England our Ancestors came. I will tell you as 
near as my memory enables me, (as I have no records of the matter but 
what I heard from my parent). I suppose that my Great Grandfather 
Parsons came from Great Torrington about twenty or thirty miles from 
Tiverton and not far from Exeter. He came over and brought my Grand- 
father Benjamin Parsons and other children about 130 years ago, per- 
haps 140." To Samuel H. Parsons, Esq., Lynn, Conn. 

3. According to Savage it would appear that the father of Benjamin 
and of Thomas Parsons of Windsor, Connecticut, was Richard: "Richard 
Parsons was at Windsor before 1640. He went to Hartford and probably 
returned to England." 

4. The family doubtless had connections in East England, where we 
find a Parsons connection with the Pynchon family, thus explaining the 
patronage the powerful Wm. Pynchon bestowed upon the youth Joseph. 
Wm. Pynchon's cousin Jane (sister to Sir Edward Pynchon) was married 
to Bartholomew Hone ; Bartholomew's cousin in turn, Wm. Hone, was 
married to Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Parsons of Essex. It seems 
reasonable to assume that this Thomas was a near relative of Cornet 
Joseph, perhaps a brother of Joseph's father, Richard, and of the Joseph 
who went from Colchester, near Springfield, Essex, England, the home of 
Pynchon, to Leyden in the congregation of the Reverend John Robinson. 
He did not sail in the Mayflower. 

5. Cornet Joseph doubtless had another brother, or kinsman, Jeffrey, 
born at Alphington, Devonshire, 1631, who married Sarah Vinson, at 
Gloucester, Massachusetts, 1657, and became the ancestor of Judge The- 
ophilus Parsons. 

6. Other Parsonses are known in Devonshire : John was burgess of 
Bideford 1620. W. Parsons married, 1552, the daughter of the mayor of 
Exeter, Mathew, Esq., and the daughter of Sir Wm. Parsons mar- 
ried Colonel Abednego Mathew, who was born 1629. Sir Wm. Parsons 
was of Black Torrington. 


man. In 1655 he, with others, purchased a large tract of land, 
now Northampton, where he was selectman for years, except in 
1757, when he paid the town twenty shillings not to elect him 
to any office that he might be free to attend to his own affairs. 
About 1655 he purchased from William Pynchon for the sum of 
twelve pounds sterling per year a monopoly of the Connecticut 
River beaver and fur trade, in which for many years he was 
successfully engaged. His accounts with Pynchon have been 
published. In 1672 he got the title by which he has since been 
altogether known. Cornet Parsons. This meant that he was 
color bearer in a regiment of cavalry, the third in command. 
This office he held until 1678 for the Hampshire Troop, under 
John Pynchon as captain, the first troop of horse in western 
Massachusetts. In 1679 he was member of the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company of Boston, the first regularly or- 
ganized military company in America and naturally the most 
famous even to this day. He was a large landowner in Spring- 
field, Northampton, and Hadley. He also owned two valuable 
lots in Boston, a residence and a storehouse on the harbor. He 
had the courage and enterprise as well as the business sense 
which fitted him for leadership in a new country. 

He identified himself with the church in Northampton. His 
was the first house of entertainment in the place. Savage, the 
early genealogist, says of him : "He was the most enterprising 
man in the Connecticut valley for a quarter of a century." 

His house, built in 1658, still stands, large and substantial. He 
went back to Springfield to live in 1780, dying there 9 October, 
1683. His widow survived until 29 January, 1712, dying also in 
Springfield. He was married 6 November, 1646, to Mary Bliss. 
Their children numbered thirteen, at least five of whom died 
without issue. Several of the others were the founders oi 
notable families. Mary, born 27 June, 1661, through her first 
husband, Joseph Ashley, was the grandmother of the Rev. Moses 
Ashley, through her second husband, Jos. Williston, was the 
ancestress of Williston Seminary and of Richard S. Storrs. 
Hannah, born 1 August, 1663, married the distinguished clergy- 
man, Pelatiah Glover, and became the mother of eight children. 
Ebenezer, who met a tragic death 8 September, 1675, was born 
in 1655, the first white child born in Northampton. The other 


children who grew up were : John, bom 14 August, 1650, mar- 
ried Sarah Clark and died 15 April, 1728; Lieutenant Samuel, 
born 23 January, 1752, died in Durham, Connecticut, 12 Novem- 
ber, 1737; he was thrice married; Jonathan, born 6 June, 1657, 
married Mary Clark, died 1694; Abigail, born 3 September, 1666, 
married John Colton; Hester, born 24 December, 1672, the 
youngest, married Joseph Smith and died 1760. 

The eldest child, born at Springfield 1 November, 1647, was 
named Joseph. He is always spoken of as Esquire and is so 
named on his tombstone. He was conspicuous in church and 
state. For many years he was justice of the peace, with rights 
and duties as under the English law, said to have been the last 
in New England. He was often selectman and for more than 
twenty-three years judge of the county court, his first commis- 
sion dating 16 October, 1696. He was for many years repre- 
sentative ^ at the General Court in Boston, the last time in 
his seventy-seventh year, in 1724. In 1711, according to a 
note of General L. B. Parsons, 1900, he was commissioned by 
Governor Dudley captain of a foot company under Colonel Part- 
ridge and was in actual service. A bill allowed by him for the 
funeral expenses of Joseph Sheldon of Suffield in 1708, shows in 
its curious disproportion the manners of the times: "12s for a 
coffin, 2£ 15s for wine." In 1722 with others he secured a 
grant of seven square miles in Sheffield, but there seems to be 
no evidence that he actually acquired land under the grant. He 
was a large land-owner and had both grist- and saw-mills in 
Northampton and Deerfield and iron works in Suffield. He died 
at Northampton in November, 1729. He probably lived in his 
father's house. 

He married 16 March, 1669, Elizabeth, daughter of Elder 
John Strong, who died 11 May, 1737. They had ten children, 
all of whom married ; many of them have numerous descendants. 
His eldest son, Joseph, born 28 June, 1671, died 3 March, 
1740, and his fifth child, David, born 3 February, 1680, died 1743, 
became clergymen. The otliers were: Lieutenant John, born 
11 January, 1673, died 1746; Captain Ebenezer, born 31 Decem- 
ber, 1675, died, 1 July, 1744, married Mary Stebbins ; Elizabeth, 
born 3 February, 1678, died, 17 April, 1763, married Ebenezer 

1 Fourteen years from Springfield, twelve from Northampton. 


Strong jr.; Josiah, born 2 January, 1682, died 12 April, 1768, 
married (1) S'arah Sheldon, (2) Mrs. Elizabeth (Edwards) Bar- 
ton; Daniel, born 18 August, 1685, died 27 January, 1774, age 89; 
Moses, born 15 January, 1687, died 25 September, 1754 ; Abigail, 
born 1 January, 1689, died 17 August, 1763, married Ebenezer 
Clark; Noah, born 15 August, 1692, died 27 October, 1779, mar- 
ried Mindwell Edwards, 17 January, 1712. (See Appendix, p. 290.) 

His will is dated 9 December, 1729; the witnesses were Samuel 
Allen, Preserved Clapp, and Jonathan Strong. To Joseph and 
to David he gave "all his expenses toward his learning," valued 
at lOOi and forty, and at 100£. To Noah he left "^ of my 
right in Pascomuck meadow at 25£, 1^ acres of Lies lot in 
Old Rainbow at 24£, about 24 acres at Walnut tree div. at 
Blisses lot at 20i, one-half my lot in Pynchon's meadow at 
12£, in moveable goods 9i." After the death of his wife, "Noah 
shall have the houseing and homestead that we now live in, the 
lot on both sides of the brook or little river or gutter." 

Noah, the tenth child, was born 15 August, 1692, and died 
27 October, 1779. The youngest child and the latest married, 
he perhaps lived all his life in the house in which he was born 
and died. At least it was through him that the original house 
passed to its present possessors. Noah's son Timothy sold the 
house in 1807 to Daniel Wright, to whose granddaughters, the 
Misses Bliss, the old house now belongs; they are now living in 
the house. They were through their father great-granddaugh- 
ters of Timothy Parsons. Noah would seem to have inherited 
all the business capacity of his fathers, without their sense of 
responsibility to the public. At any rate I have learned nothing 
of his public services. It was in his time that the other two 
Parsons houses pictured in the Genealogy were erected ; one by 
Noah's son, Noah, in 1775, another by Isaac, nephew of Noah, 
in 1743. The latter is opposite the old cemetery on land which 
has belonged to the family from the beginning. 

Noah married 17 January, 1712, Mindwell Edwards, daughter 
of Benjamin Edwards. They had thirteen children, one dying 
in infancy, two others apparently unmarried. Two sons grew 
to manhood and served in the Revolution : Noah, born 6 Febru- 
ary, 1731, died 11 January, 1814, served at Lexington, Boston, 
Ticonderoga, and East Hoosac; Timothy, born 22 June, 1738, 


died 22 February, 1822, also was in the Revolution. Elizabeth, 
born 25 March, 1716, died 9 January, 1800, was the most 
notable of the family. She married Joseph Allen, a son of 
Deacon Allen, a grandson of Hannah Woodford. They had 
five sons engaged in the Revolution, three of them being clergy- 
men; the other two were Captain Joseph and Major Jonathan. 
The Reverend Solomon was the officer in charge of Major Andre 
when he was conducted to West Point. Good stories are told 
of this soldier family; very properly the local chapter of the 
D. A. R. is called the Betty Allen Chapter. 

Thankful, seven years younger than her notable sister, was 
born 12 September, 1723. Her girlhood was spent probably in 
the ancestral house ; after her marriage she no doubt visited 
her brother and cousin in their new houses, stood for example 
by the sapling elm planted there in lower Main Street on her 
father's land by her brother Noah, in 1755, the year of the 
building of the new house. Brother Timothy is said also to 
have observed that Arbor Day, but his tree has not survived. 
She married in August, 1743, Ebenezer Ashley and went 
to live in Westfield, at first perhaps in a house of their own, ap- 
parently, after the death of the father of Ebenezer, 18 September, 
1749, in the old Ashley house, shared with the younger brother, 
Phineas, who, however, was not married until Ebenezer had re- 
moved to Sheffield. Phineas married Margaret Parsons, sister 
of Thankful, his brother Ebenezer's wife. The Ashley family 
in several branches was as prominent in Westfield as the Par- 
sons family in Northampton. Ebenezer had united with the 
church 30 August, 1738, his wife by letter 7 January, 1743 
(?1744). He was town constable in 1751. They removed to 
Sheffield, where the Ashleys had large possessions, in 1752, but 
the husband died in a few months, in October. On 28 October, 
administration of his estate was granted to Thankful. She was 
left with five small children: Abigail, born 6 June, 1744; Thank- 
ful, born 8 September, 1745; Anne, born 3 August, 1747; Mercy, 
born 9 October, 1749; and Abner, born 5 November, 1751. The 
widow married in Salisbury, Connecticut, 6 November, 1753, 
Ensign John Deane. The date and place of her death are un- 
known. The will of her father, Noah, is dated 4 June, 1774, 
proved 1779. An abstract of the will has been furnished me 


from the Forbes Library, where the manuscript is deposited, 
by Miss Annie C. Carlisle of the Library, but the land descrip- 
tions are too minute to be transcribed. The land was left to 
the sons, though his widow Mindwell is to "have both houses 
where I dwell and where Noah dwelled," probably merely an 
interest in these during her life. Household goods go to his 
eight daughters and the children of Rachel Clapp, who was 
dead. Evidently another daughter was also dead, who pre- 
sumably left no children. The dates of death of six of the 
daughters show that they inherited great vitality, ranging from 
eighty to eighty-eight; the father was eighty-seven, the mother 
Mindwell eighty-five at Noah's death. Truly a remarkable family, 
remarkable in vitality and activity. 

Though there is no mention of Thankful or her children by 
name, it seems probable that on her marriage to John Deane, 
Father Noah took her three oldest children to his home in 
Northampton ; for the eldest, Abigail, married Isaac Clark, a 
name familiar in Northampton (an Isaac Clark was in the 
Revolution) ; the second. Thankful, married first Colonel Thomas 
Williams of Stockbridge, and second General Moses Ashley of 
Westfield; the third daughter, Anne, married Timothy Pomeroy 
of Northampton, also in the Revolution. The next girl, how- 
ever, married Matthew Scott of Canaan, New York, and the son, 
Abner, was a farmer in Spencertown, New York. 

Thankful had need of all her share of vitality, the mother of 
eleven children, ten growing to maturity, and the step-mother 
of six others, all seventeen coming within about a score of 
years. She looked well to the ways of her household, for her 
husband, John Deane, was a conspicuous man in his community. 

This composite household excites the imagination. In the 
newest wilderness it brought together strains that had per- 
haps mingled, certainly had been in close geographic connection 
in old England, and that too after a century of separate develop- 
ment under conditions that had served to bring out what was 
diverse rather than alike in the inherited blood. For the Deanes 
seem to have been men of business ; it was not until the intro- 
duction of the Thacher blood that a college man appears among 
them. The Parsonses and Ashleys had been leaders in church 
and state. 


The place background of that household is quickly brought 
before us ; for its history had been short. 


Though both were prominent in Northampton, no relationship 
appears to have existed between Jonathan Edwards and the fam- 
ily of Alexander Edwards. Both were of Welsh origin. 

Alexander Edwards ^ having embarked at Bristol, reached 
America about 1640. He settled in Springfield, where he mar- 
ried 28 February, 1642(3) (28 April, 1642, so Mrs. Bement), 
Mrs. Sarah (Baldwin) Searle.^ He was one of the founders of 

1 Strong Genealogy. 

2 The wife of Alexander Edwards, Sarah (Baldwin) Searle, has been 
identified by the eminent genealogist, J. L. Chester, in his research con- 
cerning the Baldwins of Aston Clinton. See A''. B. H. and G. R., 38. 
On page 164 he gives the substance of the w^ill of a Richard Baldwin of 
Cholsbur>', weaver, dated 23 May, 1630; the will was proved by his son 
Timothy 16 May, 1633. He names his wife Isabell ; sons, Timothy, 
Nathaniel, and Joseph ; daughter, Mary Pratt, and her daughter Mary, 
"& her other 2 children"; daughter Hannah, "& my other 2 daughters 
Christian and Sarah." Now there were three Baldwins, Timothy, Na- 
thaniel, and Joseph, in New Haven and later in Milford. They were 
associated both in New Haven and in Milford with the family of Sylves- 
ter Baldwin who came from Aston Clinton, the family having lands in 
Cholsbury near-by. The identity of names, especially when one of them 
is the unusual name of Timothy — a unique occurrence in the Baldwin 
family of Aston Clinton — the association with another branch of the 
family with whom doubtless they were intimate in England — these con- 
siderations make the identification seem certain. The ages of the children 
are not known, though Joseph, Christian, and Sarah are under twenty- 
one. Joseph had a wife, Hannah, in Milford, a second wife, Isabel 
(Ward) Catlin Northam of Hadley, and a third, Elizabeth Hitchcock 
Warriner of Springfield; his will is dated 26 December, 1680; he died 
2 November, 1684, at Northampton. This family illustrates the compli- 
cated relations that sometimes ensued from the frequent remarriages 
in New England. For example, Joseph's daughter Elizabeth was married 
to James Warriner, son of William and his first wife, Joanna Searle, sis- 
ter-in-law of Joseph's sister Sarah, while William Warriner's second wife 
became third wife to Joseph Baldwin. By Chester's conjecture Sarah and 
Joseph were second cousins to the children of the widow Baldwin. The 
first of the family certainly identified in England was Richard, whose 
will was 16 January, 1552(3), though there were other Baldwins of the 
vicinity for a generation or two earlier, but their relationship cannot be 
determined. This first Richard had wife, Ellen, children, Henry, John, 


Northampton in 1654. Mrs. Ella Pomeroy Bement, who is twice 
descended from him, gives many particulars respecting his prop- 
erty. His first home-lot was bounded north on Main Street, 
west on Pleasant (then Bartlett, from Robert Bartlett, who was 
there killed by the Indians and buried in front of his house, 14 
March, 1676) ; this lot was later part of the homestead of Gov- 
ernor Caleb Strong. In 1660 he moved to the corner of West 
and Green Streets, his house being near the present Plymouth 
Hall ; it was within the palisades erected against the Indians. H^is 
land included part of the present site of Forbes Library; that 
portion of the town was known as Welsh End. He was part 
owner of the first grist-mill and owned stock in a lead mine. 
He contributed five acres to be used by the pastor, Mather, to 
induce settlers. He signed the church covenant at its estab- 
lishment in 1661. In 1672(3) he contributed eight pounds of 
flax to Harvard College, less than an eighth in value of the con- 
tribution of Joseph Parsons. He died of a prevailing sickness 
4 September, 1690; twenty-five died that year, twenty-three the 
next. His wife must have been a notable woman, perhaps had 
a widow's charms. Her son, John Searle jr., was tomahawked 
in the Indian massacre of 1704, but recovered. The family suf- 
fered terribly. One of the children, Elisha, was carried to 
Canada, and returned a man, quite French. Her Edwards chil- 

Richard (probably grandfather of Sarah and Joseph), and four daugh- 
ters. Henry, as shown by his will, 2 January, 1599(1600), by his wife 
Alice had children, Richard, Sylvester, John, Robert, and three daugh- 
ters ; this Sylvester was father to the immigrant Sylvester who died on 
the ship Martin in 1638; in his will he named children, Sarah (who 
afterwards was married to Benjamin Fenn), Richard, Mary, Martha, John, 
and Ruth. To go back to the second Richard; except for what is 
learned from his father's will nothing else is known of him ; he was 
not twenty-three in 1552(3), and he inherited lands and tithes in Chols- 
bury; he is not mentioned in later wills; he must have been dead by the 
date of his mother's will, 1565(6), a young man, leaving perhaps an 
only son, the Richard whose will names Timothy, Joseph, and Sarah. 
The family was of considerable wealth, Henry acquiring the title to 
Dundridge Manor, of which his father was tenant, in 1577(8). In the 
next century another Henry's son Edward gets the grant of a coat of 

Sarah Baldwin was married to John Searle 19 March, 1639. He died, 
leaving one child, John, in September, 1641. 


dren were eight in number, ages not certain : The eldest son, 
S'amuel, was ancestor of Justin Edwards, divine, president An- 
dover 1836-1842, also of Bela Bates, another Andover scholar, 
1837 ff. There were three other sons, Benjamin, Joseph, and 
Nathaniel. There were four daughters, Sarah, who married 
Joseph North ; Mary, who married John Field ; Hannah, who 
married Samuel Davis, died 1690, the mother of John and Samuel 
Davis; and Elizabeth, who married Samuel Clark, apparently 
son of William, another of the founders and at the head of 
church affairs. 

This excellent woman's daughters cared more for finery than 
was thought becoming. The General Court passed several acts 
against sumptuous dressing. On 27 March, 1676 (King Philip's 
year), twenty-three persons were presented to the court in North- 
ampton "for wearing silk in a flaunting manner and for long 
hair and other extravagances contrary to sober order, and de- 
menour not becoming a wilderness state." Among these were 
three daughters of Edwards, wife of Samuel Davis, Sarah, and 
Elizabeth, also the wife of John Searle, and the wife of Joseph 
Edwards; they were kept in countenance by the two daughters 
of Elder Strong. All were admonished and fined. 

Edwards's will is dated 30 August, 1690. It is curiously minute 
in land descriptions; this too is an interesting detail: "Benjamin 
and Nathaniel are to have apples from the orchard seven years; 
also the pine plain, 10 acres, where my house formerly stood." 
The house had probably been destroyed by Indians. Samuel, 
Benjamin, and Nathaniel were the executors. Nathaniel and 
Elizabeth were the youngest children, the only ones born in 

Benjamin was born in Springfield in 1652. He is listed 
among the soldiers engaged in the Falls Fight, 19 May, 1676. 
On 23 February, 1680( 1) , he married Thankful, daughter of Isaac 
Sheldon; he died 31 October, 1724. Their children were: Ben- 
jamin, whose estate is rated in 1749 at 86£ (two Benjamins are 
listed for Revolutionary service, perhaps son and grandson of 
Benjamin jr.); Benjamin jr. was born 15 January, 1681(2), 
married Mary Clark, 1706, died 1775; Ebenezer (rated 1749 at 
106£) born 18 November, 1682, married 1714, Mary North; 
Mary, born 1685, married S'amuel Phelps; Thankful, born 1688, 


died 1712; Hester, 1691(2) ; Deliverance, June, 1693, and Mind- 
well, 11 June, 1694. 

Mindwell married 17 January, 1712(3), Noah Parsons and 
outlived her husband, who died in 1779. 


Isaac Sheldon was another founder of Northampton. Like 
Parsons he was one of the earliest selectmen, 1656; he too signed 
the first church covenant and was a contributor to Harvard Col- 
lege, nine pounds of flax. He was on a highways committee, 
a tithing man, and an overseer of the poor. He was born about 
1629, died 1708. He married Mary,^ daughter of Thomas Wood- 
ford, who died 11 April, 1684. Pie married again, Mehitable, 
daughter of Thomas Green, divorced wife of David Ensign of 

Isaac Sheldon probably settled for some years in Hartford be- 
fore removing to Northampton. His wife's father, Thomas 
Woodford, was early at Hartford. By act of the Gen- 
eral Court, 24 October, 1644, he was to gather contribu- 
tions in Hartford for "mayntenaunce of scollers at Cambridge." 
He was freed from watching, during the pleasure of the court, 
18 May, 1653 ; this was perhaps due to physical disability, though 
he was probably old, as he died in 1667. He removed to North- 
ampton in 1655. He and Isaac Sheldon and Mary Sheldon 
sign the covenant in 1661, "18th of 4th mo.," showing that 
Sheldon was already married. On 10 April, 1656, with William 
Jeanes and William Hulburt, he signed a petition to the General 
Court that they establish a court at Northampton. With Joseph 
Parsons and others he served in 1659 as juryman in a lively 
quarrel over the town offices. He and Sheldon each contributed 
six acres of land, under the direction of Pastor Mather, to 
induce settlers. He appears himself to have been a selectman, 27 
April, 1658, when the regulations were published governing 
the ferry. He had the usual home-lot, apparently next to Shel- 
don's, and thirty-three acres of meadow, as against for example, 
eighty-one acres of Joseph Parsons. He probably left no male 
descendants ; at least the name disappears from Northampton 

1 Date of birth (Transcript), 1653, cannot be correct, as she married 
Sheldon before 1663. Perhaps she was born 1635. 


history. The Sheldons were prominent through all the genera- 
tions. Woodford died in 1667. His birth appears to be un- 
known. Notable Americans says that from Lincolnshire he 
came to Plymouth in 1635 and was a founder of Hartford. 

According to Transcript 4 April, 1917, Woodford's wife was 
Mary Blott.^ 


The Strongs are said to have been originally Strachans, that 
is, in all probability Celtic in origin. One of the family, then 
resident in Shropshire, married an heiress named Griffith of 
Caernarvon and took up residence there in 1545. Here was 
born Richard Strong in 1561. In 1590 he removed to Taunton, 
Somersetshire, where he died leaving a son John and a daughter 

John Strong was born in 1605 in Taunton. He removed to 
London and then to America. It is commonly said that he 
sailed from Plymouth on the ship Mary and John, March 20, 
1630, arriving in Hull May 30, 1630. But a writer in the 
Transcript, September 29, 1915, shows that he must have been 
in England, living with his first wife, jMargerie Deane, July 
22, 1634, when William Deane of South Chard made his will. 
The share assigned to him of aiding in the settlement of Dor- 
chester cannot then be established and he probably took up resi- 
dence in Hingham immediately upon his arrival here in 1635. 
He took the freeman's oath in Boston, in March, 1636. In Decem- 
ber, 1638, he is recorded as an inhabitant and proprietor in 
Taunton, Massachusetts ; from this place he was a deputy to the 
court at Plymouth in March and April, 1641. He helped in 
the settlement of Windsor, Connecticut, and in 1659 he is found 
established in Northampton, where he lived for forty years, one 

1 Savage gives a little information about the Blott family. The immi- 
grant was Robert who came to America in 1632, probably to Roxbury 
where he was freeman 4 ^March, 1635. He was at Boston in 1644. His 
wife Susanna died 25 January, 1660. He died in 1665. His will, dated 
27 May, 1662, with codicil of date 27 March, 1665, was proved 2 Feb- 
ruarj', 1665(6). His eldest daughter, known from the Roxbury records 
as early as 1632. Blott's will makes a bequest to the children of his 
daughter Mary. His daughter Sarah married Edward Ellis of Boston; 
Joanna, Daniel Lovell of Braintree; there appear to have been two other 


of the leading men in the town and church. He was a prosperous 
tanner and large landowner. He is known as Elder Strong. 
He died 14 April, 1699, aged ninety-four. His first wife is said 
to have died on the voyage to America. His marriage to Abigail 
Ford probably occurred in 1636. 

John and Abigail (Ford) Strong had a dozen or more chil- 
dren; the number and dates of birth are uncertain. Elizabeth, 
the second daughter, is said to have been bom in 1648. She 
married Joseph Parsons, Esq., 17 March, 1669. 

John Strong's sister Eleanor, who appears to have been sev- 
eral years his junior, came with him to America, and married, 
probably about 1640, Walter Deane, nephew to her brother 
John's first wife, Margerie; she and her husband were probably 
born about 1617. The Deanes, living at South Chard, and the 
Strongs at Taunton, both in Somerset, were not distant neigh- 
bors in England, about twenty miles. 

The will of William Deane, dying in 1634 in England, was 
probated in London in October, 1634, is published in vol. 51, 
New England Historical and Genealogical Register. 

John Strong's descendants intermarried with the Ehvights and 
other New England families; he was the progenitor of all the 
Strongs and of many other eminent persons of today. 

To conclude this account of the Parsons-Deane connection: 
Rhoda (Deane) Powers was descended in two lines from Rich- 
ard Strong, through John and through Eleanor; Elizabeth 
(Strong) Parsons and James Deane were first cousins; Noah Par- 
sons and John Deane sr., second cousins; and Thankful (Par- 
sons) Ashley and her husband, John Deane jr., third cousins.* 


The name of Thomas Ford appears frequently in the early 
records of Connecticut. He was deputy for Windsor at different 

1 Parsons, Henry, A.M. Descendants of Cornet Jos. Parsons, Spring- 
field, 1636. 1912, Frank Allaben Gen. Co. 

Bliss, John Homer, Genealogy of the Bliss Family in America from 
1550 to 1580, Boston, Massachusetts, printed by the author, 1881; 810 

Trowbridge, F. B., The Ashley Genealogy, New Haven, 1896. 

Dwight, Bcnj. W., The History of the Descendants of Elder John 
Strong, 2 vols., Albany, 1871. 


times from March, 1637, to April, 1644, juror from December, 
1641, to April, 1649, and again 15 May, 1662, unless this last is 
a younger Ford.^ He was employed in the public service, as 
for example, 10 April, 1640, to serve on a committee "for a 
house of Correction," and on another for improving the plan- 
tations. He was involved in lawsuits ; this brief line in the 
Colonial Records covers how much of human weakness and mean- 
ness! "21 May, 1647, In the ac. of slander, of Mr. Whiting 
pi. agt Tho : Ford deft, the jury find for the pi. 40s. & costs 
of Court." Mr. Whiting was a magistrate. On 5 April, 1638, 
he was fined for "failing att the hower appointed which 7 of 
the Clocke." He served in the settlement of estates; he was 
an attorney, as for example, 6 April, 1643, for Widow Hutchin- 
son. He was granted lands ; on the second Thursday in April, 
1643, it is recorded that he is to enjoy the two hundred acres 
formerly granted to him; on 8 September, 1653, he was granted 
fifty acres at Massacoe. On 14 May, 1663, he forfeited land 
to the "Country" through mortgage. 

His daughter Abigail was married to Elder Strong, another 
to Major Aaron Cook, both prominent in the settlement of 
Northampton, As he was married in 1616 he must have been 
born about 1590. 

About the Fords the Transcript of 29 September, 1915, affords 
some information, taken from the Hartford Times of 16 August, 
1909, contributed by H. B. Alexander, who quotes the rector of 
Bridport, England, as his authority! The parish record has these 
entries : 

1616, June, Thomas fforde and Elizabeth Cooke were mar- 
ried xixth day. 

1617 June Joan baptized. 

1619, October, Abigail, daughter of Thomas fforde was 
baptized the viiith day. 

Thomas Ford came in the Mary and John in 1630 and was 
a founder of Dorchester. He was an early settler of Windsor, 


Mary Bliss, who married Joseph Parsons, 2 November, 1646, 
was a daughter of Thomas BHss. The first Bliss of whom we 

1 New Haven Colonial Records. Will of Thomas Ford, late of Milford, 
presented 15 May, 1662. 


know was also a Thomas. He lived in Belstone Parish, Devon- 
shire. According to a note in the Transcript, 23 May. 1917, he 
had the following children: Jonathan, Thomas, Elizabeth, who 
married Sir John Calcliff of Belston, George, and Mary. 

The son Thomas is called a wealthy landowner of Belston, 
born between 1550 and 1560, and is said to have suffered for 
his Puritanism. Whether persecution induced him to change 
his residence, we find that his son Thomas was born, not in 
Devonshire, but in Northamptonshire about 1580. Persecution 
could not quench Puritanism, change of residence could not avoid 
persecution. According to the writer in the Transcript, under 
Laud — that would be about 1630 and it must have been the 
third Thomas who was affected — Thomas Bliss was imprisoned, 
maltreated, and lost his property through confiscation. He had 
married about 1610 Margaret Lawrence and had ten children, 
some of whom were : Ann, Mary, Thomas, Nathaniel, Lawrence, 
and Samuel. Ann married the Hon. Robert Chapman 20 April, 
1642, and died 20 November, 1685 ; they lived in Saybrook and 
East Haddam. The father, the second Thomas, died about 1635. 
In that same year the third Thomas and his brother George 
came to America. Thomas Bliss lived for a time in Brl^ntree 
but moved to Hartford in 1640. Mary Bliss was born about 
1620. Margaret (Lawrence) Bliss, the mother, died in Spring- 
field, 28 August, 1684. 

Quite exceptionally the records contain more about Mary Bliss 
Parsons than about her husband ; for she was one of the most 
celebrated of those accused of witchcraft. An account of the 
case is found in Drake's Annals of Witchcraft, 1869, in Trum- 
bull's History of Northampton, who transcribes the original Bos- 
ton records, and also in the Parsons Genealogy. There were 
several suits at law. The first trial was the result of an action 
for slander brought by her husband Joseph, in 1656 (the first 
year in Northampton, when Joseph refused to act as selectman), 
against Sarah, wife of James Bridgman. It seems that Margaret 
Bliss, mother to Mrs. Parsons, hearing rumors against her daugh- 
ter that seemed to come from Sarah Bridgman, went to see Mrs. 
Bridgman and was told to her face that her daughter was sus- 
pected of being a witch. In the trial the Bridgmans brought 
as evidence the alleged fact that after eve/y difference they had 


with Mrs. Parsons, their stock was sure to suffer; that one of 
their children died ; that their eleven-year-old boy, whose frac- 
tured knee had been badly set, cried out that Mary Parsons was 
pulling his toe off ; that he saw her sitting on a shelf ; that when 
she went away a black mouse followed her. Another neighbor, 
Wm. Hannum, also gave testimony. He too, after a dispute 
with Mrs. Parsons, had lost stock, a lusty cow and a lusty 
swine; and an ox bit by a rattlesnake. Mrs. Hannum, who had 
a dispute over some yarn she had spun for Mrs. Parsons, re- 
fused to let her daughter go to Mrs. Parsons. The girl took 
sick and died. The court obliged Bridgman to pay the costs 
and damages to the amount of 10£. Was Mrs. Parsons' greatest 
crime the attempt to help the needy daughter of a poor neighbor? 

The matter was not allowed to end there. Twenty years later, 
in 1674, it was rumored that Mary Parsons had caused the death 
of Mary, wife of Samuel Bartlett. Without waiting for a sum- 
mons to trial the indomitable woman appeared in person before 
the court in Northampton : "Slie did assert her own innocency, 
after maintaining how clear she was of such a crime, and that 
the righteous God knew her innocency, and she left the cause 
in his hands." The court appointed a committee of "soberized 
chaste women" to search her for witch marks. The evidence was 
sent to Boston, whither the accused was also ordered, her hus- 
band being bound in 50£ for her appearance. March 2, 1675, 
she was indicted and sent to prison. May 13th of the same year 
she was acquitted by the jury. Her son John had also been 
accused but no indictment was found. Trial of the case in Bos- 
ton was perhaps in her favor; for John Leverett, the governor, 
and two of the assistants, General Gookin and General Denison, 
were three of the most enlightened men of the time and per- 
haps had an influence with the jury. Her enemies, however, 
were not satisfied and when on September 8, 1775, her son, 
Ebenezer, was killed fighting against the Indians at Northfield, 
they cried out : "Behold, though human judges may be bought 
off, God's vengeance neither turns aside nor slumbers." 

Mary Parsons is said to have possessed great beauty and 
talent, but to have been lacking in amiability; she was perhaps 
somewhat masterful and her humbler neighbors resented her 



The most recent account and the fullest of the Thachers is in 
the Nezv York Historical and Genealogical Records. The account 
has been appearing for several years and is still (1917) uncom- 

The first of the line, of a humble family in Somerset, was born 
about 1549; he was vicar of St. Barnabas from 1574 to 1624, the 
Reverend Peter Thacher. He died before May 7th and was 
buried in St. Barnabas' church, Queen's Camel. He had five sons : 
Peter, born 1587(8), Anthony, born 1588(9), died in New Eng- 
land, 1667; John, born 1590(1), died 1653, married Rebecca 

, 1900, matriculated at Queen's Oxford, 1604; Giles, died 

1602; Thomas, died 1650, twice married. 

The first Reverend Peter was an extreme Puritan; his living 
was bestowed by Walter Mildmay. He looked carefully after 
the education of his children. His eldest son, Peter, was matricu- 
lated at Queen's Oxford, 6 May, 1603, but was transferred to 
Corpus Christi 19 July, 1603, A.B. 1608, A.M. 1611. Corpus was 
a new college, less than a hundred years old, renowned for its 
learning. It was then under the presidency of John Rainolds, 
the most learned of Puritans. Rainolds was honored by the 
king, initiated the project of an authorized English Bible, and 
presided in his college rooms over the company that translated 
the prophets. Perhaps Peter and Anthony imbibed a share of 
that zeal for learning. Rainolds died in 1607. Fuller character- 
istically says: 

No one county in England bare three such men (Jewell, 
Hooker, Reynolds, all men of Devon, all Corpus men) in 
what college soever they were bred ; no college in England 
bred three such men in what county soever they were born. 
— Worthies of England. 

In 1610 Thacher, as a scholar of promise, received thirty-five 
volumes from the estate of Dr. Rainolds. In 1612 he was or- 
dained deacon by John King, bishop of London. On the 29th 
of March, 1613, he was elected fellow of Corpus and on the 18th 
of June, 1614, he was ordained priest by Bishop King. In 1623 
he was installed rector of St. Edmund's, Salisbury, by grace at 
the hands of Bishop Davenant. There are extant two lists of 
church belongings, doubtless prepared as evidence of the con- 


formity of the church; the lists contain surplices, chalices, etc. 
In 1637 Mr. Thacher felt constrained to write to the bishop of 
Salisbury in answer to complaints about the Puritans of St. 
Edmund's. I fear the protest was merely formal. The letter 
is quoted in the New York Historical and Genealogical Register. 
His very dignified tomb is pictured in the same publication. Here 
is the inscription: 

Here lyeth ye body of Mr. Peter Thacher who was a 
laborious minister in preaching the gospel of Jesus Christ 
to ye people of St. Edmund's by ye space of xviii years, 
who departed this life on Lord's Day at night being xvi 
February, 1640. Let no man move his bones.^ F. D. 

F. D. was Francis Dove, his dear friend, who married his 

Mr. Thacher's oldest child died at the age of seven in 1622. 
The memorial stone is still preserved in the church wall: 


A son, Peter, was born in 1616; he probably came to New Eng- 
land entered on the lists of the ship James, 1635, as Peter Hig- 

1 The will of the Rev. Peter Thacher is given in Waters's Gleanings, 616, 
dated 19 February, probated 5 August, 1641. He lists his children and 
mentions some of his wife's brothers and sisters, also his own brothers, 
John and Anthony. 

Peter Thacher's work found favor; Geoffrey Biggs gives him 5£ "to 
help his too small stipend for his painful and profitable ministry." 

There are wills of other Thachers of Somerset, doubtless related to 
Peter. One is of Thomas of Beckington, dated 8 January, 1610. He 
mentions many relatives, among them a brother Clement and another 
brother Anthony, who is in the "separation": "if he do join in the pro- 
fession of true religion with any true church, either with the reformed 
Dutch church, in which country he now liveth." Apparently this Anthony, 
who we are told by Peter Thacher (Waters) of West Newton had been 
licensed to go to New England and then stayed, remained in Holland; 
for in the will of his brother Clement, 13 January, 1639, where his 
two children are mentioned, he is described as "beyond sea." 


don, servant. Thomas was born 1 May, 1620. Other children 
were: Anne, born 1622; Martha, bom 1623, married Richard 
Parham ; Elizabeth, born 1625(6) ; John, born 1627(8), died Salis- 
bury, 1673, a chirurgeon. 

Anne, his first wife, was buried 26 March, 1634. His second 
wife was Alice Batt. Her children were Samuel, born 1635(6), 
died 1646; Paul, born 1638, died 1678, leaving two children; and 
Barnabas. By his father's will the son Thomas received the books 
formerly belonging to Dr. Rainolds and these later formed part of 
the Old South Library. 

At the height of the Laudian persecution Peter's brother, the 
Reverend Anthony Thacher, with at least one nephew, Thomas, 
managed to escape from England to the New World. An Anthony 
Thacher, taylor, appears on the lists of the ship James; on the 
same lists appear Peter Higdon, servant, and Thomas Scoates of 
Sarum (Salisbury), laborer, which have been identified as Peter 
and Thomas, the eldest sons of Anthony's brother. They landed 
in June, 1635. The history of Anthony and his descendants is 
a long and distinguished chapter in Massachusetts annals. His 
Woful Shipzweck ^ (occurring in August, 1635) is vivid and vig- 
ous, if a trifle obscure, and is of more value today than his 

1 This narrative, though it is easily accessible in Stedman and Hutchin- 
son's Library of American Literature, vol. i, is of great interest. It "WS-S 
written by Anthony Thacher as a letter immediately following the ship- 
wreck but was first printed in Mather's Illutrious Providences in 1684. The 
journey described was undertaken by Thacher and the Rev. John Avery, 
whom Thacher repeatedly calls "cousin." "There was a league of friend- 
ship between my cousin Avery and mj^self, never to forsake each other to 
the death." They were journeying in a pinnace from Newberry to 
Marblehead, twenty-three persons In all, eleven in Avery's family and 
seven in Thacher's. They had embarked 11 August, 1635, and the storm 
struck them at 10 at night, 14th August, such "as the like was never 
known in New England." When Thacher had by a miracle as it wei'e, 
reached the shore, he "turned about to look for my children and friends, 
but saw neither. . . But I saw my wife about a butt length from me. . . 
Now came to my remembrance the time and manner how and when I last 
saw and left my children and friends. One was severed from me sitting 
on the rock at my feet, the other three in the pinnace; my little babe (ah, 
poor Peter!) sitting in his sister's Edith's arms, . . . My poor William 
standing close unto them, all three of them looking ruefully on me on the 


nephew's famous election sermon. The narrative is the basis of 
Whittier's "Swan-song of Parson Avery," unless Whittier de- 
pended on Mather. 

Thomas on reaching the New World did not continue with 
his uncle and doubtless thus had his life preserved. He walked 
from Ipswich " such a strong and sad impression upon his mind 
about the issues of the voyage." He was prepared in theology 
under the celebrated Dr. Chas. Chauncey. He also studied medi- 
cine and in his ministry was an administer of physic to the bodies 
of his parishioners. His first pastorate was Weymouth. In 
February, 1670, he was settled as first pastor of the South Church, 
the Old South. He died 15 October, 1678. Letters, a sermon, and 
other memorials of him are preserved at the historic church.^ He 
married 11 May, 1643, Eliza, daughter of the Reverend Ralph 
Partridge. Children : Thomas, died 2 April, 1686, a merchant in 
Boston; Ralph, Peter (Rev.), Patience, Eliza. His wife died in 
Weymouth, 2 June, 1664. He married in 1665 Margaret, widow 
of Jacob Sheaf and daughter of Henry Webb. Here is an ex- 
tract from a letter recording a near-accident: 

Oct. 5, 1683. My Dear I went to Boston to Capt. Hull's 
funeral and as the magistrates and ministers were in his 
great room the summer [this was a beam] crackt thro and 
the flower sunk an inch lower under I had a scarf and 

Connecticut Colonial Records contain some mention of Mr. 
Thacher. In King Philip's War he, with Mr. Mather and Mr. 
S'hepard, is named as a proper person to take care of the Connec- 

rock; . . . whom I could not go unto, neither could they come to me, 
neither would the merciless waves afford me space or time to use any 
means at all, either to help them or myself. . . There we remained 
until the Monday following; when, in a boat that went that way, we went 
off that desolate island, which I named after my name, Thacher's Woe, 
and the rock, Avery his Fall, to the end that their fall and loss and mine 
own, might be had in perpetual remembrance." Only Thacher and his 
wife were saved. No relationship is known between the Rev. John Avery 
and Christopher, though both came from the south of England. 

1 See Encyclopedia of American Biography for further details. 

2 This letter was written not by Thomas but by his son, the Reverend 
Peter. See Appendix, p. 290. 


ticut contribution for the relief of the war sufferers. There is 
a long letter addressed to them by the Council, 24 June, 1676. 

The second son, Ralph or Rudolphus, was trained for the 
ministry. From 1694 he preached in the church at Chilmark, 
Martha's Vineyard, for many years. He married Ruth, the daugh- 
ter of George Partridge of Duxbury. Children: Thomas, 9 
October, 1670; Ann, 1673; Ruth, 1675; Rodolphus, 9 January, 
1678; Lydia, 24 January, 1680; Mary, 1682; Ann, 1689; Peter,^ 
1690, who married Abigail (Lindon) Hibbard of Lebanon. The 
daughter, Lydia, was married on Martha's Vineyard to John 
Deane of Groton. Oxenbridge Thacher, the poet and lawyer of 
the Revolution, was a grandson of Ralph's brother, the Reverend 
Peter Thacher; Oxenbridge's father was a Reverend Peter, also, 
first cousin to Lydia (Thacher) Deane. 

The Reverend Ralph Partridge, a clergyman of distinction, ar- 
rived in Boston in company with the blessed Nathan Rogers (so 
Savage) in November, 1636, after a stormy voyage lasting eighteen 
weeks. He had for long been established in the church at Sut- 
ton near Dover. He was perhaps of London origin. Certain 
wills of relatives are given by Waters. Savage mentions a bond 
for land dated November, 1631 ; here is named Jervase Partridge, - 
citizen and cordwainer of London (his brother). Ralph was es- 
tablished in Duxbury. His ability in controversy evidenced against 
no less than the great Chauncey is recorded by Bradford ^ in his 

1 The writer has an account book once belonging to Peter Thacher. In 
it appear the names of Hibbard, Trumbull, and other Plainfield families; 
also the name of Jabez Deane. 

2 The will of Gervase Partridge is given in Waters's Gleanings, p. 720, 
dated 11 June, 1747, probated 20 August. He is called cordwainer and 
citizen of London. His wife is Katherine. He has property in London, 
Barking, Essex, and Kent. He mentions brother Ralph, clerk; brother 
Ralph's daughter Mary, wife of John Marshall at Laneham, Kent; also 
his daughter Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Thacher. 

3 1641, p. 457: "Upon which the church [at Plymouth] procured some 
other ministers to dispute ye point with him [Chauncey] publikly; as 
Mr. Ralph Patrich, of Duxberie, who did it sundrie times, very ablie 
and sufificently." 

Bradford also copies a letter from Partridge giving his answer to 
certain moral problems that had been propounded by Richard Belling- 
ham of Boston. 


Plimoth History. He is embalmed in an acrostic printed 1669 
in New England's Memorials: 


R un his race, 

A nd his work is done; 

L eft earthly place, 

P artridge is done, 

H e's with the Father and the Son. 

P ure joys and constant do attend 

A 11 that so live; such is their end. 

R eturn shall he with Christ again, 

T o judge both just and sinful men. 

R aised is this bird of Paradise; 

J oy, Heav'n entered, breaks the ice. 

D eath under foot he trodden hath; 

G race is to Glory straitest Path ; 

E ver enjoyes Love free from wrath. 

His will, of date 24 September, 1655, was proved 4 May, 1658. 
His wife Patience is dead. He names his daughter Mary M. and 
her sons, Robert and John ; he names also his daughter Elizabeth, 
wife of Thomas Thacher. 

George Partridge, though also of Duxbury, appears not to 
have been related to the Reverend Ralph. His name is first found 
in Plymouth in 1636. In November, 1638, he was married to 
Sarah Tracy. They had these children : Sarah, bom 1639, mar- 
ried Deacon Samuel Allen ; Thryphosa, married 1668 Samuel 
West ; Elizabeth, married James Allen ; Ruth, married Rod. 
Thacher; John, born Duxbury 29 November, 1657, died 1731; 
Mary, married Serif; Rebecca, married Fisher; Lidia, married 21 
January, 1672, Brewster, died 1742; Mercy, married (1) Clark, 
(2), 1702, Coburn; James, married 1712, died 1744, no children. 
The will of the widow Sarah, of date 28 November, 1702, was 
proved 6 October, 1708. In it all the children are mentioned: 
"My great Bible to my son John." This son married Hannah Sea- 
bury and left children. The father George died in 1656; his will 
is witnessed by two sons of Miles Standish, Alexander and Josia. 

His wife Sarah was the daughter of Stephen and Tryphosa 
Tracy, a family that had come by way of Holland to Plymouth 
about 1623. 

See Appendix, p. 291. 



So little is known of the Allvvorths that all of it might well 
have been given in connection with the Powerses. Mary All- 
worth married Peter Powers 6 July, 1740, according to the 
register of the church of Stonington, Connecticut, the marriage 
being performed by the Reverend Ebenezer Rosseter. Nothing 
certain is known of her family. She was admitted to the church 
27 January, 1739(40), just a few months before her marriage. 
Three years before a Rose Allworth was admitted to the church ; 
17 April, 1737: "Rose Allworth was admitted to ye privileges of 
this church belonging to members in full communion, we being 
certified of her profession and orderly conversation by a certifi- 
cate from the pastor of a church in Bandon, Ireland." 

Undoubtedly Rose and Mary were kinsfolk, of what degree 
does not appear ; very likely sisters, as the absence of the Mrs. 
or the name of the husband makes it improbable that Rose was 
a wife; had her husband been dead, she would almost certainly 
have been named the Widow Allworth. Yet her husband may 
not have come over with her from Ireland. It is safe to assume 
however that they both came from Bandon. Bandon is a few 
miles southwest from Cork, established about 1610 by the great 
Earl of Cork as a Protestant stronghold ; in fact it was definitely 
provided that no Roman Catholic should ever be admitted within 
its walls. There are however Roman Catholics there now. 
Other Allworths were in Stonington. On 16 October, 1737, was 
baptized Rebekah, daughter of William Allworth ; William was 
probably a brother of Mary's; her youngest son bore his name. 

As the Powerses appear in Columbia County, New York, with 
loss of a connecting link with the Stonington home, so the All- 
worths appear in Dutchess County, just south of Columbia. In 
the same vicinity are also Powerses, but said to be of German 
origin. In the history of Dutchess County it is recorded that 
at Amenia, in the old church burying ground, are the monumen- 
tal stones of James Alworth, who died in 1786 age seventy-three, 
and Mary Alworth his wife, died in 1797, age seventy-nine. This 
James and a William Alworth were in the Sixth Regiment, 
Dutchess County Militia. These were in all probability brothers 
of Mary. According to the Ayleszvorth Genealogy, though the 


families are held to be distinct, it is said that according to Mil- 
ler S. Ahvorth of Hartford, Pennsylvania, three brethren of the 
name of Alworth came from Ireland, one of whom settled in 
Dutchess County.^ James, just mentioned, may have been one 
of the brothers ; they may have been of the second generation. 
There was a great migration from the north of Ireland in the 
first and second quarters of the eighteenth century; Protestants 
from the south may have joined in this migration. The church 
register of Stonington shows many other Irish names; a cele- 
brated Scotch-Irish clergyman officiated in the adjoining town 
of New London. These people were less settled than the old 
Puritan stock and many of the pioneers of western settlement 
were Irish. This may have been the case in the settlement of 
the upper Green River Valley and the adjoining region. Scott 
and Savage, two of the settlers, may well have been Irish or 

Mary, the widow of Peter Powers, died 22 January, 1787, 
aged eighty-three; she was therefore born in 1704, was five years 
older than her husband, and was thirty-six when she was mar- 
ried ; an improbable age in that generation unless she were a 

Inquiries addressed to Bandon, Ireland, have called forth no 

1 As was to be expected, the Allworths scattered somewhat in Connec- 
ticut. In May, 1751, William Allworth and others of Pomfret and Canter- 
bury- in Windham County are joined to the parish of Windham. — Colonial 
Records. In Windham, 20 October, 1763, Barm Wood and Mary Alworth 
are married. In Windham, 10 October, 1772, William Allworth and Bulah 
Mosely are married. In Brooklyn, Windham, March, 1762, James All- 
worth and Hannah Baker are married. From these names the inference 
seems clear that these were of the same family as the Stonington All- 
worths. In fact it seems pretty clear that as James of Stonington ac- 
counts for the Allworths of Amenia, so William of Stonington accounts 
for the Allworths of Windham. Perhaps the whole family, including 
Peter Powers, went from Stonington to Windham about 1750, then 
James went to Amenia, Peter Powers a little later to Spencertown. 


Mary Lkwis (Phiu.ips) Cai,e 

Sai.i.ik (ioi.ii (i'.ANKS) Cotton 

Pamei.ia Phillips (Banks) 

Lydia Ann Banks (Powers) 



The first Banks in America was John. His English home is 
unknown. There were Bankses in Kent and also in the north 
counties. John, too, was a common name. In Parliament at 
almost the same time were three John Bankses: John of Gray's 
Inn, from Wootton Bassett, Wilts, 1624; John, Esq., counsellor 
at law, from Morpeth, Northumberland, 1626, 1628; John jr., 
from Maidstone, Kent, 1654. From Naresboro, York, Richard 
Banks had gone to Parliament in 1572; Ralph represented Corfe 
Castle, Dorset, in 1660. As the first American John was called 
a lawyer, he may have had legal training in England, and a con- 
nection with the John of Gray's Inn, or the John of Northumber- 
land is not impossible.^ In America he is first found in Windsor, 
where he was town clerk in 1643 ; in the same year also he was 
appointed "to size the weights and measures of Windsor." - He 
served on the jury in 1645.^ His first certain connection with 
Fairfield is in January, 1649, when he purchased property of 
Daniel Frost. He was also an early proprietor of Rye, at that 
time under Connecticut jurisdiction, and in fact was representa- 
tive from Rye for the years 1670 to 1672. Yet he must have 
kept his home in Fairfield. He was perhaps also connected with 
Wethersfield, perhaps between 1643 and 1649. For he appears 
to have married a daughter of Charles Taintor. But Taintor 
himself became a citizen of Fairfield and there is nothing to 
show at what time the marriage took place. The only evidence 
appears to be this entry in the Probate Court at Fairfield: 

Oct. 20. 1658. This court orders that the Inventory that 
John Banks hath put into the Court, concerning that estate 
his father Taintor hath left in Fairfield, shall be recorded ; 
and Thomas Staples is desired to take care of it. until either 
his heir, executor, or administrator demand it. And it 
shall be delivered them provided they give in sufficient se- 
curity that the estate shall be forthcoming, to be at the 

1 Many Banks wills are found in Waters's Gleanings, 2 v. 1901. 
'^Colonial Records, 13 April, 1643. 
3 Ibid., Pvt. Court, 5 June, 1645. 


next Court (that shall follow after such delivery) of this 
jurisdiction. Pr. me, Wm. Hill, Secretary. 

This rather obscure document is printed in the Taintor Ge- 
nealo^v; it becomes a little clearer when we learn that Charles 
Taintor, who was a merchant sailor, had been lost at sea with 
Mr. Jagger in October, 1654. Perhaps his fate was still uncer- 
tain. His land was sold in 1656; hence this inventory must have 
been of personal property. Apparently at the time John Banks's 
wife must have been living. The name of this wife does not 
appear ; it was not Mary, as is sometimes asserted ; for Mary 
Taintor had another husband. Before this, John Banks was a 
well-known figure; for on 29 May, 1654, he was the prosecut- 
ing attorney in the famous slander suit against Deputy-Governor 
Roger Ludlow.^ 

Although it makes rather spicy reading, even today, yet con- 
cerning John Banks the case, aside from the fact of his attorney- 
ship, is not illuminating. The inference is not unreasonable that 
Banks was not in sympathy with prosecutions for witchcraft ; 
let us hope so. As Thomas Staples, the defendant for his wife, 
is mentioned in the preceding court record, some connection be- 
tween the Bankses and Staples may have existed ; perhaps they 
were merely friends. Banks from this time on appears to have 
been continuously prominent until his death, much of the time 
holding official appointment. His death occurs in 1685. 

One infers then that he was even in 1643 a mature man, and 
as his descendants many of them lived to great age, it is not 
unreasonable to guess that he was born as early as 1600, or per- 
haps a little earlier. 

In spite of his position as a lawyer, his chief services appear 
to have been performed as surveyor. Perhaps the two qualifica- 
tions made a happy combination in the settlement of boundary 
questions. Though never so called, he was actually a state or 
colony surveyor. He was representative to the General Court 
at Hartford from Fairfield in 1651, 1661, 1663 — 1666, 1673, 1675 
— 1677, 1679, 1680, 1682, 1683; from Greenwich 1678; from Rye 
1678, 1680. In 1678, 10 October, Lieut. John Banks is the Fair- 
field deputy. He was one of the military council in the year 

1 A full report of this trial is transcribed in Schenck's History of Fair- 
field, i, p. 324. 



of King Philip's War, 1675. He was, in 1677, 1680, 1682, 1683, 
one of a committee to audit the report of the colonial treasurer; 
also in 1680 and 1682 to audit the accounts between the colony 
and Hartford. He was also frequently commissioner. In 1672, 
although he was for that year a representative from Rye, he was 
chosen attorney to defend Fairfield against certain claims made 
by Simon Couch relative to a land division. In 1673 he had 
a more stirring experience. A letter of remonstrance against 
Dutch interference with the government of the English planta- 
tions of Long Island ended with these words: 

Mr. John Banks is our messenger by whom we send these, 
who can inform you how tender we are of the effusion 
of Christian blood, yet cannot but resent with great indig- 
nation, if any malicious oppression shall be forced upon our 
dear neighbors, his Majestie's good subjects. 

Governor Colve of New York promptly put Banks under re- 
straint for fifteen days. The results were not personally seri- 
ous. Upon his return he reported that Governor Colve was a 
passionate and insolent man, ambitious, but unpopular with his 
people and soldiers. This was but an incident in the long contro- 
versy between the neighboring colonies. 

In 1675 Banks was appointed one of a committee to run a 
boundary line between Connecticut and New York, from Mamoro- 
neck to the Hudson. As Banks was for this year a deputy, Major 
Gold being the senator or assistant, although the record does not 
show that he came personally into contact with Andros, yet con- 
sidering his double duties it is altogether likely that he did meet 
Andros, in this momentous year, before the outbreak of the Indian 
hostilities, when Andros endeavored for the first time to assert 
his control over Connecticut. It is not at all unlikely indeed, 
especially in view of the Assembly orders, "that forces should 
be sent from the seaside, by the governor and assistants of Fair- 
field & the neighboring towns," that Banks was present in person 
at that memorable interview at Saybrook, June 12, when Captain 
Bull prevented the reading of Andros's commission. Banks served 
again on a New York boundary commission in 1684. Under that 
date there appears a record of dispute with, the New York repre- 
sentatives of Governor Dongan. In these negotiations with New 
York Banks's townsman. Major Gold, had a prominent part ; no 


doubt the neighbors often counselled together even when not 
acting in an official capacity. Of course Banks's property posses- 
sions in Rye, which became a part of New York, gave him a very 
special interest in this boundary. Even as early as 1665, with 
Nathan Gold he had been deputed to arrange a boundary ques- 
tion connected with Rye. 

The greatest distinction probably came to John Banks through 
his services on the military commission of 1675. Connecticut, 
Rhode Island, and Massachusetts were acting in close conjunction 
and Banks must have been in communication with all who were 
responsible for the direction of affairs. Serving with him were 
two others from Fairfield, Jehu Burr and Major Gold. S'everal 
other Fairfield men were in the war as officers, many as privates, 
Notable was Dr. William Ward, sergeant and surgeon, who fell 
in 1676. Chief in the field in the campaigns of 1676 was Major 
Talcott of Hartford. With Talcott, Banks made a report to be 
found in the colonial records of Connecticut under date of June 
16, 1677, on the Indian lands and their suitability for settlement.^ 
In preparation for this report Banks had met with a committee 
from Massachusetts, 10 June, at the house of John Bull in the 
Narragansett country. During the war, according to Schenck, 
Banks had been the frequent bearer of dispatches to Governor 
Andros in New York. In May, 1678, he was appointed on a 
committee to hear the claim of Tunstacken and settle it. 

His services as surveyor were in almost constant demand. He 
is recorded as fixing the boundary between Fairfield and Strat- 
ford, between Stratford and Norwalk, between Hastings and 
Rye, between Stamford and Greenwich, between Fairfield and 
Norwalk, between Derby, Woodbury, and other towns; in short 
the boundaries of all southwestern Connecticut and some por- 
tions of the New York boundary must have been fixed by him. 
This service was in the main directed by colony enactment. He 
probably held local offices ; in 1665 he was treasurer of Fairfield. 

^Connecticut Colonial Records, 14 October, 1676: "This Court doth 
nominate and appoint Major Tallcott, Mr. Pitkin, Mr. Banckes, Capt. 
Avery, and Capt. Minor, to be a committee to hear what the Indians, 
Moheags, Pequots, Narrogancetts and others have to propownd and allso 
to labor to compromise and draw such matters as they have to propownd 
as near to an issue as they can; and to make report of their issues or 
considerations to the Court for their confirmation of the same." 


As early as 1651, 6 October, he had with Mr. Warde been charged 
with the care of "Goody Johnson's child. "^ There are several 
gaps in his colony service, notably from 1666 to 1670. Perhaps 
his exertions for these years were altogether private in subduing 
a plantation in Rye. Except the case against Ludlow, no other 
suit conducted by him appears to be recorded. 

Not much is known of his private life. His will gives the 
name of his second wife and his children, with some grand-* 
children. His will is dated 12 January, 1685; his death has been 
dated ten days later, on what authority I do not know. In ad- 
dition to gifts to his own children he makes a bequest to a step- 
son, Matthew Sherwood. Matthew had brothers and sisters, un- 
mentioned for no obvious reason. The date of John Banks's 
marriage to widow Sherwood is unknown, and the traditions 
uncertain enough to be of small value. ]\Irs. Schenck says she 
was the widow of Thomas Sherwood, who died in 1655 at the 
age of seventy, born Mary Fitch ; under Thomas Sherwood, 
however, Mrs. Schenck does not give Mary's maiden name. Mrs. 
Sarah C. Chase, a descendant of John Banks, says that Mary 
was a daughter of Governor Fitch, an impossibility as the govern- 
or was not born until 1699. Matthew Sherwood moreover mar- 
ried a Mary Fitch, who was born about 1643 ; she is said to be a 
sister of Thomas Fitch of Norwalk; she died in 1730. The elder 
Mary died in 1694, so Mrs. Schenck, and may have been born 
about 1625. Her will is dated 6 January, 1693. ]\Iore than 
likely John had no children by this second marriage, though there 
is no conclusive evidence. His children as listed by Mrs. Schenck, 
are: John, Obadiah, Benjamin, Susanna. Hannah, Mary. A son 
Joseph died in October, 1682. His son Obadiah in his will, 1691, 
mentions a brother Sam.uel and sister, Rebecca Wheeler. Benja- 
min was probably born about 1654, apparently the youngest son. 
Susanna married Jonathan Sturgis, who was born in 1650. Han- 
nah married Daniel Burr; Mary, John Taylor. The three sons 
were the executors. The estate was large, said to have been 
the largest in land in the town of Fairfield ; among other chattels 
are mentioned two Indian boys and a negro woman. The son 
John, who is mentioned several times in Mrs. Schenck's history 

iQn 15 May, 1651, a fine, imposed on John Banks 8 July, 1650, is re- 
mitted. — Colonial Records. 


— at least a Serg-eant John Banks is named and the title is 
never given to the elder John — appears to have been also a 
surveyor.^ This second John is probably the lieutenant who was 
deputy in 1678. A son of the second John is mentioned in the 
will of the elder John, clearly not the son Joseph who was 
born 29 December, 1691. Sergeant John died in 1699. Obadiah 
was unmarried. 

Of Benjamin, through whom the line descends, nothing except 
a few vital statistics, is known. ^ He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Richard Lyon, 29 January, 1679; his son Benjamin was born 
30 October, 1682 (also given as 1 November, 1681, and will indi- 
cates still another date) ; daughter Elizabeth, 26 November, 1685. 
His will ^ is dated 25 March, 1691(2), proved 1 November, L692; 
inventory, more than 380i, 1692. After his death in 1692, his 
widow married Wm. Rowlson (Rowlandson). 

Benjamin's Benjamin emerges a little from obscurity. He 
married, about 1705, Ruth Hyatt. Their children were Benja- 
min, 8 August, 1706; Thomas, 13 November, 1707; John, 8 
September, 1710, died 1714; Gershom, 1 May, 1712; Johanna, 
28 February, 1715; John, 7 November, 1717; David, 22 April,-*/ 
1718; Nehemiah, 27 April, 1720 (died in infancy); Mary, 18 
March, 1722; and, by a second wife, EHphalet, born 25 July, 
1740; so Mrs. Schenck. However the church records place the 
death of Ruth, wife to Benjamin Banks, in May, 1750; also 
dated 20 May, 1751; probably the EHphalet belongs in some 

1 For the occasion when the second John was honored by falling, with 
Major Gold, under the condemnation of their fellow townsmen, see the 
account of the first Nathan Gold, p. 177. 

2 On 10 October, 1682, Benjamin Banks was fined for selling rum to the 
Indians. — Town Records. 

3 A few phrases from the will are worth quoting: "To my son Ben- 
jamin I give . . . lands . . . my gun and sword and copper 
kettle. To son Joseph . . . lands . . . also my back sword and 
my little gun. . . I give daughter Elizabeth a twenty shilling piece 
of gold. . . . daughter Abigail a gold ring. 

"I make my loving brother Daniel Burr son of Mr. Jehu Burr of 
Fairfield to be sole executor of this will." 

A codicil is dated 2 May, 1692. 

The inventory 5 July, 1692, lists the children with ages: Benjamin, 
thirteen years, Joseph, four years, Elizabeth, nine years, Abigail, five years. 


other family. Benjamin died 12 December, 1759, very old. 

The family appears to have lived in the northwest portion 
of Fairfield. At any rate, when the church was organized at 
Greenfield Hill, Benjamin Banks is first named among the foun- 
ders. This swarming from the mother church at Fairfield, efifected 
not without opposition, took place in 1725; the history of the 
parish has been set forth in an attractive volume by Geo. H. 
Merwin of Greenfield Hill. The General Assembly, in response 
to a memorial signed by more than seventy petitioners, allowed 
the establishment of the new parish, provided first that the in- 
habitants paid up all arrearages to the old parish. The pastor 
was called in November ; in the following January it was voted 
that "a. suitable tax should be levied to pay the expenses of the 
parish." Mrs. Schenck does not make clear whether this was 
at a town meeting or a parish meeting, but often of course there 
was no difiference. Benjamin's prominence in the parish con- 
tinued apparently until his death. In 1743, when pews were 
assigned in the meeting-house, which had been begun in 1726, 
acording to the rates paid, the name of Benjamin Banks is second 
on the list. Joseph Banks also was early of the Greenfield 
church, he and his family inclining more to the spiritual side ; 
furnishing from time to time a deacon. Benjamin's children were 
obviously started in their spiritual life in the old parish. But they 
were not perhaps a devout family. At least Benjamin, Thomas, 
and Gershom, the eldest sons, were not baptized until 7 February, 
1714, several years after the birth of the youngest of them. 
On the same day their mother Ruth renewed the covenant. Was 
it then an occasion of revival, forerunner of the great awaken- 
ing? So far as can be learned Benjamin took no part in public 
afifairs beyond what he did toward establishing the Greenfield 
parish and in the erection of its church building. His descendants 
were numerous, but none of them eminent. 

At this point the line of descent becomes a little obscure, it 
not being documentarily certain whether the line runs through 
Benjamin or through Thomas, both having in their lines a Brad- 
ley of about the same age. However, the line of Thomas is 
freest from inconsistencies. Four sons and a daughter left 
families ; Johanna married a Joseph Banks 29 ]\Iarch, 1737. Ben- 


jamin and Gershom appear early to have moved westward, at 
least they are recorded in the parish of Norfield, which was 
established in 1757. However Gershom is still among the pew- 
holders of Greenfield in 1761. Thomas and John apparently 
passed their lives in Greenfield. John's large family is recorded 
in the Greenfield parish register. 

Thomas, born 13 November, 1707, died at the early age of 
forty, perhaps from small-pox ; the family appears to have been 
in general very long lived. Thomas's first wife was named 
Hester; she died 12 April, 1732, apparently without leaving any 
children. His second wife was Sarah, maid or widow unknown, 
family name unknown. Their children were Hester, born 1735 ; 
Ruth, 1736; Seth, 13 July, 1738, baptized the 27th; Thaddeus, 
born in May, 1740; and Sarah, born in 1746. Of his offspring 
little is known except of the son Thaddeus. The will of Thomas 
Banks is dated 18 April, 1747. He had confidence in his wife, 
Sarah, to whom he gives a third of his moveables to be her own 
forever, a third of his lands during her life, and entrusts to her 
the tuition and care of his daughter S'arah and allows her the 
use of both sons' portions for five years. Thomas remembered 
his first wife; he gives to his eldest daughter Hester "a looking 
glass that was my first wife's." To each daughter he gives one 
hundred and fifty pounds out of his moveable estate, so that 
he was a man of substance. He was concerned for the rearing of 
his children, left so early without a father's care, and entrusts the 
tuition and care "of my loving son Thaddeus to my honored 
father and mother Banks," that is, to Benjamin and Ruth. His 
widow and his brothers, Benjamin and Gershom, are executors. 
The witnesses are John Goodsell the pastor, Joseph Rowland, and 
Gershom Thorp. His widow married Samuel Odell, 19 Septem- 
ber,, 1751.^ 

1 An effort to trace Thaddeus Banks in the history of the Odells has 
proved unsuccessful, as there is in the records no mention of the 
Banks children of Sarah (Banks) Odell. The marriage is significant in 
its light on the social position of the family; the Odells were clearly of 
superior position. Samuel, who married the mother of Thaddeus, was 
descended from the immigrant William, who was in Concord as early 
as 1639, was connected with the Bulkeleys, and appears to have come 
from a prominent English family. The Tory poet preacher of the Revolu- 
tion, Jonathan Odell, was a nephew of Samuel. Samuel was a captain 


Perhaps the absence of a father's care accounts for the early- 
marriage of Thacldeus, 1 November, 1759. His wife was Olive 
Bradley. On 28 December, 1760, Thaddeus renewed his cove- 
nant.^ Their first child, Elizabeth, was born 28 December, 1760. 
Thomas was born 27 February, 1763 ; David, 6 October, 1765 ; 
Molley, 1 October, 1769; Justus, 14 June, 1772; and Bradley, 
"baptized in infancy," 17 May, 1778. After that date the parish 
record is silent. Even for the earlier years it seems more than 
likely that there may have been omissions, the lapse between 
children averaging three years, in one case extending to six. 
Thaddeus kept a servant: Tony, a negro child servant to Thad- 
deus Banks, was baptized "on his own account" 19 February, 

The land records throw some light on the activities of the 
Banks brothers, S'eth and Thaddeus. In 1767 Thaddeus Banks 
executed two deeds for small tracts, one to his brother Seth, who 
was then of Fairfield, the other to Gershom Banks. The entry 
of 9 February, 1770, is tantalizing; for on that day Thaddeus 
made a quit-claim covering his portion of a grant of a six- 
mile township in New Hampshire, made by Governor Benning 
Wentworth ; the amount was only three pounds, but frontier lands 
were not highly valued. Was this a grant for military service, 
or a grant by mere purchase and simply a sign of an uneasy 
pioneering spirit? Seth has gone to Redding, as a deed of 31 
May, 1774, shows. An entry three years later brings the war 
conditions before us : Seth Banks of Redding "to my brother 
Thaddeus Banks" makes record of a deed of lands in Greenfield, 
originally deeded in 1766, probably in March ; but the deed had not 
been recorded and had been destroyed "by the enemy on their 

in 1751, the year of his marriage to Sarah Banks. He died in 1775, his 
widow Sarah being mentioned in the distribution of his estate. He is 
called Samuel Odell,* Esq. It does not appear whether Thaddeus spent 
any part of his youth in the Odell home; perhaps not, although his 
grandmother, Ruth Banks, died in 1750 or 1751, at least before his 
mother's marriage, and his grandfather Benjamin was very old, dying 
one month after the marriage of Thaddeus. 

1 A^. E. H. and G. R., 68. 

2 Ibid., 69. 

• A daughter, Julia, widow of Samuel Wheeler, in 18S6, more than ninety years 
of age, drew a pension because of her father's Revolutionary service. A son, Maline, 
was lost at sea in 1800. See Olcutt's History of Stratford. 


march to Danbury on 26 April last past." This is signed 7 
November, 1777, and recorded 25 March, 1778. 

Thaddeus continued in Fairfield for some years longer. On 
6 April, 1786 (he is then "of Fairfield"), he deeds land for three 
hundred pounds to Deacon Daniel Banks, probably preparatory 
to departure. However, there is one later deed, 28 March, 1789, 
to Jonathan Banks, but Thaddeus is then "of Redding." The 
property deeded to Deacon Daniel perhaps included what is now 
a dilapidated barn, was then a substantial house, probably the 
oldest extant Banks property. 

In the census of 1790 Thaddeus is recorded as a resident of 
Redding, but a careful search of all Redding records fails to 
show his name. His name last appears in the Greenfield parish 
record in 1778 — after the coming of Timothy Dwight as pastor 
to Greenfield there are no records and for some time after 
Dwight's ministry, from 1780 to 1805. He did some service 
in the Revolution, probably at Bunker Hill; in Connecticut 
Records of the Revolution he is listed in the company of Captain 
Dimon from Fairfield, under Colonel Beebe. It is true that Mrs. 
Schenck in History of Fairfield does not give his name, but the 
omission may be due to some confusion between militia and 
colonial troops. Along with his name are those of Justus and 
Joseph Bradley jr., kinsmen of his wife, and these Bankses: 
Lieutenant Ebenezer, privates David, John, Jesse (of Redding), 
Joseph jr., Moses and Talkent. 

Was Thaddeus's son Bradley the ancestor of Lydia Ann Banks? 
Family records extant in Friendship say that Bradley Banks was 
born 29 November, 1777. If the parish record at Greenfield is 
of baptism, as is of course likely, there is no discrepancy; bap- 
tisms were often made at a date considerably after birth. Another 
Bradley, son of Thomas and grandson of Benjamin 3d, was bap- 
tized according to the Norfield record 31 December, 1779, a 
still later date. Now the curious fact is this, that of neither of 
these Bradleys is there any certain further record. I have had 
the records of Norfield, of Greenfield, of Fairfield, of Redding 
searched without result. I have corresponded with descendants 
of Thomas, one a granddaughter of Thomas, but they have no 
record of what became of this Bradley. I incline to think how- 
ever that Thomas's Bradley is not the man : first because the date 


of Thaddeus's Bradley's baptism is nearer the date of the family 
record for the birth of Bradley ; secondly, because the family of 
Thomas otherwise appear to have remained in Norfield and are 
still found there. How and why should the lad Bradley disaj> 
pear? He probably died young- and the record of his death 
has not been preserved. On the other hand, Thaddeus and all 
his family disappear from the Greenfield records after the entry 
of the baptism of Bradley. If we could find the further record 
of Thaddeus we should probably get some light on Bradley. 
We have however complete records at Norfield of Thomas and 
his family except Bradley and a daughter, who likewise probably 
died young without record preserved. Moreover Bradley of the 
line had a brother Samuel, of whom Norfield records say noth- 
ing. There is no equal objection to the silence of the Greenfield 
record ; for Samuel was probably born after the family removed 
from Greenfield, or after the period for which Greenfield records 
are missing. 

It seems therefore pretty certain that Bradley, son of Thaddeus, 
was the ancestor of Lydia Ann Banks. It might be noted that 
there were still other Bradleys of about the same age : Zalmon 
Bradley Banks, born or baptized, 7 January, 1780, and Reuben 
Bradley Banks, 21 February, 1779; but the presence of the 
double name is almost conclusive that neither of these is the man 

Bradley Banks was married 9 January, 1802, to Sally, daughter 
of Talcott Gold, formerly of Fairfield. Now, curiously enough, 
in 1790 when we find Thaddeus Banks a temporary resident of 
Redding we find the last record of Talcott Gold in Fairfield, when 
he acted as administrator of the estate of his mother. It seems 
probable, therefore, that both Talcott Gold and Thaddeus Banks, 
who had grown up within a few miles of each other and had 
probably drilled together in 1775, though Thaddeus was con- 
siderably the elder, joined the stream of emigration setting New 
York-wards ; with the family of Abraham Gold, the ancestor of 
Jay Gould, they went to Delaware County. Here we next find 
them. Here at Masonville, or near it, young Bradley was 
drowned in the Susquehanna 8 June, 1808, leaving a young 
widow and two infants, David Bradley and Talcott, named for 
the two grandfathers, or rather for the mother's father and the 


father's grandfather; for OHve, the mother of Bradley Banks, 
was the daughter of David Bradley. 

David Bradley Banks, the child — he was born 7 November, 
1802 — was taken by his mother, who had married Ira Cotton, 
to their new home in Friendship, New York, and there he grew 
up in a house built about 1814 and still standing and in the 
possession of his mother's descendants of the Cotton name. His 
education was as good as the new community could afford ; for 
Friendship, with its many New England settlers, reproduced much 
of the atmosphere, say, of old Fairfield. He became a carpenter, 
was also something of a mechanic and a contractor. Upon his 
marriage, 1 January, 1826, to Pamelia Phillips, he removed to 
Canada just beyond the Falls, where his two eldest children were 
born. From there he returned in 1831 to follow the immigrant 
trains to Ohio. He bought property first at Bloomville, near 
Tiffin. Here, in a log house on Honey Creek, his second daugh- 
ter was born in 1832 ; the month was February, the day within 
three days of the mother's birthday. Conditions were those of 
frontier life in the forest. Yet, though life was hard the com- 
munity was not without school and church privileges. In fact, 
Lydia went to school in the very building in which her sister 
Amanda was born, the family having found another home. In 
the fall of 1834 a Presbyterian preacher from Virginia held a 
series of "protracted meetings" and David was "converted." The 
effect seems to have been deep and lasting; for, as his daughter 
Lydia says of him, "He became very philanthropic." It is likely 
that he took an active part from that time on in seeing that his 
children and the community had what religious advantages were 
obtainable. Lydia herself, though she was but five, was deeply 
affected and committed great portions of the Bible. The next 
spring her father, David, becoming discontented and thinking 
that there was a better prospect farther on, sold out, against his 
wife's protest, and sought his fortune in the Black Swamp. The 
children, Ira and Lydia, were left behind that they might not 
miss school, though Lydia was under six. Her father visited the 
children while they were still at Bloomville, bringing Lydia a 
Testament. Of this she made good use, reciting the verses 
learned, at the breakfast table ; they were living with the preacher's 
family. It was not until August that school closed and David, 


unable to come for the children himself, sent a hired man to 
bring them. They were on the road August 24th; Lydia re- 
membered vividly that birthday dinner, eaten at a tavern by the 

The property David had bought lay along the Portage River, 
in the woods, half way between Fort Stephenson (now Fre- 
mont) and Fort Meigs (Perrysburg), near the village, or what 
became the village — for there were then just three families 
there — of Woodville. It was a terrible experience. The coun- 
try was justly called the Black Swamp. Banks's property was 
on the river, part of it bottom. He built a mill with a race, but 
the flow of water in the summer was very uncertain and in the 
winter the ice stopped business. The Northwestern Ohio Turn- 
pike had just been put through and he was one of the contrac- 
tors employed in construction. It was the great thoroughfare 
of travel for a quarter of a century, until the railroads put it 
out of business for long journeys. The houses were almost en- 
tirely of log; every one had to serve as tavern. It was said 
that, though there were about thirty of these log taverns on the 
stretch of thirty-one miles between Fremont and Perrysburg, 
yet oftentimes in the spring the roads were so impassible with 
mud, that settlers' families would spend three nights at the 
same tavern. David's energies, somewhat controlled by his wife's 
more staying qualities, had just well laid the foundation for 
prosperity, when death, consequent to a dysentery, complicated 
perhaps with malaria, so common and so terrible in that mos- 
quito country, carried him off 16 December, 1838. He had 
been ailing and was confined to his bed on his return from a 
business trip to Perrysburg. He left a widow and five children, 
the eldest twelve years old. Ira Bradley ^ was born 4 Decem- 
ber, 1826; Lydia Ann, 24 August, 1829; Helen Amanda, 9 Feb- 
ruary, 1831 ; James Augustus, 3 January, 1835 ; and David Elisha, 
30 October, 1838, just a few weeks before his father's death. 

1 Ira Bradley married Jemima Smith. Children: Frederick Jaeger, born 
28 January, 1857; children, Clarence Leslie, born 21 December, 1883; 
Helen, born 22 June, 1886. David Bradley, born 26 March, 1858. George 
Robert, born 20 October, 1862; child, Paul Robert, bom 25 December, 1898. 
John, bom 20 August, 1864; children, George Ira, bom 10 June, 1888; 
Dorothy Sue, born 23 October, 1906. Julia, born 14 November, 1865; died 
15 December, 1905. See Appendix, p. 249. 


The youngest child died 7 May, 1841. The rest all married and 
have many descendants. 

For his children's education Mr. Banks had been careful. As 
the school was poor and not in session long, he arranged to 
send Ira to a boarding school at Milan, perhaps fifty miles east 
of Woodville. In 1837, Lydia, though she was but eight, ac- 
companied him. They lived with the pastor of the Presbyterian 
church and in the presence of two cousins of Mr. Banks's had a 
little protection from homesickness. These cousins were named 
Clark, sons of Charity, sister of Sally Gold. One of them, Seth, 
remained a lifelong friend of the family, seeking on several 
occasions, so it is rumored, to get the widow Banks to marry 
him. He graduated at Western Reserve, preached for a life 
time, assisted in founding Park College, and died near there 
full of years. His last visit to Lydia was some time in the 
seventies after the death of her husband. In the summer of 
1838 one of the Milan students was engaged by David Banks to 
teach a summer term in Woodville. Lydia's education was, how- 
ever, chiefly obtained from the readers and spelling books and 
such few books as could be found in the wilderness, either at 
home or at the neighbors. Her mother, too, was careful in 
housewifely instruction; at four Lydia learned to sew. At six- 
teen she was qualified to teach and engaged a school several 
miles north of her home — the Packer Creek school — within less 
than a half mile of where her old age was spent with her 
son, Adorno. By curious coincidence she boarded with the 
Warriners; Mr. Warriner became subsequently — twenty year^ 
later — her step- father. Before this she had with her mother 
taken a trip, partly by water, back to Friendship; this too was 
in a measure of educational value. Here at least she came to 
know her father's family. Her grandmother, with her husband, 
Ira Cotton, had made a visit to Woodville in 1838. It is true 
that Talcott Gold was dead, but his daughter, Deborah Rouse, 
lived there. In the village also was her mother's aunt, wife to 
Dr. A. L. Davidson. At Niles was Samuel Banks, a great 
uncle, and his daughter Polly; at Cuba, his son, Burr, with his 
charming wife, Aunt Eunice. Burr had Hved at Perrysburg; 
in fact, Charles Powers had boarded with them. On this same 
trip Lydia visited her mother's parents and many other rela- 


tives in and about Russell, Pennsylvania. The summer of 1847 
brought a more extended trip — nothing less than by canal-boat 
from Lake Erie to Cincinnati.^ The journey ended in Friendship, 
where she spent her birthday, August 24th. Here, 21 October, 
1847, she was married^ at the home of her grandmother Cotton, 
to Charles Powers of Woodville. Her married life was spent 
mostly in Woodville, with an occasional trip, as for example to 
New York City in the spring of 1852 — by rail east of Buffalo 
— and again in 1860. In 1869 the family removed to Perrys- 
burg, where Charles Powers died 26 July, 1872. His widow 
was left with six children ; her daughter had been married in 
January, 1869. Mrs. Powers bought a large house that fall at 
the other end of the village ; there the family lived until the 
boys were scattered. Mrs. Powers married 5 April, 1876, the 
Reverend John Kendall Deering, one of the Portland Deerings. 
Mr. Deering died in December, 1894. 

From the Perrysburg Journal of 19 June, 1919, is taken the 
following account of the death of Mrs. Deering: 

On June 6 passed away one who was long connected with 
Perrysburg, Mrs. Lydia A. Deering. She was better known 
to the older generation as Mrs. Charles Powers. With her 
family she came here in 1869; her husband died in 1871, and 
Mrs. Powers later was married to Rev. J. K. Deering. Since 
1899 she has made her home in Genoa near her son Adorno. 
Adorno died in 1913, Freeland in 1918. She is survived by 
her daughter, Mrs. Helen Aj Jaeger, and four sons, all of 
whom were present at the funeral ; also by seventeen grand- 
children and seventeen great-grandchildren, 

1 The occasion for this great trip was this : Her mother's brother Clark, 
who had been called to Fremont on business, was about to return with a 
man whom he had secured to run a tannery near Cincinnati. So the 
whole party boarded the canal-boat at Toledo and started off. It had 
many of the aspects of a continued camping part)'. The boat moved 
slowly enough so that Lydia was able to walk on shore if she wished ; the 
tanner's family proved_ pleasant companions ; and they had their own 
meals to get. Uncle Clark was himself preaching near Cincinnati and 
also at AUensville, Indiana. At Allensville Lydia visited still other rela- 
tives, Uncle Harvey, Uncle Gust, and Aunt Lucina Thompson. Still 
another of her mother's brothers came down the river — the Ohio — 
during the spring with a raft of lumber. On his return Lydia accom- 
panied him, going by steamboat to Pittsburgh — this was in July when 
the river was very low — and then up the Allegheny valley by stage to 
Warren where she visited her mother's mother. 


Slie was born August 24, 1829, and came with her parents 
to Woodville in 1835. During her long life, nearly all of 
which was passed within a radius of a few miles, she was 
'Spectator and sharer in the marvelous development of this 
country. When she came here it was properly called the 
Black Swamp, and the chief highway of communication — 
the Pike — admitted of travel at the rate of only a few miles 
a day. A little advance was marked by the digging of 
canals. In 1847 Mrs. Deering made a memorable trip by 
canal to Cincinnati and by steamer to Pittsburg. To tell 
what other rich experiences were hers would require a review 
of the history of the last seventy-five years. 

Her interest in moral and religious matters can be exem- 
plified by telling of her active share in the temperance move- 
ment of the seventies. This was popularly known as "the 
crusade" and was the forerunner of the W. C. T. U. She 
with other women held prayer meetings on the streets and 
even arranged for the establishment of a reading room and 
library as a substitute attraction instead of the saloon. 

Though her life was mostly passed within a narrow radius, 
still she had a good many opportunities to see the country 
and she was always eager even in her extreme old age to 
have a new experience. In her childhood and young woman- 
hood she made many trips to New York; she spent several 
years in New England keeping house for her youngest son ; 
she madte a number of trips to the west. She visited the 
exposition in St. Louis in 1904. Her last trip was in 1915 
to attend the wedding of her granddaughter in Cedar Rapids 
and to visit her son in South Dakota. 

Her body was slight and frail, her constitution remarkably 
len'during; yet perhaps her eagerness of mind was her most 
notable trait. She was full of good works for those whomi 
she could benefit and fertile in finding ways of doing good. 
She was an unusually clear reader and took great delight in 
reading tc the sick or afflicted. Her memory was strong 
and her mind a storehouse of scripture and poetry and story 
and song. Thus even to the end she was resourceful when 
others would have been lonely ; she beguiled the tedium of 
the last days of waiting by recalling precious promises and 
choice thoughts. She died in a happy and firm conviction 
that the future had in store other experiences better than 
life had held, and she passed on eager to explore the heavenly 

The body was laid to rest in the Powers lot in Woodville. 
The surviving sons are George P., Charles A. of Oklahoma; 
John L. of Iowa, and Wm. H. Powers of South Dakota. 


Little needs to be added to this account. Mrs. Deering had 
been sick only a short time, though her health had been more 
delicate than usual for some months. When she was alone in 
her house she met with a fall and, not being strong enough to 
help herself up, she lay as she fell for more than an hour. She 
had not strength enough to rally from the effects and after several 
days passed away. Her son John was with her at death. 

It might be a question whether purity or eagerness of mind 
was the dominant characteristic of Mrs. Deering. One of her 
sons has said that never but once did he hear his mother speak 
bitterly of the faults of another. The atmosphere of her home 
was singularly free from malice or scandal. If her neighbors 
had their faults, were given to thievery or uncleanness, those 
shortcomings were seemingly unknown to her. She never in- 
dulged in gossip. Her mind was always active. She loved to 
dwell upon the progress wrought in her lifetime. She had the 
pioneer's delight in the expansion of the country. She was a 
life-long student of missions, partly because of her eagerness to 
learn of all peoples on the earth. Unlike her mother, who was a 
voracious reader of novels, she cared little for fiction. Her 
reading was the Bible, the Hymnal and Prayer Book, her mis- 
sionary papers, the Outlook, the Atlantic — anything in short 
that seemed to her to have merit of substance. Her mind, how- 
ever, was of the generalizing type and retained few details. 
Perhaps that fact in part accounts for her aversion to gossip. 
She had little attachment to particular places. She was not con- 
tent away from her home, but the location of that home made 
little difference to her. Similarly, she made acquaintances easily 
and quickly became attached to new persons, especially if it lay 
within her power in any way to contribute to their happiness. 
If such lack of attachment indicated any defect of tenderness 
and sympathy, yet her interests were so numerous and varied 
that there was no poverty in her spiritual and mental life. In a 
quiet and unassertive sort she must have inherited the best traits 
of her Puritan ancestry. Her descendants are grateful for the 
transmission of these qualities. 



The family is descended through Pamelia (Phillips) Banks 
from Jonathan Phillips of Preston, Connecticut. There is no 
certain evidence determining- the ancestry of this first Jonathan. 
There were even at the opening of the eighteenth century many 
of the name who were not related. But by inference and the 
process of exclusion it seems pretty certain that Jonathan was 
the son of Theophilus, and the grandson of the Rev. George 
of Watertown. This George was the ancestor of Wendell 

The Rev. George Phillips, son of Christopher of Rainham, St. 
Martin's, near Rougham, Norfolk, was born about 1593; so 
says the Phillips Genealogy, compiled by A. M. Phillips, pub- 
lished 1885. He was educated at Cambridge, B.A. at Gonville 
and Gains, 1613, M.A. 1617. He was settled in the parish of 
Boxsted, Essex, according to the biography of Wendell Phillips, 
at a parish in Suffolk, says A. M. Phillips. To escape persecu- 
tion as a Puritan he determined to go to America. Embarking 
12 April, 1630, in the ship Arbella, he had for fellow passengers, 
Governor John Winthrop and Sir Richard Saltonstall. Winthrop 
writes, before sailing, to his son John : 

From aboard the Arbella, riding before Yarmouth, 5 Apr. 
1630. Yesterday we kept a fast aboard our ship and in the 
Talbot. Mr. Phillips exercised with us all the whole day, 
and gave very good content to all the company, as he doth 
in all his exercises, so we have much cause to bless God 
for him. 

The company reached Salem 12 June. Here his wife soon 
died and was buried beside Lady Arbella Johnson. He was 
settled over the church in Watertown which was called together 
in July. Land was granted to him and provision made for his 
sustenance. At the Court of Assistants, 23 August, 1630, it 
was "ordered that Mr. Phillips shall have allowed him 3 hogs- 
heads of meale, 1 hogsh of malte, 4 bushells of Indian corn, 1 
bushell of oatmeale, half an hundred of salte fish." Before the 
end of the year his house was burnt. There is a tradition that 
his later residence is still standing opposite the ancient burial 
ground back from the road. The solid oak frame is said to have 
been brought over by Saltonstall. The house has undergone 
changes. "He was the earliest advocate of the Congregational 


order and discipline" ; in this he was supported later by John 
Cotton. He died in July and was buried 2 July, 1644. The 
inventory of his estate amounted to 552£ 2s 9d ; his library was 
valued at 7\i 9s 9d. 

He married (2) Elizabeth, probably the widow of Captain 
Robert Weldon ; she died 27 June, 1681.^ 

Of the life activities of Theophilus, the fourth son, nothing 
seems to be known. He was born in Watertown 28 May, 1636; 
Savage says he died in 1717; I presume he died in Hopkinton, 
as he seems in his married life to be associated with that town. 
He seems also to have been connected with Lancaster; for his 
second wife, Mary Bennet, was the daughter of George Ben- 
net, who was slain at Lancaster, 22 August, 1675, by Monocco 
and his band. The wife of George Bennet was Lydia Kibbie, 
granddaughter of Richard Linton, a pioneer settler of Lancaster. 
The first wife of Theophilus was Berthia (so Phillips Genealogy) 
or Bethia (so Savage) Bedell, or Kedal, or Kendall (indecipher- 
able). They were married 3 November, 1666, and the wife 
died, after the birth of a daughter Bethia, 15 March. 1668(9-). 
Theophilus was slow in marriage ; he had waited to the age of 
thirty before taking his first wife ; he waited nearly ten years 
before venturing a second time. He was married to Mary Ben- 
net 21 November, 1677.^ She lived in Hopkinton with her son 
3 December, 1730 {Phillips Genealogy). (See Appendix, p. 292.) 

1 Children by first wife: Samuel, bom 1625,* from whom comes Wen- 
dell and all the prominent Phillipses ; Elizabeth, married before 17 May, 
1651, to Job Bishop of Ipswich. By second wife: Zerobabel, born 6 
April, 1632, settled in South Hampton, Long Island, by 1663, was living 
1682, married Ann White; Jonathan, born 16 November, 1633, married 
Sarah Holland, ten children; Theophilus born 28 May, 1636; Annabel, 
born, December, 1637, died in 1638; Ephraim, born 1640 or 1641, died 
soon; Obadiah, died young; Abigail, married 8 October, 1636, James 
Barnard, died in Sudbur>' in 1672, no children. 

2 Children of Theophilus Phillips, born 28 May, 1636, died 1717, chiefly 
from Phillips Genealogy: 

By first marriage: Berthia, born 21 December, 1668, died 15 March, 
1668(9).— Savage. 

By second marriage: Samuel, born 20 February, 1679(80) of Weston; 
died 9 November, 1752; married Deborah Dix, 12 February, 1710(1) ; five 
children and five grandchildren listed with dates. Benjamin of Waltham, 
married Mary , died 1740, no children. Mar>', born 1684, died 1685. 

• At Boxted, Essex, so the biography of Wendell Phillips. 


Of the eight sons of Theophikis it is to be noted that four of 
them, like their father, married late, Theophilus at the age of 
thirty-five, Samuel thirty-one, Joseph twenty-eight, and John 
twenty-seven. The marriage of Benjamin is not given. David 
died unmarried, as did probably Obadiah. Of Jonathan the 
Phillips Genealogy is ignorant. 

Jonathan of Preston was married there to Esther Ayer 15 
March, 1721(2) ; if he be identified with the son of Theophilus 
he was then thirty-two years old, not incredible in view of the 
record of the other members of his family; his uncle Jonathan 
of Watertown indeed was married in his forty-seventh year and 
had eight children. His youngest son George, born in 1701, may 
perhaps be the George Phillips who also appears in Preston, 
marrying Prudence Gates in 1725(6). George's eldest child 
was Elisha; perhaps for him was named, Squire Phillips's son. 
But the special reason for assuming the identity of Jonathan of 
Preston and the son of Theophilus is this: There is in Massa- 
chusetts no further record of this son of Theophilus; on the 
other hand, so far no other Jonathan has been discovered who 
could be the man of Preston. Jonathan, the son of George, 
had a son Jonathan, but he removed to Marblehead where he 
lived until 1740. A Jonathan of Charlestown, born in 1695, was 
married to Sarah Lynde 9 April, 1721, and died 2 January, 
1721(2). If this identification be rejected the next most probable 
origin for the Preston Jonathan is to be found in the family of 
Henry of Dedham and Boston. He had a son Jonathan, born 12 
September, 1666, of whom nothing more seems to be known. 
Henry had at least one grandson Jonathan ; more than likely his 

Mary, born 15 November, 1685; married Cook, widow in 1740. 

Theophilus, born 24 June, 1688; married 28 May, 1723, Alice Cook, lived 

Hopkinton; evidently married second time, EHz. , and had children, 

Obadiah, born 13 March, 1732; George, 27 April, 1734, and Ebenezer, 16 
October, 1739, as these could not have been grandchildren of Theophilus. 
Jonathan, baptized 13 July, 1690. John, born 10 December, 1692; married 
29 October, 1719, Rebecca Livermore; four children. Elizabeth, married 
7 November, 1716, Benjamin Eddy. Lydia, born 20 June, 1695; married 
Jon. Pratt of Oxford; one daughter, Kezia. Obadiah, born 22 February, 
1697(8), estate administered by brother John 23 January, 1726. Joseph, 
born 4 December, 1702, of Oxford; full account given separately. Mar- 
ried first Ruth Towne, second Mrs. Bathsheba Towne; five children, 
seventeen grandchildren; lived Oxford; died 23 April, 1771. David, born 
15 December, 1707; not married; under guardianship of brother Theophi- 
lus; died Hopkinton, November, 1740. 


son Jonathan, if he had children, had a Jonathan. This Jonathan 
by the way had a brother EHsha. But in general the family 
names rather favor connection with the family of Theophilus. 
For, with the exception of his sons Ayer (named for his grand- 
mother Ayer) and Asa, all the other children of Jonathan of 
Preston bear names familiar in the family of the Reverend George 
and his descendants. It must be admitted, however, that most 
of them are familiar names generally in New England. Against 
this identification it may be urged that the Jonathan who appears 
in Oxford in 1760, of unknown origin, might easily be the son 
of Theophilus's son Jonathan. Again, in the Phillips Genealogy 
an Ephraim Phillips is said to have petitioned in 1692 for the 
right to live in Norwich one year. But if he were the father of 
our Jonathan it is not a little strange that there is no record of 
that fact. All things considered then it seems reasonable, pretty 
certain in fact, that Jonathan of Preston was the son of The- 
ophilus. The case has been submitted to the aged compiler of the 
Phillips Genealogy. He writes : "Your supposition is very rea- 
sonable." It might further be added that migration from Water- 
town and vicinity to Preston did take place and that Jonathan 
here would find persons with whom his family must have been 
acquainted. Furthermore, Hopkinton is on the way to Oxford 
and Oxford is almost north of Preston and only a short distance 
from it. 

A court record shows that Jonathan was dead before 1776. 
He is described as "late of Plainfield" : he probably lived near 
the Jine.^ His widow Esther must have lived to be nearly 108. 
In December, 1808, Jacob Kimball and wife Esther asked for her 
part of the real estate which had been set off to "widow Esther 
Phillips now deceased." Their children, as listed in Putnam's 
History Magazine, v. 6, p. 42, from the Preston records, are as 
follows: Jonathan, born 8 February, 1722(3); Sarah, born 31 
January, 1723(4) ; Ayer, born 16 March, 1726, served in Revolu- 

1 Deed to Jonathan Phillips of Preston, from Peleg Ballard of Plain- 
field, 4 October, 1739; first mention of Jonathan Phillips in Plainfield 
records. Later he is described as of Plainfield: Deed to Jonathan 
Phillips "of Plainfield" from Isaac Park 3 September, 1747. The first 
record of the purchase of land by Jonathan Phillips "of Preston" is dated 
1724. In 1735 John Ayer of Stonington deeded lands in North Preston to 
his daughter, Esther Phillips, and her two eldest sons. — Town Records. 


tion, died ^ 31 May, 1799 (a second Ayer died 26 August, 1835, 
aged 76 ; they were buried in Plainfield, as were also others of the 
family) ; John, born 21 October, 1727; Daniel, born 9 February, 
1729(30); Samuel, born 10 May, 1732; Esther, born 2 March, 
1735, married Jacob Kimball; Asa, born 6 April, 1737, served 
in the Revolution; Ruth, born 14 March, 1739(40). 

The second Jonathan was baptized 28 June, 1728, in the 
second church of Preston, called the Pauchaug church. There 
are three entries of the service of Jonathan Phillips in the 
Revolution: In 1776 under Captain Skinner; in 1781 for 
three days under Captain Averill ; and again with no date un- 
der James Averill, captain. I have been unable to determine 
whether the reference is to father or son or both. Jonathan was 
married 13 December, 1749, to Jenevereth Branch, daughter of 
Peter and Content (Howes) Branch of Preston. The list of 
their children has been furnished by Mrs. E. E. Rogers of Nor- 
wich. The dates of baptism are from the Pauchaug records, the 
dates of birth from vital records of Preston : Nathaniel, born 18 
December, 1750, baptized 28 July, 1751; Jonathan, baptized 4 
February, 1753; Jerusha, born 27 April, 1755, baptized 22 June, 
1755; Content, born 11 May, 1757, baptized 19 June, 1757; 
Esquire, born 3 August, 1759, baptized 6 September, 1759; Lydia, 
born 24 October, 1761, baptized 8 August, 1762; Lucy, born 6 
August, 1764, baptized 12 May, 1765; Levi, born 8 May, 1767, 
baptized, 26 July, 1767; Mahala, born 29 May, 1774, baptized 17 
July, 1774; Waterman (church record only), baptized 28 Janu- 
ary, 1778.- (See Appendix, pp. 293 and 298.) 

The son Esquire enlisted as a private in Captain Elijah Avery's 
company of Parson's regiment, 17 October, 1777. He was^ a 

^ N. B. H. and G. R., 71, p. 40. Also, see Appendix, p. 293. 

2 Jonathan (second) died in 1786. Wm. Green of Rhode Island gave 
him a note dated 19 June, 1786; his estate was inventoried 25 January, 
1787, including lands in Preston, Voluntown, and Plainfield, inventory 
taken by Captain James Averill, Asa Phillips, and Stephen Clark. Jenev- 
ereth was appointed administratrix and guardian to Levi, Mahala, and 
Waterman, 6 March, 1787. The will of the son Jonathan Is dated 4 De- 
cember, 1815; his children: Ethel, Palmer, Joseph, Jonathan, Mary, and 
Asenath. — From Mrs. E. E. Rogers, genealogist. 

The elder Jonathan had real estate in Preston, Plainfield, and Volun- 

3 Census. 


resident of Bennington, Vermont, in 1790. He died near Russell, 
Pennsylvania, in 1850; tradition says aged ninety-eight; but the 
Preston records make his age ninety-one. He was married 25 
November, 1779, to Anna, daughter of Isaac and Sarah Gates of 
Preston. His children were many and the ages uncertain : Loren, 

Elisha, born 13 March, 1781 ; Lydia, married Madison 

and lived in Cambridge, Ohio; Maria, married Joseph Marsh; 
Elijah, married Ellen; Jonathan, Levi, Susan, Joseph, Anne (a 
dwarf), John, and Alexander. 

Elisha Phillips, born 13 March, 1781, probably in Preston, Con- 
necticut, must have removed as a child with his father and mother 
to Bennington, Vermont. He had reached mature bachelorhood 
when on 1 May, 1808, he was married to Mary Lewis of the 
neighboring town of Petersburg, just across the state line in New 
York. Here he made his home until after the war of 1812. He 
saw service in the war. His daughter Pamelia, bom 12 Febru- 
ary, 1809 — just one hundred ten years ago this night — cher- 
ished as one of her first memories the sight of her father return- 
ing from the war. The pioneer instinct caught him and he went 
West to clear a home in the forest south of Lake Chautauqua, his 
farm embracing or adjoining the present Chautauqua grounds. 
Bemus Point near-by was evidently named for their neighbor — 
perhaps a Rhode Island relative as the Lewises and Bemises of 
Rhode Island were connected. In Mr. Bemus's corn crib began 
the school life of Pamelia and her wee sister Bridget when they 
were both under six. An upright, stem man was Elisha Phillips, 
who had enjoyed few advantages and led rather a barren, unprofit- 
able life. His daughter pleaded for books ; but he bade her be con- 
tent with what she had — Webster's Spelling Book — and not dare 
to ask for another until she knew it by heart. "If he had to speak 
twice to his children," Grandmother, rather proud of his Roman 
severity, often repeated, "it was a word and a blow, but, in his own 
words, 'The blow came first.' " He did not remain at Chautau- 
qua, nor did he prosper. About 1826, after living at Harmony, 
New York, he finally settled near Russell, Pennsylvania, where 
he was drowned in Conewango Creek, a tributary of the Alle- 
gheny, 7 March, 1840. Who led the way I do not know, but 
ultimately there was a large Phillips clan centering at Russell. 
Near him lived his father and on the same farm his brother Elijah, 


also near at hand his brother Levi, and his sister Maria. His 
sister Lydia had gone to Cambridge, Ohio. 

These were his children : Pamelia, 12 February, 1909 ; Bridget, 
30 September, 1810, married C. W. Chase in May, 1841, died 
23 May, 1891; Abel, 20 April, 1813, married (1) 5 October 
1837, Mary Stephenson, married (2) Maria Odell, died 18 De- 
cember, 1893; Lucina, 15 April, 1815, married Elisha Thompson 
in September, 1832, died 13 December, 1903; Augustus C, 12 
September, 1817, married 4 February, 1837, Sarah Brown, died 
in July, 1909; Asa L. D., 20 March, 1821, killed 10 February, 
1828; Harvey, 17 November, 1824, married 4 April, 1844, Thursa 
Marsh, died 14 August, 1909; De Witt C, 7 December, 1826, 
died 26 December, 1909; Lee A. D., 27 February, 1829, died 8 No- 
vember, 1914. Omitting the boy Asa, killed by accident in the 
woods, all married and have descendants, and lived to be eighty 
years of age or more. The eldest, Pamelia, lacked a few days 
of being ninety-eight. Another was over ninety, and three others 
passed the age of eighty-five. The combined ages of the nine 
reaching maturity amounted to 779 years, 3 months, and 9 days, 
or an average for each of the nine of eighty-eight years, seven 
months, and one day.^ 

As has been seen this longevity was inherited on both sides. 
The grandfather. Squire Phillips, lived to be over ninety, ninety- 
eight according to family traditions; his grandmother Esther 
must have been 108. On the other side is a record of an age 
of 100 years. 

Only one of EHsha's sons entered professional life, Clark C, 
v/ho for many years was a preacher of the Disciple or Christian 
persuasion. Several served in the wars.^ 

1 Dates have been taken in part from the family Bible of Elisha Phillips, 
now in the possession of Clark Thompson, in part from lists furnished by 
Lee Phillips. 

2 Children of Abel and Maria: David A., born 3 December, 1844; 
William E., 5 February, 1845, killed at Fredericksburg 13 December, 1862; 
Lee, 3 March, 1847, living at Forestville, New York; Lewis, 30 November, 
1849, died 2 July, 1899; Maria A., 25 June, 1851; died 12 August, 1865; 
Rose A., 27 July, 1853, died 24 November, 1914. Abel served in the Mex- 
ican War, his sons, William E. and Lee, in the Civil War. 

Lucina was married to Elisha Thompson in September, 1832; they 
lived chiefly in southern Ohio and Indiana. Her last years were spent 
with her children in Chicago, but she was buried in Darrtown, near 


The story of his daughter, Pamelia, has been written at length 
in a memorial pamphlet prepared immediately after her death. 
Only a summary will here be given. 

She was always very proud of the fact that she and President 
Lincoln, whom she regarded as a martyr saint, saw light on the 
same day. Her name was from the novel of Richardson, but 
Uncle Davidson insisted that the insertion of the i before the final 
a was more euphonious. Later she became Aunt Millie to a host 
of kinsfolk, though she always used the full form herself. She 
was always eager for books. It was therefore a great blessing 
that in her twelfth year she went to live with her Aunt Lydia 
Davidson in Friendship. This doctor's home, considering that it 
was a frontier outpost, was a bookish center and the little girl's 
starved mind developed rapidly. Slie must have been a prime 
favorite with her uncle and she returned in double measure the 
affectionate regard. To her dying day she never tired of talking 
of Uncle Davidson. There was little said about Aunt Lydia, 
doubtless a good housekeeper, but with little mind and that little 
eccentric; she was a Seventh Day Baptist, but that fact Pamelia 
never dwelt upon. From her uncle's house she was married 1 
January, 1826, to a promising young mechanic, David B. Banks. 
The young couple started life across the line" at Niagara in Can- 
ada. After a few years they tired of the experiment, returned to 
New York, and then with household goods in a wagon drove to 
the wilderness of Seneca County, Ohio, to make shortly one 
further remove to a more complete wilderness, the Black Swamp 
on the Portage River. Here she passed more than seventy years 
of life, dying within five miles of the site of her first house. 

She proved equal to the responsibility placed upon her by her 

Hamilton, Ohio. Children: Louisa, born 1834, died 1834; Washington 
Davidson, born 10 November, 1835, died young; Laniska, 1 October, 
1837, died 20 December, 1855; Jane, born 4 December, 1839, died in 
September, 1857; Wayne, born 19 May, 1842, killed in battle, 31 January, 
1862; Clarke Wilbur, born 3 Februar)-, 1844, lives in Chicago; Mary 
G., born 4 May, 1846, married Shubael Storms, lives in Chicago; Martha, 
born 1 October, 1848, died 1854; Virginia (Jennie), born January, 1850, 
died, 3 April, 1913; Charlotte E., born 27 June, 1853; Frank, born 19 
May, 1856, died 1858; Elisha and Elijah, born 15 July, 1858, died young. 

Clark's daughter, Mary Gorman, lives at Troy, Ohio ; she has two sons 
who are missionaries. 

Bridget Chase had three children, Ak, Bridget, and Lydia Ann. 


husband's early death in 1838, of looking after her small property, 
seeing that the household was fed and clothed, and caring for the 
"raising" of five children. In all this she soon had a forward 
helper in the eldest, Ira. The next grief felt was in the loss of 
little David. She always spoke feelingly of her youngest baby. 
Besides the toil incident to wilderness life, she had at least in 
one case a grasping, ill-natured neighbor to contend with. This 
man, thwarted in his desire to get the widow's land, yet contrived 
so many annoyances that she was never able to get more than a 
nominal rental from the land. But in the main she found in 
every one a sympathetic and respectful helper. She refused all 
offers of marriage and struggled on alone, doing everything to 
meet expenses. There was no more industrious, more thrifty, or 
better ordered household on the frontier. Ira became a success- 
ful business man, James had, apparently, his father's disposition, 
confirmed by four years of army life, and he ultimately became 
an irresponsible wanderer. The two girls became teachers until 
their marriage, the younger, Amanda, teaching in the Perrysburg 
schools under the celebrated Professor Olney. 

When the children were all provided for, she gave up her old 
home and went to live with the eldest daughter in the new house 
on the farm. As the house swarmed with children she here found 
abundant scope for her abilities. Finally, but not until her eldest 
grandchild was about ready for marriage, she yielded to persua- 
sion and became the wife of a well-to-do and thrifty Yankee 
frontiersman, Harvey Warriner. He was of the Springfield War- 
riners and on his side or that of his first wife was allied with the 
Standishes. He was not only a thrifty farmer but a gardener 
passionately fond of flowers. I am not sure that it was not this 
trait which determined Pamelia's consent to marriage. With 
this devotion to the beautiful in common the two led a very 
congenial life, even in spite of the misfortunes that shortened 
Mr. Warriner's days and clouded his mind. They soon left the 
big farm house and made a home in the adjoining village of 
Genoa. This life seemed too cramped and Mr. Warriner pur- 
chased a few acres in the edge of the village and put up a new 
house of which he was very proud, though as a matter of fact it 
was inconveniently arranged. He had built a great barn and 
carriage house, with plenty of pig sheds and coops for two breeds 


of blooded fowls. In short he planned for the old age enjoyment 
of a prosperous retired farmer, still following on a small scale, 
for delight's sake, his old pursuits. There were but a few years 
of this prosperity ; reverses for which he was not to blame swept 
away the bulk of his property. The last half dozen years were 
spent in an apathetic melancholy, waiting only for the final ride 
"to Woodville" (where was the family lot in the old burying 

His widow continued to occupy the house for some years after 
his death, but the estate made no adequate provision for its up- 
keep and ultimately it seemed wisest to rent the property. She 
used to make frequent visits to her daughter Amanda who was 
living in the pine woods of central Michigan, also to her aged 
mother at Russell, always including at the same time much en- 
joyed visits to her husband's old home Friendship, where she 
found in Uncle S'am (half brother to David Banks) a most con- 
genial spirit. One year she spent with the writer in Ada where 
he was attending the Normal School; they kept house in two 
rooms. Another year she spent with him and her daughter Lydia 
in New England. The summer was spent in a Cape Cod farm 
house with a family group of eleven, including the four little 
children of her grandson, John Powers. This was undoubtedly 
the greatest event in her life. She bore her eighty-nine years eas- 
ily, was ever ready for a boating trip across the lake, for a ramble 
in the blackberry pastures, for a long drive, or for an hour's 
pastime picking up unusual shells on the beach of the unfamiliar 
ocean. The winter she spent in Pawtucket where the writer was 
teaching. After this she made her home with her granddaughter, 
Helen Jaeger, in Elmore, until shortly before her death, when 
she went to live with her daughter Lydia in Genoa. Her memory 
failed somewhat in the last few years, but she enjoyed good 
health and with eflfort still made her way about the house and 
grounds with an occasional short drive. She retained her inter- 
est in reading to the end and was equally ready for a good story 
or for her favorite periodical, the Outlook. Few have lived 
longer lives, none ever lived a more complete one. The end came 
after a short sickness, 27 January, 1907. She was buried in 
Woodville, in a lot she had long before provided ; the stone also 
had been selected and made ready by herself waiting only the 


final date ; such was her characteristic care that Hfe should be 
orderly, even to the last exit. 
At her death a local newspaper had the following: 

The death of Mrs. Warriner ended a long, useful, and in- 
fluential life. . . She was a witness to the growth of the 
nation. . . Nearly a century's unfolding, through civil 
and commercial advancement, in the construction of vast sys- 
tems of railways and the modes of rapid communication by 
telegraph and telephone — all came under her observation. 
. . . She became by nature and birth as well as by train- 
ing the embodiment of two essential principles in the promo- 
tion of the true American character. The patriotism of 1776 
and the principles of religious liberty became two strong 
factors in her life. She spent the greater portion of her life 
in helping by her work, service, and influence to change the 
pioneer conditions of Sandusky and Ottawa Counties into 
the recent epoch of farms and homes, schools and churches. 


The mother of Pamelia Phillips was Mary Lewis. The Lewises 
lived for a century or more (in fact some of them still live) in 
Westerly, Rhode Island, the extreme southwestern town of the 
State divided only by a little tide river from Connecticut. 

John Lewis ^ was the first of the family in this country. Where 
he came from is not known. Lewises are numerous in Wales, 
but are also found in various parts of England. The first certain 
date connected with John Lewis is 22 March, 1661. A year be- 
fore, on 29 June, 1660, five deputies from Newport purchased 
from the Indians, Socho being the chief, Misquamicut, later 
known as Westerly. Lewis may have come from Newport, as 
he signed the articles of agreement, 22 March, 1661. There is 
a sort of tradition that he landed in Massachusetts some years 
earlier, unmarried, and that his bride-to-be joined him at Ply- 
mouth. It seems certain that when he settled in Westerly he 
was comparatively young and had but two or three children. 
Me may have been born about 1630. He was admitted freeman 
of Misquamicut, 28 October, 1668. The next year the town was 
mcorporated under the name of Westerly, 14 May, 1669, and 
Lewis's name appears in the list of inhabitants, 18 May. On 16 

1 For information about the Lewises, see Lewisiana, prepared by Carl 
A. Lewis, Hampton, Connecticut. 


May, 1671, a warrant was issued requiring the inhabitants of 
Westerly to appear "to-morrow at Tobias Saunders house, to 
see how they stand as to their fidelity to his Majesty and the 
colony." John was one of twenty-two persons to appear and 
take the oath of loyalty. He gave testimony in the boundary 
war with Connecticut.^ Nothing else is recorded of him. He 
died about 1690 and was buried in all probability in the Lewis 
Ground where seven generations of Lewises lie. It is now an 
open field run over by cattle and very few of the stones show any 

John left seven sons and a daughter, all of whom had large 
families, Jonathan was born about 1658, as he took the oath 
of allegiance 17 September, 1679. He lived in Huntington. 
His will was proved 11 August, 1709. John was born about 
1660. Daniel was a fuller and a very prosperous citizen of Hop- 
kinton. He was one of thirty-four who made the "Lewis Pur- 
chase," now Ashaway ; here he died in 1717. James settled in 
Exeter where his farm is still in possession of Lewises ; he 
died 1745. David died in Wyoming, Rhode Island, 11 Septem- 
ber, 1718; so his tombstone. Israel died in Richmond, Rhode 
Island, 28 June," 1719. His descendants were many of them of a 
military turn. Samuel died in Richmond in 1739. The inven- 
tory of his estate amounts to more than 2500£. Dorcas married 
Robert Burdick. 

The second John was made freeman 3 May, 1681. He was 
appointed grand juror 12 June, 1688, and elected representative 
to the General Assembly at Newport, 25 October, 1704, and again 
in 1709 and 1710. In 1690 he sold brother Daniel one hundred 
acres and the dwelling fonnerly his father's. He was one of the 
volunteers in the Narragansett War and his name is on the list 
made 1 July, 1701, of those who received land for their services. 
This was a tract six miles square, now Voluntown, Connecticut, 
granted in 1696 by the General Court of Connecticut. His services 
make his descendants eligible to the societies of colonial wars. His 
wife Ann, maiden name unknown, died in February, 1748; John 
died in April, 1735. Both were buried in the Lewis Ground at 
Westerly, His will is dated 14 April, 1732, probated 22 April, 
1735, its most interesting provision, "to negro Will 10£ and 

1 Rhode Island Records, 2, p. 529. 


freedom." The will of widow Ann is dated 25 July, 1739, pro- 
bated 29 February, 1748. A gift to the Seventh Day Adventists 
shows her theology, a leaning which showed among her descend- 
ants even till 1825. 

John had eight children. Joseph was born 16 October, 1683; 
Sarah was born 17 August, 1687, and married a Bemis; Mary, 
born 4 May, 1789, married a Dake; Anna, born 6 January, 1691, 
married William Ross; Abigail, born 20 May, 1693, married 
Samuel Slack; John, born 3 January, 1698, married Mary Bur- 
dick; William was born 1 February, 1702; Jerusha was born 11 
January, 1707. 

Joseph, born 16 October, 1683, married Mary Wilcox. She 
died and was buried in the Lewis Ground 27 November, 1762; 
he was probably also buried there. His will was made 4 June, 
1764, and probated in 1765. He had ten children : Jerusha, 
born 13 July, 1717, married George Brown; Joseph, bom 25 
December, 1709, married Mary Lewis, and died before his father, 
23 September, 1751. Mary was married in Charlestown 23 
November, 1729, to Nathaniel Lewis. Amos married Eleanor 
Greene. Esther married John Crandall, 19 April, 1740. Anna, 
born 27 November, 1716, married George Kenyon. Thankful, 
born 15 June, 1720, married 23 November, 1738, Captain John 
Lewis; their house in Westerly is still standing, and his family 
Bible, date 1729, is still in existence. Abraham was born 24 
November, 1724. Hannah was born 21 November, 1726. Abel 
was born about 1730. 

Abraham, who was born 24 November, 1724, was made an 
ensign of the First Westerly Company in June, 1758; he was 
captain the next year, also in 1760, 1761, and 1763. Soon after 
this date he must have removed with many of his relatives to 
Stephcntown, later Petersburg, New York. The date of his 
death is unknown; it must have been before 1790, as only one 
Abraham is head of a family in the census of that year and his 
son of the name was certainly living. Only one Abraham is 
mentioned as serving in the Revolution. It seems not im- 
probable then that his death occurred before 1778. He mar- 
ried Rebecca Cheesebrough 28 July, 1745. He had sons, Abra- 
ham and James, and a daughter, Esther, who was born about 
1763. Several of his descendants were soldiers of rank in the 


wars of 1776 and 1812. Esther, his daughter, born about 1763, 
married her cousin AugTJStus, son of Abel. 

Abel, son of Joseph, was born about 1730. He married in 
August, 1751, Thankful Maccoon, of whose family little is known. 
He also removed about 1763 to Petersburg, New York, and died 
there in his sixty-fifth year, 1795, September 22. He had at 
least eight children: Abel, born 14 October, 1751, became a 
major in the Revolutionary War; he was married but had no 
children. He died 24 May, 1847, the last of his family. Augus- 
tus was bom 30 April, 1753. Thankful, born 23 March, 1755, 
married her cousin. Captain Abraham. She died 17 March, 
1793. Abraham was on the pension roll. Nathaniel was born 
8 January, 1757. Phineas, born 2 March, 1759, was a corporal 
in the army. Delight was born 4 November, 1760. Asa died 
at Berlin, New York, 17 August, 1843; he was also in the army. 
Uriah, born 11 August, 1771, married Mary, the daughter of 
his cousin. Captain James, son of Abraham. He died 24 May, 
1844, and had fourteen children. 

Augustus, born 30 April, 1753, married his cousin ; he died 
about 1845. His wife, Esther, died 18 March, 1841, in her 
seventy-eighth year; she is described as wife to Augustus on 
her tombstone ; hence Augustus was still living. There is pre- 
served at Troy a transfer of property, or rather of lease, made 
by Augustus and his wife in 1826. After the death of Augus- 
tus's brother Abel, the last of the family, the surrogate proceed- 
ings show a complete list of all the brothers and sisters of Abel, 
then dead of course, and of their children. 

Augustus and Esther had eight children. The eldest was 
Nehemiah, of whom nothing is known to me. Esther married 
Cromwell Newcomb and moved to Kenton, Hardin County, 
Ohio. Here she used to be visited by her niece, Pamelia. The 
next was Mary, mother of Pamelia. Of Clark nothing is known. 
Lydia married Dr. Asa Lee Davidson who practiced for long 
years in Friendship. He was a member of the legislature in 
1828 and 1829. Her niece, Pamelia, lived with them from her 
twelfth to her sixteenth year. They had two children, Lee and 
Helen. The next daughter, Sarah, married a Davis. Abel and 
Abraham complete the list, of whom I know nothing. 

Mary was born 18 March, 1791. She was married on 1 May, 


1808/ to Elisha Phillips. About 1814 the family removed to the 
southern shore of Lake Chautauqua. Later they lived in Har- 
mony. About 1826 the family removed to Russell, Pennsylvania, 
vi'here Elisha was drowned 7 March, 1840. His widow married 
a man by the name of James Cale, who died 23 May, 1874. She 
died in a childish condition, not able to remember the name of 
her first husband, 26 May, 1886. She had ten children.^ Her 
eldest was Pamelia. 


The first of the family was John, said to be from Aberdeen- 
shire. He was resident in Westerly 18 May, 1669,^ and 3 March, 
1679(80), on lot 26; probably also in the interim. He is said 
to have gone to Long Island about 1695. Apparently his family, 
at least in part, remained in Rhode Island. He may have been 
one of the prisoners sent over here by Cromwell after the battle 
of Dunbar; see the list of them.* They were sold for a period 
of six or seven years, some of them probably in the Barbadoes. 
According to a letter of the Rev. John Cotton to Cromwell, 
date 28 July, 1651, they were kindly treated here. There is no 
John Maccoon among them, but there is a John Mackane, with 
a dozen other Mackanes, and a Senly Mackonne and David Mac- 
koome. The last two are certainly variants of Maccoon. The 
family does not appear to have been very numerous. There was 
an intermarriage with the Hazards and also with the Williamses. 
The name is also found in New York. According to the National 
Cyclopedia of American Biography, Dennis D. McKoon was 
descended from a James and Lydia Luther McKoon, (descendant 
of Martin), who came to this country about 1750 or later. His 
son Martin married a descendant of Roger Williams. One sus- 
pects that the family also came from Rhode Island. 

John had a daughter Isabella and son John, who died in 1733; 
also two others not named.^ This John, by his wife Anne, who 

1 So his Bible. 

2 See the Phillips line, p. 120. 

3 The Rev. Thos. Barker in Narraganset Historical Register, ii, p. 36, 
lists John Lewis and John Maccoone in the company of seventy-six first 
purchasers (1660). Sec Appendix, p. 294. 

*N. B. H. and G. R., 14, p. 379. 

" Probably Sam and Wiliam, and went with their father to Oyster Bay. 


died 1732, had children: John, Daniel, died in Kingston, 1746, 
Rachel, Mary, Abigail, WilHam, and Joseph. The will of the 
second John is dated 15 December, 1732,^ and mentions his wife 
Ann, son John, second son Daniel, sons William and Joseph, 
Rachel, Mary, and Abigail. Rachel married James Hull, 17 
April, 1721; Mary married a Larkin ; Abigail a Brown. 

Daniel^ married, in 1705, Sarah Cooke ^ and had Hannah, 
1706, Abigail, 1707, and Thankful, 1710. Thankful married 
Thomas Williams. Abigail (called daughter of Daniel and Sarah 
(Place) Maccoon) married Jonathan Hazard, cl725. 

Here the chain breaks. Thankful Maccoon married Abel 
Lewis in August, 1751 ; she may have been a granddaughter of 
any of the sons of the second John ; the appearance of the name 
Thankful as daughter to Daniel makes one suspect that she may 
have been Daniel's granddaughter, but I find no mention of any 
sons of Daniel. Daniel's will seems to be extant and probably 
makes no mention of any sons. Thomas Williams appears to 
have died before 1747, as Thankful is referred to in her mother's 
will of that date as a widow.^ 


The first of the line in America was William, born 1594, ap- 
parently in Boston, England, or the neighborhood ; at any rate he 
was married 15 December, 1620 (just a few days before the 
Pilgrims landed at Plymouth) to Anne, daughter of Peter Steven- 
son, in St. Botolph's Church, by the "blessed John Cotton." He 
came to this country in the Arbella, the flagship of a fleet of four- 
teen vessels with 840 passengers. This company of Winthrop's set 
sail from Cowes, Isle of Wight, 30 March, 1630. Cheesebrough 
was made freeman in May, 1631, and was one of the first repre- 
sentatives of Boston ; he was also constable, assessor of rates, 
and commissioner for allotting lands.^ About 1637, with a good 

1 A^. E. H. and G. R., 14, p. 168. 

2 Daniel's will was proved 18 November, 1746. The inventory amounts 
to 3778£, a large property. 

3 Sarah Cooke was a widow to George Cooke (see N. Kingston Register 
M. 14 June, 1705), born Place. 

* So Helen Ellis. 

5 Winthrop History, 17 May, 1631 : "at noon, Cheeseborough's house 
was burnt down." 


many others, he removed to Braintree near Mt. WoUaston ; a 
few years later he is found in Seekonk, or Rehoboth. A httle 
later he is found in that debatable land claimed by Massachu- 
setts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, on the Pawcatuck river. 
He was more or less in hot water with all the governments con- 
cerned. He was probably somewhat of an eccentric, perhaps 
zealous for some peculiar religious tenet, certainly suspected of 
at least a lukewarmness in the cause of the colonists, even ac- 
cused by some, apparently without grounds, of aiding the In- 
dians. Here is the earliest account of him from the Connecticut 
Records : 

March 19, 1651.^ Whereas uppon former information 
given to this Court that William Cheesebrooke [the name 
was certainly so pronounced, as it is for years always 
spelled with a k] (a smith, sometimes an Inhabitant in the 
Massachusetts, but more lately at Seacunck, alis Rehoboth, 
in the Jurisdiction of New Plimouth,) had begun to settle 
himself at Pacatuck, a place within the limits of this colonye, 
order issued out to the said Cheessbrooke, uppon several! 
weighty considerations, either to depart the place or to make 
his appearance, and give an account of his proceedings, 
whereunto he submitted, and by a poenal obligation ingaged 
himself to attend : 

The said Cheesbrooke now presented himself to this Courte, 
and in way of Apologie professed his sitting downe there 
besides his purpose and intendment, his ayme being to settle 
at Pequett [later New London] plantation, but finding that 
place in severall respects unsutable to his expectations, and 
having disposed himselfe of his former aboade, hee was 
in manner necessitated for to the preservation of his estate 
to make winter provision for his cattle there, whereunto he 
was allso incouraged by Mr. John Winthrop [the younger], 
who pretended a Commission from the Generall Courte in 
the Massachusetts for the planting of these partes. Hee 
was told that as the right of that place did clearlely apper- 
taine to this Colonye, so his proceeding was unwarrantable 
in sitting downe there without the knowledge and approba- 
tion of this Government, and it carried (in the open face of 
it), the greater ground of offence in that by his calling he was 
fitted, and by his solitary living advantaged, to carry on a 
mischievous trade with the Indians, professly cross to the 
generall orders of the country, and extreamely prejudicial 

^Colonial Records, 1649: He Is called "Cheesbrook of Long Island," 
but this is probably due to geographical ignorance. 


to the publique safety, which was increased by reports of 
practice in that kinde in the place of his last abode ; besides 
it seemed more than uncomely for a man professing Godliness 
so to withdraw from all publique ordinances of the Xtian 
society. In his answer hee acknowledged his former trans- 
gression (for which he justly sufifered,) but affirmed (to take 
of al suspicion in that kinde) that at his remoove he sold away 
his tools, and thereby made himself e uncapalDle of repair- 
ing any gimlocks, or making so much as a scrue pinn, either 
for himself or others, and that he was fully resolved not to 
continue in that solitary condition, but had to himself good 
grounds of hope (if liberty might be granted,) in a short time 
to procure a competent company of desirable men for the 
planting of the place. 

The Courte duly considered all that was presented, & tho 
they were willing to make the most favorable construction of 
his former proceedings, yet they expressed themselves alto- 
gether unsatisfied in the aforementioned respects, for the con- 
tinuance there in the way hee is in, and could give no apro- 
bacion thereunto, yet they were inclined (hee professing his 
full agreement with the approved Churches of Christe in all 
things) if the necessity of the occasions to his owne appre- 
hensions were such that he would adventure upon his owne 
accot and ingage himselfe in a bond of a 100£ not to prosecute 
any unlawful trade with the Indians, they would not compel 
to remoove. 

The relation thus begun seems to have gone on satisfactorily 
to both parties; for in May, 1653, we find him a deputy to the 
General Court, and so in 1654, 1655, 1656, and 1664; in the 
latter year he with Thomas Miner and another were appointed 
"to issue and determine all cases to the value of forty shillings," 
that is, he was made a justice. The Connecticut name for the 
plantation was Mystick and Pawcatuck, but in 1667 the name was 
fixed as Stonington.^ Certain it is that William Cheesebrough is 

1 The colonial records of Connecticut contain a great deal of material 
relative to the disputed jurisdiction over the region about Stonington. 

Massachusetts made grants in the region and Connecticut carried on 
with her a dispute for years, referred occasionally to the commissioners 
of the United Colonies. After the grant of the charter in 1662, Massa- 
chusetts dropped her claims. Cheesebrough and other of the early settlers 
were invested with town privileges in October, 1658, under the name of 
Southertown; this was afterwards Stonington, though at the time called 
by Connecticut, Mystick and Pawcatuck. 

According to the charters of Connecticut and Rhode Island both seemed 


counted the first white inhabitant of Stonington and there to 
this day his sturdy descendants may be found. He died 9 June, 
1667. His wife Anne died 24 August, 1673, aged seventy-five. 
He had a considerable family and his descendants quickly be- 
to have legitimate claims to this region; in fact, the territory of Con- 
necticut extended to the Narragansett River, which they interpreted as the 
Narragansett Bay. Troubles with the Indians, Mohegans and Narragan- 
setts, complicated affairs still further. These Indian troubles, too, were 
presented to the Commissioners of the United Colonies. 

In September, 1660, Connecticut commissioned Captain Denison, 
Thomas Stanton, and Thomas Miner and others to repair to Ninigret and 
the Narragansetts to require satisfaction for their terrorizing and 
slaughter. The matter appears to have been settled by a payment of 
wampum some time before the next spring. 

Both Rhode Island and Connecticut attempted to promote settlement 
on both sides of the Pawcatuck River, the present boundary, and to exer- 
cise authority. This of course led to conflict and even the use of force, 
though more for intimidation than for real injury. Thomas Stanton for 
the Connecticut settlers appears to have been the most active spirit. He 
testified in 1666, as did others, that the Rhode Islanders claimed the west 
side of the river; John Lewis of Rhode Island said that the Rhode Island 
line "ran three quarters of a mile westward from the river at the 
weirs." (See Rhode Island Colonial Records, ii, p. 529.) Herman 
Garrett, alias Wequascooke, governor of the Pequots, protested against 
the acts of the Rhode Island men, his "own words, taken from his 
mouth," being attested by Thomas Stanton: he asked "that such men that 
weare hats & cloaths like Englishmen, but have dealt with us like wolves 
and beares" might be called to account. The General Court makes its 
formal complaint to Rhode Island. Stonington, May 4, 1668, makes its 
petition to the General Court, again in the handwriting of Thos. Stanton: 

"Least multitude of business might overwhelme you, & our being 
rernoat & out of sight might too much burie us in oblivion, or want 
of information might render you the less sensible of our condition, 
doe make bold to remind you, & if it may bee to add a littel breath 
to the saylls and fethers to the winges of your solicitous indeavours 
in our behalf e. . . neither can any trueharted & fellow-feeling 
Cristians choose but mourne to see & heare of our neighboring dis- 
orders, & acknowledge our condition is trulie deplorable to have per- 
sonnes of such corrupt principalis & practises to live so neer us, and 
on our owne. . . Tis to the grief of parents & others, observed 
how these firebrands too much inflame youth. . . May not parents 
harts bleed when about to leave the world to thinke how thay leave 
their deer children in the movth of the Lion & paw of the Beare, 
and worse, as being daily tempted to folow and imbrace lies, to live 
as riotous, wanton. Luzsurious, and even no better than to be said 
vnto, serve other Gods, or no God?" 

The last phrase gives the clue to the accusations of immorality. The 
Rhode Islanders were evidently schismatics, Baptists, or Adventists; at 


came numerous. Several of them were representatives in the 
General Court. They intermarried with the Miners, Averys, 
Lewises, and others, until the descendants now must number 
thousands and almost all people of that portion of the country 
claim relationship. 

Samuel, his son, was baptized in Boston, England,^ 1 April, 1627, 
and died just before his mother, July 31, 1673. He was probably 
married before he joined Pawcatuck with his father; his wife 
was Abigail Ingraham ; ^ the date of the marrriage was 30 Novem- 
ber, 1655. He was made freeman May 21, 1657. He was a 
deputy to the General Court in 1665, 1666, 1670, 1671, 1672, and 
1673. He was at times constable and selectman. There were 
Ingrahams, or Inghams in Saybrook; perhaps the marriage took 
place in Connecticut. The widow married Joshua Holmes, 15 
June, 1675, and on 4 July, 1698, was a third time married, to 
Captain James Avery. 

Elisha Cheesebrough, son to Samuel, named for an Elisha who 
was deputy that year, was born 4 April, 1667, died 1 September, 
1727. He was received into the Stonington church 5 February, 
1705. He was married first to Mary Miner, daughter of Joseph 
and Mary (Avery) Miner, 27 January, 1692, by Captain Mason's 
assistant. Joseph was son to Lieutenant Miner, one of the two 
or three leaders of Stonington in the first generation. Elisha's 

any rate not of the established Congregational church so dear to Con- 

There were other complaints, other petitions, much correspondence be- 
tween the governments, there were commissions and conferences, there 
were threats of appeals to England ; there were English rulings in some 
cases; a constable of Stonington is imprisoned; there was almost warfare. 
It is not until the next century that the boundary is established. 

1 Children of William and Anna (Stevenson) Cheesebrough: Marie, 
Martha, David, Jonathan died in England; Samuel, baptized 1 April, 1627; 
Andrew and a daughter died in England ; Nathaniel, baptized 28 January, 
1630, married H. Denison; John, 2 September, 1632, died 1660; Jabez, 
died young; Elisha, baptized 4 June, 1637, married R. Palmer; Joseph, 
died young. 

2 Children of Samuel and Abigail (Ingraham) Cheesebrough: Maria, 
28 February, 1658, died 1669; Abigail, 30 September, 1656, married John 
Avery; Samuel, 20 November, 1660, married M. Ingraham; William, 8 
April, 1662, married M. McDowell; Sarah, 24 December, 1664, married 
J. Bolton; Elisha, 4 April, 1667, married Mary Miner; Eizabeth, 6 
August, 1669, maried Wm. Ingraham of Bristol. 


second wife was Rebecca Mason, probably related to Capt. John 
Mason, another of the leading figures in the war. Mary Miner 
was born in Stonington, 6 October, 1671, and died 29 November, 
1704. His will proved 14 November, 1727.^ 

Their son, James, baptized 25 June, 1699, was married by 
Captain Warde, 24 November, 1718, to Prudence Harris of 
Middletown. She was born 1 January, 1700, daughter of Will- 
iam and Martha (Collins) Harris, who were marrried 8 January, 
1690. They were prominent in Connecticut affairs.^ 

Their daughter Rebecca, born 6 February, 1726, was married 
July 28, 1745, to Abraham Lewis, of Westerly. The marriage is 
recorded in the Stonington church.' 


The Harrises of Middletown were probably sons of Elizabeth 
Harris of Charlestown.'* She married Deacon William Stepson 
and died 16 February, 1669(70), at the age of ninety-three. In 
his will Deacon Stetson names as children of his first wife, John, 
Thomas, William, and Daniel Harris and Anne Maverick. Now 
this William Harris is known to have had a lot in Rowley; as 
had John and Thomas; moreover Daniel of Middletown is known 
also to have lived in .Rowley. William Harris had no sons; his 

1 Children of Elisha Cheesebrough and Mary Miner: Mary, 15 Decem- 
ber, 1692, married D. Stanton; Elisha, 15 September, 1694, married H. 
Cheesebrough; Elihu, 15 September, 1694, married A. McDowell; John, 
25 September, 1696; James, 20 May, 1699; Jabez, 10 January, 1701, mar- 
ried Prudence Cheesebrough; Zebulon, 6 July, 1704. Children of Elisha 
and second wife, Rebecca Mason: Rebecca, Jedediah, Zebulon, Prudence, 
Abigail, Nathaniel, Elisha. 

2 Children of James and Prudence (Harris) Cheeseborough : Prudence 
16 October, 1719; Jabez, 21 July, 1721; Elisha, baptized 26 April, 1723; 
Rebecca, baptized 6 February, 1726; Sybil, 15 February, 1732; Jabez, 
baptized 24 August, 1729; James, baptized 17 June, 1736. 

3 In Rhode Island Colonial Records, i, p. 455, we find the Cheesebroughs 
brought into conflict with the Arnolds: "30 July, 1661: Wm. Cheese- 
brough aged 66 and his three sons Samuel, Nathaniel, and Elisha gave 
testimony about the encroachments of Benedict Arnold and others upon 
them in Southcrtown." This Arnold, son of William, was President of 
Rhode Island in 1657; he was ancestor of Benedict Arnold of the 

-'W. T. Harris, notes, A^. B. H. and G. R., 2, pp. 218-221. 


wife Eedy or Edith died 5 August, 1685 ; he died, very old it is 
said, in 1717. Thomas, William, Anthony, John, and Daniel 
Harris and Mrs. Anne Maverick are named as cousins in the 
settlement of the estate of <Richard Hills, a cooper in Charles- 
town as early as 1638. He died 29 October, 1639. Their 
mother was probably born Elizabeth Hills. 

The brothers Daniel and William Harris ^ came early from 
Rowley, Massachusetts, to Middletown. Daniel had lands re- 
corded 9 June, 1654, though he appears to have had lands in 
Rowley as early as 1644; he sold lands in Rowley in August, 
1652. He was a carpenter and wheelwright, a licensed inn- 
keeper, a captain, 1678-1689.^ The Harrises and the Collinses 
were the chief proprietors in the town. The estate of Nathaniel 
Collins was in 1670 the largest in the town, that of William 
Harris being second. Daniel's wife was Mary; she died 5 Sep- 
tember, 1711. He died 30 November, 1701. His children were: 
Mary, born at Rowley, 1651; Daniel,^ 16 July, 1653, married 
Abigail Barnes; Joseph, 12 February, 1654(5); Thomas, 20 
May, 1657; Elizabeth, 22 March, 1659(60) ; Sarah, 17 February, 
1660(1), died 1661; Sarah, 30 September, 1663; William, 17 
July, 1665 ; John, 4 January, 1667, married Susanna Collins, 18 
March, 1702(3); Hannah, 11 February, 1669. 

Daniel's son William married Martha Collins in January, 
1689(90). His name appears frequently in the colonial records. 
In June, 1711, as lieutenant he was paid 151£, apparently for 
expenses incurred in the recent war. In August of the same 
year he was paid at Hartford 7s 3d for goods used against Cana- 
da. In May, 1712, he is an ensign for Middletown. In May, 

1714, he is deputy and ensign ; costs are allowed to William Har- 
ris, 5s to answer petition of Abigail Ward, who was his wife's 
sister. In October he is again deputy and ensign; also in May, 

1715. In October, 1716, he is commissioned as lieutenant of the 
South Company. He was dead before May, 1718, as appears 
from the colonial records in the account of the administration of 

^N. E. H. and G. R., 14, p. 65. 

2 On 10 May, 1679, on request he was released from captaincy.— Co- 
lonial Records, May, 1690. 

3 His son Daniel, who died before 1711, sought to nullify the elder 
Daniel's will in May, 1703. The administrators were John Harris and 
Samuel Bidwell. 


his estate; the administrators being Joseph Rockwell, Francis 
Whitmore, and Solomon Coit. There are mentioned his daugh- 
ters, Martha Coit, Prudence, and Patience. His children were:^ 
Mary (should be Martha?), 9 February, 1691(2); Sibbill, 30 
April, 1695; William, 20 May, 1697; Prudence, 1 January, 1700- 


Prudence was married to James Cheesebrough of New Lon- 
don 24 November, 1718. The family had another New London 
connection through the Coits, one of the leading families there. 


The wife of William Harris was Martha Collins, granddaugh- 
ter of Deacon Edward of Cambridge. The Collinses were so 
cosmopolitan that the slow and labored transportation of the 
seventeenth century had no terrors for them. The family is so 
numerous in England that relationships are rather hard to es- 
tablish. For example, in the Dictionary of National Biography 
are three Samuel Collinses, all M.D.s and born respectively in 
1617, 1618, 1619. One of these was almost certainly a relative 
of the American family. He was born 1619, the son of the 
Reverend Samuel Collins, vicar of Braintree. M.D. at Padua, 
he would appear to have had the best possible education. He 
was familiar with the continent and spent nine years in Russia, 
attached to the court as the czar's physician. Of Russia he wrote 
an entertaining book published after his death and soon trans- 
lated into French. It is not unlikely that it was through him 
partly that the American Daniel Collins was introduced into 
the commerce of Koenigsberg. The reasons for thinking this 
Braintree family connected with the American family are several. 
Several Braintree families came to America and gave the 
name to a town in Massachusetts. The Rev. Samuel Collins is 
called cousin by Mark Mott,^ who was cousin to the wife of 
John Talcott. Moreover, Deacon Edward's sister Abigail, mar- 
ried to Samuel Bedel, lived in Essex, near Braintree. It seems 
likely that the Collins family of London had belonged to Essex. 
Deacon Edward was a son of John Collyns, salter, of London. 

^N. B. H. and G. R. 

2 See Appendix, p. 294; also, Waters's Gleanings. 


The Collinses were a merchant family of London.^ The will 
of Daniel, 1639, a merchant of London, mentions his brother Ed- 
ward, with sons, Daniel, John, Samuel, and daughter Sible. This 
Daniel was a son of John Collyns, a salter, of London, by his 
third wife, Abigail, daughter of Thomas Rose of Exmouth, 
Devon. Daniel's wife appears to have been Sibil, daughter of 
Thomas Francklyn, a London goldsmith. 

Edward Collins was in Cambridge, a freeman, 13 May, 1640. 
He was a representative to the General Court 1654-1660, 1662- 
1670. He was honored as deacon in the Cambridge church. Ac- 
cording to Savage he lived long on the plantation of Governor 
Craddock at Medford, bought it, sold 1600 acres to Richard 
Russell, and parts to others. He died in Charlestown, 9 April, 
1689, aged eighty-six. He had brothers, John and Daniel. His 
wife's name was Martha. His children were: Daniel, born 
1629, a merchant in Prussia; John, 1633-1687; Samuel, 1636, died 
10 January, 1696(7) ; Sibyl, 1638, married the Reverend John 
Whiting, died June, 1672 ; Martha, 1639, married the Reverend 
Joshua Moody ,2 H.G. 1653; Nathaniel, 7 March, 1642, married 
Mary Whiting, died 28 December, 1684, honored pastor of 
Middletown; Abigail, 20 September, 1644, married 1663, John 
Willet; Edward, baptized 1646. As an appendix to an address 
by the Reverend William Newell, delivered 22 February, 1846,^ 
is printed an early document entitled. List of Members in the 
Church of Cambridge : from it we learn that "Daniel was then liv- 
ing at Koenigsberg, Prussia, about 9 yeares old when his parents 
joyned here. John — being now a minister at Edinburgh, Scot- 
land ; Samuel now also living in Scotland ; Martha, Nathaniel, 
Abigail, Edward born and baptized here." The date of this 
original document is apparently about 1668. Mather in Magnalia 
Christi writes : "There was a good old man called Collins, the dea- 
con of the church in Cambridge, who is now gone to heaven ; but 
before he went thither, had the satisfaction to see several most 
worthy sons become very famous ... At Nathaniel's death," 
he says, "there were more wounds given to the whole Colony of 

-^N. E. H. and G. R., 2%, p. 63. 

2 The Rev. Joshua Moody was one of the ancestors of Ralph Waldo 

^N. E. H. and G. R., 15, p. 291. 


Connecticut than the body of Caesar did receive." These are the 
children of Nathaniel: Mary, 11 May, 1666; John, married Mary 
Dixwell, daughter of the regicide; Susanna, Sybill, Martha, 26 
December, 1674, married, 1705, Thomas Hurlburt, died June, 1748. 

The son John, however, was more eminent than Nathaniel. 
Graduating from Harvard the year of the king's execution, he 
returned to England and before 1660 was attached to General 
Monk as a chaplain. An account of his life is found in the 
Dictionary of National Biography and a paragraph of eulogy 
appears in Neale's Puritans. 

Samuel's wife was admitted to full communion in the church 
at Cambridge, 31 May, 1664, but he had probably before 
this date lived in Connecticut; for he was already married to 
Mary Marvin of Lyme, his eldest son being born in Cambridge 
18 June, 1664. The next year we find him in Connecticut suf- 
fering from a disaster serious enough to occasion the colony to 
show him compassion. "This Court hath remitted the custome 
of Mr. Samuell Collins his goods which he hath already landed 
in this Colony in consideration of his late loss" ; ^ a loss per- 
chance by shipwreck. On the 9th of May, 1667, he was made 
freeman. He appears to have lived in Saybrook (or Lyme) as 
well as in Middletown. He was in Scotland in 1668, but back 
in Cambridge before 1675 ; in Charlestown 1678, then in Middle- 
town. On 28 March, 1670, his land in Middletown is listed at 
58£. He was deputy to the General Court in October, 1672. He 
appears to have practiced law; for he is named as attorney for 
Sergeant Ward (probably his son-in-law) of Middletown.^ He 
died 10 January, 1696(7). 

His children were : Edward, born 16 June, 1664, at Cambridge ; 
Martha, 3 March, 1666(7); Samuel, 21 October, 1668; Sibyl, 
25 February, 1671, married (1) Isaac Rice, (2) George Reed; 
Mary, 16 June, 1672, married Richard Moore ; Abigail, 2 June, 
1674, married William Ward; Daniel, 5 October, 1675, died 

His wife Mary was daughter to Reynold Marvin sr. of Lyme. 
Marvin was freeman 20 May, 1658. There are some rather 
puzzling passages in the Colonial Records connecting Marvin with 
a curious horse controversy. The first entry, 4 October, 1660, 

^Colonial Records, 11 May, 1665. 
2 Ibid., October, 1684. 


connects with a horse detained by one WiUiam Waller; Rey- 
nolds Marvin sr. is ordered to appear to answer for "loosing 
the mare into ye woods" ; likewise he is to answer for disposing 
of any of those horses "wch ye Court had ordered to be marked 
for ye Countrey" and prohibited "for meddling with any of 
those horses." But not much blame was attached to Marvin; 
for in May, 1661, the court orders that one-half the horses be 
divided "twixt Math: Griswold and Renold Marvin." Goodman 
Marvin moreover is to look up the horses and see them brought 
in. This Marvin failed to do; perhaps he was prevented by his 
death sickness. On 11 March, 1662(3) the "Marshall is ordered 
to goe downe to Sea Brook and to destrein 50£ of Marvin's 
estate for his neglect" in the case of the horses. But the next 
entry appears to show that this fine was in part remitted. On 14 
May, 1663: "Wm. Waller, as Renol Marvin's agent, should 
be allowed one quarter of the bill of 50£ as his share of the 

Samuel Collins brought suit against the executor of the estate 
of his father-in-law 2 September, 1669; Marvin's will is of date 
23 May, 1662. He makes bequest to his daughter Mare. 

That it was the Martha, daughter of Samuel Collins, not 
the Martha, daughter of Nathaniel Collins, who married William 
Harris, is made clear from a conveyance of land. On 17 July, 
1718, William Harris and wife Martha of Middletown convey 
to their son, Jonathan Yemans, and to their daughter Sibbil, his 
wife, land which had descended to said wife Martha as part 
of her portion of the estate of Ensign Samuel Collins, deceased, 
of Middletown. 


The wife of Elisha Cheesebrough was Mary Miner, married 
27 January, 1692. 

The Miners have a pedigree fixed by the heralds extending 
back for centuries prior to their coming to America. This pedi- 
gree is found in a manuscript attested in the following fashion: 

This coat of arms of the Miners of Chew I attest to be 
entered at Bath Somersett by Clarenceux the 4 of K James 
the first which visitation is in custody of me, 1606.^ 

Ale^x Cunningham 

1 The pedigree is extended to 1683. 


The manuscript was published in the New England Historical 
and Genealogical Record, v. 13, pp. 162f. The origin of the 
name is first explained. Henry, who died in 1359, was con- 
firmed in the name, because of his occupation, and granted a 
coat of arms by Henry iii because of his aid in men and muni- 
tions at Mendippe Hill. He had sons, Henry, Edward, Thomas, 
and George. The second Henry married Henrietta Hicks, daugh- 
ter to Edward Hicks of Gloucester. Their children were William 
and Henry. William married a Hobbs of Wiltshire. Henry, 
his brother, was in the service of Richard ii, 1384. William's 
children were Thomas and George. The son Thomas married 
a Gressleys, daughter of Cotton in Stafford ; children, Lodowick, 
George, and Mary. Lodowick married Anna, daughter of 
Thomas Dyer of Staughton in Huntington; children, Thomas, 
born 1436, George, and Arthur, born 1456. Arthur married 
Henrietta de la Villa Odorosa.^ Thomas, who died 1480, mar- 
ried Bridget, second daughter of Sir George Hervie of St. 
Martins in Middlesex; children, William, Anna, Bridget. After 
the father's death the mother became a nun in Datford, leaving 
the children to the care of her father. The son William mar- 
ried Isabella Harcope de Frolibay and "lived to avenge the death 
of the two young princes murdered by Richard in." He was 
flos militiae. He left ten sons, of whom were : William, George, 
Thomas, Robert, Nathaniel, and John; the last two went to 
Ireland, 1541. The son William had issue, Clement and Eliza- 
beth, and was buried, 23 February, 1585, at Chew Magna in 
the priests' chancel. Clement had issue, Clement, Thomas, 
Elizabeth, and Mary, and died 31 March, 1640, and lies buried 
in Chew Magna in Somerset. The son Clement married Sarah, 
daughter of John Pope of Norton-S'mall-Reward in Somerset, 
and was buried in Burslington; children, William and Israel. 
"Thomas his brother is now alive at Stonington, in Connecti- 
cute Colloney, in New England A.D. 1683 and has issue John, 
Thomas, Clement, Manassah, Ephraim, Judah, & Marie & Eliza- 
beth." The document is accompanied with coats of arms and 
adorned with quotations in English, Latin, and Greek. 
The Averys have been very extensively studied.^ 

1 Philip des Comincs. 

2 Sec particularly for our branch, The Groton Avery Clan, by E M 
and C. H. Avery of Cleveland, 1912. 


The Averys were very numerous in Devon (the Plymouth 
country), though little has been discovered that certainly relates 
to the Groton branch. Christopher, the first of the tribe in 
America, was married 26 August, 1616, to Margery Stephens of 
Abbotts Kerswell, the license being granted at Exeter. She was 
doubtless the daughter of Edward and Margaret Stephens of 
Kingswear. Edward Stephens, a mariner, died 1626; his in- 
ventory was witnessed by Hugh Sweete. Margery's husband, 
Christopher of Ipplepen, was probably the son of Christopher of 
Torbrian, near Ipplepen, whose will was witnessed also by Hugh 
Sweete. The date of the inventory of Christopher's estate is 
26 July, 1613 ; it was exhibited 6 August at Newton Abbott. 
Christopher's relict was Johann (Joan), who was made admin- 
istrator. There is also a will of a Johann Avery at Ipplepen 
dated 1597. Margery seems never to have come to this country; 
in her death she is noted "of Brixham" 1643(?). In 1654 
Christopher, having been arrested and fined 20£ for living apart 
from his wife, had his fine remitted on the ground that "he was 
aged and poore" and that "he had used his endeavor to have 
his wife brought over." He is said to have come to America 
in 1630 in Winthrop's flag-ship, the Arbella. He lived in Glou- 
cester and Boston and later in Connecticut. He was at Cape 
Ann in February, 1642; townsman (selectman) at Gloucester 4 
October, 1646, and 27 November, 1650; constable 28 October, 
1647, and received also other town appointments. In 1649 he 
was presented for speaking scofiftngly of Mr. Blinman, a clergy- 
man. He brought with him from England one of the celebrated 
"breeches Bibles," which is now in the possession of James Oli- 
ver Avery of San Francisco. He was in Boston in 1655 where 
he owned land on Devonshire Street, a small piece under the 
present postoffice. He bought land in New London 8 August, 
1665. He was made a freeman in Connecticut 14 October, 
1669, He was buried 12 March, 1679. He had only one child in 
this country, James Avery. 

His son James, who was born about 1620, accompanied his 
father to this country. He was married in Boston to Joanna 
Greenslade, 10 November, 1643. The Greenslades, too, were 
a Devon family and very numerous. He was in New London 
about 1651 and must rank after William Cheesebrough as a 
first settler. Both he and his lifelong friend, Thomas Miner, 


were listed by the Rev. Mr. Bradstreet among the first mem- 
bers of the church; their wives also were so listed.^ His name 
appears frequently in the colony records. 

Thomas Miner was born 23 April, 1608, the son of Clement of 
Chew Magna, Somerset. He came to Stonington very early. 
In public service Thomas Miner was often associated with James 

On 15 June, 1659, James Avery is appointed with two others 
to lay out "ye Governours land." The Winthrops had large 
holdings in the vicinity of Stonington. Avery is named ensign 22 
July, 1662, and is appointed "to receive corne as the Countreys 
agent." From this time on he served almost continuously as a 
deputy to the General Court until 1686, and frequently as a 
commissioner, that is, a judge, for trial of cases in his town, 
New London. The first appointment as commissioner I have 
noted is of date 8 October, 1663. In May, 1665, Miner joins 
Avery in the General Court, one from Stonington, the other 
from New London; each was appointed commissioner. 

On 6 July, 1665, Miner was appointed on the military com- 
mission, on account of the Dutch war, for Mystick, a name given 
to the region bordering New London and Stonington. At the 
same time Avery was placed on the commission for the coast 
from Guilford to Southertown, the early name of Stonington. 
Miner had already been active in Indian afifairs and also in the 
disputes with Rhode Island. In May, 1663, he with two others 
had been appointed to hear the case twixt Uncas and New Lon- 
don. In October of the same year he is advised "to carry him- 
self peaceably towards all that pretend authority" and is promised 
protection. To his fiery nature peaceable carriage did not al- 
ways seem possible. At least he resented the encroachments of 
the Rhode Islanders. At any rate, having been in October, 1670, 
commissioned "with magistratical power" for Stonington and 
East of Pawcatuck (that is. Westerly in Rhode Island, which 
Connecticut claimed), he found himself, when he would execute 
his authority, opposed by John Crandall and others with clubs. 
Thiswas in April of 1671. His "magistratical power" appears 

1 From Groton Avery Clan. Records of first church in Boston. Sis- 
ter Joan Avery dismissed to church at Pekot 31 of 6th [August 31], 
1651. This is the first record of a church at New London. 


to have been granted because of an experience in August of 
1670, when he was, in the boundary strife, carried prisoner by 
the Lyme constable. In May, 1671, he was able to report that 
he had been successful, with the backing of thirty or forty horse- 
men, in disbanding without violence the Rhode Island court at 
Saunders's house east of the Pawcatuck.^ He was engaged 
with Thomas Stanton ^ in the Indian troubles ; on 8 July he adds 
a note to Stanton's letter to the Court about the plot of Ninigret 
and Uncas, urging Major Mason for speedy advice. Both he 
and Avery were occasionally employed in land surveys and re- 
ceived grants of land. 

On 10 February, 1675, war with the Indians being imminent, 
Avery, Miner, and Denison were ordered to "rayse forces to 
surpriz or destroy the enemie." The chief activity in that region 
occurred in the next year. As an inducement, on 16 March, 
1676, they are empowered to offer volunteers plunder ; neverthe- 
less two weeks later they are obliged to resort to pressing. Suc- 
cess crowned their efforts, however, as is now seen in a letter 
of Major Palmes, 5 April, 1676, carried by Miner himself, who 
is expected to supplement the report : "Yr hours may take it 
from himselfe & his judgmnt what is meete further to be done." 
The account of what they did may be read at length in detailed 
accounts of the war and need not here be repeated, except to 
add that they overcame Canonchet. The General Court voted 
"We have cause to encourage Denison and Avery." In July, 

1675, a letter of Waite Winthrop's gives a detail worth preserv- 
ing; they were in the midst of the Narragansett country: "Mr. 
Myner and myself stay here tonight" (Jer. Bull's house). In 
January of 1676, second day, Avery and Miner had been joined 
with Major Palmes and others in a court martial. On 12 Octo- 
ber, 1676, Captain Avery was commissioned with Talcott and 
others, looking toward peace, "to hear what the Indians have 
to propound." Other frequent entries show how important was 
Avery's influence with the Indians. On 24 January, 1678, both he 
and Miner witnessed the publication of the "Laws for the Pe- 
quots." The disposal of Indian captives was left, 22 August, 

1676, to Captain Mason, Captain Avery, and Daniel Wetherell. 

1 See Conn. Col. Records. 

2 Stanton was the interpreter. 


On 14 October, 1675, Avery had been ordered to take command 
of forty English and such Pequots as he liked in the expedition 
against the Narragansetts. On 13 May he was appointed a 
sort of general adviser in Pequot matters. These men he led 
on the winter campaign in December, 1675, that ended in the 
famous Swamp Fight, so disastrous to the Narragansetts. This 
was primarily an undertaking of the Massachusetts contingent, 
but Avery and Denison were both engaged. 

James Avery was married, as has been said, to Joanna Green- 
slade, by whom he had six sons and three daughters.^ His son 
James succeeded him in the captaincy and was often in the General 
Court. His daughter Mary married Joseph Miner. In his old 
age. Captain Avery, a widower, married, 4 July, 1698, the widow 
Abigail (Ingraham Cheesebrough) Holmes. Avery died 18 
April, 1700. His name last appears in the colony records in 
May, 1692, when at the age of seventy-two he is still in service 
as captain. His house was in Groton, just across the river east 
of New London; built in 1656, it was standing until a few 
years ago when it was destroyed by fire. Its spot is marked by 
a noble monument, erected by John D. Rockefeller, one of Avery's 

Miner had been in Stonington even before Avery; for the 
General Court orders, 17 May, 1649, that John Winthrop for 
Pequot, shall "take unto himself as assistant Thos. Miner and 
Sam. Lathrop to hear and settle small differences." Miner was 
at that time appointed sergeant. His wife was Grace Palmer .^ 

1 Children of James Avery: Hannah, bom at Gloucester, 11 October, 
1644, married 20 June, 1666, Ephraim Miner; James, born 15 December, 
1646, married Deborah Stanton; Mary, born 19 February, 1648, married 
28 October, 1668, Joseph Miner; Thomas, 6 May 1651, married 28 
October, 1677, Hannah Miner; John, born 10 February, 1654, married 
Ab. Cheesbro; Rebecca, born 6 October, 1656, married William Potts; 
Jonathan, born 5 January, 1658, died 1681; Christopher, born 30 April, 
1661, died 1683; Samuel, born 16 April, 1664, married Susan Palmer. 

2 Both house and monument are reproduced in The Groton Avery Clan, 
also in Journal of American History, ii, p. 312. 

3 Grace Palmer was the daughter of Walter Palmer, who came to 
New England (so the History of Stonington) in 1628 with his brother 
Abraham. They went from Salem through the woods and laid the 
foundation of Charlestown, building the first house after its organization. 
He lived in Charlestown until 1643, when he agreed with William 


Their son John would appear to have been a lad of unusual 
promise. Under date of 9 September, 1654 we read in the 
Colonial Records: 

(To provide a teacher for the Indians) Thomas Mynor 
of pequot shall bee wrote unto from the Courte & desired 
that hee forthwith send his son John Mynor to Hartford, 
where this Courte shall provide for his maintenance & school- 
ing to the end that he may bee for the present assistant to 
such elder as this Courte shall appoint, to interpret the things 
of God to ym. 

Even the United Colonies took cognizance of the matter : ^ 
"Said Minor be entertained at Mr. Stones or some other meet 
place ... & due allowance made for his dyet and education 
out of the corporation stock." Mr. Stone was the pastor of 
Hartford. It appears that Miner was sent to Harvard and be- 
came a useful teacher. He was made freeman, 1666.^ 

Thomas's son Joseph was baptized at Hingham 25 August, 
1644. Joseph's name does not appear in the colonial records. 
He was married 23 October, 1668, to Mary Avery, written Marie 

Cheesebrough to remove to Rehoboth. He was a freeman 1631 and held 
local offices. From Rehoboth he was representative at Plymouth, where 
also he was selectman. He was in Stonington after 1653. He was born 
in London in 1585 and died 10 November, 1661. From his son Moses 
is descended Doane Robinson of Pierre, South Dakota. George Herbert 
Palmer is of this family. The name of his first wife is unknown. One 
wife is called Rebecca Short in Abatable Americans. Grace was born 
about 1608. She married Thomas Miner 23 April, 1634. 

The children of Thomas Miner and Grace his wife : John, 1636, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Booth, lived in Fairfield, and died 17 September, 1719; 
Clement, baptized 4 March, 1638; Thomas, baptized 10 May, 1640, died 
1662; Ephraim, baptized 1 May, 1642, married Hannah A\try; Joseph, 
baptized at Hingham, 25 August, 1644; Manasseh, 23 April, 1647, mar- 
ried Lydia Moore; Ann, 28 April, 1649, died 1652; Maria, died 1666; 
Samuel, 4 March, 1652, married Marie Lord, died 1682; Hannah, 15 
September, 1655, married Thomas Avery 22 October, 1672. Thomas 
Miner died 22> October, 1690. His wife is said to have died in the 
same month. His stone is a broken slab, said to have been selected by 
himself from his own field and rudely cut by his son: "Here lyeth the 
body of Lieut. Thos. Miner depart 1690 age 83." — From introduction to 
Diary of Manasseh Miner. 

1 Records, 23 September, 1654. 

2 Ellis, Philip's War. According to History of Stonington he lived In 
Fairfield, dying 12 September, 1719. He was not pastor there. 


Averie in the church records of Stonington. They were mar- 
ried at New London. His father kept a diary.^ Under date of 
August, 1667, appears this : "wensday the 18 we made an end 
between Joseph and Marie Avery," the parents at that date 
probably settHng the terms of the marriage. Mary Avery was 
born in Gloucester, 19 February, 164S.^ 

Joseph had removed with his parents from Hingham to New 
London in 1646, so the History of Stonington. He was a physi- 
cian. He served in King Philip's War. He married (2) Mrs. 
Bridget (Cheesebrough) Thompson. He is buried at Taugwonk, 
near New London. Joseph's daughter, Marie Miner, married 
EHsha Cheesebrough, 27 January, 1692. 

The Cheesebroughs and the Averys had been on terms of inti- 
macy. William Cheesebrough, the first settler in New London, 
had a son Samuel ; Samuel's wife, Abigail Ingraham, became 
second wife of Joshua Holmes, and third, 4 July, 1698, the 
wife of the aged Capt. James Avery. In the meantime John, 
the son of Capt. James Avery, had married Abigail, daughter of 
Samuel and Abigail Cheesebrough. 

One more item of interest emerges relative to Thomas Miner. 
In October, 1681, he was authorized by the General Court to 
"bestow out of the Stonington rates 10£ on Mrs. Harris." This 
was the wife of William Harris, celebrated in the history of 
Rhode Island. 


The immigrant ancestor of the Hazard family, so distinguished 
in Rhode Island, socially, commercially, intellectually, politically, 
was Thomas. The family has been written of at length by 

iThe diary is published, a small book. A Diary of Matiasseh Miner, 
from 1696 to 1720, has also been printed; published by F. D. Miner, 

2 The children o£ Joseph and Mary (Avery) Miner were: Joseph, 19 
September, 1669, married Sarah Tracy; Mary, 17 September, 1672, married 
Elisha Cheesebrough; Marcie, 21 August, 1673, married Francis West; 
Benjamin, 25 June, 1676, married 1697, Mary Saxton ; Sarah, baptized 30 
March, 1679; Joanna, 30 March, 1681; Prudence, baptized 6 May, 1668, 
married Joseph Denison; Christopher, baptized 13 July, 1684, married 
Mary Lay. Child by second wife, Bridget, 31 January, 1711. 


Caroline Robinson. The family is said to be descended from the 
Duke de Charante, who in 1060 lived on the borders of Switzer- 

Thomas, born about 1610, was admitted freeman at Boston 25 
March, 1638. With eight others he signed the contract for the 
settlement of Newport 28 April, 1639, and was freeman 2 Septem- 
ber, 1639, of Newport, of Portsmouth, 1640. On 12 March, 
1640, he was appointed a member of the General Court of Elec- 
tions. He had two wives, each named Martha, the first dying 
in 1669, the mother of his children, the second, the widow of 
Thomas Sheriff, dying 1691. He was an extensive landholder, 
his daughter Hannah having a dower of thirty-four acres when 
she married Edward Wilcox's son Stephen. His will was proved 
in 1680. His children were: Robert, born 1635 ; Elizabeth, mar- 
ried George Lawton ; Hannah, married Stephen Wilcox ; Martha, 
married (1) Ichabod Potter, (2) Ben Mowry, or Mowny. 

Robert, the only son, bom 1635, married Mary Brownell, and 
died in 1?10. Mary Brownell was rejnarkable for her long 
life. Her death, 18 or 28 January, 1739, was celebrated in the 
Boston paper of the time.^ She left behind her five hundred 
children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren. Her father 
was Thomas, whose name appears in the Portsmouth records 18 
March, 1647, as witness to will of John Walker. ^ He was a 
freeman in 1655, commissioner 1655, 1661-1663, deputy 1664. 
He sold thirty-five acres to T. Lawton 4 April, 1658. He and his 
wife, Ann Bourne,^ died in 1665. In 1658 from an English 
cousin he received a bequest of 20i. This was Thomas Wilson, 

1 Boston Gazette, 12 February, 1739, extract furnished by C. A. Lewis of 
Hampton, Connecticut: "Mrs. Mar>- Hazard, widow of Mr. Robert Haz- 
ard of South Kinston and Grandmother to the deceased George Hazard, 
Esq., late Deputy Governor of Rhode Island, departed this life the 28th 
[said to be 18th] of January last in the hundredth year of her age, who 
was decently interred the Wednesday following. She had 500 children, 
Grandchildren and Great Grandchildren, and left behind her now living 
two hundred and five of the aforesaid number. She was accounted a 
verj' useful Gentlewoman both to the Poor and the Rich on many ac- 
counts, and particularly amongst sick persons for her skill & Judgement, 
which she did gratis." 

2 So General Dictionary of Rhode Island Families, 1887. 

3 Transcript, 14 November, 1917. 


once of London, now (1658) of Ryecroft/ York. He gave to 
his cousin, George Brownell of London, 20£, and to his cousin 
Thomas of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 20£. This Wilson was 
related to the Jessops. He makes provision for education. His 
property was large. Edward Brownell's other children were: 
Sarah, married Gideon Freeborn, died 6 September, 1676; Mar- 
tha, May, 1643, to 15 February, 1744 (101 years old) ; George, 
1646-1718, married Susan Pearce; William, married Sarah 
Smiton (?), died 1715; Thomas, married Mary Pearce; Robert, 
died 1728; Ann, married Joseph Wilbur, died 2 April, 1747.^ 

The children of Robert and Mary (Brownell) Hazard were: 
Thomas, 1660, married Susannah Nickols, died 1746; this Thomas 
was the ancestor of the celebrated Rowland G. Hazard ; George, 

1 Brownells are known in England. Sir Edward was mayor of Cov- 
entry about the time of Elizabeth. His son Thomas married Ann in 
1638; this exactly fits our Thomas, but the identity does not appear 
to be established ; in fact this Thomas appears to have remained in 
England. One may, from a list of marriages out of the Rawmarsh, 
Yorkshire, register, conjecture the ancestry of Thomas Brownell. The 
record is printed in the Transcript, 14 November, 1917. That the New 
England Thomas was connected with these Brownells is inferred from his 
relationship to Thomas Wilson, who is said to have lived in Raw- 
marsh, also said to belong to Ryecroft; both places are in Yorkshire 
not far distant. The reconstruction is suggested by the names and is 
allowed by the dates. Thomas, whose eldest child appears to have been 
born about 1637 and who died in Portsmouth in 1665, must have been 
born about 1610. He is probably the son of Rowland and Dorothy 
(Greene) Brownell who were married 20 February, 1602(3). Rowland 
was probably a brother of Robert, married 15 October to Anne Chitend, 
and William, married 14 October, 1610, to Ann Brearelay. These 
brothers were doubtless the sons of Thomas, who was married to Mar- 
garet Gilberthoyse 20 October, 1560. George, who was married to Alice 
Dawer 12 February, 1587(8), may have been a much younger brother of 
Thomas. That some such relationship existed seems almost certain in 
the light of the presence of a name so unusual as Rowland in the Ameri- 
can family, a name which persisted generation after generation. Add 
to this fact that this conjectured relationship explains also the presence 
in the New England family of the names Thomas, Robert, and George, 
and the conclusion seems almost irresistible. 

The Margaret who was married to Robert Cowlay 1 May, 1605, was 
pretty certainly a sister of Rowland. The Rowland who was married 
to Elizabeth Brooke 29 May, 1619, may have been a cousin to the other 

2 A^. E. H. and G. R., 46, p. 454. 


married Penelope, daughter of Caleb Arnold, died 1743 ; Stephen, 
died 1727; Martha, married Thomas Wilcox, died 1753; Mary, 
married Edward Wilcox, died before 1710; Robert, died 1718; 
Jeremiah, 26 March, 1675, married Mary Smith; Hannah, mar- 
ried Jeffrey Chamlin. 

The Wilcoxes and the Hazards were many times allied. The 
first of the Wilcox family was Edward who was at Plymouth 
and Kingston about 1638 ; he died in Rhode Island at Portsmouth 
or Kingston. His son Stephen was born 1633, married Hannah 
Hazard, 1658, and died 1690. He was at Providence in 1657 
and at Westerly in 1669. In 1670 he was complained of by the 
treasurer of Harvard College as unjustly possessing five hundred 
acres in Pequot ( New London) . 

Edward Wilcox, their son, married his cousin, Mary Hazard. 
He was born in 1662 and died 5 November, 1715, He married 
(2) Thomasin Stephen, 2 May, 1696. His daughter Mary was 
born 1688(9), married Joseph Lewis, and died 27 November, 


The w^ife of Squire Phillips was Anna Gates. She was de- 
scended from Stephen Gates, the immigrant. Of the immi- 
grant's ancestry, the book, Stephen Gates of Hingham and Lan- 
caster, by C. O. Gates, gives an account reaching back to the 
first of the fourteenth century. 

As no documentary evidence is given in the Gates volume for 
this extraordinary pedigree, the writer addressed an inquiry to 
the gentlemen who had furnished the data. He very courteously 
explained as follows : 

In the 40's my father visited England to trace the lineage, 
or rather to verify it, taking with him several heirlooms and 
papers, which had descended to him. Among these was the 
old seal and some silver bearing the Gates crest. Thru the 
kindness of one of his business correspondents in London he 
made the acquaintance of Rev. Mr. Burgon, afterward the 
celebrated Dean of Chichester. By his aid my father had 
no trouble in finding the connection, visited Higheaster, and 
Ryvenhall — made the acquaintance of his distant relatives in 
Essex, Norfolk, and Sussex — and established beyond any 
doubt the authenticity of the line. I remember as a boy 
that he had the papers covering the facts and I also remem- 


ber the chart. When we left Virginia, near Abingdon, in '64 
for Florida — whither my father's failing health sent him — 
all our family silver, books, papers, and much clothing were 
packed in trunks and sent by the Southern Express Co. via 
Savannah to Jacksonville, Fla. But they were destroyed, 
looted, or stolen at Savannah — when it fell — and we never 
saw our things again. Fortunately my mother had retained 
one of the silver spoons, which Stephen had brought with 
him, and the old seal, which my father wore as a ring. The 
seal I have, the spoon with the crest is in the possession of 
my oldest son. Before my mother's death I managed to 
compile from such memoranda as she had — and by her aid 
— the descent as nearly as possible as it was in the original 
papers, but to get the authorities would require a research and 
the expenditure of much money. 

There has never been any question of the authenticity of 
the descent in our family — after my father's search — We 
found the records confirmed the traditions and the family 
likeness was so strong — and is today — between the Gateses 
of my line and the English branch that to see Geo. Gates of 
Steyning and my father was like seeing two brothers.^ 

Here is the pedigree of Stephen Gates, reproduced from the 
Gates volume ; the lineage is in part supplemented from Fuller's 
Worthies, Fuller thus affording confirmation of this line, as do 
also certain Josselyn wills. 

Thomas Gates, of High Easter and Thurstonbie, Essex, Eng- 
land, fi.c.l327, had a son William and grandsons. Sir Geoffrey, 
Ralph, and Christopher. Sir Geoffrey married Agnes, heiress of 
Sir Thomas Baldington of Aldersbury, ?nd had a son Wilham, 
v/ho in turn married Mabel, heiress of Thomas Capdon and Ann 
(heiress of Thomas Fleming) and had a son Sir Geoffrey. This 
pedigree is paralleled out of Thos. Fuller's Worthies, where we 
learn that Sir John Gates, condemned with Northumberland for 
promoting Jane Grey to the throne, was son to Sir Geoffrey and 
great-grandson to another Sir Geoffrey; Fuller's Worthies of 
England, refers to the epitaph ^ of the earlier Sir Geoffrey in 
High Easter and places his death in 1477. The father of Sir 
John died in 1526. If the pedigree of Sir John and Stephen be 
thus cor rectly adjusted, we may add from the Dictionary of 

iThe writer is the Rev. Horatio Gates of Milwaukee, formerly arch- 

2 "And thus kept with the Pikards worshipful warrys." This is the 
language of his epitaph. 


National Biography that the mother of Sir John was Elizabeth, 
daughter of William Clopton of Kentwell, Suffolk. Other chil- 
dren of Sir Geoffrey were Geoffrey, Henry, William, and Doro- 
thy.^ Now Sir John, the eldest son, was born in 1504; probably 
then Geoffrey was born in 1505 or 1506; Henry is probably the 
Sir Henry who was also condemned with Northumberland but 
not executed (he was executor of sister's will 1582). Geoffrey's 
wife was of the family of Pascall; they had sons, Geoffrey, 
Henry, and John,^ this latter the ancestor of General Horatio 
Gates. The last Geoffrey married Joan Wentworth and had a 
son, Peter, who, marrying Mary Josselyn,^ had son Thomas ; this 
last was the father of Stephen the emigrant. Some, perhaps all, 
of the foregoing names of marriage connections are familiar in 
east England. 

The following facts are mostly from Waters's Gleanings : The 
name Gates appears frequently in east England. About 1575, 
in Bury, a Geoffrey Gates married an Elizabeth Pynchon, proba- 
bly an aunt of the American Pynchon. This may be the same 
foregoing Geoffrey who, earlier or later, married Joan Went- 
worth. In Boxford, Suffolk, a widow Clopton, 1603, mentions !^ 
in her will a great-grandson, Thomas Gates ; still other Thomas 
Gateses appear in the same family. There were at the time 
Gateses in Kent and in Hertford. One feels certain that the 
Boxford, Bury, and High Easter Gateses were all of the same 

Curious, not once does the name Stephen appear among them; 
it was found in generation after generation of the American 
family. Geoffrey does not appear in the American family; it 
was probably under the Puritan ban. Stephen doubtless was too 
pronounced a Puritan for the rest of his family. Indeed he 
seems to have been violent and at times ill to get along with. 
Thus may in part be explained the break with English relatives. 

The American successors of this English ancestry have not 
maintained the distinction of the family. It has been said that 

1 Dorothy Gates married in 1524 Sir Thomas Josselyn. Her will was 
probated 11 December, 1582. 

2 A John Gates is named by Fuller, Worthies, as a soldier of High 
Easter in the time of Edward VI. 

3 See Wentworth and Josselyn lines ; also A^. E. H. and G. R., 71 
pp. 20f. 


Stephen was brother to Sir Thomas Gates * of Virg-inia ; but Sir 
Thomas did not remain in Virginia and if he has descendants 
there they too have not attained special distinction. So far 
as I know the Gateses of New England are descended from 
Stephen. Stephen with his wife and two children came to 
Hingham, Massachusetts, in the ship Diligent, in 1638, so 
says founders of Nezv England, a book largely made up of 
ship lists. Savage says that he lived in Cambridge, thence to 
Lancaster, where he was a freeman in 1656, and constable in 
1657; thence to Cambridge again in 1659, where he died in 1662. 
His will made 9 June was proved 7 October, 1662. He left his 
Lancaster property to his son Stephen. His widow Ann (Hills) 
promptly married Richard Woodward of Watertown, survived 
him, resumed her name of Gates, and died at the home of her 
son Stephen in Stow, 5 February, 1682(3). They were evidently 
young married folk in 1638, born about 1610. Children : Eliza- 
beth, died 3 August, 1704, married 29 November, 1647, John 
Laselle, eleven children ; Mary, married 5 April, 1658, John May- 
nard of Sudbury, who died 1711, ten children; Stephen, bom 
1640; Thomas, born 1642, married 6 July, 1670, Elizabeth Free- 
man, in Stow, Sudbury, Norwich, eleven children; Simon, bom 

1645, died 21 April, 1693, at Brockton, married Margaret , 

Cambridge, eight children, inherited father's Cambridge proper- 
ty; Isaac and Rebecca died young in 1651. 

The family seem to have had a difficult temper, were inde- 

1 The fullest account of Sir Thomas Gates the writer has seen is found 
in Brief Biographies, edited by Alex. Brown of Virginia Historical Soci- 
ety, 2 vols., Houghton, 1890. See vol. ii, pp. 894-896. Nothing certain seems 
to be known of his ancestry. He is said to have been born in Devonshire. 
As a young man he is in service with Carleill and Essex, sons-in-law o^ 
Walsingham. The family must have been not without position. He had 
two sons, Captain Thomas killed at Rochelle, 1627, and Anthony, died 
before 1637; and three daughters, Margaret married Edmund Dawber of 
Norfolk, Mary, and Elizabeth. Mary and Elizabeth in 1637 petitioned for 
payment of arrears due the father "gov, of that Isle"— Virginia — "where 
he died." In the Virginia records April, 1621, he is alluded to as dead. 
If he belonged to the Essex family that fact might help to account for the 
patronage of Walsingham's> family, with whom the Gateses had connec- 
tion through the Wentworths, and might also make easier the connection 
with Norfolk through the marriage of Margaret. At the time of the mar- 
riage Sir Thomas is said to have been "of Holdinge, Kent." 


pendent of opinion, and fell short of the usual submissiveness to 
the clergy. Stephen at Lancaster is said to have quarreled with 
his neighbors and to have been deprived of his constable's staff, 
the loss of a considerable honor. His daughter Mary boldly- 
contradicted the minister in public assembly. Stephen's seal 
ring and one of his spoons are in the possession of the Rev. Hor- 
atio Gates. 

The second Stephen was born about 1640. He married, about 

1664, Sarah, the daughter of George Woodward of Watertown, 
the marriage taking place very soon after that of his mother to 
her second husband, the father of George Woodward. They 
seem to have lived in Marlboro, Stow, and perhaps in Preston, 
Connecticut. The Gates book says that his will was made at 
Stow, 5 September, 1701, probated (Savage says at Charles- 
town where Stephen lived some years) 1707; Stephen died at 
Acton (so the Gates book) in 1706. The children were: Ste- 
phen, born 17 July, 1665; Simon, 5 June, 1667; Thomas, 3 
December, 1669; Isaac; Nathaniel; Sarah, born in Marlboro 27 
April, 1679; Rebecca, 13 July, 1682; and Daniel, 25 April, 1685. 
Daniel is also of record in Stow, though perhaps Stow and Marl- 
boro were at that time parts of the same town. Isaac, who died 
at the age of seventy-six, 22 November, 1748, must have been 
born in 1672. He was called ensign in the record of his death. 

The marriage of the third Stephen, who was born 17 July, 

1665, is recorded at Stow, 8 November, 1686, to Jemima Ben- 
jamin "of Plymouth Colony." The birth of their first child, 
Thankful,^ is recorded the next year at Stow. The dates of 
birth of the later children come from Putnam's History Maga- 
zine, vol. 6, p. 199. Stephen,^ died in Preston, 1782, married, 6 
November, 1713, Hannah Woodward; Sarah, 10 November, 1696, 
married Benjamin Clark; Jemima, 15 January, 1698(9), married 
Samuel Clark; Isaac, 28 December, 1701; Elizabeth, February, 
1704(5); Susanna, February, 1706(7). 

Stephen Gates's will, which is preserved at Hartford, was 
dated 30 November, 1732, proved 6 September, 1733. He names 
his wife and the foregoing children, except Susanna, and also a 
daughter Marcy, who is named next after Thankful, and was 

1 Married 1 March, 1701, Dan Woodward. 

2 From Stephen is descended Judge Gates of Pierre, South Dakota. 


perhaps born at Stow. Marcy was 3 July, 1711, married to Thos. 

Foster, Elizabeth to Downing. He had already deeded 

lands to his sons as their full share; he gives each daughter one 
hundred pounds, and leaves the rest, land and movables, to his 
"well beloved wife Jemimah Gates." Stephen was a man then in 
comfortable wealth. 

His son Isaac married Deborah Partridge, 2 August, 1733, and 
their daughter, Jemima, named for Isaac's mother, was born 
in 1736. By Deborah Isaac had at least five children; she died 
22 May, 1745. Elizabeth, a daughter by his second wife, was 
bom 20 January, 1748. They also had at least five other children. 
The youngest, Anna, was born 29 August, 1760, a week before 
the death of her mother, Sarah; the maiden name of Sarah is 
unknown. Isaac married a third wife, Charity Lathrop, 29 July, 
1765, and by her had one child. His wife Charity and eleven 
children are mentioned in his will, dated 10 July, 1787.^ There 
was at least one who had died before that date, perhaps there 
were others; a large family at least. A respectable, fairly pros- 
perous man, one judges, who had got over the wandering pro- 
pensities of the first generations. 

His daughter Anna married Squire Phillips, 25 November, 
1779, the marriage being recorded in the parish church of Pres- 
ton. In her father's will, she is mentioned as "daughter Anna, 
wife of Squire Phillips." Apparently there was a considerable 
intimacy between the Gates and Phillips families; for the year 
before, Susannah, presumably the older sister of Anna, had mar- 
ried Elijah Phillips. The next year Anna's brother Jacob was 
married and on the same day exactly a Cyrus Gates was mar- 
ried. The families had several representatives in the Revolution. 
In a regiment of General Parsons were Squire and Jonathan 
Phillips, probably father and son, Corporal Cyrus Gates, and S'er- 

1 Children of Isaac Gates: By Deborah Partridge, Jemima, 1735; 
Deborah, 1737; Mercy, 1739, married Daniel Freeman; Sarah, 1741, mar- 
ried Peter Rose; Isaac, 1743, married 1764, Priscilla Bundy. By second 
wife Sarah, EHzabeth, 20 January, 1748, married Daniel son of Capt. 
Daniel Gates; Susanna, 1749, married Whipple; Jacob (1), born 1752, died 
1754; Amy, 1754, married Jon. Church; Jacob (2), 1757, married Peggy 
Stuart; Anna, 29 August, 1760. By Charity Lathrop of Norwich, mar- 
ried 29 July, 1765, Lovicia, 7 February, 1768, called in will, Louisa, wife 
of William Stanton. 


geant Robert Gates. A Jacob Gates was enlisted from Stephen- 
town, New York. Stephentown was settled by men from that 
part of Connecticut and Rhode Island. A tendency to indepen- 
dency in church matters is manifest. Shortly before the Revolu- 
tion a body known as the Preston Separate Church was organ- 
ized ; in 1757 the relationship of Bridget Gates to the church, 
Congregational of course, is dissolved and she becomes a dis- 
senter. The list of members of this dissenting organization is 
preserved in the New London Historical Society. The kinship 
of Bridget to Anna is unknown, but from her may have come 
the name of Anna's granddaughter. The Gateses and Phillipses 
caught the fever of unrest so prevalent in this part of Connecti- 
cut just before and after the Revolution. In the census of 1790 
Squire Phillips and several of the Gates and Phillips families 
are recorded either in Bennington, Vermont, or just across the 
line in that, nest of Rhode Islanders, Stephentown, later Peters- 

With Anna the Gates line first assumes some air of actuality; 
for to the writer from earliest childhood her name has been 
familiar, as she was known both to the mother and grandmother 
of the writer. She died in 1846 near Russell, Pennsylvania, 
whither she had come by way of western New York some years 
before. Her descendants still live in the neighborhood, though 
not, I believe, on any property ever owned by her husband. 

One word more about Preston. It was at first a large town 
and the Gates family lived in the northern part of it, now Gris- 
wold. The church, known as the Pauchaug (the name of the 
little village), was established in 1720, when Isaac Gates may 
have been one of the founders. Hezekiah Lord was the pastor 
until 1761 ; he probably married Isaac twice and baptized all his 
children by his first two wives. 


The Benjamin alliance presents some obscurities. The first of 
the line was John, who with his brother Richard came from 
Herefordshire in the Lion, in 1632. He was born about 1598, 
married, in 1619, Abigail Eddy, who was born in 1601. Her 
father was the Rev. William Eddy of Cranbrook, Kent, a town 


near Tenterden. William Eddy was born in Bristol between 
1560 and 1565 and died in 1616. He was the vicar of St. Dun- 
stan's, at Cranbrook, from 1587 until his death. He became M.A. 
at Trinity, Cambridge, in 1586, He was married 20 November, 
1587, to Mary, the daughter of John and Ellen (Munn) Fosten; 
she died in 1611. Plis sons, Samuel and John, came to America 
in the Handmaid in 1630. Samuel lived in Plymouth, John in 
Watertown after 1633. They were the progenitors of the many 
Eddys in this country, about whom there is a large genealogy. 

John Benjamin, a proprietor of Cambridge, was admitted free- 
man 6 November, 1632, and was constable 20 May, 1633. Of 
his house in Cambridge Governor Winthrop wrote : 

I\Ir. Benjamin's mansion was unsurpassed for elegance 
and comfort by any in the vicinity. It was the mansion of 
intelligence, religion, and hospitality, visited by the clergy 
of all denominations, and by the literati at home and abroad. 

His library was said to be one of the finest in the country. 
It was probably destroyed in the fire in 1636 which burned 
his house, valued at 100£. The next year the Watertown records 
show grants of land to him. There he died 14 June, 1645. His 
will is of date 12 June ; the inventory shows an estate valued at 
297£ 3s 2d. The list of books includes a Book of Martiers. His 
widow Abigail went with her daughter, Abigail Stubbs, to 
Charlestown, where she died 20 May, 1687, aged eighty-seven. 
Their children were: John, born about 1620, Abigail, born 1624, 
married (1) Joshua Stubbs, (2) John Woodward^ of Charles- 
town; Samuel, born about 1628, died 1669; Mary, died 1646; 
Joseph, born at Cambridge 16 September, 1633 ; Joshua, born 
about 1642, died 1684; Caleb, married Mary Hale, died 1681; 
Abel, married 6 November, 1671, Amithy Myrick. 

The son Joseph went to Cape Cod, married there Jemima, a 
daughter of Thomas Lombard, 10 June, 1661. He lived in Yar- 
mouth. In 1680 he traded for a farm in Barnstable, but about 
1690 removed to Preston, Connecticut, where he died in 1704. 

Joseph by his first wife had one daughter, Abigail. He soon 
married a cousin of his first wife, Sarah Clark. Their children 
were: Joseph, born 1666 (also given 1673) ; Hannah, February, 
1668, not living in 1704; Mary, April, 1670, married J. Clark 16 

^ Uncle to Sarah, wife of the second Stephen Gates. 


November, 1697; Mercy, 12 March, 1674; Elizabeth, 14 January, 
1679(80), not living in 1704; John, 1682, died 2 August, 1716. 
These are from the town records at Barnstable. Mentioned in 
the settlement of the estate were Jemima, Kezia, and Sarah. As 
Jemima bore the first wife's name, it is natural to suppose that 
she was the first born daughter by the second marriage, born 
about 1666. The Stow record is not incorrect in calling her 
"of Plymouth" ; Barnstable was in Plymouth Colony. 

It is the alliance with the Lombards that is particularly 
puzzling. The history of this family is given in a pamphlet by 
Amos Otis of Barnstable, and also in the Benjamin Families of 
Columbia County, New York, by E. B. Baker. The accounts do 
not agree. For example. Baker makes Bernard Lombard a 
brother of Thomas, the other a son. This, it is true, is not very 
material in deciphering the alliance with the Benjamins. Thomas 
Lombard or Lumbart or Lambert was born about 1590 or earlier, 
came to America in the Mary and John to Dorchester about 1630; 
removed to S'cituate, then to Barnstable, where he was one of 
the earliest settlers. His will is of date 23 March, 1662, when 
his daughter Jemima was dead. His children were: Bernard?, 
Jemima, Joshua, Caleb, Margaret, Joseph, 1638; Jedediah, 1640; 
Benjamin, 26 August, 1642, died 1725; Margaret, married 22 
October, 1648, Ed. Coleman. 

Bernard came to Barnstable in 1639; he was one of seven in- 
habitants called Mr. in 1664. The relationship with the Clarks 
is shown by his testimony given at the age of sixty, 28 Decem- 
ber, 1668. He says that William Clark, who appears to have died 
in Yarmouth 7 December, 1668, without children, probably un- 
married, gave by nuncupative will his property to Joseph Benja- 
min. Benjamin's second wife, Sarah Clark, was doubtless a 
niece of William Clark's as well as of the Lamberts. Thomas 
Lambert was freeman 18 May, 1631, said to have been then 
about fifty. His house in Barnstable, built about 1639, is called 
a large one. 

The Benjamins, Eddys, Lombards, and Branches were probably 
more or less acquainted in England. The Lombards are said to 
have come from Tenterden, Kent. 



The wife of the first Stephen Gates was Ann Hill or Hills; 
the name is known in Essex, but her exact connection with other 
Hills does not appear to have been traced. 

Richard Woodward was one of the early settlers of Charles- 
town. His wife was Rose. Among his children was John, aged 
thirteen in 1639, who married Mary White and later widow Abi- 
gail Stubbs; he died 17 February, 1695(6), He had children. 
Richard's son George married Elizabeth Hammond, daughter of 
Thomas Hammond of Hingham. Their daughter Sarah mar- 
ried the second Stephen Gates, c.l664, just about the time that 
Stephen's mother Ann was marrying George's aged father, Rich- 
ard Woodward. 

The extraordinarily complicated relationship becomes clearer 
with a diagram. 

Benjamin Rev. Wm. Eddy 

John-Abigail Eddy Rose-R. Woodward-IMS (2) Ann Hili-(l) Stephen Gates died 1602 

Thos. Hammond 

Jos. Stubbs-Abigail (2) Jolin George- Elizabeth 

Joseph-(2) Sarah Clark Sarah-about 1661 m. Stephen, born about 1Q40 

Jemima, born aboat 1666, on 8 Nov., 1586, m. Stephen, born 15 July, 1605. 


The Wentworth connection, although it occurred before the 
settlement of the colonies, is yet of sufficient interest to justify 
an account. Geoffrey Gates, the great-grandfather of the im- 
migrant, Stephen Gates, was married to Joan Wentworth; no 
dates are given, but as Stephen was born about 1605, the mar- 
riage of his great-grandfather must have occurred about 1550. 
The parentage of his wife, Joan Wentworth, is not given in any 
book accessible in the library of the New England Historical and 
Genealogical Society. However, certain intermarriages of the 
families of Gates, Wentworth, and Josselyn are known and from 
them can be inferred the relationship of Joan. First of all, 


Geoffrey Gates's father, another Geoffrey, had a sister Dorolhy 
who married Sir Thomas Josselyn; Sir Thomas's sister, Joan 
Josselyn, was maried to Sir Nicholas Wentworth about 1524; the 
sons of this marriage are listed in the Wentworth genealogy, 
and one daughter — no Joan; but the list may be incom- 
plete. The eldest son was Peter, born 1524; a third son, 
Paul, born 1534; obviously there were daughters between; the 
eldest would be likely to bear the name of her mother Joan and 
would have been born in or about the year 1530, a date which ex- 
actly fits the wife of Geoffrey Gates. Moreover, Geoffrey and Joan 
Gates had a son Peter, the first instance of the name in the Gates 
line, and introduced here, it would seem, after Joan's brother 
Peter. Still another connection in the next generation is made 
more probable by assuming that Joan Gates was daughter to 
Joan (Josselyn) Wentworth. For Peter Gates, son of Geoffrey 
and Joan, was married to Mary, granddaughter of Sir Thomas 
and Dorothy (Gates) Josselyn. Every circumstance therefore 
favors the conjectured parentage of Joan Wentworth, 

Who, then, was Sir Nicholas Wentworth? He belonged to 
the great family of which the Earl of Strafford, great minister 
to Charles i, was the most distinguished member. Sir Nicholas 
was knighted at the siege of Boulogne by Henry viii, in 1544; 
he was chief porter of Calais and died in 1557. His sons, Peter 
and Paul, were eminent, the Dictionary of National Biography 
alloting them four pages. Peter married Elizabeth, sister of 
the Queen's great minister, Francis Walsingham, said also to 
have been, when she wedded Wentworth, widow of another 
Geoffrey or Henry Gates. Peter and his wife both died in the 
Tower, because of the Queen's enmity, both in the same year, 
1596. Paul was a Parliamentary leader; he made a home for 
his mother Joan at Burnham Abbey. 

The first of the Wentworths was William of Yorkshire, who 
died in 1308. His great-great-grandson Roger, who died 1452, 
through marriage came into possession of Nettlestead in Suffolk. 
His wife was Margery, heiress of Philip de Spenser, of the 
family infamous in the days of Edward ii. Sir Philip's wife 
was Elizabeth, heiress of Robert, the last Baron Tiptoft of the 
first creation. Tiptoft was lord of the manor of Nettlestead ; he 
was of the family of John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester, so famous 


for his learning and his cruelty. Roger Wentworth was, through 
his son Philip, great-great-grandfather of Queen Jane Seymour. 
Through his son Henry (by Henry's first marriage) he was the 
ancestor of the Wentworths of Gosfield. Henry, by his second 
marriage to Agnes, heiress of the Fitz Symonds estates, was 
the father of Nicholas and became the ancestor of the Went- 
worths of Lillingstone-Lovell in Bucks. Henry died in 1482. 
His son Nicholas inherited the Fitz Symons lands and from grant 
of Henry viii obtained Lillingstone-Lovell, 26 May, 1546. His 
will was proved 24 June, 1557. 


Peter, the grandfather of our immigrant Stephen Gates, mar- 
ried Mary Josselyn. She was the heir of Edward and Mary 
(Lambe) Josselyn, her mother being the heir of John Lambe, 
perhaps connected with the merchant of London. Edward was 
the youngest son of Sir Thomas and Dorothy (Gates) Josselyn; 
Dorothy Gates was sister to Sir John and Sir Henry Gates, con- 
demned for their share in the Jane Grey conspiracy, as well as 
of Geoffrey, the grandfather of Peter Gates ; that is, Peter Gates 
and his wife, Mary Josselyn, were second cousins. The Josse- 
lyns of New England were of this family, Thomas of Hingham 
being descended from a cousin of the foregoing Thomas, and 
John, author of New England Rarities, being a great-grandson of 
Sir Thomas and Dorothy. The family was well known in Eng- 
land ; in fact no other has longer pedigree. Sir Thomas, deputy- 
governor in Maine in 1638, was a son of John, the author. 

John (will 1524) had two children without issue by his first 
wife, Thomas and two daughters, Jane or Joan Wentworth and 
Anne Bagott, by his second wife, Philippa. His son, Sir Thomas 
(will 1561), had daughters, Mary (Keble) Glascock and Jane 
(Kelton) Harlakenden; sons, Richard, died 1575; Thomas, died 
s.p. ; John scholar (will 1602) ; Leonard, died before 1561 ; Henry 
and Edward. 

Edward was born about 1548, baptized by Archbishop Cran- 
mer, with King Edward vi as his godfather; died 15 April, 1627. 
His will was probated 26 April, 1627. His wife, Mary Lambe, 
died 22 February, 1614(15). She is mentioned in Sir Thomas's 


To my son Edward the custody, wardship, and marriage 
of Mary Lambe, which I bought of Wm. Gerrard, Esq., to 
which marriage if it fortune the said Edward not to be pre- 
ferred, then he shall have 20 marks for life. 

Evidently heiress Mary was a person of some consequence. 
S'he was probably of the connection of the merchant family of 
London. More than Hkely she was granddaughter to William, 
who died in 1580 at the age of eighty-five. The Dictionary of 
Actional Biography devotes almost a page to him. Over his 
tomb in St. Faith's under Paul's was a brass plate with figures 
of himself and his three wives. He was a wealthy Puritan. 
Other Lambes are also entered in the Dictionary of National 
Biography. Edward receives in his mother's will half her goods. 
Edward is the residuary legatee of his brother John, the scholar, 
1602, and is twice mentioned in the will of his nephew, Christo- 
pher son of Henry, 1605 : 

To my uncle Edward Joceline £29 which I owe him, and 
to my aunt, his wife, a good ring of the value of 40s . . To 
my uncle Edward 20s. 

Edward's children were: Mary, married Peter Gates, had 
issue ; Henry, no issue ; John ; Thomas, no issue ; Winifred, mar- 
ried John Syday, had issue ; Jane ; Dbrothy, married Richard 
Stebbins ; Anne, married Lovett, had issue. 

Thus there is a double connection of the Gates line with the 
Josselyns. Dame Dorothy (will 1579) was the daughter of Sir 
Jefifrey of High Roding, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
William Clopton, of Kentwell, Suffolk. Her brother Jeffrey was 
the grandfather of Peter w^ho married her granddaughter Mary. 
Her other brothers played a prominent part in the attempt to 
fix Lady Jane Grey upon the throne. The eldest brother, Sir 
John, chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, was put to death 
as Dudley's chief supporter in August, 1553; the brother Henry, 
involved in the same charges, does not seem to have suffered 
death ; for he is the executor of his sister's will. 

This connection with the Dudley conspiracy grew in part out 
of family relations. For Dorothy's sister-in-law Joan was mar- 
ried to Sir Nicholas Wentworth, who was second cousin to 
Jane Seymour, third queen of Henry viii ; her mother was Mar- 
gery Wentworth. Jane Seymour's brother Edward, also a cousin 


of the Wentworths, was the great Lord Protector in the time 
of Edward vi, and was beheaded 22 January, 1551(2). Jane 
Grey's sister Catherine was married to Edward, the son of the 
Protector. Still another link of connection in the royal tragedies 
of those days is found with the Parrs. Dame Dorothy's nephew, 
Peter Wentworth, mentioned in her will, was married to Letitia, 
whose mother was Maud Parr, first cousin of Henry's Queen, 
Catherine Parr. This Peter, to whom the Dictionary of National 
Biography devotes three pages, was a hot Puritan and so urgent 
to have a Protestant succession fixed that he incurred the bitter 
enmity of the Queen who seemed most reluctant to name her 
successor, was kept in the Tower three years, and died there 10 
November, 1596, that, too, though his wife (a second one) was 
Elizabeth, sister to Elizabeth's great statesman, Sir Francis Wal- 
singham. In prison Wentworth wrote a famous tract, A Pithie 
Exhortation to Her Majesty for Establishing Her Successor.^ 

^ The following pedigree and notes on wills are taken from the A^. E. 
H. and G. R.. 71, 1917: 

Lodge, Peerage of Ireland (quoted G. R., p. 235) : "The family de- 
rives its descent from Carolus Magnus, king of France, with more cer- 
tainty than the houses of Loraine or Guise." 

1. The line in G. R. begins with Gilbert, with the Conqueror, 1066, in 
Lincolnshire. His son Gilbert was canonized as St. Gilbert in 1202. 

2. GeoflFrey,2 born 1091, married a daughter of John de Bisset. 
(Geoffrey was son to Gilbert; unless otherwise indicated each successive 
person is son to preceding.) 

3. William, 3 married Oswalda Goushall, daughter of Sir Robert. 

4. Robert,* married a daughter of John Fleming. 

5. James,5 of Essex, married Joan, daughter of Henry Threckenholm 
or Throckingholden. 

6. Henry,« married Jane, daughter and heiress of William and Joan 
(Sulliard) Chastelin. 

7. Ralph, 7 living 1201(2), married Beatrice Easton, Northampton. 

8. John,8 living 1225, married Katherine, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Battell, by wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Richard de Engeild. Gift to 
Prior or Bradestock. 

9. Thomas,^ died after 1277, married c. 1248, Maud, daughter of Sir 
John Hide of the Hide, Sawbridgeworth, Herts, by Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Lord Sudley of Gloucester. His widow married (2) Nicholas de 
Villiers. Hide Hall remained in the family till 1897. 

10. Thomas,!** born c. 1249, died 1284, married (1) Alice, daughter of 
Wm. Liston; (2) Joan, daughter of John Blount; Joan married (2) 
 de la Le. 



The Branches of New England appear to be descendants of 
John, son of Peter, who died in 1638. Peter was of Halden, 
Kent, where also were other Branches, some of them connected 
with the Branches of Abingdon, whence came the Virginia family; 
perhaps Peter also was of the same family. 

Peter's father was Simon of Tenterden, Kent. His marriage 

11. Ralph.ii born 13 December, 1275, died before 1323; married (1) 
Anne, daughter of William Sandys; (2) Maud, daughter of Sir John 
Sutton; Maud married (2) Roger de Berners. 

12. Jeffrey 12 (of Maud), died between 1360 and 1373; married Mar- 
garet, daughter of Robert Rokell. 

13. Ralph,i3 died c. 1383; married Margaret, daughter of John de 

14. Jeffrey,^* died 1425. Marriages not certain. His youngest son 
Sir Ralph i' was the most eminent of the family. 

15. Thomas, 15 died before 1478; married c. 1426, Alice, daughter of 
Lewis, Duke of Dukes, by Anna, daughter of John Cotton, Esq. 

17. George,!* born 1428, died after 1480; married Maud, daughter and 
heiress of Edmund Bardolph. Heir of uncle Ralph.i^ 

19. John,i7 born c. 1460, will 1524, died 14 July, 1525; married (1) 
Cicely, daughter of John Molyneux (Gloucester), widow of Henry 
Fitzhcrbert; (2) Philippa, daughter of William and Jane (Fitz Williams) 
Bradbury, widow of John Barley. Buried priory of King's Hatfield, 
Essex, tomb in Sawbridgeworth, Herts. 

21. Sir Thomas is by Philippa, born c. 1507, will 1561, died 24 October, 
1562; married, 1524, Dorothy Gates. Buried in Sawbridgeworth. 

Youngest son, Edward.i^ born c. 1548, married Mary, daughter and 
heiress of John Lambe ; their daughter Mar>% married Peter Gates. 

The first will given in G. R., p. 20, is that of John, dated 1 August, 
1524. He names his wives, his son Thomas, daughters, Anne and Jane, 
and many cousins, including cousin Anne, wife of John, son of Sir 
Roger Wentworth. He enumerates his great possessions. Proved 13 
February, 1525. 

The next will is that of his cousin Ralph, dated 31 May, 1525. 

The next is that of Philip-Philippa, widow of John, dated 15 October, 
1530. She mentions her son Thomas, daughter Anne, and daughter 
Johanne Wentv/orth — Jane in John's will; also her grandsons, Peter, 
Henry, and Clare W^entworth; so, since John's will in 1524, Jane had 
married Sir Nicholas Wentworth. She makes a bequest to Lady Gate, 
perhaps the mother of her "daughter-in-law Dorothy Josselj-n." She 
names many others, mostly relatives. 

Next is the will of her son. Sir Thomas, dated 1 October, 1561, pro- 
bated 18 October, 1564. Enumerates property, names wife Dame Doro- 


is recorded: "1585 Symon Branch and Alyc Stookes mayden mar- 
ried 6 June." The births of four children are recorded: 1585, 
Edward, son of Simon Branch, baptized 13 March (this was 
really 1586) ; 1587, Susanna, daughter to Simon Branch, baptized 
12 May; 1592, Elizabeth, daughter to Simon Branch, 17 Septem- 
ber; 1596, Peter, son of Simon Branch, baptized 27 February, 

Simon's will, 20 May, 1614, makes a bequest of five pounds 
to his son Peter, a similar bequest to "my daughter" Susanna, 
and to "my wife" AHce. In the register of the neighboring parish 
of Halden is this entry: "1614 Symon Branch buried 6 October." 

Susan lived but five years longer, making a bequest, 9 May, 
1619, "to my deere and onely brother Peter Branch of Nettlested." 
Susan's will was proved 25 May, 1619. In the meantime the 
mother, Alice, had married again ; as Susan introduces the con- 
dition, "he paying to his mother the wife of Edward Haslemar of 

The family seems to have had no fixed abode. Tenterden, the 
chief town in the region, has a famous church. Susan was 
described as servant to William Curtis of Hothfield, a parish 
more than ten miles northeast of Tenterden. Peter we next 
hear of at Halden, where in the bishop's transcripts is recorded his 
marriage: 1623, Peter Branch and Elizabeth Gillame, married 
14 January (1624). The next record is from Frittenden, another 
near-by parish : 1624, stillborn child to Peter Branch ; 1626, child 
of Peter Branch buried unbaptized 22 September. 

thy, sons Richard, Thomas, and John, daughters Mary and Jane, sister 
Dame Wentworth, and others. 

Next but one is the will of his wife, Dame Dorothy, 1579, probated 11 
February, 1582. Names daughter Jane, son Edward (refers to others), 
Edward's daughter Mary (under 18), and brother Henry Gate, executor. 

The will of John, 19 July, 1602, mentions cousin GeofiFrey Gates, Esq. 
This John was a scholar, son of Sir Thomas and Dorothy. 

Other wills show connection with Bachilers and Taintors. Margaret 

( Taintor) Josselyn, 11 October, 1619, her husband's, Thomas, 

5 March, 1604. 

References: The Wentworth Genealogy: English and American, by 
John Wentworth, Boston, 1878. 3 vols. Three Branches of the Went- 
worth Family, by W. L. Rutton, London, 1891. Harleian Society MSS., 
14, p. 574. For Josselyns, see A^. E. H. and G R., 71, 1917. 
1 A^. E. H. and G. R., 65, p. 286. 


The next records are from the bishop's transcripts of Halden : 
1632, Elizabeth, wife of Peter Branch, and daughter unbaptized 
were buried 9 August. Peter married immediately, though he 
appears to have had no living children except a son John. There 
is no record of the birth of this son. 1634, Thomas, son of Peter 
and Mildred Branch, baptized 29 August; 1637, Peter, son of 
Peter and Mildred, baptized 29 August; 1637, Mildred, wife of 
Peter Branch, buried 20 September; 1637, Peter, son of Peter 
Branch, buried 3 October. 

The next word about Peter is of his own death.^ After the 
calamitous life revealed in the foregoing entries he took ship 
with his little son John, on the Castle, for the New World, 
bound, apparently, for Concord or Scituate. Trouble pursued 
him. His will was made on shipboard, dated 16 June, 1638. He 
describes himself as of Halden, Kent, carpenter. He commits 
his son John to Thomas Wiborne, late of Tenterden, to care for 
him for eleven years henceforth, thus indicating that the lad was 
ten years old. If his son die, his estate is to be disposed of, 
finally being distributed to the congregations of Concord and 
Scituate and the company of the ship Castle. The rest is silence. 
The next item is from the Marshfield records : ^ John Branch 

and Mary (elsewhere said to be Mary Speed of the family 

of the English historian) married 6 December, 1652. It is 
assumed that this John is the little son who lost his father on 
board the ship Castle in 1638. John died in Marshfield, 7 May, 
1711. John's descendants were numerous; some of them lived 
in Charlestown. His children were : John, Elizabeth, Peter, 
Thomas, Mercy, and Experience.^ The branch we are interested 
in lived in Preston, Connecticut. Preston seems in rather an 
exceptional degree to have been a meeting place for families 
earlier associated in different parts of Massachusetts, Cambridge, 
Charlestown, Plymouth, and other towns making their contri- 
bution to its settlement. From Marshfield came the Roses and 

1 A^. E. H. and G. R., 2, p. 183. 

2 Ibid., 6, p. 347. 

3 John was killed at Rehoboth fight under Captain Michael Pierce, 26 
March, 1676. Elizabeth was born in 1656. John, born 1654; Elizabeth, 
born 1656, married 22 June, 1677, Abel Cook of Preston; Thomas, born 
18 February, 1661(2), died 1683(4) at Boston; Mercy, born 28 November, 
1664, married Ebenezer Spooner; Lydia, died 1699. 


Branches, from Plymouth and vicinity, Standishes and Brewsters, 
Benjamins and Partridges. 

Peter Branch was among the petitioners for the estabHshment 
of the new town.^ He had been married shortly before this date 
and all his children appear to have been born in Preston. In 
spite of the favorable action of the General Court relative to the 
petition made in 1686, chiefly on the ground that to attend the 
worship of God in Norwich, fourteen miles distant, was a hard- 
ship, the church does not seem to have been organized until 1693. 
The wife of Peter Branch was admitted to membership 25 April, 
1699. Peter was born 28 May, 1659, and died 27 December. 
1713, his wife Hannah, 16 January, 1632. He left a fair estate, 
two hundred pounds. In its settlement, 13 March, 1714(15), his 
children are listed: Mary, age 28; Hannah, 27; Elizabeth, 23; 
John, 21; Peter, 19; Thomas, 16 (who married Zipporah Kinnie 
9 November, 1726) ; Samuel, 14; S'arah, 10; Joseph, 7. 

The son Peter, born 30 March, 1696, was married 31 March, 
1719, to Content Howse.^ His will, dated 16 July, 1759, proved 
4 September, names his wife Content, five daughters. Desire, 

1 Connecticut Colonial Records, 3, October, 1686. According to Caul- 
kins's History of Norwich, Peter Branch, son of John of Scituate, was 
in Norwich as early as 1680, when his cattlemark was registered. Notes 
from Mrs. E.E.Rogers: Peter Branch purchased a large tract of land of 
Owaneco, Sachem of the Mohegans, 30 December, 1683, but in the next 
year he is still spoken of as "of Taunton." Deeds, Norwich, vol. i, p. 83: 
"1684, Aug. 4, Peter Branch of Taunton, Colony New Plimouth in New 
England, sold to Jonathan ffowler alias Smith of Norwich my whole 
interest in 50 acres on the west side of Middle hill." He lived near the 
hill which bore his name. He was one of the incorporators of the town 
of Preston and a member of the committee which invited the first minister. 

2 Children of Peter and Content Branch (from Preston ^-ital records, 
baptisms from Second Church records) : Zephaniah, born 20 March, 
1719(20), baptized 9 April. 1721; Peter, born 20 Februar>-, 1722(3), bap- 
tized 31 March, 1722(3) ; Desire, born 20 August, 1725, baptized 22 August, 
married 24 June, 1745, Ebenezer Morgan; Temperance, born 7 September, 
1728, baptized 13 October, married 4 Februar>-, 1748(9), Wm. Phillips; 
Marj', born 28 March, 1731, baptized 4 April; Jenevereth, born 23 Novem- 
ber, 1733, baptized November, 1733, married 13 December, 1749, Jonathan 
Phillips; Content, bom 29 March, 1738; Seth, born 12 April, 1739, baptized 
15 April; Peter, born 3 August, 1743, baptized 7 August. 

The will of Wm. Phillips, 4 October, 1792, mentions wife Temperance. 
He was son of Michael Phillips in Plainfield, 1741, from Rhode Island. 


Temperance, Mary, Jenevereth, and Content, granddaughter 
Sarah Branch, and two sons, Zephaniah and Peter. Zephaniah, 
who had been married 11 November, 1742, to Sarah Averill, had 
already received his double portion and all the real estate is left 
to Peter, though he was not yet of age.^ Peter and his mother 
are the executors. Nothing has been learned about the family of 
the wife Content. Peter died 20 August, 1759. 

Jenevereth was born 23 November, 1733, and was married to 
Jonathan PhiUips 13 December, 1749. She was still living in 
1790; for on 15 April she asked the court to make a division of 
her husband's estate. Benjamin Coit, Esq., Captain James 
Averill, and Captain Stephen Clark were appointed to make the 


The wife of Peter Branch is said to have been Hannah Lincoln, 
the marriage to have taken place in Taunton about 1682 ; she 
died in Preston 16 January, 1732. It seems to be accepted that 
she was of the family of Thomas Lincoln, the miller of Hing- 
ham.2 Indeed, J. F, Cabell in his book on the Branches is very 
definite, giving her birth in Taunton 15 March, 1665, daughter 
of Thomas Lincoln. The Taunton records down to 1800 were 
destroyed by fire; hence there is no possibility of verifying the 
assertions. It must be recorded, however, that Savage, who lists 
the children mentioned in the will of Thomas the miller, names 
no Hannah. Thomas was married at least twice, his Taunton wife 
being (Savage) Elizabeth, widow of Francis Street; in the 
will he lists his children by a former marriage. Hannah, then, 
if the ascription of parentage is correct, was child of the old 
age of Thomas Lincoln and his wife, Elizabeth Street. About 
all we know of this Thomas is found in Savage. He was in 
Hingham with several children in 1638; removed about 1652 to 
Taunton and married Elizabeth Street. In his will, dated 28 

1 "In four years after my son Peter shall arive at the age of twenty- 
one years." Will of Peter Branch. 

2 From Taunton Deeds, 3, p. 77: 4 January, 1694, Peter Branch of 
Preston, Conn., sold land in Taunton "that belonged to my wife Hannah 
Lincoln, daughter of Thomas Lincoln, of Taunton, Mass."— Mrs. E. E. 

Mrs. Rogers says the mother of Hannah was Mary (or Martha) 
Austin (?). See Appendix, p. 296. 


August, 1683, he calls himself "80 years or thereabouts." His 
children by a former wife were: Thomas, John, Samuel, Sarah, 
and Mary ; a son-in-law was Joseph Willis ; mention is made of 
a son of Sarah, Thomas by name. The son Thomas lived in 
Taunton and had children: Mary, born 12 May, 1652; Sarah, 
born 1654; Thomas, born 1656, married 1689; Samuel, born 
1658; Jonah, born 1660; Hannah, born 1663, married 1689, Daniel 
Owen; Constant, born 1665, married William Briggs; Elizabeth, 
born 1669, married (second wife) 1693, William Briggs; Mercy 
born 1670. 

There were in Hingham in 1638 four Thoinas Lincolns and 
some others of the name. To distinguish, they are known as 
Thomas the miller, Thomas the farmer, Thomas the cooper, and 
Thomas the weaver. Thomas the cooper died 28 September, 
1691, will dated 13 July, 1688. Thomas the farmer died 16 
August, 1692, will dated 24 May, 1681. He had a brother Stephen 
whose will (1658) mentions his brother Thomas and his niece 
Sarah, his only son Stephen, and his mother Joan. Thomas the 
weaver had no children ; his undated will mentions his brother 
Samuel who was the ancestor of Abraham Lincoln. These Lin- 
colns came from Norfolk, from Hingham or vicinity, and were 
doubtless all connected though in some cases not very closely. 
Several generations of the presid-^nt's line in England have been 
accurately established.^ 

The birth of a Thomas Lincoln is recorded at Swanton Morley, 
near Hingham, Norfolk, 28 December, 1600; if this be our 
Thomas he was then at the date of his will exactly eighty-two 
years eight months of age, or "80 years or thereabouts." There 
are no further entries concerning this Thomas and it is a fair 
inference that he came to America. He was the son of a Thomas, 
mother not named. Preceding the baptism of Thomas are the 
baptisms of two other sons of Thomas; John, 26 February, 
1597(8), and Edmund, 10 June, 1599. Later come these entries: 

1602, William, son of Thomas Lincoln, baptized 28 September; 

1603, Robert, son of Thomas Lincoln, baptized 19 February; 1606, 

1 See The Ancestry of Abraham Lincoln, by J. H. Lea and J. R. 
Hutchinson, Boston, 1909. From this volume, beautiful in print and 
illustration, can also be gleaned with a fair degree of certainty the an- 
cestry of Thomas the miller. 


Richard, son of Thomas Lincoln, baptized 2 February; probably 
this is the Richard buried 22 May, 1607 ; 1610, Ann, daughter of 
Thomas Lincoln, baptized 1 June; 1612, Alice, daughter of 
Thomas Lincoln, baptized 5 July; 1615, Henry, son of Thomas 
Lincoln, baptized 26 December, probably buried 15 August, 1616. 

Just before this last entry comes the death of Thomas Lincoln, 
17 December, 1614, probably the father of the foregoing children, 
dying before the birth of his youngest son. No other Thomases 
occur in this portion of the register. The register does not 
reveal what became of any of these children. But besides Thomas 
the miller, who fits the son born 1600, there were in America 
a William Lincoln of Roxbury, killed in the Indian war, 1675, 
and a Robert, who died in Boston, 1663. 

Of this family, clearly John was the eldest child; his father's 
marriage occurred then about 1596; no record appears of it; it 
probably occurred in a neighboring parish. If Thomas followed 
a common custom in naming his eldest son for his own father, 
the child's grandfather, then there can be little doubt that we 
have the record of the birth of the elder Thomas: 1576, Thomas, 
son of John Lincoln, 27 June. This Thomas then was in his 
twenty-first year at marriage. The register gives also the other 
children of John: 1578, William, son of John Lincoln, baptized 
15 December, probably buried 17 September, 1589; 1580, Robert, 
son of John Lincoln, baptized 17 November; 1581, Franciscus, 
filia (so) son of John Lincoln, baptized 4 February; 1583, Anna, 
daughter of John Lincoln, baptized 5 October; 1585, Richard, 
son of John Lincoln, baptized 21 February; 1588, Catherine, 
daughter of John Lincoln, baptized 1 September; 1590, Susan, 
daughter of John Lincoln, baptized 29 March; 1590, Elizabeth, 
wife of John Lincoln, buried 28 March. Thus the mother died 
giving birth to her eighth child. 

Next we find a will that probably reveals the parentage of this 
John Lincoln. The will of Robert Lincoln of Hingham is dated 
14 January, 1555(6), proved 20 January, 1555(6). He names 
his wife Margaret (probably Alberye), sons Richard and John, 
and daughters Katherine and Agnes. The executors are his 
wife and Robert Alberye ; witnesses, Sir Henry Goodram priest, 
John Baretloo, and John Alberye. Another will shows that the 
widow Margaret married Roger Wright. Wright's will, dated 9 


February, 1570(1), names wife Margaret, several children, and 
then "Richard Lincolne my wife's son," whom he joins with his 
wife as executor ; we learn also that Katherine has become 
Katherine Brooke. A witness is John Cady, a name known in 
New England. 

Another will carries us back still one more generation, that of 
another Robert, dated 18 April, 1540, 5 September, 1543. He 
too is of Hingham. He names his wife Johan, perhaps Cowper. 
as the executors are his wife and John Cowper jr., tanner. He 
names one son, Robert, daughters, Margaret, Rose the elder. 
Rose the younger. Christian, Ann, and Elizabeth, married to Hugh 
Bawdwen — Baldwin. He names also nephew Robert unmarried, 
a nephew Thomas and his two sons, Robert and William. Among 
the witnesses are Thomas Pynchon (a well known name in Spring- 
field), "Robert Lincoln my son," and "Robert Lincoln my 
nephew," and Robert Wright. 

By another will these Lincolns of Hingham are connected with 
Swanton Morley, which lies about eight miles north of Hingham. 
This is the will of Richard, eldest son of the second Robert and 
executor of his step-father's will, 1571. His will is dated 3 
January, 1615(6), proved 24 February, 1620(1). He is described 
as of Swanton Morley, but makes this proud provision for his 
burial in the "Church of Hingham, in the middle of the Alley 
there." He is clearly a person of importance though he calls 
himself yeoman. He makes a bequest to the poor of three 
parishes. This Richard is the ancestor of President Lincoln 
through his grandson, Samuel the immigrant. The item of 
especial interest to us however is his mention of the purchase of 
land of Thomas Lincoln "lying in Swanton Morley." This must 
surely have been his nephew, son of his brother John, and father 
of our Thomas the miller of Hingham, Massachusetts. Samuel 
and Thomas the miller were then second cousins. 

It must be admitted that there is much of conjecture in this 
pedigree, inasmuch as the family names are so frequently repeated 
and the Lincolns in the vicinity of Hingham are so very numerous. 
It is a celebrated lawsuit that determines with certainty the family 
relationship of the president's ancestor Richard. He had been 
four times married; there existed much jealousy between his 
eldest son, ancestor of the president, and his fourth wife and 


widow and her daughters. A full account of the suit is found in 
Ancestry of Abraham Lincoln. 

The family names are deserving of note as they exemplify 
so well the effect of Puritanism. In the English family they are 
prevailingly Norman ; in the forty-five years of Hingham registers 
printed there are seven Richards and seven Roberts, in America 
not a one. In England not a Mordecai or an Abraham. A few 
other entries may be added as presumably of this family: John, 
buried 1557; William, buried 1558; and Henry, buried 1559; 
these were probably brothers of the elder Robert. The Cowper 
connection has interest ; the poet Cowper belonged to Norfolk. 

The explanation of the many Lincolns in Hingham, Massa- 
chusetts, is found in the fact that Robert Peck, excommunicated 
minister of Hingham, England, led half his parish to Massachu- 
setts in 1638. He died in England, will proved 10 April, 1658. 
His daughter Anne, wife of Captain John Mason of S'eabrook, is 
named in his will. 


John Ayer ^ received land in Salisbury, Massachusetts, in 1640 
and 1643. According to a note in the Transcript, 6 March, 1918, 
he was born about 1590-1592 and was married to Hannah 

^ In the History of the Treman Family with the related families of . . 
. . and Ayers, by E. M. Treman and M. E. Poole, Ithaca, 1901, pt. ii, p. 
1170, we are given several bits of information about the Ayer family, 
some of it contradictory. John, the immigrant, is said to be the sixth 
child and youngest son of Thos. Eyre of Wiltshire and his wife, Elizabeth 
Rogers, Thomas being fifth in descent from Galpedus Le Heyer, tem. Ed. 
II [long generations]. John was born in Wiltshire or Suffolk in 1592, 
and died 31 March, 1657. He is thought to have reached New England in 
1637. He and two brothers, Robert and Peter, were leading men of 
Haverhill. House and land were valued at £160 in 1646; inventor>' 
amounted to £248-5-0. Of Thomas the father we read further: Thos. Eyer, 
Esq., of New Sarum [Wilts] lineally descended from Humphrey Le Heyer 
of Brouham, Wilts, held lands in Wimborn, Dorset, 21st of Eliz. [1578]. 
He was married to Elizabeth, daughter of John Rogers, Esq., of Poole. 
Issue: 2. Robert, born 1559; 3. Giles, from whom an Irish peer; 4. Chris- 
topher, born 1578, founder of Eyer's Hospital, Sarum; 5. Thomas, born 
1580, mayor of Sarum 1620; 6. William, born 1585, barrister; 7. John, 
born 1587(90) (?) ; 8. Elizabeth, married G. Tooher; 9. Catherine, married 
Thomas Hoope ; 10. Anne, married John Swan. The first of the family, 
named Truelove, was with the Conqueror. See Thorpe's Catalog of Battle 
Abbey for origin of the name Eyer. 


Webb(?). The few facts recorded about him are found in 
Savage and in Hoyt's Amesbury and Salisbury Families. He 
removed to Ipswich in 1646 and to Haverhill in 1647, having 
sold his property to John Stevens. He died in Haverhill 31 
March, 1657. His will dated 12 March, probated 16 October, 
1657, names his wife Hannah and children. He must have been 
married about 1620. His children : John, born 1622, married (1) 
Sarah Williams, 5 March, 1646, (2) Sus. Symonds; John was 
killed by Indians in Brookfield 3 August, 1675; Robert, born 
about 1624, died 1711, married Elizabeth Palmer; Rebecca Alls- 
bee, 1627; Thomas, born 1630; Peter, born c.1633, died January, 
1708; Mary, born c.1634, died 1668; Nathaniel, born 1638; Han- 
nah, born 21 December, 1644, married Stephen Brewster; Oba- 
diah, married 19 March, 1660, Hannah Pike. 

Thomas Ayer was married to Elizabeth Hutchins 1 April, 1656. 
He took the oath of freeman in Haverhill in May, 1666. He died 
9 November, 1686. Children: John, born 12 or 14 May, 1657; 
Elizabeth, born 23 December, 1659, married 28 October, 1684, 
Samuel Watts, died 26 October, 1695; Mary, born 22 March, 
1660(1); Love, born 15 April, 1663, probably married 2 April, 
1679, to Joseph Kingsbury, and removed to Norwich, 1708; twins, 
born and died 1664; Thomas, born 9 June, 1666, married (1) 
Ruth Wilford, (2) Dorothy Mar+in, and was killed by Indians at 
Haverhill, 1708;^ Samuel, born 1671, died 1672. 

The eldest son John was married to Hannah Travers 13 Sep- 
tember, 1683. Some time in the nineties he removed to Stoning- 
ton, Connecticut, or near there. In May, 1715, he petitioned the 
General Council to determine where he lived. His place was on 
the dividing line between Stonington and Groton and both towns 
claimed him for taxation purposes. His domicile was fixed in 
Stonington. His will, dated 4 September, 1729, names wife 
Hannah and five children, Hannah, David, Esther, Jerusha, and 
John. He had other children. According to the registers: 
Hannah, born 7 August, 1685, died 1685 ; Hannah, born 10 
August, 1686; John, born 18 April, 1688; Daniel, born 15 June, 
1691 ; David, born 23 May, 1693, probably died young, as a 
David was baptized in Stonington, 15 March, 1696, the first ap- 
pearance of the name in Stonington ; Martha, baptized 27 March, 
1697 ("Hayers his child baptized," so the diary of Manasseh 

1 Treman Family. 


Miner) ; Esther, baptized 15 September, 1700; Jerusha, baptized 
24 September, 1703. 

There was a Joseph Ayer near-by in Norwich ; how related is 
not known. 

Esther Ayer was married to Jonathan Phillips 15 March, 



Hannah Travers, who was married to John Ayer, was born in 
Boston, 5 January, 1661, "Y® Daughter of Daniell Travis and 
Ester his wife" ; so reads the Boston record. Another Hannah, 
daughter of Richard Travis, was born in Boston 28 December, 
1660. The identity of John Ayer's wife is established by a Ston- 
ington record, quoted by W. H. W. in Neiv England Historical 
and Genealogical Records, vol. 15, p. 57: 19 September, 1714, 
John Ayer of Stonington and Hannah, his wife, "only surviving 
daughter of Daniel Travis of Boston" sign a deed from which it 
appears that Travis had three daughters, of whom Sarah died 
without children and Esther married John Barnard. Daniel was 
a carpenter and in 1652 had a wife Esther and sons Daniel, 
Ephraim, Jeremiah, and Timothy. There were other Travises. 
Robert was ferryman on the Charles River. Samud was a mem- 
ber of Mather's church in 1670. The immigrant seems to have 
been Henry of Newbur>', coming in the Mary and John from 
London in 1634. (See Appendix, p. 296.) 

Elizabeth Hutchins, who was married to Thomas Ayer, 1 April, 
1656, was the daughter of John and Frances Hutchins. John was 
early in Newbury, brought suit in Ipswich in 1642, removed to 
Haverhill, gave house and lands at Newbury to his wife, cattle 
to Elizabeth his daughter and his son William in 1654, land to son 
Joseph in 1661. He died 6 February, 1685 ; will proved 30 March, 
1686, mentions wife Frances, children, Joseph, Benjamin, 
Samuel, Elizabeth Ayer, and Love Sherburn. The widow died 
5 April, 1694, making bequests to the same children. Elizabeth 
appears to have been the eldest. Joseph was born 15 November, 
1640; John in 1641 ( ?) ; Benjamin, 15 May, 1641. Love was 
married to Samuel Sherburn 15 December, 1668; she was born 
16 July, 1647. There were others of the name, how related is 
not clear. 



The wife of Bradley Banks was S'allie Gold. The first of the 
line was Nathan of Fairfield. There were Golds also in Massa- 
chusetts, but the relationship to the Connecticut family has not 
been determined. The English origin of the Massachusetts 
Golds has been determined. Several wills of the family are 
found in Waters's Gleanings. Nathan Gold of Fairfield is said 
to have come from Bury St. Edmunds. Southwest of Bury is 
Hertford, the home of the Massachusetts Golds. Among them 
there were Nathans, one indeed coming to this country, but 
said by B. A. Gold to have settled in Amesbury ; he was of 
the same age as Nathan of Fairfield.^ 

Our family was mingled with the Golds when Bradley Banks 

1 Here are the chief significant items from Waters : Will of William 
Golde of Bovingdon, Herts., 26 June, 1568, probated in December, names 
wife Alice, sons, John, William, Joseph, Thomas, and four daughters, also 
cousin Alice and a Robert. On 26 February, 1589, a Thomas makes a deed 
to son John, this Thomas possibly being son of preceding William. A 
John, also of Bovingdon, on 2 November, 1602, probated 20 November, 
names sons, Nathan, Jeremiah, Thomas, Symon, Steven, and James, 
wife Elizabeth, and daughter Rebecca. This John might very well be 
son of William. Next is another John, 21 January, 1610, who names 
daughter Mary and her sons, daughter Priscilla, son Thomas and witness 
John. Next Nathan, clearly son of John (1602), 18 February, 1611, 
names brothers, Jeremiah, Symon, Stephen, Thomas, James, sister, 
Rebecca Ware, and sister Priscilla (not named in the will of father) ; 
names no wife or child. The next is a widow, Judith of Watford, in 
Hertford, 6 May, 1650, probated 3 September, clearly of a later genera- 
tion. (B. A. Gould says she was widow of John of King's Langley, not 
among the wills of Waters, who was brother of Zacheus of Topsfield 
and Jeremiah of Rhode Island.) She names son Nathan in New Eng- 
land, "to his own children"; daughter Sarah her children, "if so be 
my son Nathan hath not divided the goods my son Zacheus left him 
when he died" ; again, "my son Nathan and my daughter Sarah their own 
children." She also names the minister of Watford, Master Goodwinge. 

According to B. A. Gould's Family of Zacheus, 1895, Nathan was born 
in 1614, son of John, who in turn was son of Richard and grandson of 
another Richard; this Richard died in 1558 (will 10 October), was son of 
Thomas (will 23 November, 1547), grandson of Richard (will proven 4 
October, 1531), great grandson of Thomas (will proven 28 September, 
1520). In age Nathan might have been a son of Zacheus. There is a great 
gap in the record of the children of Zacheus after 1623. I find no will of 
Zacheus. Nathan of Fairfield would then be a cousin of the other Nathan 
at Amesbury. It is not incredible. 


wedded Sally Gold in 1802. The first of the Connecticut Golds, 
Nathan of Fairfield, is first known in this country as a purchaser 
of land at Milford, Connecticut, in 1647. Two years later he 
was at Fairfield and thenceforth was identified with its history 
and prosperity, though his influence was not confined to his 
town. His place as a substantial citizen was established when 
in 1653, 11 May, he purchased the Roger Ludlow property; 
quite truly he stepped into Ludlow's shoes. For Ludlow had 
been Fairfield's chief man, the equal of any in the colony. Lud- 
low was cousin to the Parliamentary general, Edmund. Gold 
was one of the nineteen petitioners to King Charles for the 
charter and his name occurs three times in the royal document 
as patentee, 1662. He began his career as assistant or senator 
in 1657, to end it only with his death. He was appointed 
lieutenant in May, 1657, and major for Fairfield 17 August, 
1673 ; by Governor Andros, 1687, he was appointed judge of the 
Common Pleas for Fairfield County. He with Mr. Pitkin repre- 
sented Connecticut in the first Colonial Congress held in New 
York, 1 May, 1690. But he was constantly engaged in the 
service of the church and state and enumeration of his services 
would be impracticable. His death caused a sense of distinct 
loss in the colony and was the occasion, though his name is 
not mentioned, of a long and moving sermon by his young pastor, 
Mr. Webb. He had married (2) in 1657 Martha, the widow 
of Edmund Harvey.^ His will left his property to his son 

^ Edmund Harvey was doubtless a brother of Richard, a first settler 
of neighboring Stratford; he had come from Great St. Albans in Hert- 
ford where doubtless the Harveys and Golds were acquainted before 
coming to this country. He came in the ship Planter with the Rev. 
Mr. Blakeman in 1635 and was in Stratford as early as 1639. Richard 
Harvey had no sons. Edmund Harvey was a deputy from Fairfield in 
1647 and died 22 May, 1648. He had been in Milford in 1639. Accord- 
ing to Savage he left a daughter in England, aged twenty-two, and 
brought two here by a first wife. By his second wife, Alartha, he had 
a son Josiah, born 27 December, 1640, and a daughter Hannah, born in 
1646. Josiah, the physician, was prominent in later Fairfield history; 
he married Mary, a daughter of Thomas Staples and so was concerned 
in the witchcraft suits. He died in 1698, leaving a widow and four 
children, Mary Jennes, Abigail Peat, Martha, and Thomas. The widow 
of Edmund Harvey was second wife to Nathan Gold, married in 1657. 
His first wife is unknown to us except as she figures in the account of 
the Ludlow trial of 1654. 


and four daughters ; one daughter had died without children be- 
fore the father. 

On at least two occasions there were ripples in the pleasant 
course of Major Gold's prosperity. On the first he made himself 
obnoxious to no less a person than the King himself, or rather 
to his government. It seems that though the lands had been 
derived from the Indians through purchase marked by deeds and 
agreements the Indians were not all satisfied. One John Wampus 
in particular made troublesome claims and succeeded, through 
Richard Thayer, a lawyer of Milford, in getting the ear of his 
majesty's government. The governor and magistrates of Con- 
necticut therefore received of date 17 May, 1680, a rebuke, the 
kernel of which was this sentence : 

By the evil practices of Major Nathan Gould, & other in- 
habitants of Fairfield, he is not only kept out of his just rights 
but was also imprisoned by them in May last. . . We 
do by his Majesty's express commands . . . require you 
to do the petitioner such justice as his case may deserve. 

We may imagine that the astute governor and magistrates, of 
whom Gold was one, smiled at the last clause and concluded 
that there would be no difiiculty in giving such justice as "his 
case may deserve." Sure enough the matter seems to be rather 
speedily and amicably settled by getting from the Indians a 
general deed to cover all the earlier grants. "Accordingly all 
the Indian sachems of Fairfield, or their descendants were as- 
sembled on the sixth of October before the magistrates of the 
town, to sign and witness a new deed of sale." The deed is 
reproduced by Mrs. Schenck from a copy certified to by Nathan 
Gold, recorder, made in 1685. The name Wampus does not 
appear among the signatures, but there is a Wampam. So the 
matter appears to have been disposed of. 

On the other occasion, and apparently it was the only time 
in his history. Major Gold incurred the displeasure of his fellow 
townsmen. It was when feeling ran high over the pretensions 
of Andros. The negotiations were complicated, involving the 
surrender of the charter, the serving of quo warrantos from his 
majesty, possible incorporation with New England on the one 
hand or with New York on the other. For some, the part of 
Connecticut seems to have been either discreet silence or declara- 


tions as non-committal as possible. Nathan Gold's part as a 
magistrate, that is, a member of the colonial council, was a 
large one; he was the bearer of a communication to Governor 
Dongan of New York, and was named by Randolph, together 
with the governor and deputy-governor, for a special conference 
appointed for "Mr. Smith's house" in Narragansett. After some 
correspondence with Governor Andros, who had arrived in Bos- 
ton, it was determined to send a message extremely conciliatory. 
They begged leave to continue the amicable correspondence until 
they might hear from his majesty whom they had addressed. 
"Then," they continued, "when we are commanded by his 
Majestic to surrender ourselves to your excellencies government, 
& to be united to our neighbors in government, we shall be as 
loyall & dutiful as any we hope, & as readily submit ourselves to 
your excellency." This was 30 March, 1687. How the Fair- 
field people felt may be inferred from an entry in the town 
records of 23 May, 1687: 

The town of Fairfield do withdraw ye power given unto 
Major Nathan Gold, Mr. Jehu Burr & Lieut. John Banks 
[these are clearly Burr and Banks juniors] in reference to 
their defending sd. Fairfield's title to ye land within ye town 
bounds against any, they not being inhabitants of ye town; 
& do hereby discharge them from the sd. power & trust 
given or committed to sd. Nathan Gold, Jehu & John, by 
an order of sd. Fairfield of May, 1683. 

An early notable instance of the recall. 

I take it the word inhabitant must here be interpreted in the 
sense of "citizen." Though this summary disfranchisement is 
referred specifically to matters relating to the town, it must be 
construed of course as extending to their representation of the 
town in aflfairs of the colony. Accordingly, no one of these men 
sat in the Assembly of June or October, 1687. As, on the 
success of Andros, Major Gold was made a judge of the Common 
Pleas for Fairfield, it might be inferred that he was rewarded as 
one who had sold out the interests of his colony; he was more- 
over reinstated as citizen of Fairfield by vote of 9 January, 1688. 
But to regard this vote as bought of a truckling subservience 
to the dominant party, would I am sure be unfair both to Major 
Gold and to his fellow townsmen. Rather does it seem likely 
that the disfranchisement was the fruit of a momentary passion, 


and that the people were soon heartily ashamed of their distrust 
of this faithful and efficient patriot. So far as the writer has 
discovered this was the only interruption in his service as magis- 
trate or senator from 1657 to his death. Certainly, after the 
pressure from Andros was removed, Gold was still honorably 
returned to the office by free vote of his townsmen. He carried 
on the correspondence with Captain Leisler, giving him the 
encouragement of Connecticut in his hostility to Papists ; was 
sent with Captain Fitch to hold a conference with him, some 
time in June, 1689. The meeting was exciting, Major Gold 
reporting that their "flesh trembled" at the invectives, the hellish 
language, and the brutality of Leisler. When fears of the 
French and Indians drove the colonies to some attempt at con- 
certed action, it was Leisler who invited a colonial conference. 
Accordingly, the first of May, 1690, Major Gold, who, with 
William Pitkin, represented Connecticut, met in New York in the 
first Colonial Congress in our history. The failure of this attempt 
at confederated warfare is a matter of history, but is no reflection 
upon the integrity or ability of Major Gold. Gold was not 
himself engaged in the military expedition. Gold's relations with 
Leisler appear to have been closed by his appointment to examine 
the accounts of his neighbor. Commissary Blackleach, at whom 
Leisler was so enraged on the failure of the expedition that he 
had cast him, along with Major Winthrop, into prison.^ 

Gold's daughters were well married, two of them to sons of 
Jonathan S'elleck; one of these, Abigail, became thus the ances- 
tor of General Gold Selleck Silliman of the Revolution and of 
the celebrated Professor Silliman of Yale ; nor was this her 
only claim to distinction. Martha, on the death of her first hus- 
band, John Selleck, married, 17 April, 1695, the Rev. John 
Davenport, grandson of the founder of New Haven. Three of 
her daughters married clergymen, one among them being the 
founder of Dartmouth College. A grandson of her second hus- 
band was the Abraham Davenport celebrated in Whittier's poem. 
Her death occasioned this burst from the town clerk: 

That eminently Pious & virtuous, Grave & worthily much 
Lamented Matron Mrs Martha Davenport, Late Wife of the 
Reverend Mr. John Davenport, Pastor of ye Church of 
Christ in Stamford, Laid down or exchanged Her mortal 

1 See Appendix, p. 262. 


or temporall Life, to put on Immortality & to be crowned 
with Immortal Glory; on ye 1st Day of Decem. 1712.^ 

Our next ancestor, Nathan jr., who was born 8 December, 
1663, was even more distinguished than his father. Quite as 
constantly in the service of church, town, and colony, he was 
honored in 1708 by being chosen deputy-governor, an office to 
which he was annually reelected and from which he would un- 
doubtedly have passed to the governorship had not death inter- 
vened. He is called in the parish register, "The Worshipful 
Nathan Gold." He was a representative before his father's 
death in 1692. He was a judge in 1695 and in subsequent years, 
captain in 1695, councillor in 1697. The same year to him was 
entrusted the revision of the laws of the colony. It is recorded 
that he served in the parish church as precentor. His ardor 
for the established church was great, so great that he was a 
serious obstacle to those who were attempting to introduce epis- 
copacy. Several extant letters show this. He came honestly by 
his zeal; for when, in 1691, the first secession from the Prime 
Ancient Society was meditated in Fairfield, it was to Nathan 
senior an unspeakable affront and license. The heinousness of 
it he vituperates in twenty-four almost rhapsodical articles. It 
must be understood, I think, that this wrath was primarily 
against the General Court to whom the seceders had then dared, 
over the heads of the parish and town, to take their request that 
they be permitted, for convenience' sake, to build a new church, 
not however of a different denomination. Here are some of the 
articles : 

1. Whether laws, charters, or grants are of any value, or 
whether corporations, societies, or peculiar persons can call any 
thing their own ? 

2. Whether the town of Fairfield be outlawed? 

3. Whether leaping over the laws and trampling down the 
liberty of subjects be not tyrannical power? 

5. Whether that grant unto townships be not one of the 
sweetest flowers in the garden of the laws? 

1 Children of Nathan Gold and his second wife, Martha Harvey: Sarah, 
married 25 April, 1684, John Thompson of Milford, died 4 June, 
1741 ; Nathan, born 8 December, 1663; Deborah, married George Clark of 
Milford; Abigail, married 1685, Jonathan Selleck; Martha, married (1) 
John Selleck, (2) the Rev. John Davenport, died 1 December, 1712. 


6. Whether it be according to the rules of equity, that this, 
one of your first born, a lovely beautiful child, should be disin- 
herited and lose its birthright to an inferior brat? 

9. Whether the king may without infringement of our liber- 
ties enjoin us to entertain an Episcopal minister in every town, 
and the one-half of every town to contribute to his maintenance?^ 

18. Whether the sitting up a Court order in oposition to a 
fundamental grant, will not make civil war amongst our laws? 

22. . . . What may be thought of those, who, instead of 
gathering churches, make havoc and shipwreck, pull them in 
pieces and instead of making two churches of one, mar both? 

Removed as we are from the fears of church tyranny, it is 
hard for us to see the propriety of these queries ; this much is 
clear: The ill consequences of such a separation seemed to 
Nathan Gold certain and great, indeed the posts of authority 
seemed tottering. 

Of his son's uncompromising opposition to episcopacy we 
learn from contemporary letters. From the secretary of the 
Society for Propagating the Gospel, George Pigot, under date 3 
October, 1722: 

I now inform you Sir of what obstructions I met with in 
my ministry, & they are several, viz : that of Lieut Governor 
Nathan Gold, who is a most inveterate slanderer of our 
Church, charging her with popery, apostacy, & atheism, — 
who makes it his business to hinder the conversion of all 
whom he can, by threatening them with his authority — & 
who as a judge of the court here, disfranchises men merely 
for being Churchmen. 

Dr. James Laborie was a greatly respected physician of Fair- 
field, so zealous for the church that he became a lay worker. He 
writes, 5 March, 1723 : 

I began by the enclosed introductory discourse, to pre- 
pare both the English & native inhabitants ; but having de- 
clared myself a member of the Church of England, I was 
immediately interrupted by the Lieutenant Governor, Nathan 
Gold, a mortal enemy to the Church, & violently compelled 
to surcease my endeavors. ... I suppose Mr. Pigot will 
acquaint your honorable body with the persecutions we are 
exposed to having in this town of Fairfield, the Lieut. Gov- 

^ Here was where the shoe pinched : the seceders took with them 
their portion of the tithes. 


eraor against us, & the pretended minister of the inde- 
pendency continually declaiming against the Church, terming 
her services Popery, the way to hell, and themselves Bishops. 

The influence the Episcopalians were exerting at Yale at this 
time may have given special bitterness to the Fairfield opposition. 

Of the lieutenant governor's death, 3 October, 1723, the As- 
sembly took recognition by granting to his heirs "the whole 
salary for the year, which would have been paid, if it had pleased 
God to have spared him longer to us." The treasurer was 
ordered to pay to "Mr. John Gold, his eldest son, for himself & 
the other children of that worthy gentleman, the sum of fifty 
pounds." His tombstone stands in perfect preservation, the let- 
tering, singularly distinct, reading as follows: 

THAN GOLD esqr Liev. Gouernour of his Majesties Colony 
of Connecticut Dec^ Ocf the 3rd 1723. ^tatis suae 60 years. 

His first wife was Hannah, daughter of Colonel John Talcott 
of Hartford, sister of Governor Joseph Talcott.^ She died 28 

1 Deputy Governor Nathan Gold's connection with Redding aflFords 
the spice of humor and of scandal. Gold's brother-in-law, John Read, 
seems to have made the illiteracy o£ the Indian the opportunity for a 
little sport. 

Know all men by these crooked Scrawls & Seals, yt. we Chickens, 
alias Sam. Mohawk, & Naseco, do solemnly declare yt. we are owners 
of that tract of land called Lonetown, fenced round between Dan- 
bury and Fairfield, and John Read Govr. and Commander in Chief 
there of, & of the dominions yr-upon depending, desiring to please 
us, having plied the foot, and given us three pounds in money, & 
promised us an house next autumn . . . we do . . . of our 
free will-mothion & soverain pleasure make ye land a manour, . . 
and create the sd. Jno. Read, Lord Justice and Soverain Pontiff of 
the same forever : Witness our crooked marks and borrowed Seals, 
this seventh day of May, Anno Regni, Anno Dei, Gratia Magna 
Brittannia, and Regina Decimo Tertio, Anno Domin'r, 1714. 

Witnessed at Fairfield. —From Todd's Redding- 

In 1720 120 acres of land were granted to Gold out of the estate of his 
wife's father. Colonel John Talcott. In 1723 this was ordered laid out 
"between Danbury & Fairfield & Norwalk, adjoining the west side of 
Unpewaug Hill." — From Schenck. 

A later connection with Redding attached an ill odor to the name of 
the Worshipful Deputy Governor even after his death. 

In August, 1722, were sold lands in Redding, which had been ordered 
sold at auction in 1712 by Gold and Peter Burr. The land was bid off 
by Captain Couch for Gold and himself. What Gold had to do with the 
land, other than to sell it as ordered, seems a little dubious. If bought 


March, 1696. He was married (2) to Sarah Cook( ?) who died 
17 October, 1711. He had four daughters and eight sons. Abi- 
gail, born 14 February, 1687, married the Rev. Thomas Hawley 
of Ridgefield ; John, born 25 April, 1688, married Hannah Slaw- 
son ; Hezekiah, Harvard, 1719, became pastor of the Stratford 
church near at hand, there he died 22 April, 1761. Nathan's will 
is dated 13 September, 1723; apparently there were living three 
daughters and five sons. No one of the sons attained to any great 

for him, the deed for it curiously is made to others, of date 14 May, 1723. 
Yet the matter created some scandal on the ground that the sale had been 
conducted in an unseemly and illegal manner. John Read, evidently the 
younger, for his father was by this time a lawyer living in Boston, on 
behalf of his wronged neighbors, makes petition to the General Court, 
1723, five days after his uncle Gold's death; charging that the land was 
bid off for Couch and Gold : 

Yr humble pet'rs conceive the same ought not to be ratified : be- 
cause the same was done unexpectedly, and without sufficient notice, 
none of us nearly concerned knew anything of it. . . The incon- 
veniences are intolerable. . . The remaining scraps will be a very 
lean and scanty allowance for a comon . . . hiways. . . it 
was never the hard fate of any poor place to have ye shady rock at 
their door, and ye path out of town or about town sold away from 
them by ye General Court. — From Todd's Redding. 

This moving petition does not seem to have been listened to favorably. 
Subsequently all matters appear to have been adjusted amicably. 

In 1725 Couch purchased other lands of Chickens. Relative to these 
lands there are extant petitions of the citizens and petitions of Chickens. 
Affairs were finally settled to the satisfaction of the citizens by the estab- 
lishment of the parish in 1729, of Chickens by grant of other lands in 1749. 
Fairfield seems to have dealt more charitably with Redding aspirations to 
be an independent parish than with Stratfield. To the petition of 1725 
are attached twenty-five of the leading names of Fairfield, including Eliz- 
abeth Burr, Samuel Wakeman, Nathan Gold, John Gold, and Robert Silli- 
man. Furthermore, the grant of 1729 by the General Court is expressly 
on the ground of "forwardness of the town of Fairfield to encourage them 
to set up the publick worship of God among themselves, by conceding that 
two miles of the rear end of their lots be added to them, in order to the 
making of a parish." Mark finally the chancery-like slowness of this 
Chickens case: the settlement in 1749 was more than forty years after the 
first deed had been executed to John Read, twenty-four since the last 
deed to Captain Couch. 

1 Children of Nathan Gold jr. by Hannah Talcott, born 8 December, 
1663, died 28 March, 1696: Abigail, 14 February, 1687, married the 
Rev. Thomas Hawley ; John, 25 April, 1688, married Hannah Slawson ; 


Our line is through Samuel, the fourth son, born 27 December, 
1692. He appears to have lived a quiet and prosperous but un- 
eventful life, without colony or church office.^ He purchased 
the estate still known as the Gould homestead, recently turned 
by bequest into a summer home for unmarried Protestant 
females. He married, 7 December, 1716, Esther Bradley of New 
Haven. He had five children, one dying in infancy. He died 11 
October, 1769. His stone, somewhat broken but repaired, reads 
as follows : 

Here Lyes Buried the Body M^ SAMUEL GOULD 
Who departed this Life Ocf y^ 11'^ 1769 in y« 7T^ Year 
of His Age. 

His son, Colonel Abraham, was killed by the British at Ridge- 
field, 1779. He was the ancestor of Jay Gould.^ 

Samuel's son Abel is our ancestor, baptized 17 September, 1727. 
Like his father's, his life seems to have been lived in private. He 
emerges into the colony records, rather the state records, under 
date 4 November, 1776; at a meeting of the governor and the 
committee of safety, it was voted to supply Abel Gold and others 
with twelve cannon, 4-pounders, eight small swivels, half a ton 
of round-shot, and one hundred weight of grape-shot. Yet 
in the stirring days of the next year, when the British burned 
Fairfield I find no mention of his name. However, his loss by 
fire, barn and other things, was set as 124£. He has been called 
captain but in the parish records he is not so distinguished. One 
earlier entry in the Colonial Records, October, 1769, tells at some 
length of a legal suit whereby he gets six and one-fourth acres of 
land. He had a slave Tony in days when slaves in Fairfield were 

Nathan, 6 April, 1690; Samuel, 27 December, 1692; Hezekiah, 1694, Har- 
vard 1719; Sarah, 1696. By Sarah Cook, second wife: Sarah, 3 March, 
1699(1700); Onesimus, baptized 19 October, 1701; David, baptized 3 
December, 1704; Martha, baptized 8 February, 1707(8), married Samuel 
Sherman; Joseph, 21 October, 1711. 

Un 1739 is recorded in the Colonial Records the amicable settlement 
of a long standing boundary controversy between the town of Danbury 
and Samuel Gold and others. 

2 Children of Samuel and Esther (Bradley) Gold: Hester, baptized 
8 November, 1719, married John Turney, 28 December, 1742; Abigail, 24 
May, 1724, married Nathan Thompson, 19 July, 1744; Abel, 17 Septem- 
ber, 1727, married Ellen Burr, 19 December, 1754; Abraham, 18 October, 
1730 ; Abraham, 14 May, 1732, married Elizabeth, daughter of Col. John Burr. 


not numerous, yet otherwise his wealth seems to have been 
modest. His treatment of his slave suggests that he was both 
rehgious and patriotic ; Tony, who had married Deacon Bulkley's 
Dorcas in November, 1780, had been baptized 16 April, 1775, and 
served three years in the war. He is on the Revolutionary rolls 
of 1781 for a bounty of 30£. Abel's young son Talcott was also 
in the war. Why then did not Abel, if he were captain, serve? 
His family duties must have been large ; since his marriage to 
Ellen Burr, 19 December, 1754, he had many children, the eldest 
being but twenty in October, 1776; there were at that time eight 
younger children living, the youngest about a year old. In 1777 
was born another, costing the life of its mother. The father was 
fortunate in finding speedily a new mother, Amelia Burr, for his 
family.^ Was it pity that prompted Amelia Burr to assume the 
care of that large family ? She was a widow with several children 
of her own. She was born Silliman, daughter of Judge Sillinian. 
sister to General Silliman. As nothing indicates that Abel Gold 
was, for such a person, in any worldly way, a good match, his 
attraction for her must have lain in character or in pitifulness of 
condition ; the last element was certainly there, I am inclined 
to think the other also. Quite clearly he was regular in his 
habits, orderly and decent. Every one of his eleven children had 
been promptly baptized. Their good old family names were 
proof of proper pride. The strength of family attachm.ent is 
shown also in his marriages. Ellen Burr was a distant cousin. 
Amelia Burr, the second wife, was widow to Ellen's brother 
Ebenezer, and also a distant cousin, through descent from 
Major Gold. Amelia must have known Abel through thick and 
through thin, and have found in his home a proper sphere for a 
somewhat masterful woman. Upright, personally attractive to 
women, somewhat lacking in force, we think Abel Gold was. 
Yet was he lacking in force? How explain the shadowy title, 

1 Children o£ Abel and Ellen (Burr) Gold: John, 5 October, 1755, 
died young; Abel, 24 October, 1756; Talcott, 17 June, 1759; Ellen, 2 
August, 1761; Samuel, 27 November, 1763; Isaac, 23 February, 1766, 
married 7 February, 1790, Ellen Jennings; Esther, 8 May, 1768; Nathan, 
30 September, 1770; Seth Burr, 14 May, 1775; Grissel, 17 January, 1773, 
m.arried 4 December, 1791, Seth Sturgis jr.; Hannah, 17 June, 1777, 
married 21 October, 1798, John Morehouse. Child of Abel and Amelia 
(Silliman Burr) Gold: Sally, 28 March, 1779. 


Captain ? How explain the trust by the state government of the 
defense of Fairfield? Yet if not lacking in force, why not more 
of his accomplishment, in business, in church, or in state? The 
case fascinates and baffles. His property was not great; for in 
the list of appraised losses suffered in the fire of 1779, his is set 
down at only 124£; in several cases the losses amount to well 
nigh lOOOi. Samuel Burr's loss, for example, his wife's brother, 
is set down at 761£ 7s 5d. It is true that Abel's loss did not 
include a house. The loss of Thaddeus Burr was over 1500i. 
His wife's property evidently remained in her own name; for 
though I found no record of the distribution of Abel's property, 
upon his death, the probate records show the distribution of the 
estate of his first wife, Ellen. No one of his children attained 
distinction. Talcott I infer was the most competent. Abel died 
11 November, 1789. 

Abel's daughter Ellen was a little heroine, the most celebrated 
in the annals of Fairfield. Mrs. Schenck records, p. 395, and it 
seems to be a matter of common tradition, that 

When she was but twelve years of age, she would rise in 
the night to prepare and make bread and food for the soldiers 
at the fort [this was the Fort Black Rock, under command 
of Lieutenant Isaac Jarvis, whom by mistake, Mrs. Schenck 
calls the husband of Ellen] ; or to dispense to the troops 
passing through the town. On the night of the burning of 
Fairfield a British officer was wounded near her house and 
she was asked to allow him to be brought into the house. 
She refused unless a promise should be given that her family 
and all their belongings should be protected from harm. 

One version of the story is that at risk of her own life she 
dragged a wounded British soldier to safety across her own 
threshold; that out of gratitude, the British saved her father's 
house from burning. Certain it is that, though Abel was recom- 
pensed for a burnt barn and other property destroyed, a house is 
not included; it must have been one of the half dozen saved. 
Ellen was thrice married, but, though she had a single daughter, 
has left no descendants. Pity that her brother Talcott did not 
perpetuate her name, his mother's likewise, among his five girls. 
It was later, in the form Helen, restored to the family though 
from another source. She married first the aged Captain Samuel 
Squire, 20 July, 1789. Captain Squire's daughter Abigail was 


wife to Lieutenant Jarvis. Her next husband was Lieutenant 
James Chapman, 9 January, 1803. After 1828 she married 
Lieutenant Aaron Turney. Very appropriately all her husbands 
were Revolutionary soldiers. She received a comfortable 
property from her first husband. 

1 like to think of the home of Abel Gold as a center of 
Revolutionary news and activity. It is true that his own part 
was a minor one. But his brother, almost his own age, was the 
Colonel Abram Gold who laid down his life at Ridgefield. His 
son Talcott went as a lad to the defense of Bunker Hill and the 
siege of Boston and then took the memorable voyage in the 
Alliance under Barry. The fame of his girl-daughter we have 
just seen. Near in friendship and bound in various ways by 
blood and marriage were the Sillimans, General Gold Selleck 
Silliman being brother to his second wife. General Silliman.'s 
capture 1 May, 1779, was, next to the burning of Fairfield and 
the death of Colonel Gold, the greatest event of the war in 
Fairfield. This was in 1779, the year of the burning. Abel's 
wife was a near relative of Thaddeus Burr who, as has been 
noted, was intimate with Hancock and the Quincys and joined 
in the entertainment of Washington. In what other home could 
so many strands of patriot interest be twined ? General Silliman's 
first wife Martha was a cousin to Abel Gold; General Silliman's 
second wife was a descendant of John Alden. Mrs. Silliman's 
son Gold was but two years old and her son Benjamin, later 
professor at Yale, was born three months later, just after the 

Talcott was the second living son, baptized 17 January, 1759. 
The next thing known of him is his enlistment in 1775.^ Family 
tradition, through Samuel Cotton who knew the old gentleman, 
says that he helped to throw up the entrenchments at Bunker Hill. 
He was then under sixteen. The official records show that 
Talcott Gold enlisted 24 July, 1775, and served in the investment 
of Boston in the camp at Winter Hill until 24 December, 1775, 
when he was discharged.^ Another Talcott Gold was born 1728, 

^ Other Golds were in the Revolution : Luther, Nathan, Stephen, David, 
Simon, Jesse, Nathan jr., and Ichabod. 

2 Record of Services of Connecticut Men, compiled by authority of 
the General Assembly, p. 81. Fourth Company, Seventh Regiment, Col. 
Chas. Webbe, Capt. Jos. Hait of Stamford. 


his father's cousin ; but as the register makes no further mention 
of him, he probably died in infancy. In 1780, November or 
December, so the pension office at Washington, he enhsted as a 
midshipman and served ten and one-half months on the U. S. S. 
Alliance, commanded by Captain John Barry, conveyed Colonel 
John Laurens to L'Orient, France, and on the return voyage 
participated in engagements with the British vessels Atalanta 
and Trepassy off the Grand Banks. The incidents of that famous 
voyage are history, including other captures than those mentioned 
above. In all of these Talcott must have been a part or at least 
a spectator; of that duel between Thomas Paine, who was on 
the outward passage, and the pert young Count de Noaille, it 
requires no stretch to suppose him a witness. In the interim 
between these two services, only the latter of which for inex- 
plicable reason is mentioned in his pension record, Fairfield, 
situated so near New York and on the Sound, was in constant 
danger. In 1777 some of her men, led by Abraham Gold, repelled 
an attack of the British on the New York border at Ridgefield. 
The town was thrown into mourning by the death of Colonel 
Gold, uncle to Talcott. On July 7th and 8th appeared the British 
under Trj'on — it was a part of their planned raid upon the 
Connecticut coast — effected a landing, and burned the villages 
of Fairfield and Greens Farms. All but half a dozen houses 
were destroyed. They numbered 87 dwellings, 67 barns, 48 
stores, 2 school houses, 1 county house, 2 meeting houses, and 
1 Episcopal church. The account of it is one of the vivid spots 
in Dwight's poem of Greenfield Hill. The young soldier Talcott 
could hardly have been inactive in days like these, yet tradition 
gives no account of him. The only approach to an anecdote 
from his own lips is found in these words to my grandmother: 
"When I was a young man, I followed the sea." Grandmother 
knew him well in the days when he had become venerable in 
white beard. "The handsomest man I ever knew," was her 
comment; yet he appears not to have been at all above the 
average in size. Grandmother, it is true, was not a great retailer 
of anecdote; Uncle Sam was the storehouse of family lore; un- 
fortunately no one now living seems to recall more than the 

It was on April 27th that Colonel Gold was killed at Ridge- 


field ; Generals Arnold, Silliman, and Wooster were in command, 
General Arnold having a horse shot from under him. It was in 
June that Talcott's mother died at the birth of her eleventh 
child. Talcott returned from service on the Alliance some time 
in the fall of 1781. The parish register records his marriage to 
Anna Barlow, 18 March, 1782. Upon his father's death 11 
November, 1789, his mother's little estate was distributed, Talcott 
being the administrator, October, 1790. Yet Talcott was not the 
eldest son. Abel, the eldest, seems too to have been a man of 
regular habits, as the baptisms of his children appear in the 
parish register, while those of Talcott's do not. Talcott was 
clearly dependable. Abel received a double portion, which ap- 
pears to have been the custom. The census of 1790 shows that 
Talcott was the head of a family of three females, so that he 
had at that time only two daughters. The only remaining entry 
in the parish register is that of the renewal, by Anna, wife of 
Talcott Gold, of her baptismal engagements, 20 December, 1789, 
a month after Abel's death. 

Talcott's name appears, with his cousin Abraham's, in Jay 
Gould's History of Delaware County as a founder of Roxbury, 
1790. His next appearance is in Friendship 1 June, 1814, whither 
his daughter Sally and son Samuel appear to have preceded him, 
Samuel, the son, while chopping, was killed by a falling tree 18 
June, 1814, unmarried, aged about 21.^ 

On his arrival in Friendship, his dependable qualities appearing, 
he is chosen town clerk, a life office. He and his daughters and 
wife are chief supporters of the Presbyterian church ; when a 
Congregational church is formed in 1830, his name heads the 
list of members. His wife died 17 February, 1827; he died 30 
September, 1836. He was buried at Niles, about a mile away, 
but the remains have been removed to the family lot of the 
Cottons in Friendship. The stone records that he was a good 
citizen, a faithful husband and father, a servant of his country 
in the Revolution. 

He left five daughters, S'ally, the eldest, and Polly, the 
youngest, born 6 June, 1802. They all married well. Polly, who 
married Lorenzo Dana, M.D., member of the state legislature 

1 So the History of Allegheny County. On stone, "1814-6-21 age 21 
yrs. 4 mos. 5 days." Birth then 16 February, 1793. 


1843, had no children. She died at age of thirty-seven, 7 March, 
1839. Charity married twice and had many children. Of the 
second marriage were Seth and George Clark, students at Milan 
and protectors of eight-year-old Lydia Ann Banks and her 
brother Ira. The Reverend Seth Clark, who, after a long life of 
preaching died at Appleton City, Missouri, was so dear a friend 
of Grandmother's that he must find so much of room in this 
record. The Clarks lived in Bloom, Seneca County, Ohio, near 
David Banks.^ 

About the name : In colonial times it is almost uniformly 
spelt Gold, though we have seen it on one tombstone, Abel's 
father's, Gould. After 1800 that spelling prevailed. "Some 
spell it," said Talcott, as quoted by Grandmother, "G-O-I^D, 
some with a U, but it is always called Gould." 

Respecting the EngHsh origin of the family, it is said that the 
first Nathan came from Bury St. Edmunds in Norfolk, famous 

1 Daughters of Talcott Gold : Anna was married to Chauncey Cotton, 
a brother of Ira Cotton, and Uved in Friendship; children: Cyrus, Thomas, 
Charles, Talcott, Ellen, Deborah, Juliette. Deborah married Obadiah 
Rouse; children: Barlow, Samuel, John, Wallace, Electa, Antoinette. 
Charity married Daniel Clark; children: Seth G., George, Lucy. Polly 
was married to Dr. Lorenzo Dana; no children. Sally Gold was mar- 
ried 9 January, 1802, to Bradley Banks; children: David Bradley, born 
9 November, 1802; Talcott, born 3 August, 1804. Sally (Gold) Banks 
was married to Ira Cotton (born 20 August, 1788) 6 May, 1811 ; children: 
Sally Ann, born 18 February, 1813; Samuel Cheney, born 7 April, 1815. 
Sally Ann Cotton was married to Franklin Taylor; children: Ira Cot- 
ton, born 22 July, 1834, died 14 April, 1914; Mary- Jane, born 21 June, 
1839; Henr>' H., born 30 November, 1840, died 21 March, 1918. Frank- 
lin Taylor died 12 October, 1844, and his widow was married to her 
brother-in-law. Dr. Preston Taylor; child: Ann Louise, married to O. 
H. Jessup, died 22 January, 1899. Mary Jane was married to Joel 
Pratt in Friendship, 1859, and went to Missouri in 1868. Mr. Pratt died 
16 Februar>', 1906; children: Henry, Garr>-, and Alice. Samuel C. Cot- 
ton had a daughter Helen, married Dudley Robinson, who went to 
Missouri in 1867; Helen died in 1913 in Appleton City; Samuel's son 
Henry went to Missouri in 1870; now lives at Leon, Kansas. Samuel's 
son Hubbard remained on the Friendship farm; children: Samuel, died 
in Albany, Misouri; George, lives on Friendship farm; James and Sum- 
ner lived in the East. Helen Robinson had a daughter Florence (Mrs. 
Egger, lives in Appleton City), and Susan, Mrs. Winthrop Parker, who 
died in New York Citj-. 

Data furnished by Mrs. Mary Jane Pratt. 14 June, 1918. 


for centuries for its market and its great abbey, the heart of 
East England, the stronghold of Puritanism. Perhaps we see 
here the explanation of the more moderate temper of the Wake- 
mans as compared with the uncompromising Puritanism of the 
Golds. The Wakemans were from the section generally loyal, 
generally faithful to the Church. 

Of Sally, the next in succession, not a great deal is to be 
recorded. She was born 10 July, 1782. The place of her mar- 
riage to Bradley Banks is not recorded. Soon after his death, 
8 June, 1808, she married Ira Cotton and removed to Friend- 
ship and built the house, still standing, in which her grand- 
daughter, Lydia Ann Banks, was married in 1847. It is now oc- 
cupied by George Cotton, a great-grandson of Sally Gold. Her 
father lived across the road from her, a little nearer the village. 
She was an active, masterful woman, devoted to her kinsfolk. 
She was active in the church. In her later years she was some- 
what crippled because of a fall, and had her daughter-in-law 
Pamelia come and keep house for her for a time in the forties 
after the death of Bradley Banks. Her grandchildren therefore 
spent considerable time with her then and on other occasions. 
She was thrifty and generous. To Lydia and her sister, Amanda, 
she gave her gold beads — Amanda's set was destroyed in a fire 
— and silver spoons. Lydia still uses the spoons and the beads 
are to become the possession of her oldest grandchild, Lucy. 
Grandmother Cotton's framed portrait, in white cap, was one of 
the familiar sights of childhood, and has been given to the writer. 
In age she appears to have been rather stocky. There is no record 
of any visits, on her part or her father's, back to the old home in 
Connecticut. She died 16 March, 1860. 


The wife of Talcott Gold was Anna Barlow ; the wife of Francis 
Bradley was Ruth Barlow. There are therefore two lines of 
connection with the Barlows. 

Ruth Barlow was the daughter of the immigrant, John Bar- 
low; of her we know nothing except that she survived her hus- 
band, who died in October, 1689. John Barlow, Mrs. Schenck 
says, was one of the earliest settlers of Fairfield. Earlier than 
1653 he had sold his house-lot to Thomas Morehouse and settled 


on the beautiful plain still called by his name. This appears to 
have been an aristocratic part of town, a fine park having been 
laid out in it, around which the planters took up their home-lots. 
It became in time a famous resort for "turkey matches." John 
Barlow was a large landholder but does not appear to have held 
office. His will, dated 28 March, 1674, names his wife Ann, son 
John, and daughters, Isabella, Ruth, Elizabeth, Martha, and 
Deborah. Through the daughters he became the ancestor of 
many leading Fairfield families. Elizabeth was wife to Daniel 
Frost, Martha to James Beers, Deborah to John Sturgis, Isabella 
to Peter Clapham. 

As he had but one son and as Thomas Barlow left no male 
heirs, it is clear that all who bear the Barlow name are descended 
from his son John. The first mention of John jr. is in the division 
of- Sasqua lands in 1668(9), he draws twenty-two and forty-two 
acres. His name appears in the subsequent divisions and it is 
clear that even before the death of his father he was a substantial 
landowner. He is not listed as a freeman in October, 1669, the 
John Barlow there undoubtedly being the father. He is listed 
among the freemen in 1689(90) ; as he is the only Barlow so 
listed, his sons were perhaps still young. He married Abigail 
Lockwood probably some time in the sixties. The inventory of 
his estate was taken 6 March, 1690(1). Acording to Mrs. 
Schenck his children were: John, Joseph, Samuel, Abigail, 
Deborah, Elizabeth, and Ruth, the only birth recorded being that 
of Elizabeth, 11 May, 1677. 

The name of the father of Anna Barlow has not been dis- 
covered. As all three sons of John " had children, the track, up 
to this point single, becomes a maze. For the sake of later 
investigators the list of children will be made as complete as 

The baptism of the first child, a fourth John, of the third John 
is recorded 24 February, 1694(5) ; hence John=^ must have been 
born about 1670. Then came Samuel, Abigail, Anne, Joseph, 
Francis, Sarah, and Deborah, 3 March, 1705(6). At that time 
her father is called lieutenant. About that time he was engaged 
with Nathan Gold in an important land enterprise. 

Samuel, son of John/ married a Sarah, but he appears to have 
had a second wife, Elizabeth; his will is dated 1743, his son 


David executor 1747(8). His tombstone reads: "Lieut. Sam. 
Barlow died 20 May 1745, ae. 63," thus giving the date of his 
birth as about 1682 ; his widow Elizabeth died 10 February, 1752, 
aged sixty-six. The children are: Gershom (died in infancy), 
Joseph, 16 March, 1706(7), Gershom, Samuel, Daniel, Elizabeth, 
20 June, 1714 (perhaps by the second wife), Abigail, David, Anne, 
Grace, 24 May, 1724. 

The only evidence concerning children of Joseph, son of John ^ 
is found in the Connecticut Magasine, vii, p. 621, where the Joseph 
who married Experience Davis is called the son of Joseph ; he 
might so far as age goes be the son of John ^. The wife of this 
Joseph, Experience, died before 1740, as appears from the will 
of Samuel Davis, dated 22 March, 1739(40). He mentions a 
grandchild Sarah, apparently the only one. As Joseph and 
Experience were married in 1727 and Sarah was probably born in 
1728 it is likely that Experience died as early as 1730. 

After 1724 the Barlows seem to have broken their connection 
with the church as there are almost no entries in the parish regis- 
ter. Information has to be gleaned from various sources and is 
pretty scanty. There is one early Barlow that is not provided for 
in the foregoing Hsts: On 5 January, 1700(1) is recorded the 
birth of George, son of George Barlow. In Stratford is recorded 
the marriage of George Barlow and Mehitable Staples, 30 
March, 1723. His son Hezekiah was baptized 26 December, 

Another Samuel, probably the son of John', has a daughter 
Mary in 1718 and a son Jabez in 1719 and a son Benajah, date not 
given. This Samuel was dead by 5 October, 1735, when the 
General Court allows his widow Sarah to sell land. Benajah was 
dead by 1758 when his son Samuel chooses a guardian. A 
Nehemiah was baptized 1 November, 1724, son of Joseph (clearly 
grandson of John^). A David was married 1764, a John and an 
Edmund were married in 1769; these last are too late to be of 
significance in searching for the father of Anna, who was born 
in 1763. She was pretty certainly not the daughter of Nehemiah 
whose will, 1787, mentions wife Ann, but no daughter of that 
name. Samuel, bom 1709(10) (son of Samuel) went to Redding 
and there is no place among his children or grandchildren for 
Anna. He was the father of Joel the poet. 


In Stratford appear to have settled two sons of John^, John and 
Francis. John Barlow was married to Mary Sikes, 10 January, 
1717. They had children, John, 1717; Sarah, 1718; Nehemiah, 
1724; David, 1725. Another John, probably the John born 1717, 
had children, David, baptized 1748; John, Mary, Abiah, Huldah. 
To Francis and Elizabeth were born Susanna, 1727; Mary; 
Daniel, 1734; Ruth; Silas, 1738; Nehemiah, 1740. 

Of the following there is no record of children, though they 
may have had many: Joseph*, born 1707; Gershom*, born 1708; 
Daniel*, born 1711; David*, born 1719. David's wife, Susanna, 
died, aged nineteen, 15 October, 1745. 

There were in the Revolution Aaron, Daniel, Edmond, Joel, 
John, and Samuel. 

And here the matter must be left. All that can be said is that 
Anna (Barlow) Gold was descended from John^ and from one of 
his sons, John, Joseph, or Samuel, a granddaughter or great- 
granddaughter of one of the latter. 


The wife of the second John Barlow was Abigail, the daugh- 
ter of Robert Lockwood. Robert, according to Mrs. Schenck, 
came from England in 1630 and was made freeman 9 March, 
1631, showing that he was one of the substantial men of the 
Massachusetts Bay. In 1635 he was in Watertown, executor on 
the estate of Edmund Lockwood, probably his brother. He mar- 
ried Susanna, said by Mrs. Schenck to be Susanna St. John, but 
of this there appears no other evidence, and Mrs. Schenck may 
have fallen into confusion because Ephraim married Mary St. 
John. Robert's children were: Jonathan, born 10 September, 
1734; Deborah, 12 October, 1736; Joseph, 6 August, 1738; Daniel, 
25 March, 1640 ; Ephraim, 1 December, 1641 ; Gershom, 6 Sep- 
tember, 1643 ; all born in Watertown ; and in Fairfield, John, Abi- 
gail, Sarah, Mary, and Deborah (?). He removed to Fairfield 
about 1645, was a freeman 20 May, 1652, a sergeant in May, 
1657, and died 1658, John Banks making the inventory. His 
wife and children are Hsted in the will. His widow married Jef- 
frey Ferris of Stamford, who was the guardian of the minor chil- 
dren. Susanna died 1660, and Jeffrey Ferris in 1666; his will, 
dated 6 January, 1664, names Jonathan and Mary Lockwood. 


Abigail was probably born about 1647 and married John Barlow 
about 1667. 

The family appears to have been substantial and influential. 
Jonathan was a lieutenant, Joseph a sergeant and in 1685 a 
patentee of Fairfield ; Joseph's family intermarried with the Burrs, 
as did also Daniel ^ the next brother. Mrs. Schenck conjectures 
that Robert Lockwood was a kinsman of the Bulkeleys, founders 
of Concord, and the family names lend some color to the guess. 
Mrs. Lockwood, sometimes called Goody, figures, along with Mrs. 
Gold and Mrs. Ward, rather prominently in the famous trial of 
Roger Ludlow, 1654; her daughter Deborah, aged about seven- 
teen, is also a witness. Witch interests may have been strong in 
the family; for Abigail, wife to John Barlow, was a witch 

Deborah Lockwood, born 12 October, 1636, in 1657 married 
Dr. William Ward. Thus the family has two lines of descent from 
Robert Lockwood. 

The Lockivood Family in America, 1889, gives some account of 
English Lockwoods but without establishing any connection with 
the American family. They have been known in London and 
elsewhere since 1392. In the Essex visitations are given six 
generations, in which the frequency of the name Robert suggests 
relationship with the American Robert. The History of Norwalk 
and also that of Stamford contain matter concerning the Lock- 


The English source of the American Burrs is not certain. 
There were Burrs in Kent; an Olif Burr was in Parliament for 
Southwark in the sixteenth century. Charles Burr Todd, in 
his Burr Genealogy, traces the name to the twelfth century, but 
he does not make any claim even to have found the link of con- 
nection between new and old England. The first Burr known in 
America, Jehu, landed in Winthrop's fleet in Boston in 1630, was 
applicant for freeman 19 October, admitted 18 May, 1631. He 
was one of a bridge-building committee in 1633 ; by trade a car- 
penter. He and his wife were members of the church in Roxbury 
i" 1635 . He with William Pynchon, called "the founder of 

1 Daniel Lockwood jr. married, about 1692, Abigail, daughter of Daniel 
Burr and thus was a brother-in-law of Seth Samuel Burr. 


Springfield," and a half dozen other young men "of good spirits 
& strong bodies" tramped through the wilderness and made their 
settlement on the Connecticut in 1636; the map of their route is 
still extant. 

Of the company Burr is distinguished by being joined with 
William Pynchon and his son-in-law, Henry Smith, in receiving 
an extra portion of land inasmuch as they prosecuted the planta- 
tion "at great charges and at greate personal adventure." More- 
over, forty acres assigned to them were to be "free from all 
charges forever." Facsimiles of the signatures attached to the 
agreement of 14 May, 1636, are given by Morris, History of 
Springfield. Burr makes his mark yet it does not follow of 
necessity that he could not write. John Cable (a kinsman of 
Burr) was also among the signers. He appears to have preceded 
the other planters and to have built a house, the first in 
Springfield, in 1634 or 1635. He appears later in Fairfield with 

On 9 February, 1637, Burr was appointed by the General Court 
of Connecticut, which claimed jurisdiction, to collect taxes in 
Agawam, or Springfield, to assist in defraying the cost of the 
Pequot war; in 1638 also he was on a committee of the General 

On the Springfield town records there is this entry : 

There was free choyce according to an order from mr. 

' Ludloe by the plantation of two Goodmen, Committys for the 

General Court to be at Hartford the 4th of April, 1638. 

The partys chosen are Mr. George Moxon and Jehue Burr.^ 

There are several entries from the town records reproduced in 
Todd's book, all sustaining the impression that next after Pyn- 
chon Burr was the most important man in the community. On 
the 13th of January, 1638(9), there was a voluntary rate agreed 
upon "for ye raysing of ffourty pounds toward ye building of a 
house for Mr. Moxon." William Pynchon gives 21i, Burr 7£, 
Smith, Pynchon's son-in-law, 5£, no one else above 2£; similarly 
in the rate for Moxon's maintenance, Pynchon's gift is 24i, 
Burr's 8£, Smith's 5£, Cable's (brother-in-law of Burr?) 2£. 

^ See Burt's First Century of the History of Springfield, i, p. 153. Mox- 
son was the first minister of Springfield. Accordingly "Mr. Burr" is 
listed among the deputies in the Connecticut Colonial Records, 5 April, 


Burr, it should be noted, received 18£ for "thatchinge of ye 


Savage says Burr removed to Fairfield in 1640. He was again 
a representative at the General Court in 1641 ; he served also in 
1645, 1646, 1659, 1660, 1661, and 1663, also in 1668, though this 
may have been the younger Jehu. He served on the grand jury 
1660-1661, and was a commissioner for Fairfield "with magis- 
tratical power" in 1664. In 1644, 25 October, he was appointed 
by the General Court for Uncowaue — Fairfield "to demand what 
will be given for the mayntennaunce of scollers at Cambridge." 
In 1645 ^ he was much in Thomas Sherwood's slander suits and 
both as plaintiff and defendant lost ; one wonders what the trouble 
was. Henry Gray was equally involved. As he is at this time 
distinguished as "the elder," his son Jehu must by this time 
have reached man's estate. As only one Jehu appears among the 
freemen of 1669, it is inferred that the elder was by that time 
dead, though Todd ^ says he died in 1672. He was connected 
with John Cable, who had been with him in Springfield and 
followed him to Fairfield. Cable in his will, 1682, mentions his 
kinsmen, Jehu and John Burr; perhaps Burr had married Cable's 
sister. Burr, whether junior or senior does not appear, was 
brother-in-law of Nehemiah Olmstead, as is made clear in a 
land purchase before 1671. He left four sons, Jehu jr., John, 
Nathaniel, and Daniel, all prominent citizens of Fairfield. John's 
son Samuel graduated at Harvard in 1697 and was master of 
the grammar school at Charlestown for twelve years. Jehu's son 
Daniel was the father of Aaron Burr sr. 

Daniel was probably the youngest son ; he was not made free- 
man until 1668, probably born in 1647 in Fairfield. By first mar- 
riage he had Abigail and Daniel. On 11 December, 1678, he 
married Abigail, daughter of Henry Glover, a prominent citizen 
of New Haven. He was commissary for Fairfield County in 1690. 
He probably died in 1695. Mrs. Schenck and Todd do not agree 
in the vital statistics ; I have followed Todd as generally more 
dependable than Mrs. Schenck, who is often inaccurate. His 
will was contested by Daniel and Abigail, children of the first 
marriage, and the estate was not distributed until 1751, after the 

1 Colonial Records, i, p. 127. 

2 History of Springfield. 


death of the contestants.^ The will is not extant. The inventory 
of the estate is dated 5 November, 1695. His widow Abigail's 
estate was distributed 25 January, 1722. Daniel is said to have 
been a merchant in Fairfield. By his second wife he left three 
daughters, the eldest being called Hellinah, probably after the 
wife of John Wakeman, a kinsman. The daughters ^ all mar- 
ried. His only son by the second marriage and youngest child 
was Seth Samuel, baptized 19 August, 1694; his birth is giv- 
en as 20 June in that year. There were several other Samuel 
Burrs. The records occasionally mention Seth Samuel, usually 
only Samuel ; identification is occasionally difficult. An initial 
difficulty starts with the baptismal record, which according to 
Mrs. Schenck reads : Seth and Samuel, sons of Mr. Daniel Burr 
sr. This is probably an error of transcription; penmanship is 
often partly illegible. The records show a good deal about 
Samuel Burr ; in some instances perhaps some of the facts actually 
relate to another, though I think not. The confusion continued 
until death. On his tombstone is recorded, "Capt. Seth Samuel 
Burr" ; on his wife's, "Wife to Capt. Sam. Burr." 

The Burrs were numerous and influential. The first John 
Banks, Major Nathan Gold, and the Hon. Jehu Burr jr. gave 
Fairfield a powerful voice in colony matters. These were all dead 
before the end of the century, but Major Gold's influence was 
carried on by his son, the deputy-governor, until his death in 
1723. In the next generation, Fairfield leadership was largely in 
the hands of the Burrs. To illustrate: The record of 1730 
names Major John Burr as assistant, that is, senator, and judge 
of the county court, Samuel and Thaddeus Burr as representatives, 
John Burr's services were terminated by death in 1750. Thaddeus 

^Coloiiial Records, May, 1697: "Nathaniel Burr jr. attorney for Daniel 
Burr & Daniel Lockwood & Abigail his wife children of Dan. Burre 
late of Fairfield petitions to contest the will made or pretended to be 
made by sd. Dan. Burre. Referred to Oct. 

"Oct. 1697: Settlement according to will unaltered. Of estate undis- 
posed of by will, one third to Abigail his eldest child, two thirds to 

May 1698: Petition of Abigail relict of late Dan. Burre . . . she 
is to remain in quiet possession of what was settled upon her by the 
assistants until ejected by law." 

2 Hellinah, born 26 October, 1680, married John Andrews; Deborah, 
married Joseph Whelpley; Mehitable, married Benajah Strong. 


Burr was the foremost man of Fairfield until the Revolution, 
on consulting terms with Washington and so intimate with 
Hancock and the Quincys that Hancock, during the siege of 
Boston, wedded Dorothy Quincy at Burr's home in Fairfield. 

The service of Samuel Burr, though less eminent, was equally 
public spirited and long continued. He was chosen representa- 
tive in 1728 and served, though not continuously, for fifteen 
years, his last term being in 1754, when he was sixty years of 
age. In 1728 and 1742 he served on the committee to audit the 
treasurer's accounts. He was a sergeant in 1723, a lieutenant in 
1729, a captain in 1738; whether he saw any actual field service, 
as against Louisburg, for example, does not appear. He helped 
to settle the Nor walk boundary in 1734. His interest in educa- 
tion justified his appointment to collect the subscriptions for 
Yale in 1733. He was always ready for local activities; he was 
a committeeman on the parsonage lands in 1732, and justice of 
the peace in 1739. It seems not unlikely that Samuel Burr was 
one of the Louisburg expedition. Connecticut contributed gener- 
ously and eagerly for this undertaking, sending more than a 
thousand men and furnishing a number of ships. After the 
capture of the fort, at a special meeting in New Haven, 16 
August, it was resolved that three hundred and fifty of Wolcott's 
men, under command of Colonel Andrew Burr should be main- 
tained at Louisburg until June. At this time Andrew Burr and 
Samuel, fellow-townsmen and relatives, were friendly rivals, one 
or both of them usually representing Fairfield at the General 
Court. Both, it is to be noticed, were present at a meeting of 
the General Court in May, 1746, the year following the capture; 
both held military commissions ; Andrew was certainly at Louis- 

The raising of the money for Yale was to be effected by the 
sale of certain lands claimed by the colony, lying in the western 
parts and allotted for disposition to the several counties, Fairfield 
having the disposition of the town afterwards called Cornwall. 
The authorization was enacted in 1733, but the actual sale does 
not appear to have taken place then, as we read in the Colonial 
Records for 1737: The middle town was ordered to be sold at 
the court house in Fairfield on the first Tuesday in February 
next. John Burr, Esq., Edmund Lewis, Esq., and Mr. Ebenezer 


SilHman were to make the sale. This is certainly an interesting 
chapter in land distribution. 

Less important but probably more exacting and spicy were 
Samuel Burr's services connected with the claims of the Indian 
Chicken; the controversy was long and vexatious. Burr's con- 
nection with it arises from his appointment to receive a memorial 
from Chicken to the General Court in 1735 asking for the 
allotment to him of his lands. This memorial was based upon 
a reservation made by Chicken in 1725. The case involved the 
colony as well as various towns, including Fairfield parish and 
Redding. The extant documents imply, as usually in the case of 
land controversies with the Indians, greed and trickery. The 
committee appointed, on which also served Ebenezer Silliman of 
Fairfield, having made in 1737, after two years of deliberation, 
a report favorable to Chicken, he was authorized to lay out 
his lands. 

Samuel Burr's domestic life appears to have been happy and 
fortunate. He married in June, 1722, Elizabeth, the daughter of 
the well known captain and colony official, Joseph Wakeman, 
granddaughter of the Rev. Samuel Wakeman. Their children 
were: Mehitable \Vd(S.S.),^ baptized 1 September, 1723; Seth 
(Serg Sam.), 6 February, 1726; Samuel W(S.S.), 24 Septem- 
ber, 1727; Daniel W(S.S.), 12 July, 1730; Ebenezer Wd(S.), 24 
September, 1732; Nehemiah (S.), 5 May, 1734; Ellen W(S.), 
18 January, 1736; Elizabeth W(S.), 16 October, 1727; Abigail 
rS.), 18 March, 1739; Charles W(S.), 3 September, 1741; ten 
children, perhaps others. The marriages of several of the chil- 
dren are recorded. Samuel married, 1753, Eunice Sturgis ; Eliza- 
beth married Samuel Silliman, 1756; Ebenezer married Amelia 
Silliman, 1759; Nehemiah, Sarah Osborne, 1763. 

Captain Burr's wife Elizabeth died 1753. On the stone in 
Fairfield it is written: 

Here lies buried the Body of Mrs. Elizabeth Burr wife to 

Cap*. Samuel Burr who departed this life June 16^^ A.D. 

1753, in the 51st Year of her Age. 

Captain Samuel married Mrs. Ruth Bulkeley^ 14 March, 1754, 

1 These ( ) show how the entrj' appears in the register, S=Samuel, 
S.S.=Seth, \V=mentioned in will, \\'d=named as dead. 

2 Same family as the Reverend Peter, founder of Concord. 


nine months after his first wife's death. Captain Burr died in 
1773. On the stone is written: 

Here lies Buried the Body of Capt. Seth Samuel Burr 
who departed this life March y« 2P^ 1773 in y« 79th Year 
of His Age. 

His will is dated 6 March, 1772; he does not mention Seth, 
Nehemiah, or Abigail. He orders his sons to certain duties to 
his widow. 

Captain Seth Samuel Burr was often employed where success 
depended upon the confidence of his fellow men, especially in 
ecclesiastical disputes.^ 

His daughter Ellen, baptized 18 January, 1736, probably born 
at the end of 1735, married Abel Gold 19 December, 1754. Not 
much is recorded of her. One infers that she was capable, per- 
haps a better manager than her husband ; for her estate evidently 
continued in her name ; even though she had died and her hus- 
band had married again, yet after the death of her husband we 
read of the distribution of her property under the administration 
of her second son, Talcott. She died immediately following the 
birth of her eleventh child, 17 June, 1777. Her husband married 
almost immediately her sister-in-law, Amelia, widow of her 
brother Ebenezer. One imagmes that she chose her own 
successor. Amelia probably shared those qualities that were 
so conspicuous in her father, and her brother and nephew, emi- 
nent in civil and military life. Perhaps it might be noted that 

1 Three such instances are found in the colonial records for 1734, 
1736, and 1751 when memorials were entertained by the General Court 
for the establishment of new parishes, in Norwalk, Danbury, and adjoin- 
ing regions. Again, on the memorial of the selectmen of Fairfield in 
October, 1748, seeking reimbursement for 276£ expended in the care of 
Joseph Bennett, who "for several years past hath been so distracted as 
to render him uncapable to provide for himself," Captain Samuel Burr 
is authorized to make sale of so much of Bennett's land as may be 

It is difficult for us to realize how direct and particular was the con- 
trol of the General Court in affairs of the church. The erection of 
church buildings, the establishment of new parishes, the payment of the 
church rates, all these things come repeatedly before the General Court 
and must have occupied a considerable portion of the time of the legis- 
lative body and perhaps have been responsible for its sitting so frequently 
at least twice each year, May and October. 


before this time by several years Judge Silliman and his wife 
had both died and that probably her inheritance made Amelia 
an efifective help in keeping together the many children of that 
Revolutionary household ; for she had at least three children by 
Ebenezer Burr, cousins of Abel Gold's ten living children, and 
one by Abel Gold; fourteen children at least belonged to the 
united families, though some of these were of age. Still she 
certainly deserves the name, Mother in Israel. The children 
thought so. We read on her tomb : 

This monument is erected by order of Wm. Burr in com- 
memoration of his honoured mother Amelia who lived the 
partner and widow of Ebenezar Burr son of Sam and Eliza- 
beth Burr, late of Fairfield. Deceast also lived the partner 
and died the widow of Abel Gold son of Samuel Gold late 
of Fairfield. Deceast was the daughter of Ebenezar Silli- 
man Esq"". Deceast was born in the year 1736 and died in 
the year 1794 Aged 58 yrs. 

The parish record shows the baptism, 11 February, 1749, of 
Nancy, a negro child, servant to Captain Samuel Burr. 


For the Wakeman line the chief source of information is the 
large volume, dated 1900, The Wakeman Family, by Robert P. 
Wakeman of Southport, a courteous gentleman who has been 
kind enough to answer some inquiries by letters. 

Our first ancestor of the Wakeman name is Elizabeth, 1702- 
1753, mother of Ellen Burr, who in turn was mother to Talcott 
Gold, our great-great-grandfather. 

The first certain ancestor of Elizabeth was Francis Wakeman, 
who never came to this country and who died 2 September, 
1626. His will, proved 7 November, 1626, mentions a brother 
John. Nothing certain is known of his ancestors. However, 
the careful study in The Wakeman Family, a study based on 
town and parish records, make it reasonable and probable that 
his descent was like this: Son of John, who was grandson of 
Roger, student at All Souls, Oxford, 1516, who was son of 
William, grandson of another William, called of Drayton, which 
William married the ''heiress of Godspayne," and was himself 
son of John of Drayton and Alice Wormsley. This John was 


the eighth in descent from William who married Alicia Tam- 
worth, and who was the son of Sir Thomas and Isalx;lla, daugh- 
ter of Sir George Hastings. Sir Thomas was fourth in descent 
from another Thomas of the days of Richard i, which Thomas 
was great-grandson of John le Wake, Wyke, or Wakeman, who 
lived 1066 at Ripon, Yorkshire, a name derived from his occu- 
pation or office, that of watch or guard. In this family there 
was a monk, Thomas, fl. 1280, Nicholas, a monk in the seven- 
teenth century, contemporary with our Francis, and the no- 
torious Sir George, Roman Catholic physician to the Princess 
of York, 1670, and tainted in the Popish plot tales. The most 
eminent was a John, son of the "heiress of Godspayne," who 
was in turn Abbot of Tewksbury (Roman Catholic) and later 
Bishop of Gloucester, died 1549. He was a translator of the 
Bible. In his will, extant, he makes a bequest to his nephew 

To return to John, supposedly father of Francis. He lived 
mostly at Chaddesley, a parish seven miles from Bewdley, the 
home of Francis. There he was married to Joan 9 August, 
1545. His eldest son Roger was born in 1546; other children 
were: Anne, Francis (no date of birth or baptism), John, Rich- 
ard, and a second John. He is called "tanner" in 1587; probably 
at that time was living in Bewdley, as the Bewdley records re- 
cord the burial of "Joan, wife of John Wakeman, the Tanner," 
27 March, 1587. He probably gave over his business to his 
son Francis, who is called tanner in 1591 when a child is bap- 
tized; not so called in 1593. Francis appears next in Chaddesley 
when a son John is buried in May, 1595. In 1596 he reappears 
in Bewdley records as the cooper and so is named until his 
death, 1626.^ 

Francis's wife, Anne Goode, whom he married at a parish a 
few miles away, Eastham of Tenbury, died before her husband, 

1 Children of Francis and Anne (Goode) Wakeman: Mary, bap- 
tized 1591; Sarah, baptized 23 April, 1593, married Richard Hubbell; 
Martha, baptized 27 March, 1596, married William Davis, died 1664; John, 
baptized 29 March, 1601 ; Samuel, baptized 25 September, 1603, died 
1641; Isaac, baptized 1606, died 1609; Joseph, baptized 1609; Ann, bap- 
tized 3 July, 1614, married Adam Nichols; Hester, baptized IS June, 
1617, married Thomas Sheldon, died 1693; Priscilla, married 23 January, 
1630, Thomas Richards. 


29 January, 1621. His will shows that he must have been 
fairly prosperous ; in addition to family bequests he leaves some- 
thing to John Phinley of Wyer Hill and to "the Poore of Bewd- 
ley" ; his son John is executor. He stood well with the church, 
as he names M. Hammons, minister and rector of Ribbesford 
(this was the name of the parish church in Bewdley) as one of 
the overseers of his will. The other overseers are M. Hopkins, 
who was John's father-in-law, and John Wowen, husband to 
his dead daughter Mary. Most of his children appear to have 
been under age. Of his three sons (of Joseph nothing seems 
to be known) John and Samuel both came to Connecticut. His 
will mentions six daughters ; there is some reason to suppose 
there was another, Ellen or Helena or Ellinor. Apparently all of 
the daughters except Mary came to America, probably under the 
leadership of John. If the Ellen spoken of be his daughter, we 
are descended in two strains from this Francis, through his son 
John and his daughter Ellen. 

This son John appears to have been a man of consequence 
both in England and in Connecticut. He was baptized at 
Ribbesford 29 March, 1601, and died in Hartford in 1661. He 
married 28 January, 1629, Elizabeth Hopkins, daughter of a 
leading citizen of Bewdley. In the will of William Hopkins, 
1647, he and wife and three children come in each for a be- 
quest of lOi. About the time of his departure for America 
he arranged for the erection of a memorial to the benefactors 
of the grammar school of Bewdley. John is mentioned as a 
timberman; he keeps up the ancestral connection with the for- 
est. The forest of Wyre near at hand was famous and fur- 
nished in one way and another occupation to most of the in- 
habitants. The town is on the banks of the Severn in the ex- 
treme northern part of Worcestershire, not far from the Welsh 
frontier; the name of Bewdley, of French origin, means Fair 
Place; but of its history and location, more in connection with 
William Hopkins. 

John migrated to the New World in 1640. He becomes a 
freeman of New Haven; is chosen deputy 27 October, 1641, and 
often thereafter; I have noted these years: 1642, 1643, 1644, 
1655, 1656, 1657, 1658, 1659, 1660. He was auditor of the 
treasury in 1645; deputy for the jurisdiction court, 1646; ar- 


bitrator, 1647; treasurer, 1655, 1656, 1657, 1658, 1659.^ In 1661 
he was magistrate-elect, but his sickness is noted in May, 1661, 
and he died without entering into the office. The town record 
showing his reluctance to accept the magistracy (that is, the 
senatorship) is here quoted : ^ 

Mr. Wakeman w^as nominated for the magistracy. Mr. 
Wakeman declared that he thought ye unsettled condition 
he stood in [he had recently disposed of his lands, at least 
of much land in New Haven] would have spoken sufficiently 
to have prevented any such thoughts concerning him, where- 
upon the question being putt to him, whether he did not 
intend to stay amongst us, wch he answered that he was not 
resolved whether to goe or stay, but rather then he would 
accept of ye place he would remove. 

At a meeting on 15 April appointed for further consideration ^ 
he declared "that ... he was both discouraged in himself 
& unsettled in respect to his dwelling." Nothing on that day 
was determined. The causes operating then were his unsettled 
abode and perhaps ill health. Possibly also he was deterred by 
dislike of the Restoration and fear of what changes it might 
mean to Connecticut. The death of his wife may also have in- 
fluenced him, as it doubtless did to sell his New Haven lands. 

The New Haven town record perpetuates the shame of those 
who were ill-livers ; those of well-ordered lives pass in colorless 
fashion over its pages. One passage tells of an incident be- 
falling John Wakeman : * Mr. Wakeman is to watch, "but not 
to trayne, because his arme is lame ever since it was broke wth 
the fall of the cart." 

He served his town in almost every capacity. He was ap- 
pointed to make collections for the establishment of a college ; 
again, he was on a committee to secure aid for Mr. Dimon of 
Fairfield because of his great loss in vessel, valued at 200i. In 
1657 he was trusted "to sell out some liquor, an anchor or some 
what more, to such as he thinkes may have need of it and will 
not abuse themselves thereby." 

His services were in frequent demand as appraiser, witness, or 

1 Records of the colonial jurisdiction are lacking, 1644-1653. 
^ New Haven Town Records, p. 475, 1 April, 1661. 
3 Ibid., p. 479. 
* Ibid., p. 164. 


administrator. He was a deacon in the church. He was asso- 
ciated with Deputy-Governor Stephen Goodyear of New Haven 
and Colonel Talcott of Hartford. It does not appear when, if 
ever, he took up residence in Hartford. His three living children^ 
were well married: Helena to Lieutenant-Colonel John Talcott, 
29 October, 1650; Samuel to Hannah, daughter of D. G. Good- 
year, 28 August, 1656; and Elizabeth to the Rev. Samuel Kit- 
chell. He had grandchildren in all three branches arriving at 
distinction. His will was dated 18 April, 1660, proved in 1661. 
His beloved friends and brethren, Henry Glover and James 
Bishop, are named as overseers, the witnesses are sisters, Martha 
Davis and Ellen Glover. Now Martha was sister after the flesh ; 
was not also Ellen Glover, even though she is not mentioned in 
the will of her father, Francis. The executors are sons Samuel 
and Kitchell. He makes bequests for charitable and religious ob- 
jects; he mentions besides his immediate family, cousin John 
Walker, really nephew, son of sister-in-law Anna Hopkins, who 
married Ed Walker (John Walker had died 1652), Hannah 
Cheevers (under eighteen, not otherwise known), and his ser- 
vant, Thomas Huxley. His brother Samuel had been killed in 
the Bahamas in 1641 ; Samuel's son Esbun settled in Fairfield or 
Stratford but left no male heirs. 

From John our family holds descent both through Helena and 
through Samuel. Of Helena herself little appears to be known. 
She received by her father's will 20£ and each of her three 
children 5£. She had been baptized in Bewdley, 23 December, 
1632, and died 22 June, 1674. For her husband and children 
see the Talcott chapter. 

The third authentic Wakeman in our Hne, Samuel, was also 
baptized at Bewdley, 7 June, 1635. His father sent him to Har- 
vard but he left without a degree in 1655. He appears however 
to have been in no disgrace ; for he married the next year the 
daughter of the wealthy Stephen Goodyear. Her dowry must 
have been considerable, for she left in 1721 an estate of 900i. It 
1 Children of John and Elizabeth (Hopkins) Wakeman: John, bap- 
tized 25 July. 1630, died 1636; Hellena, baptized 23 December, 1632. mar- 
ried John Talcott 29 October. 1650, died 22 June, 1674; Samuel, 7 
June, 1635. died 5 March, 1692; Elizabeth. 16 September, 1638. married 
Samuel Kitchell 11 March, 1657(8). 


is thoug-ht that he was a school-master in Fairfield and vicinity; 
he purchased land there in 1663, may already have been the 
associate pastor of the church, as the Rev. Mr. Jones, feeble in 
his age, died in 1664; certainly Mr. Wakeman was called as 
pastor 30 September, 1665, "by a free vote." He was quickly 
involved in the half-way covenant controversies of the time ; his 
superior ability was recogriized by his appointment with three 
others by the General Court ^ on a commission, 16 May, 1668, to 
meet at Saybrook, 8th or 9th June. 

To consider of some expedient of our peace, by searching 
out the rule, and thereby clearing up how farre the churches 
and people may walk together within themselves and one 
with another in the fellowship of the Gospel. 

The return of the committee at the next meeting of the 
court appears to have been conciliatory, for the court decreed 
a measure of toleration for the opponents in the controversy. 
Those following the half-way covenant permitted persons to 
own the covenant, without professing conversion, have their 
names on the church register, share in the church's business, and 
have their children baptized. For one hundred and fifty years 
this practice prevailed in Fairfield. 

As one would expect, Mr. Wakeman was no sympathizer with 
attempts to remove the church from supervision of the General 
Court. In 1668 some of his parish wished to have the church 
supported by voluntary contributions ; but Mr. Wakeman 
squashed the movement by an appeal to the legislature. As a 
minister of the established church, he was the servant of the 
Commonwealth no less than the magistrate or the deputy, and 
as such should receive official pay. The Wakemans had prob- 
ably been faithful to the Church at home, and though Puritans 
were perhaps not Separatists.^ 

Parish and pastor were again honored in the appointment of 
Mr. Wakeman in 1683 to preach the election sermon before the 
General Court. It was delivered in Hartford 4 May, and was 
printed in Boston by Samuel Green, 1685, in a pamphlet of 
forty-four pages. "Sound Repentance the Right Way to escape 

^ Note the control in ecclesiastical affairs by the secular legislature. 
2 In 1678 (Colonial Records) he presented a petition of his fellow 
citizens of Pequonok- Stratford for a separate school. 


deserved Ruin, A Solid and awakening Discourse, Exhorting the 
people of God to comply with his Counsel," so it is described on 
the title page. The impulse to holiness which had powerfully 
wrought to bring a winnowed people to plant themselves upon 
these bleak shores had spent itself. The author, so the editor 
remarks, had become "exceeding tremendous suspicious that 
Christian defections and rampant colonial sins would bring down 
an awful punishment." 

Not only was the Reverend Samuel a shrewd ecclesiast ; he 
had a family of eight children,^ well brought up, and left a 
large property. His eldest son Samuel, though he died before 
his father at the age of twenty-four, had achieved some distinc- 
tion. John and Joseph were commissioned captains by the gov- 
ernment and were men of substantial wealth and influence. 
Jabez was the beloved pastor of Newark, New Jersey. Samuel's 
will is dated 8 March, 1692. Was he ahead of his time in hu- 
manitarian views? At least he gives his Indian servant Jane 
her freedom. He makes small bequests to the grammar school 
and also to the church. He provides that each of his children 
shall have a Bible. His son Jabesh, fourteen years old, "shall 
be brought up in learning." He divides the bulk of his estate 
among his four sons, their portions amounting to 953£ 18s. 
The witnesses are the Nathan Golds, father and son. The 
will is often illiterate; the lawyer's scribes were degenerate. 

The next in our line is Captain Joseph Wakeman, 6 May, 1670, 
5 December, 1726. He married, in August, 1697, and established 
his home probably on ancestral acres in the west part of Fair- 
field, called Greens Farms. The house, large, substantial, com- 
modious, built about 1700, is still standing, one of two in t^hat 
part of the town which escaped the raid of the British in 1779. 
His wife was EHzabeth Hawley, herself probably a person of 
force and distinction. In 1707, with Nathan Gold and others, 
he was granted a township of land. His public services were 
considerable. His military commission is dated 1708, so that 

1 Children of Samuel and Hannah (Goodyear) Wakeman: Samuel, 
12 October, 1657, died 1691; John, 1659(?), died 1709; Ebenezer, 1668(?), 
died 1690; Joseph, 1670, died 5 December, 1726; Jabez, 1678. died 8 Octo- 
ber, 1704; Mar\', married Michael Clugstone; Ann, married Ab. Howell; 
Elizabeth, married Albert Denny. 


he took part in what was known as Queen Anne's War.^ He 
was a deputy or representative in 1706, 1707, and from 1710 
to 1722; assistant or senator in 1724, 1725, and 1726; on a com- 
mission to the governor of Massachusetts in 1722, to the gov- 
ernor of New York in 1725, concerning boundaries; in 1725 he 
was a member of a council of war, he had often been a justice, 
and treasurer. From 1721 to 1725 with Gold and others, he 
was a patentee for the Fairfield Grammar School. His early- 
death in 1726 ^ cut him off in his most busily useful years. His 
tombstone is extant and records him as Joseph Wakeman, Esq.^ 
His wealth was about 5,000£. His last year was clouded by the 
death, 25 September, 1726, of his scholar son, Ebenezer. His 
tombstone reads, in a reformed spelling, "Ebeneezer Wakeman 
son to Joseph Wakeman, Esq. brought up at Yale College in 
New Haven & tlieir comenst Master of Arts." Joseph's will 
suggests that he thought his father's abolition notions prema- 
ture; he gives his negro woman Dinah to his wife. To the 
church he makes a small bequest, otherwise, only to the family. 
The bulk of his estate, divided among his four sons, amounted 
to 4,436£, "To my well-beloved daughter Elizabeth Burr, I will 
and bequeath three hundred pounds and my smaller silver Tank- 
ard, in addition to what I have already given her." Another 
daughter had married the Hon. John Burr. Of the women of 
that time it is given us to know so little that it may be pardon- 
able to record the marriage of Stephen Wakeman to the belle, 
Sarah Jesup, celebrated to the envy of all sisters whether of 
the flesh or not for the richness of her apparel, including a silk 

iHe was a member of the committee of war for Fairfield, 1709. 

2 His death is noticed in Colonial Records, 29 December, 1726. 

3 "Here lyes Buried y« Body of Joseph Wakeman Esq'' Aged 56 Years. 
Dec-J December y^ 5'^ 1726." 

His widow was speedily married to Colonel John Burr, 29 March, 1727. 
Colonel Burr was a widower, about seven years older than widow Eliza- 
beth. As the widow had three young children, the marriage to so worthy 
a man must have been of distinct advantage. Colonel Burr died in 1750, 
his widow in 1753. Her tombstone reads: "Here lies the Body of Mrs. 
Elizabeth Burr, widow of Coll' John Burr Formerly the wife of Joseph 
Wakeman Esq. who departed this life Aug' 18'^, A. D. 1753 in the 74th 
Year of her age." 


skirt that would stand upright. Stephen was himself a Harvard 


"Beloved daughter Elizabeth" is our next inheritance, who 
was married in June, 1722, to Captain Seth Samuel Burr and 
became the mothen of Ellen. Not any of her sons achieved much 
distinction; her daughters married into good families. 


The husband of Hester Ward was Ebenezer Hawley. The 
first of the name in this country were two brothers, Thomas and 
Joseph, from Parwich, Derby. Joseph was born about 1603, died 
20 May, 1690. He came to America about 1629 or 1630, but first 
appears on the Stratford records in 1650. He was a deputy in 
1665 and often down to 1687. In 1675 he was a quartermaster 
to collect wheat for the army against the Indians. He married 
his second wife, Katherine Birdseye, in 1646. His will, dated 
1689, mentions children: Samuel, born 1647; Joseph, Elizabeth, 
Ebenezer, Hannah, Ephraim, John, Mary. 

Ebenezer was born 17 September, 1654, and died before his 
father in 1681. As he is listed in the division of Compo Neck in 
1682 the date of his death is perhaps incorrect. He was dead 
before May, 1683 ; for in the Colonial Records of that date is 
given permission to part with land belonging to the estate of 
Ebenezer Hawley. He was married to Hester Ward in 1678, by 
whom he had two children, Elizabeth, and William who died in 
1680. As Elizabeth died 18 August, 1753, in the seventy-fourth 
year of her age, she must have been born some time preceding 
August, 1680. Elizabet<h was married to Joseph Wakeman. 

His widow was soon married. The Hawleys appear to have 
been substantial and influential people. The immigrant Thomas 
had a son. Captain Joseph, who in turn was father to the Rev. 
Thomas Hawley of Ridgefield, the husband of Abigail, daughter 

1 Children of Joseph and Elizabeth (Hawley) Wakeman: Ebenezer, 
10 January, 1699, died 25 September, 1726; Catherine, 27 April, 1700, 
married John Burr 18 October, 1722, died 25 September, 1753; Elizabeth. 
19 April, 1702; Joseph, 1703, died 1762; Jabez, 1706, died 1774; Samuel, 
born and died 1709; Mary, baptized 23 July, 1710, married William 
Burr, died 1743; Samuel, 1713, died 1752; Stephen, 1716, died 23 March, 1760. 


to Deputy-Governor Nathan Gold. Other Hawleys were promi- 
nent in the Connecticut Valley. 

Deacon Joseph Birdseye, in Wethersfield as early as 1636, came 
from Reading, Berks, England. Tradition says that Katherine, 
the wife of Joseph Hawley, was daughter to Edward, the brother 
of Joseph Birdseye, who resided in New Haven and Wethersfield. 


At the very outset is encountered a tangle involving the 
Shennans. It is said, though no documents are cited, that An- 
drew Ward married Hester Sherman. If he did there is probably 
little weight in the argument of J. H. Lea ^ that Andrew Ward 
was from Northampton ; for the Shermans belonged to Essex 
and in that vicinity we find the Wards from whom it has been 
customary to derive Andrew. Lea's contention is based on a 
will of Richard Ward of Foxton, dated 17 February, 1639(40), 
wherein he mentions his brother Andrew and other brothers and 
sisters, and also Thomas Dudley, governor of New England, 
with whom. Lea says, Andrew Ward was on terms of friendship. 
The pedigree of this Ward family had been recorded in 1618(19). 
The question has been discussed in various issues of the 

Accepting, however, the marriage to Hester Sherman, we turn 
our attention to Essex. In the adjoining county to the north, 
Suffolk, we find a Sir Richard Ward of Homersfield about the 
middle of the sixteenth century. Richard was the son of Thomas, 
his mother a daughter of Dr. John Hare.^ 

The Hares were well known, Sir Nicholas of Homersfield 
being a judge, 1557, and traced their family through twelve 
generations. Richard Ward died old, the lord of Gorleston Manor, 
leaving by will in 1598 his property to five sons, the fifth of 
v/hom was Andrew, his share being 333£. The Gorleston Manor 
had come into the family from Richard's wife, the daughter of 
Richard Gunville, said to have been of the same family as the 
founders of Gonville College. The son Andrew was born about 
1572 and is probably to be identified with the Andrew Ward buried 

1 A^ew York Genealogical and Biographical Record, 44, p. 119. 

2 John Hare LL-D. died 1526; he was son of Nicholas, a grandson of 


at St. Michael's, Cornhill, London, 23 January, 1615. At the same 
place was buried Ralph Ward, probably the brother mentioned in 
the will of Richard. It is assumed that the immigrant Andrew 
was the son of the Andrew who died in London, 1615. Con- 
firmatory of this is quoted from the manuscript of a journey 
through Suffolk in 1657 by Mr. Leverland: "Descendants of An- 
drew Ward, son of Richard of Homersfield, were in New Eng- 

Andrew was born about 1597 and was in this country by 
1634; it is said that he came in company with John Winthrop 
and Sir Richard S'altonstall in June, 1630. More likely, he came 
over in 1634. He was freeman in Watertown 14 May, 1634, 
a member of George Phillips's church, to which also belonged 
Saltonstall. That fall he was one of a band of ten adventurers 
to "sett down" at Pyquag on the Connecticut River. Church 
and state both deliberated long whether to sanction the removal, 
but the colony records, 26 April, 1636, confirm the dismission 
already granted by the Watertown church to Andrew Ward, 
John Sherman, and a few others "to form anew in a Church 
Covenant in this River of Conectecott." With Roger Ludlow, 
Ward and five others were appointed to govern the new colony 
for a year ; Ward continued in this service for some years. He 
appears to have been magistrate or senator in the General Court 
which on 14 January, 1639, enacted the Fundamental Orders 
confederating the three river towns into the Colony of Connecti- 
cut, the first written constitution for a free people. Pyquag was 
soon named Watertown, subsequently Wethersfield. In 1638 
he was collector of the rates and also an Indian commissioner 
at Springfield. Other services are on record, including the 
auditing of the colony accounts in 1639. The same year 
occurred dissension in the church with the result that with- 
in a year Ward and others removed to Toquams-Rippowam- 
Stamford, under the jurisdiction of New Haven; Ward is listed 
as freeman at New Haven from Rippowam in 1639. On 27 
October, 1641, he is admitted a member of the General Court 
at New Haven. He was also selectman at Stamford, the next 
year constable. On 27 October, 1646, he was chosen magistrate 
to the General Court. On 18 May, 1648, his name appears 
as deputy at Hartford from Fairfield; on the Fairfield land 


records, 6 March, 1649. He continued to be elected as deputy 
until 1658. In 1656 he was instrumental in establishing what 
was virtually a probate district including Fairfield, Stratford, 
and Norwalk. He was frequently an administrator or appraiser 
of estates. His will is of date 8 June, 1659, probated 20 Octo- 
ber, 1659. His estate was valued at 242£ 10s. His will, drawn 
by his own hand, declares himself "strong, merry, & well both 
in mind & body"; it names his wife Esther and nine children. 
He had married Hester, the sister of the Rev. John Sherman, 
pastor at Watertown, Massachusetts, and Wethersfield, Con- 
necticut. His sons were Edmund, William, Andrew (born 1647), 
Samuel, and John. Edmund was away from Fairfield at the 
making of the will. Andrew married Trial, daughter of John 
Meigs of Guilford, and settled at Kenilworth. Samuel married 
Alice, daughter of Richard Ogden, and Hannah, widow of Jona- 
than Judson; he lived in Fairfield. John, Savage thinks, mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of William Harris, and lived in Middletown. 
The daughters of the first Andrew Ward were: Mary, Abigail, 
Ann, and Sarah. Mary married the second Jehu Burr. Ann 
married Caleb Nichols. Sarah married Nathaniel Burr.^ 

The son William, who was born about 1630-1635, practiced 
medicine and was appointed by the General Court to accompany 
the Fairfield troops against the Narragansetts with the rank of 
sergeant. He is said to have taken good care of the troops at 
New London and to have been of great assistance to the chief 
surgeon, Gershom Bulkeley. He was killed in 1676. The in- 
ventory of his estate is dated 4 March, 1676, and amounted to 
595£ lis 9d. He had been admitted freeman 31 May, 1657. He 
married Deborah Lockwood and left one child, Esther. 

Esther was born in 1658. She was married first to Ebenezer 
Hawley, by whom she had two children, Elizabeth, and William 
who died 1680. Ebenezer Hawley died 1681. His widow mar- 
ried, 17 October, 1682, Ensign Ephraim, son of Isaac Nichols, 
who had been born 16 December, 1657. By him she had three 

1 Henry Ward Beecher was descendant of Andrew Ward. The Rev. 
Nathaniel Ward, Puritan divine, witty author of The Simple Cobbler of 
Agawam, was also from Suffolk, Haverhill, but how related to Andrew 
is not known. The will of a John Sherman (1652) in Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts, mentions various cousin Shermans from Dedham. Here per- 
haps is a clue to further relationship of the two families. 


children, Ignatius, born 17 December, 1683, Disborow, born 1 
January, 1685, and Esther, born 18 December, 1689. Ensign 
Ephraim Nichols died 1690. Esther's third husband was Elipha- 
let Hill, to whom she was married on 16 November, 1691. They 
had two children, William, born 17 November, 1692, and Elipha- 
let, born 11 January, 1694(5), After the death of the third hus- 
band in 1695, Esther married fourth, Robert Lord, on 20 Janu- 
ary, 1696, and had four or five more children, Mary, 21 April, 
1698, Abigail, 5 April, 1700, Sarah, 29 March, 1702, Robert, 
and Ebenezer.^ She thus became the mother of many influential 
in the community. Tradition reports her a woman widely re- 
spected whose abundant means were dispensed with an open 


Andrew Ward's wife, Hester, was the daughter of Edmond 
Sherman. There were so many Edmonds that it is difficult to 
allot the facts recorded among them. Innumerable Sherman wills 
are given by Waters in his Gleanings. For our purpose the 
starting place is the will of Samuel Sherman, 14 June, 1643, who 
makes a bequest: "to my loving sister Sherman, Edmond's 
widow, and to her son, Samuel, to her son John, and to her 
daughters Grace and Ester Ward and her youngest daughter." 
Now this Samuel was the son of an Edmond, the grandson of 
a Henry, and a great-grandson of a Henry. The family had 
been known in Essex for generations and is certainly connected 
with Shermans found elsewhere in England, but this Henry is 
probably the first with whom the line can certainly begin. He 
appears to have been a merchant in Suffolk, buried 16 March, 
1564. His son Henry became identified with Dedham, Essex, 
and there and in the neighborhood great numbers of Shermans 
lived for generations. Henry, dying in 1589, left according to 
his will a wife :Margery, but he appears to have been earlier 
married to Agnes Butler (PButter), who had been buried 14 

1 So Fairfield Historical Society. 

2 Address of William Beers. Date of death on her stone is illegible, 

probably 1730. 

References on the Wards: Andrew Warde and his descendants, 1910, by 
George K. Ward; Genealogy and descent of Rev. David Ward, by Mrs. 
Frances B. Hamlin; Andrew Ward, Fairfield, 1907. by T. H. Perry. 


October, 1580. From his will and others his children may be 
listed as follows: Dr. Robert Sherman, will 10 January, 1602; 
John, will 1576; Henry, buried 28 August, 1610; Edmond; 
Robert, will 10 January, 1602; Judith, married to William Pet- 
field, and another daughter married to Nicholas Fynce. The 
will of the son Henry (1609) and of his wife Susan Hills (1610) 
are extant and throw much light on family relationships. One 
of his sons was an Edmond, born 1577, later called of Col- 
chester, and likely to be confused with the father of Hester 

An Edmond was a wealthy clothier and founder of a school, 
still known as the "Sherman Library." A church window at 
Dedham bears his initials. This may have been the Edmond, 
son of the second Henry, whose will is dated 1 August, 1599, 
with a codicil 20 December, 1600, proved April, 1601. He was 
buried 22 December, 1600. He must have been born about 1540. 
He was married 25 April to Ann Pellatte ^ and by her had 
children: Edmond, born about 1570; Bezaliel, died before 1643; 
Richard, born 1576(7), and Anna, born 1580(1). His wife dy- 
ing he married, 11 September, 1584, Ann Cleere by whom he 
had : Sara, married Thomas Warner, Anne, Susan, married 
Richard Backler, Samuel (will 1643), John, Benjamin, and Mary, 

born 1598(9), married Bacon, and was in 1643 in New 

England. In the next generation the chances for confusion be- 
come considerable as there are at least two Edmonds, cousins, and 
of about the same age. 

In his will, 14 May, 1610, Tobias Makin of Fingringhoe, Es- 
sex, yeoman, makes a bequest to Richard, son of Edmund Sher- 
man, and names his daughter Joane ; the parish register gives 
birth of Richard, son of Ed. and Joane Sherman, 16 October, 
1608. This Richard was doubtless especially recognized in his 
grandfather's will as the youngest grandchild; for it seems pretty 
clear that this Edmund and Joan Makin had had several children. 
The first entered in the parish register is Edmund, 23 June or 
October, 1599, son of Edmund Sherman jr. His father Edmund 
died in 1600. The next is Ann, son of Edmund, 1601, next Joan, 
1603, next Hester, 1 April, 1606. In 1610, after the will of her 
father Tobias was made, Joan seems to have died ; for the parish 

^ So parish register. 


register records the marriage on 15 May, 1611, of Edmund Sher- 
man and Judith Angler; that this is not the cousin Edmund ap- 
pears from the will of Bezaliel Sherman, 7 October, 1618, who 
names Joan and John, children of his brother Edmund, and the 
children, Joan and Ann, are named 2 September, 1625, in the will 
of Ann, widow of John Angier; this Ann was sister to Bezaliel 
and Edmund. The parish register enters the birth of a "child" 
in 1616 to Edmund; this may be the John, not otherwise re- 
corded ; in 1618 the birth of Samuel, A Bezaliel had been en- 
tered in 1611, but this may be son to the other Edmund. This 
other Edmund is clearly identified in the will of Anne, widow 
first of Anthony Whiting and second of Thomas Wilson; she 
mentions brother Ezekiel and otherwise identifies herself as daugh- 
ter to Henry (will 1609). She mentions her brother Edmund 
Sherman of Colchester. 

It seems clear then that Edmund jr. was twice married, first 
to Joan, daughter of Tobias Makin, second to Judith, sister of 
John Angier, and that he had at least these children: Edmund, 
1599, Ann 1601, Joan 1603, Hester 1606, Richard 1608, perhaps 
Bezaliel 1611, John 1616, Samuel 1618, and Grace of unknown 
age. It seems also reasonably clear that some of these children 
died young. It is also clear that Edmund was dead at the 
date of his brother Samuel's will, 1543. No wills of Edmund or 
his widow are found. Other evidence occurs that the world did 
not go well with him; for John Angier, his brother-in-law, in 
1623 left a bequest to him to clear him of debts. In another 
will also is a hint that he was not prosperous. 

These Sherman wills are astonishingly minute in their facts and 
family relationships. The Shermans were generally substantial 
and well-to-do, of the merchant class, but occasionally giving a 
son to learning and to the Church. They were strong Puritans 
and frequently allied with Puritan preachers. A good many of 
the family came to America ; of Edmund's family certainly John 
and Samuel. John was a graduate of Immanuel College, Cam- 
bridge, and died in Connecticut after a long pastorate, From 
Samuel, who died in Stratford a neighbor of Andrew Ward, 
are descended John and General W. T. Sherman. Other descend- 
ants of these Shermans are Wm. M. Evarts, Geo. F. Hoar, and 


Chauncey M. Depew. In his Recollections John Sherman gives 
much about the early history of the family. 

A few words may be added about the famiHes allied with the 
Shermans. Of the first Edmund's first wife nothing appears to 
be known. His second, Ann, was the daughter of Nicholas Cleer, 
or Clare, whose will is dated 24 February, 1578; he names his 
wife Ann, sons Nicholas, Thomas, and William, daughters Mary, 
Ann, and Jane, son-in-law Thomas Haselwood (husband of Jane), 
and cousins John and Benjamin Clere. Other wills show that 
his son Nicholas became alderman of Dedham and that Mary 
married the Rev. Robert Lewis; Lewis's will, 1618, is interest- 
ing for its mention of many clergj^men, among them "brother 
Ward, parson of Lyvermere." The will of his son Thomas is 
dated 11 January, 1594. The earliest Clere will is dated 26 
December, 1538, that of John, probably grandfather of Nicholas. 
He names wife Jane, sons Nicholas, John, Benjamin, son-in- 
law William Bonham, daughter Kathrin Bradok, and nephew 
Nicholas Clere. 

Of the Makins little appears to be known. Tobias mentions 
his wife Katherine, daughter Grace Sherman (said to be the 
mother of Captain John, who came to America), Joan, and Re- 
becca ; sons, John the elder and John the younger. Thomas, Sam- 
uel, Westbroome, and Tobias, and grandchild, Elizabeth Potter. 
Of the second wife, stepy-mother to Hester Ward, and her family 
much more could be set down ; there are many wills ; they seem 
to be of substantially the same condition in life as the Shermans. 
Like the Shermans some of them find a place in the Dictionary 
of National Biography as distinguished Puritan scholars of the 
time. It might be added that at the time there was a learned 
woman of the name of Makin, whose husband was probably con- 
nected with the Dedham families. She instructed the children 
of Charles i in Greek, Hebrew, Latin, French, Italian, Spanish, 
and mathematics and carried on a correspondence with Anna 
Marie van Schurman. 

The reader should be cautioned against the Sherman history 
found in S. V. Talcott's General Notes of Nezv York and Nezv 
England Families, as it is full of error. 

Hester (Sherman) Ward's will was proved 28 February, 1666. 



The wife of the Rev. Samuel Wakeman was Hannah, daughter 
of Stephen Gooclyear. Stephen was a merchant in London. Some 
Goodyear wills and other data are given in the Goodyear Family 
by Grace Goodyear Kirkman, 1899. There is no documentary 
connection between the known London Goodyears and the Ameri- 
can immigrant but there seems no reason to question that the 
Stephen named in the will of Zacherye, dated 18 July, 1613, is 
the immigrant. He describes himself as vintner and was buried 
in the church of St. Gregory. Stephen is the residuary legatee 
and executive ; during his minority administration was granted, 31 
July, to Ralph Bowlton, "Merchant Taylor," who had been over- 
seer along with "brother John Partridge," another New England 
name. The will was proved 15 October, 1624, "owing to the 
coming of age of the executor." Hence Stephen was born in 
1603. Ralph Bowlton's will, 3 March, 1648(9), of the parish of 
St. Faith's under Paul's, mentions Stephen, but not New England : 
"I forgive my kinsman Stephen Goodyear his debt of lOOi." 

Naturally Stephen was apprenticed to the "taylor's" business. 
In the books of the Merchant Taylors Co.: "14 August, 1614, 
Stephen son of Zach. Goodier, bound apprentice to Rado Bowl- 
ton for seven years. 12 Nov. 1621 Stephen Goodier admitted to 
the freedom of the company by servitude to Radum Bowlton." 
There are two earlier facts which may be connected with the 
family: On 20 December, 1575, is recorded the marriage of 
Andrew Goodyear of St. Anne and St. Agnes, Aldersgate, to 
Alice Parkyns, spinster of St. Stephen, Colman Street (the 
church of John Davenport forty years later) ; these may have been 
the grandparents of Stephen, an indication of connection being 
found in the business of Andrew as the next entry shows: "In 
1587 died in London Anthony Goodyere vintner, brother of An- 
drew Goodyere, vintner." The last English entry concerning Ste- 
phen is of date 18 July, 1635 : Conveyance of messuage mill and 
lands at Walton on Thames, the indenture being made by others 
"& Stephen Goodyere, citizen & merchant-taylor of London" for 
240£. This was doubtless preliminary to his departure to America. 
Stephen died in England but there appears no entry. One other 
English record must refer to him, though he is named in this 
case as a goldsmith of London; but he may have changed his 


business or, more likely Sir Edward may have been inaccurate. 
This reference is found in the account of Sir Edward Lake, advo- 
cate general of Ireland, who was buried in Lincoln Cathedral 
in 1674. We are told that his brother, Thomas Lake, "married 
Mary daughter of Stephen Goodyer of London Goldsmith." Now 
this brother was married in America to Mary Goodyear and was 
slain by the Indians of Maine in 1676; his epitaph is in Copp's 
Hill, Boston. He was captain and his son Thomas inherited title 
and estate of Sir Edward Lake. Another fact concerning the 
Lakes : Anne, daughter to Captain and Mary Lake, was married 
first to John, grandson of the famous Rev. John Cotton, and on 
his death to no less a man than the Rev. Increase Mather of 
Boston. Mary appears to have been eldest child of Stephen and 
born about 1630. The genealogist says that the arms show that 
the Goodyears of England were all one family, but she points 
out no relationship to Sir Henry, the great friend of John 

Stephen Goodyear was one of the company of Davenport and 
Eaton which landed in Boston 28 June, 1637, proceeded to New 
Haven in 1638, and there instituted their theocratic government. 
He was from the start prominent and engaged in foreign trade 
sometimes by himself, sometimes in company with Eaton and 
others. He was made deputy governor and thus second only to 
Eaton in magisterial influence. The most famous incident in his 
business career was his connection with the ill-fated phantom ship 
celebrated by Cotton Mather and much later by Longfellow. A 
chief purpose in the expedition was the securing a charter and 
perhaps it was in some connection with this that Mrs. Good- 
year was on the vessel. After her loss Goodyear married the 
widow of Thomas Lamberton, the master of the ship. It was 
|>erhaps the loss entailed in this ship that began Goodyear's finan- 
cial difficulties, a condition hinted at in the will of his father's 
friend Bowlton in 1649 and very clear in the settlement of estate 
when his debts amounted to over 24O0i. Among his creditors 
was one prominent in Fairfield, Thomas Staples, to the amount 
of 204£. For the year following the phantom ship, 1647, there 
have been preserved some interesting correspondence between 
Goodyear and the Dutch governor, Stuyvesant. The chief fea- 
ture is the uniform friendliness of Stuyvesant to Goodyear as con- 


trasted with his hostility to Governor Eaton. Yet Goodyear would 
make no concession to the Ehitch claims to New Haven, though 
he adds : "Wee purpose neither have we anything in our hearts 
but love and neighborlie correspondence to you ... I am 
in haste — only one word more to desire yow to send me 50 
or 100 skipples of salte." A later letter gets on more personal 
terms: "I rejoyce to hear of the late blessing in the little one 
given you and of your wifes strength." ^ 

Mr. Goodyear was last present at a colony meeting 30 April, 
1657. On 17 August he asked leave to sell his share in the iron 
works, but the Town was not willing "except it be to such as 
they shall approve of." - He appears to have left for England 
soon after. In May of 1658 his return was expected but by Sep- 
tember ^ had come the news of his death. The esteem in which be 
was held best comes out in a letter from Davenport to the younger 

The last election day was the saddest to me that ever I 
saw in New Haven, by our want of him whose presence was 
wont to make it a day of no less contentment than solemnity. 
Being weary after my sermon, I was absent from the court. 
The first news that I heard from thence added to my sor- 
row, for I heard that Mr. Goodyear was wholly left out in 
the choice of magistrates, whereas I had been secure, think- 
ing they purposed to choose him governor. 

And such had been the intention, but as Davenport goes on to 
explain the necessity of expediency made it seem unadvisable 
to choose for governor a man who was absent. This election oc- 
curred in May, 1658, Eaton having died in January. 

His descendants are many.* His daughter Hannah was married 
to the Rev. Samuel Wakeman 29 October, 1656. On his death 
she is said to have been married to a Nathaniel Burr (probably 
junior) and to have died in 1721 leaving an estate of 900£. 

1 From New Haven Colonial Records. 

2 New Haven Town Records, p. 321. 
^Ihid, p. 361. 

* Children of Stephen Goodyear by first wife: Mary; Hannah; Stephen, 
baptized in New Haven August, 1641, drowned Boston Harbor; Lydia, 
baptized June, 1645; by second wife, the widow of Captain Lamberton : 
Andrew, baptized 1649, graduate of Harvard; John, born 8 March, 
165—, married Abigail Gibbard; Ester, born 10 May, 1654, married, 1682, 
Nathan Smith. 



John Wakeman's wife, Elizabeth, was the daughter of Will- 
iam Hopkins and Helen Vickari*. ', Both parents were of note- 
worthy families. 

The parentage of William Hopkins is perhaps not recorded. 
He appears to have dwelt all his life in Bewdley. The entry in 
the parish register at the time of his death is a sufficient summary 
of his career: "The most eminent, wise, and truly religious Mag- 
istrate of Bewdley, and at last member of the Long Parliament," 
surely an entry to excite interest. 

Bewdley, in the extreme northern part of Worcestershire on 
the banks of the Severn, is near the frontier of Wales. It has 
from the day when the name was given to it — Fair Place — been 
notable for its quiet beauty. Because of the neighboring forest 
of Wyre and because of some small manufactures, especially of 
caps, it early developed considerable importance for so small a 
place. It was incorporated, "a new town," by Edward iv, about 
1470. It was first represented in Parliament in 1620-1621. Usual- 
ly the representative was Ralph Clare ; we then assume that the 
Clares were the principal family, a family brought into 
prominence by Simon of Kidderminster, near Bewdley, who 
married an heiress of London. Ralph was his grandson. 
Now the Hopkinses were connected with the Clares, Will- 
iam's sister Anne having married a Clare, whether Ralph or 
not I cannot tell. The connection reappears at later dates in 
the century. There were other Hopkinses serving in Parliament 
at about this time, from places not far away, from Coventry, 
Bristol, and Warwick ; these were perhaps kinsmen of William's. 
Worcestershire was twice represented by William Russell. A 
few years later a Russell marries a niece of John Wakeman. It 
is quite clear then that William Hopkins was one of the prominent 
men and connected with the most prominent men of the shire. 
Bigland in his history of Gloucestershire, quoted in Wakeman 
Genealogy, describes him as "a. gentleman of rank and fortune in 
Bewdley for which town he was a chosen member of Parlia- 
ment, but died before he took his seat." 

A word more of description: Leland,^ as translated by Cam- 
den, writes: 

^ Leland died in 1552. 


Fair-seated Beivdley, most delightful town. 
Whom Wyre's tall oaks with lofty leafage croiim. 

The parish church was Ribbesford ; within the village of Bewd- 
ley there was only a chapel of ease, a wooden building-. A pic- 
ture of the parish church, of the old bridge, which the Wakemans 
may have built, and of the house of William Hopkins, still stand- 
ing, these are given in the Wakeman Genealogy. 

The election of Hopkins to Parliament suggests his ecclesias- 
tical position, probably a moderate churchman like Falkland. The 
west counties were noted for their loyalty to King and Church. 
Such men were not acceptable in the Long Parliament when 
the Puritans acquired control. Now for Bewdley Sir Ralph Clare 
was chosen 23 October, 1640; he was probably not allowed to 
sit at all as a loyalist. At any rate there was elected in his 
room Sir Henry Herbert ; but he in turn was also disabled — 
probably also too much of a loyalist. Then in January, 6th day, 
1647, was chosen William Hopkins, Gent, We may assume 
that the electors were endeavoring to get as staunch a man 
as they could who would be permitted to sit with the ultra- 
Puritans. Whether Hopkins would have proved more accept- 
able we do not know, as he died 19 July, 1647, without taking 
his seat. 

The will of William Hopkins shows a wide relationship. He 
mentions his partner, Francis Bagget, his kinsmen, John Hales 
and John Woven. Now Woven had married Mary, sister to John 
Wakeman. Of John Hales we know only this : He was a gentle- 
man and a justice. Was he perhaps of kin to John Hales, the 
scholar? William mentions a "cozen" William Hopkins, and 
another "cozen" Anne, daughter of Walter Vicaris.^ There was 
therefore more than one intermarriage between a Hopkins and a 
Vickaris. His brother George has six children. His sister Mary 
was married to John Reynolds, his sister Anne to one of the 
Clares. His wife Helena, so in the will, is left sole executrix. 
He was survived by two daughters, Elizabeth and Anna. Anna 
married Edmund Walker ; one of her sons came to New Haven. 
William had one son living. There had been another son; for 

lA William Hopkins is called nephew, "eldest son of my sister," by 
Cicely Guning of St. Stephens, Bristol, will 2 October, 1630, probated 
20 February, 1631. Mention is made of William's brother Robert and 
his daughters Anne and Abigail. 


he mentions his daughter-in-law Elizabeth and her husband, 
Theophilus Aly. These also came to New Haven. His wealth 
was considerable, his spirit generous; he left to the Wakemans 
in New England, father, mother, and three children, each ten 

He was buried in the chancel of the parish church. The tablet 
bears this inscription: 

Here lies buried the bodies of William Hopkins, late of 
Bewdley, Gent, who deceased July 10. 1647. And Helena, 
his wife, who deceased November 16, 1656, both in good old 

Ask you in these what virtues were 
Needless it is to write them here. 
Go ask the rich they know full well. 
Or ask the poor for they can tell. 

G. H. posuit.* 

Of Helena Vickaris Hopkins we know no more than is here 
recorded. But of the family to which she belonged a good deal 
is known. Some of them came to America. The most distin- 
guished member was Richard, died 1700, a Quaker writer. He 
was son of Robert, a successful merchant and magistrate of Bris- 
tol, who persecuted Quakers. He was grandson of Richard of 
Bewdley, who became sheriff of Bristol in 1636. He was a con- 
vinced Puritan and Roundhead. The story you see has its dra- 
matic qualities, but it is too long to tell here. It may be read in 
brief in the National Dictionary of Biography. The origin of 
the family, so far as I know, has not been sought out. Probably 
the family was Welsh. 

George Hopkins, the son and heir, rector at Evesham, was 
ejected for non-conformity in 1662, but later took the oaths. His 
son William, born 2 August, 1647, although not yet born is 
provided with a small bequest in his grandfather's will ; his 
grandfather, you notice, died three weeks before the birth of the 
child. How efficacious was this blessing from a dead hand we 
do not know ; but William became a celebrated antiquary and was 
buried in Worcester Cathedral in 1700. 

Of Elizabeth, who became the wife of John Wakeman, we 
really know nothing more than has been recited. She died in 

1 G. Hopkins placed the tablet. 


New Haven about 1656-1658. Robert Wakeman, in the Wake- 
man Genealogy, makes out a pretty strong case for calling the 
stones in the rear of the old church in New Haven her grave 
marks. It is not certain. 


According to Todd's Burr family, Daniel Burr married Abigail 
Glover, 11 December, 1678, and had by her several children, among 
them Seth Samuel, 20 June, 1694. Abigail was the daughter of 
Henry and Ellen Glover of New Haven. 

The Glovers must have been related to the Wakemans either 
directly or perhaps through the Hopkinses. John Wakeman 
in his will mentions his brothers, Henry Glover and James Bish- 
op; these may perhaps have been spiritual brethren? He also 
couples Ellen Glover and Martha Davis ; now Martha Davis was 
his sister after the flesh. It would be strange, if not misleading, 
to join a spiritual sister with a fleshly one in the same phrase. 
Moreover Henry Glover and Ellen both have a great interest in 
the grandson of Martha Davis, kinsman of John Wakeman's, an 
interest easily explained if we assume a blood relationship be- 
tween Wakeman and Ellen Glover. Noadiah Russell, this grand- 
son of Martha Davis, kept a diary at Harvard, which has been 
preserved. Henry Glover, when the establishment of a college 
in Connecticut was under discussion, had offered to bring up 
a son of William Russell's in learning. The diary indicates that 
the actual expense of educating tliis son at Harvard — for the 
the college was not yet founded in Connecticut — was borne by 
Ellen, his wife.^ For Noadiah speaks of her in most respectful 
terms, calling her his patron. Again EUinor Glover — appar- 

1 Even the colony took a wordy interest in Noadiah Russell. On 11 
October, 1677, after a long preamble descriptive of his needs, it is 
agreed that he may be allowed to sell his house — he was a minor — and 
"the pay improved for the bringing of him in Colledge learning, than 
to leave his learning and enjoy his house, he being likely to prove a 
usefull instrument in the work of God." In May next, 1778, the colony 
allows widow Osborn to transport thirtj'-two hides to Boston annually 
provided she use the money to pay for the house which did belong to 
Noadiah Russell, the money being for his maintenance at "Colledge." 
The colony reaped the reward of its liberal policy when Noadiah brought 
about the founding of Yale. 


ently the same as Ellen — attests the will of William Davis, Mar- 
tha's husband, 18 June, 1659. At least there was a very great in- 
timacy between the Wakemans, Glovers, Davises, Russells, and 
Bishops. All except the Glovers presumably came from Wor- 
cestershire about Bewdley or the vicinity. Glovers are listed as 
in Parliament from Maiden, Warwick, Northampton, and Ox- 
ford, not far distant from Bewdley. But the English home of 
Henry Glover does not appear to be known. He has been iden- 
tified with a Henry Glover who, at the age of twenty-four, in 
April, 1634, shipped in the Elizabeth from Ipswich.^ There is 
this entry in the grammar school records of Bury, not far from 
Ipswich. This is from the Victoria History of Suffolk, under 
date 26 October, 1624: "John Glover, nowe a schollar whoe hath 
formerly had £3, being given £6 towards his maintenance at Cam- 
bridge." Now Nathan Gold was from Bury St. Edmunds; he 
and Henry Glover may have come to Connecticut together, though 
the intimacy with the Wakemans points to a western origin for 
the Glover family. A Mr. Henry Glover is executor of the will of 
William Ambrose of Stepney, 10 February, 1637.^ But a Worces- 
ter origin seems more like. This we find suggested in 
Glover Memorials, by Anna Glover, Boston, 1867; here is quoted 
a document which associates Glovers and Wakemans in Gloucester 
near Worcestershire, the English home of the American Wake- 

Sir Thos. Glover, having purchased Francklin's estate, in 
Ashton Underbill, he with Mr. Wakeman, took a fresh grant 
of the manor from the Crown in the reign of King James 

1 and afterwards by deed conveyed all the manorial rights 
over the residue of the manor to Mr. Wakeman ; and Henry 
Wakeman of Beckford, Esq. is the descendant of that Wake- 
man from whose son is the account derived. 

There is mentioned also also a Henry Glover of Worcester- 
shire, probably about 1600, a benefactor of the parish of old 
Swinton. The marriage of a Henry Glover is recorded in Rains- 
hill, Prescot, Lancashire, 22 December, 1574. Glovers are also 
associated with Coventry. These may easily have been connected 
with the Worcester Glovers. In view of the known connections 
of Glovers and Wakemans in Worcester and in view of the 

^ So says Savage. 

2 So N. E. H. and G. R., A7, p. 392 


known intimacy between John Wakeman of Worcester and Henry 
Glover in New Haven the inference is irrestible that Henry Glover 
of New Haven is of the Worcester family. 

The first mention of Henry at New Haven appears to be a fine 
of one shilling for "defect in his cock," 4 January, 1643, a careless 
militiaman. He appears to be entered as a freeman, 1 July, 1644. 
He was also fined for keeping more hogs than was allowed, and for 
disorderly cutting of woods. He and William Russell are mem- 
bers of the General Court 21 October, 1644. He served New 
Haven also as selectman. In that same year he is a viewer of 
Wakeman's quarter. His seat in church is fixed 10 March, 1646, 
The boundary of his lot is given in 1646. He has liberty to 
depart the court, 16 August, 1646. Assignment of six acres ap- 
pears 10 March, 1648. F. Browne "passeth" ten acres to him, 6 
February, 1648. In June, 1659, he buys 120 acres of John Wake- 
man. He approves the appraisal of the property of William Gib- 
bard, 6 May, 1663. Evidently a man of worth and substance, 
interested in learning. His wife Ellen, judging from the en- 
tries concerning her, so unusual in the case of women, must have 
been a woman of shrewdness and of public interests. One more 
entry connects her with property: She attests the will of Will- 
iam Gibbard, 6 May, 1663. They appear to have had one son 
and five daughters, of whom Abigail was next to the youngest, 
baptized 24 July, 1652.^ The eldest was baptized in 1641. They 
were evidently a newly married couple upon their arrival in New 
Haven. These dates would fit very well with the age of the 
passenger on the Elizabeth, twenty-four in 1634. Henry's will 
was proved in October, 1689. 

Abigail was then about twenty-six at her marriage with Daniel 
Burr, old for those days. Her estate was distributed 25 Janu- 
ary, 1722, long after her husband's death. 

1 List of children, derived from Savage and the New Haven town 
records: Mar\', baptized June, 1641; Mercy, 1643; Hannah, May, 1646; 
John, 8 October, 1648; Abigail, born 29 April, died 20 August, 1651; 
Abigail, bom 31 July, 1652. Hannah was married 24 November, 1663, to 
D. Ashley. 




Samuel Gold married Esther Bradley of New Haven. The 
English origin of the family is set forth under the Fairfield Brad- 
leys. William, the first in New Haven, came over in 1644, taking 
'the oath of fidelity in August. He was soon followed by his 
step-mother and her little children, Ellen, Daniel, Joshua, Nathan, 
and Stephen. William was married to Alice Prichard 15 Febru- 
ary, 1644(5). She is thought to have been a daughter of Roger 
of Springfield. Their children : Joseph, 4 January, 1645, married 
Silence Brockett; Martha, October, 1648; Abraham, 24 Octo- 
ber, 1650, married Hannah Thompson ; Mary, 1 May, 1652 ; Ben- 
jamin, 12 April, 1657, married Elizabeth Thompson ; Hester, 25 
November, 1659; Sarah, 23 June, 1665; Nathaniel, 26 February, 
1660(1), married Ruth Dickerson.^ 

Not much appears in the New Haven records concerning Will- 
iam Bradley; he was viewer of fences, 1645; in the same year 
he was to see about a bridlge over the east river; an item in a 
case of extortion practiced by a widow merchant of the time, a 
few land transactions, his seatings in church, that is about all. 
Yet he lived to be old, dying in 1691. His wife died in 1692. He 
was perhaps born as early as 1615. This would fit very well with 
the date of birth assigned to his supposed father, 1585. His 
step-mother married John Parmele, 8 November, 1659, third, 
John Evarts, 27 May, 1663, and died in January, 1683. In the 
Connecticut Colonial Records the name of William Bradley ap- 
pears as deputy from New Haven in May, 1776, and subsequently 
to 1683. 

His son Abraham, uusally spoken of as Deacon, was a con- 
spicuous figure. He was a deputy to the General Court for 
years, from 1699 to 1710, though not continuously, a justice of 
the peace in 1708, 1709, 1710, 1711, 1714, 1715, 1716, 1717, 
1718. He was appointed at times to sort the votes. In October, 
1703, he was empowered to sell land for payment of debts of 
William Trowbridge, deceased. In May, 1710, he was of a com- 
mittee "to take care of all arms, utensils, cloathing, and other 
things that were, are, or may be lodged in their respective 

1 From A^. £. H. and G. R., 9, p. 358. 


counties by any of our soldiers on the expedition to Wood Creek." 
He died 19 October, 1718. His will is dated 5 December, 1716, 
proved 18 November, 1718. An interesting item is a gift to the 
church he had so long served : "As a token of my love to ye 
first church of Christ in New Haven I give my silver cup, or the 
value of it, to be improved at ye Lord's table; yt is after my 

Abraham Bradley was married to Hannah Thompson 25 De- 
cember, 1673. Children : John, 12 October, 1674, married Sarah 
Holt; Daniel, 1679-1723, married Sarah Bassett ; Hannah, 8 Octo- 
ber, 1682; Lydia, 28 November, 1685; Ebenezer, 9 November, 
1689; Abraham, 9 April, 1691; Esther, 19 March, 1693. 

Hannah Thompson is said in the New England Historical and 
Genealogical Records to have been the daughter of George, but 
this is probably a misprint, as her father is everywhere else 
called John Thompson. There were several John Thompsons in 
New Haven. It is said by Savage that Hannah's father was the 
brother of Anthony. Anthony was a person of consequence in 
the colony. His autograph is attached to the "Fundamental 
Agreement" in June, 1639, and he was frequently in public ser- 
vice. His will, dated 7 November, 1648, mentions brothers Will- 
iam and John. As his eldest son was under eighteen Anthony 
was probably not an old man. The Thompsons undoubtedly came 
with Davenport to Boston, 26 July, 1637, and more than likely 
like him came from London. Davenport was witness, along with 
the ruling elder, Robert Newman, to Anthony's will. Anthony's 
brother John was married, it is said, 25 October, 1650,^ by Mr. 
Goodyear, to Ellen, daughter of Richard Harrison. According 
to the Connecticut Colonial Records he was propounded at Hart- 
ford for freeman 12 May, 1670.^ He died 14 December, 1674, if 
the reference is to our John ; near that time at least ; for his will 
was presented by his widow Ellen in June, 1675. The attempt 
to find a copy of his will has not been successful. His widow 
Ellen's will, October, 1689, left her property to her daughters. 
Their children were : :Mary, baptized 24 April, 1652, married 
5 November, 1674, Samuel Lewis; Ann (or Hannah), born 22 

1 Quoted in Cutter's Connecticut Genealogies. 

2 Savage gives the date, 23 February, 1651. 

3 John Thompson, senior. 


September, 1654, married 25 December, 1673, Abraham Brad- 
ley; Elizabeth, born 3 April, 1657, married 24 October, 1677, 
Benjamin Bradley, brother of Abraham ; Lydia, born 13 March, 
1663(4) ; Sarah, born 1667, died 1669. 

In New Haven there were several persons named John Thomp- 
son ; in the records are many entries not all of which can be iden- 
tified. Anthony, the brother of our John, had sons, John and 
Anthony; his John is at times called in the records John jr., 
doubtless to distinguish him from his uncle. It seems pretty 
clear that this young John was a seaman, called mariner at times, 
and we can therefore assign to him most of the entries which 
have to do with ships and sails. For this we may be grateful as 
his transactions were not always to his credit ; he was involved in 
too many lawsuits. It seems probable that it is his marriage 
which is recorded in Boston : 4 August, 1656, by Governor En- 
dicott, married John Thompson and Ann Vicars. Even as a 
lover John Thompson is not attractive; for within a year (25 
December, 1656) he brought suit to recover the property of 
John Roberts, who, formerly contracted in marriage to Ann 
Vicars, was said to have given her his estate ; he had returned 
to England and it seemed uncertain what had become of him. 
Roberts's property was partly in the hands of John Wakeman; 
one can't avoid the conclusion that Ann Vicars was a kinsman of 
John Wakeman, whose wife was the daughter of Helena Vicars.^ 

Then there was John in charge of Governor Eaton's farm at 
Stoney River, known as Farmer John, who died in 1656; he left 
a young son John who in later years came to be known as John 
the farmer. Reference is also found — land entries — to John 
the "naylor" ; it does not appear whether this is a different 
John. One is tempted to identify him with one of those al- 
ready named, or, is this possible : Was he perhaps father to 
Anthony, William, and John? Even Anthony, probably the 
eldest, must have been young at his death in 1648. His father 
need not have been more than sixty-five at that time. Again, it 

^ The Thompson Lineage, by Wm. Baker Thompson, printed at Harris- 
burg, n. d., confirms the conclusion that it was Anthony's son John who 
married Anne Vicars and that it was Anthony's brother who was mar- 
ried to Ellen Harrison 25 February, 1651, and died 11 December, 1676. 
John (husband of Anne Vicars) died 2 June, 1707. The volume lists the 
children of this John. 


is not improbable that John the farmer was a kinsman of the 
other Johns. His widow at any rate by her prompt marriage 
with Thomas, said to be a son of Richard Harrison, became a 
sister-in-law of our John. The records as I have said are not 
careful to distinguish in any certain way these various Thomp- 
sons, and resort must be had to conjecture or to inference based 
on the context. Our John is called senior at the birth of his 
daughters Elizabeth and Sarah ; elsewhere is usually unidentified. 
The farmer's son becomes junior after his marriage in 1666. But 
our John appears to be called junior in the entry of his death: 
"John Thompson jr. ye other sied ye creek dyed 14 Dec. 
1674." Does this imply that his father still lived? Is it a mis- 
take? Or did two Johns die at this time, our John — death unre- 
corded — whose will was presented in June, 1675, and another 
John whose death receives the foregoing record? 

John Thompson's wife is said to have been a daughter of 
Richard Harrison. Harrison came from West Kirby, Chester, to 
New England and took the oath of allegiance at New Haven, 5 
August, 1644, at the same time as William Bradley. He died in 
Branford 25 October, 1653. Ellen is said to have been his sixth 

The name of Roger Prichard appears a number of times in the 
Springfield town records. Burt, in First Century of the History 
of Springfield, says he came there in 1643. On 6 April, 1643, 
he was number twenty-two in the lots for drawing of lands 
and received five acres. His portion of a rate in 1644 was 8s, this 
being among the least amounts. In 1645 he was a collector of 
fines, called "goodman." There are a few other entries concern- 
ing lands and rates. He appears to have been a staunch up- 
holder of the Church ; in an entry "fifebr 10th 1647" relative to the 
maintenance of "mr moxon" he is one among those who agree "to 
add 5£ more soe ye wholl some is 60£." 

His wife Frances died 9 March, 165 1.^ His son Nathaniel 
(Burt) came to Springfield in 1651 and left in 1691. His name 
appears a good many times on the records. Roger, the father, 
went to Milford, Connecticut, there married Elizabeth, widow 
of William Slough, daughter of James Pruden (Burt). He then 
went to New Haven and died there in 1681. His daughter Joan 

iBurt, 2, p. 621. 


married John Lombard, 1 September, 1647, and died 19 May, 
1690 ; these were of Springfield. His daughter Alice was married 
to William Bradley, 15 February, 1644(5). 


Several generations of Talcotts have been traced before the 
appearance of the family in this country. 

John Talcott, according to the Talcott Genealogy, compiled by 
S. V. Talcott, lived in Colchester, Essex, England, dying there in 
1606, probably in November. He was twice married, first to a 
girl named Wells, second to Marie Pullen.^ His widow long 
survived him, dying 19 June, 1625, in Colchester. Colchester is 
an important town, not far from Ipswich, not far from the sea on 
the Colne. The name is Roman ; the city contains a striking piece 
of architecture in the abbey gates. His will is extant, to which 
the name is signed, "Taylcot." 

His son John died in 1604 in Braintree, another important 
town some miles west of Colchester but in the same county. He 
was born probably before 1558. In his will, proved 24 January, 
1604, he calls himself "pewterer." The baptisms of his children 
are unrecorded, the Braintree records being defective before 
1660. His wife was Anne, daughter of William Skinner. John 
was the only son ; there were two daughters ; all the children were 


The third John was born about 1600. He married apparently 
before he left Braintree, as his son, the fourth John, is said to 
have been born in Braintree about 1630. His wife was Dorothy, 
a daughter of Mark (?) Mott, Esq., and Frances Gutter of 
Braintree.^ This part of England was strongly Puritan ; the 
migration from the county must have been considerable as the 
place names would suggest, such as Braintree. It is said that 
Talcott came over with Hooker, but this is apparently a mistake. 
Talcott left England in the ship Lion, 22 June, 1632, reaching 
Boston 16 September, 1632. He was freeman of Newtown 
(Cambridge) tiliat same fall in November. A little more than 
a year later he was chosen selectman, 4 February, 1634, and 

1 Talcott Genealogy, p. 3. 

2 Ibid., p. 2. 

3 Ibid., p. 3. 


in May, the 14th, representative. He was fifth largest proprietor 
in the town. On 1 May, 1636, he sold all his possessions, in- 
cluding four houses, to N. Danforth and set out, in June, on foot 
for the Connecticut, whither he had sent ahead a man to build 
him a house, the first in Hartford. He was at once associated 
with the Rev. Thomas Hooker as a chief magistrate, which 
position he held till his death. In 1637 he was on the committee 
which recommended the Pequot War, and after that a deputy. 
He was treasurer of the Colony in 1654, 1655, 1656, 1659, 1660 ; 
commissioner of the United Colonies 1656, 1657, 1658. His 
health was made a public concern: 17 May, 1660, the Colony 
allowed "Mr. Bray Rossiter for and in consideration of his f)aines 
in coming to and attending Mr. Talcot in his sickness five pounds, 
out of ye Pub. Treasury." He died in March, 1660. 

The fourth John was born in Braintree about 1630 and died 
in Hartford 23 July, 1688. His father's position brought him into 
prominence as soon as his age fitted him for responsibility. He 
was made an ensign of colonial troops in 1650, captain in 1660, 
major at the time of the Indian war and came out of that war a 
lieutenant-colonel. Yet probably his most important services were 
in the field of peace. He was early a deputy or representative 
and succeeded his father as colonial treasurer in 1660 and held 
the office until 1676. In 1677 he refused the office. Many of 
his official papers are extant. A chief distinction however was 
his connection with the charter of 1662. One of the original 
petitioners, on the success of Winthrop's mission Talcott was 
naturally appointed one of the patentees and his name occurs 
several times in the charter now preserved in perfect state in the 
beautiful historic hall at Hartford. The charter was entrusted 
to the keeping of Talcott along with two other of the patentees. 
On the outbreak of the Indian difficulties, called King Philip's 
War, his services were in demand. It is obscure what he did in 
the first year of the war. When in May, 1676, Major Treat, 
who had been in command of the Connecticut troops, was ad- 
vanced to the deputy-governorship, Major Talcott, who resigned 
the treasurership, was appointed in his stead. The Connecticut 
forces were assembled in the east at Norwich, marched up into 
Massachusetts, reaching Brookfield on 7 June. By a forced 
march, called "the long & hungry march," on the way capturing 
and killing fifty-two of the enemy, he reached Hadley the next 


day. He scoured the country round about, "inflicting severe 
blows on the hostile tribes." In particular he saved Hadley from 
an attack of seven hundred Indians, this too though his "standing 
army" does not appear to have amounted to more than two or 
three hundred men. His letters show the importance of hard- 
tack as a ration. The bread they had was full of blue mold. On 
his reporting to the council at Hartford he was given a free lance 
with the instructions, "to attack & destroy the enemy as God 
should deliver them into their hands." He proceeded eastward 
to the Narragansett country, taking captive, with the loss of no 
white man and only one Indian ally, 238 of the enemy, including 
a good many of note. He was about to seek out Philip himself 
but his allies refused to proceed. From the beginning of April 
until the sixth of July Major Talcott captured in all about 420 
of the enemy. We next hear of a picturesque raid in western 
Massachusetts about Westfield, where he killed the sachem of 
Quabaug, or Brookfield. But about this time the war was ended 
with the death of Philip. 

Major John Talcott's activities must have been almost unceas- 
ing. When not actually in the field, he was in almost daily at- 
tendance upon the sessions of the Council, carrying on corre- 
spondence with the neighboring colonies, and directing aflfairs. 

For his May and June campaign of 1676 definite instructions 
are extant ; they lay great stress upon the need of a "good regi- 
ment" and upon God's guidance "whose battles you are to fight." 
The success of this campaign in and about Norwich, not so im- 
portant as the accomplishment of Captain Denison, Captain Avery, 
and Lieutenant Miner which a few weeks earlier resulted in the 
death of Canonchet, second only to Philip, are given partly in 
his own letters partly in a communication of the fighting preacher, 
James Fitch of Norwich. His letter of 4 July, a century before 
another more famous document, shows him thorough and per- 
sistent. Is his fighting on Sunday evidence of a sacred concep- 
tion of his duties? The place of writing has been identified as 
between Westerly and Point Judith in Rhode Island, though 
Thos. Stanton was himself a Connecticut citizen.^ 

1 July 4, 1676, at Mr. Stanton's Farm house at Monacontauge. 

Honrd Gent: 
These may acquaint you that we made NIpsr.chooke on ye first of 


Talcott was popularly known as "The Indian Fighter." His 
property was considerable ; in 1662 he had been granted, with 
John Allyn, six hundred acres of upland and one hundred acres 
of meadow in Killingsworth. (See Appendix, p. 297.) 

John had a brother Samuel, who was a leading citizen of 

July and seized 4 of ye enemye, and on the 2d instant being the Sab- 
bath, in ye morning about sun an houre high made ye enemys place 
of residence and assaulted them, who presently inswamped themselves 
in a great spruse swamp ; we girt the sd swamp and wth English and 
Indian souldrs drest it, and within 3 hours slew and tooke prisoners 
171, of which 45 prisoners being women and children that ye Indians 
saved alive, and the others slayne; . . . among which slaughter, that 
oild peice of venum, Sunck squaw Magnus (sister of Ningret) was 
slaine, and or old friend watwaikeson, Pessacus his agent, was slayne, 
and in his pocket Capt. Allyn's Ticket for his fre passage up to his 
headQuartrs. On July 3d . . . We posted away and drest Provi- 
dence neck; and after that ye same daye drest Warwick neck and 
slew and took captives 67, of which were 18 men slayne, tooke 11 arms, 
three lost in ye rivers and swamps, that ye enemy threw out of their 
hands on purpose to defeat us (rascally conduct) ; . . . and the 
whole number taken and slayne in these 2 engagements is 238. Not unto 
us but unto ye Lord be the prayes; we lost but one of our Indians and 
none of or English, for which we have cause to bless the name of or 
great God that hath so gratiously pleased to defend and preserve us 
in the midst of all or difficulties. And on the same third instant haveing 
advice that Philip was beat down towards mount Hope, were desire- 
ous to have wayted upon him, but could not prevaile wth or Indians, 
altho all possible arguments used by Mr. Fitch and all others yt had 
any intress in them (but we must trade in another way when we use 
Indian souldrs againe, fr preventing of their turning their backs upon 
us;) . . . and on the fifth instant (upon former information of 
great stoor of Indians in those parts) drest Boston Neck, and the neck 
at point Juda, but found but one old woman who was left asleep; and 
made Mr. Stanton's farme house with all or forces at night; and are 
now passing towards you. My Council and souldrs alsoe being im- 
patient without liberty might be granted for their looking homewards, 
and that New haven and Fairfield souldrs should pass homewards be- 
cause of pressing occasions to be ready when called againe. . . We 
thought if we should stay in these parts we must suck or findgrs, 
or eat up the people's provisions to satisfye hungre. . . Mr. Fitch 
can give you a more particular account of matters, whom I have de- 
sired to wayt upon you with these few lynes; and at present shall give 
you noe further trouble, but wth subscription of myselfe, honrd srs, yor 
unworthy servt. John Talcott 

Captain Sellick was with him from Norwalk, related to the Golds. 


Wethersfield. Samuel's descendants have been prominent both 
in war and industry. 

It was John's daughter Hannah who married Nathan Gold jr., 
and thus became the ancestor of Talcott Gold of the Revolution. 
Hannah was born 8 December, 1663. 

John's son Joseph became governor of Connecticut in 1724 and 
served until his death in 1741. Ruth Talcott married John 
Read, the great lawyer of Boston and Connecticut. Mary mar- 
ried Richard Edwards, becoming step-mother to the father of the 
great Jonathan Edwards. John was twice married, 29 October, 
1650, to Helena Wakeman ; 9 November, 1676, to Mary, daugh- 
ter of the Rev. John Cook.^ 


The will of Wm. Skinner ^ of Braintree, Essex, of date August, 
1616, was proved 26 September, 1616. He mentions his wife 
Margerie, his sons John, William, and Richard; his daughters 
Rebecca, Frances, Ann, Rachel, Ann being the wife of Moses 
Wall ; Ann's children are John, Sara, Rachel Taylecoate, Moyses, 
Lidia, and Mary Wall. 

That is, after the death of John Talcott in 1604, his widow 
Anne married Moses Wall. 

The will of widow Margaret Skinner of date 2 March, 1617, 
was proved 16 December, 1620. To Sara and Rachel Taylecoate 
she gives "The pewter I had of my son-in-law John Taylecoate." 

1 Children of John Talcott i : Robert (alderman). Thomas (rector, 
chaplain to Earl Marshall), John, Grace, Joanna, Marie, and others. 

Children of John Talcott ^ and Anne Skinner : John, Sara, Rachel. 

Children of John » and Dorothy (Mott) Talcott: John, Samuel (of 
Wethersfield), Mary, married 28 June, 1649, the Rev. John Russell, 
shelterer of the regicides. 

Children of John,* by Helena Wakeman : John, 14 December, 1653, 
married Abigail Tibbals; Elizabeth, 21 February, 1655, married Captain 
Joseph Wadsworth; Samuel, 1658-1661; Mary, 26 April, 1661, married 
Richard Edwards, died 19 April, 1723; Hannah, 8 December, 1663; 
Dorothy, 1666; Joseph, 16 November, 1674; Helena, 17 June, 1674, mar- 
ried Cyprian Nichols, died 1703 ; Ruth, married John Read ; Dorothy, 
1666, married, 1691, Captain Thomas Stoughton. By Mary Cook, daugh- 
ter of the Rev. John Cook, to whom he was married 9 November, 1676: 
Jonathan, Hezikiah, and others. 

2 From Waters's Gleanings. 


A Thomas Skinner, possibly of the same family, died in 1582. 
He had a daughter Margery and mentions as a legatee, Margery 
Collins, also brother John Collins, another New England name. 
The wife of the third John Talcott, Dorothy, was a daughter 
of Mark Mott, so says the Talcott genealogist. The wills in 
Waters's Gleanings show that Dorothy's father was probably 
not Mark, but do not reveal his name. Dorothy is mentioned 
in the will of the Rev. Mark Mott, D.D., rector of Raigne Parva 
Essex, proved 1 April, 1631. He mentions his father Mark, 
whose will, proved 7 May, 1638, is also given, and among many 
other relatives "my cousin Dorothy, wife of John Taylecott." 
The term cousin may be used loosely or exactly. In the same 
will mention is made of cousins, Samuel Collins, rector of Brain- 
tree, and Samuel Wharton. But the father also mentions cousins 
Collyns and Wharton. From the data then there cannot be deter- 
mined the exact relationship of Dorothy to these two Mark Motts. 
The family had been of importance at least since 1334 when the 
records of Colchester speak of "Wm. sone of Thos de la Motte 
free burgess." John Mott of Braintree, 1596, mentions his 
brother-in-law. Sir Robert Gardiner. He also mentions his 
brother Mark, who in all probability is grandfather to Dorothy 
Talcott. This John left no son and only one daughter, Marie. 


The Bradleys in Fairfield and New Haven ^ have been very nu- 
merous. Whether they spring from a common source is not alto- 
gether clear. The first of the line to which belonged Olive, 
daughter of David Bradley, was Francis. He had an only 

1 The author, Eleanor Bradley Peters, of Bradley of Essex Co., 1915, 
thinks that the New Haven and the Essex Bradleys were of the same 
origin. The village of Bradley is six miles north of Bingley in York. She 
says that Wm. Bradley of New Haven was the son of Benjamin Bradley, 
an apothecary of London, who had lived in Bingley, York, and died about 
1638, whether in America or England seems uncertain. She also quotes 
the Visitation of Warwickshire relative to a William of Coventry, father of 
a Francis, aged twenty-four in 1619, but she makes no attempt to connect 
the Coventry and the London Bradleys. Most interesting of all, she tells 
of a suit against one named Banks; this suit, in 1611, in Yorkshire, was 
brought by Elizabeth Bradley for killing her husband Francis in 1608. 

The author of the Descendants of Isaac Bradley, L. A. Bradley, 1917, 


brother who died in London, very old, in 1697. They were prob- 
ably the sons of Francis, bom 1595, grandsons of another Francis, 
of Coventry. The arms and pedigree of the family are recorded 
in Camden. The first Francis was son to William, grandson 
to another William of Sheriff-Hutton in the county of York in 
the time of Henry VIII. These Yorkshire Bradleys may be 
traced to a very remote period. A Sir Francis flourished in the 
time of Edward III.^ That the American Bradleys were of the 
Coventry family Justice J. P. Bradley is certain. 

The American Francis is first mentioned in the New Haven 
records in 1650, a youth in the family of Governor Theophilus 
Eaton, probably articled to him by his father who, if Judge Brad- 
ley's conjecture is correct, was a schoolmate of Eaton's in Co- 
ventry. Francis may have come over a mere lad with Eaton in 
1637 ; perhaps with his cousin William Bradley in 1644. Life in 
the household of Governor Eaton must have been to his advan- 
tage. The manner of life is described by Cotton Mather. Francis 
is noted as a resident of Branford in 1657; in 1660 he took up 
residence in Fairfield and shortly married Ruth, daughter of 
John Barlow, a substantial land-owner. He became a freeman 
in October, 1664. Purchase of land is noted in 1666. He died 
comparatively young, in October, 1689, his will being dated 22 

mentions a tradition that William of New Haven was an officer in the 
Parliamentary army and a friend of Cromwell. He also quotes J. P. 
Bradley as authority for a coat of arms extant in Greenfield showing 
combination of Bradley and Wakeman arms. From Wm. C. Bradley he 
gives an account of a silver tankard marked with Bradley arms. This had 
been a present to Sally Beecher, daughter of Eliphalet and Sarah (Brad- 
ley) Beecher. It is said to be now in the possession of Philip Livingston. 
1 Here is the pedigree, turned into English, as copied by Justice Brad- 
ley from Camden : William Bradley of Sheriff-Hutton in York had a 
son William of the city of Coventry in Warwick, who married Agnes, 
daughter of Thomas Margates of Riseden in Northampton. To them 
were born three children, Thomas, who was married to Mary Cotes, 
Francis (the first born), who was married to Frances, daughter of 
Francis Watkins of Bridgepoole in Monmouth, and William, born 1585, 
who married Joanna Waddington. To Frances (Watkins) and Francis 
Bradley were born Francis, son and heir, aged twenty-four in 1619, and 
Anna Maria. This last Francis, according to Justice Bradley, was 
father of the first American Francis. The William of New Haven he 
thinks was the son of the William born in 1585, cousin therefore of the 
father of the Fairfield Francis. 


January, 1689. His wife and seven children survived him. Ruth 
was born in 1662, John in 1664, Abigail in 1667, Francis in 1670, 
Daniel in 1673, Joseph in 1676, Mary 5 December, 1679. Ruth 
married Thomas Williams; Abigail was unmarried. John mar- 
ried Hannah, daughter of Thomas Sherwood, step-daughter of 
John Banks. Francis, Daniel, and Joseph married the three 
daughters of Joseph Jackson, Sarah, Abigail, and Eleanor.^ 
All left large families. They were particularly prominent in 
Greenfield. The "female worthy" of Dwight's poem is Mrs. 
Eleanor Sherwood, a daughter of the second Francis. The 
estate of the first Francis amounted to 648£. A letter from his 
brother John is quoted by Mrs. Schenck, dated 24 January, 1695, 
after the death of Francis. 

Joseph, the youngest son, married Eleanor Jackson, daughter 
of Joseph Jackson. He died in October, 1714,^ a young man. 
He had at least six children. Sarah and Deborah were baptized 
3 February, 1706; Mary, 12 May, 1706; David, 1708; Joseph, 8 
April, 1711; Nathan, 18 October, 1713. This family lived at 
Greenfield Hill, vied with the Bankses in number and frequently 
intermarried with them. David and Joseph had large families; 
of the others the record is uncertain. A Samuel Bradley, per- 
haps a distant cousin, became guardian to the older children, on 
the death of Joseph. 

David Bradley married in 1731 Damaris Davis. He and his 
sons were carpenters. To him was awarded the building of the 
new meeting-house, erected in accordance with a vote of 4 Feb- 
ruary, 1760. The building was to be sixty by forty-two feet, 
with a lofty steeple. Raising the funds was accomplished by a 
levy of ninepence on the pound in 1760, sixpence in 1761, and 
ten pence in 1762. On the building committee was Samuel Brad- 
ley jr., grandson of the second Francis. Toward the end of the 
year 1761 the pews were laid out by a committee with the as- 
sistance of David Bradley, "joiner," the detailed report of which 
is extant. The highest price paid was twenty-seven pounds by 
Joseph Bradley jr.; there were so many Joseph Bradleys that he 

iThe authority for a part of this statement is partly Mrs. Schenck, 
partly Mrs. A. C. Bradley, whose husband is of the line. 

2 In distribution of estate are named widow Eleanor, David, Joseph, 
Nathan, Sarah, and Mary. 


cannot be certainly identified, but he was probably a brother of 
David. The lowest sum was fourteen pounds paid by Gershom 
Banks. The sum of David Bradley was 24£. Out of twenty- 
six pews seven were bought by Bradleys, five by Bankses. Sher- 
wood occurs twice. The work of the "joyners" appears to have 
been satisfactory, though a committee report of January, 1762, 
complains of some of the charges: 

The price for y® boarding is charged higher than y® com- 
mon price, and likewise y*' wages of David Bradley's two 
youngest boys, and the hinge made by Lieut. Jennings is too 
high. Y* cost already arisen we find to be 990 pounds. One- 
half the ten penny rate made in November last may be 

Was ever church so finished ! The building was a matter of 
great pride and stood until it was pulled down in 1845. Its 
lofty steeple in particular made it a land- and sea-mark. On the 
floor above the belfry was an outside platform for observation 
purposes, said to be the point of vantage from which Timothy 
Dwight got his inspiration for "Greenfield Hill." Barber, writ- 
ing in 1836, says: "No other spot in Connecticut can show such 
a commanding, extensive, and beautiful prospect. Seventeen 
churches can be seen. . . Five lighthouses are also seen." No 
doubt David Bradley was proud, and justly so, of his handiwork, 
though the design was probably not original. A picture is given 
in G. H. Merwin's Old Church and Parish of Greenfield, a read- 
able volume. Soon after the completion of the new building — the 
parish was perhaps in a generous mood — Samuel Bradley, prob- 
ably the elder, a cousin of David's, gave a beautiful silver tankard 
to the church, still in use; the date is 1768. Samuel died in 1772. 
David died 13 May, 1772. The inventory of his estate is 125i. 

David Bradley had eleven children : Eunice, 1732 ; Justus, 
1734; Ellen, 1736; Olive, baptized 24 September, 1738; David, 
\7AQ; Damaris, 1742; Justus. 1745; Nathan, 1748; Mary, 1750; 
Bettie, 1753; Peter, 1756. The younger boys who worked on the 
church must have been Justus and Nathan. 

Olive Bradley married Thaddeus Banks 1 November, 1759. 
Her children are listed under the name of her husband. It is to 
be noted that three of the names of the boys are from her family. 

A word more regarding the church in Greenfield. Its most 
famous pastor was Timothy Dwight, later president of Yale. His 

Church Buu.t i'.y Bradley Banks 


pastorate covered twelve years, 1783 to 1795. During much of 
the time he conducted also an academy of his own establishing. 
His eyesight was poor and he had to save himself as much as he 
could. The church records for those years are altogether want- 
ing. While he was in Greenfield he composed the larger part of 
his literary, as compared with his more theological work, except 
his Travels, the work of his late years and not published until 
after his death. He published in Greenfield The Conquest of 
Canaan, his most ambitious poem. 

The Bradleys of Fairfield seem to have been rather prom- 
inent in church affairs but not, like the Golds and the Burrs, in 
Colony matters ; probably not in town politics either. 


The wife of David Bradley was Damaris Davis. The origin 
of the Fairfield Davises is obscure and there were perhaps more 
families than one represented. The name is a common one. 

The grandfather of Damaris is the first of the name known in 
Fairfield. The first notice of this John is in connection with the 
administration of the estate of his son John, 1709. The estate 
was small and the chief interest is felt by the creditors, among 
whom were John Edwards and Philip Lewis. Three years later 
John sr. was dead, the inventory of his estate being taken in 
1712(3). Samuel swears to the correctness of the estate of his 
father, John, and is appointed administrator, 25 February, 
1712(3). The first entry in the parish register is the baptism 
of Lydia Davis, 17 November, 1695, who may have been the wife 
of John sr. The next records the baptism of Mary and Samuel, 
children of John Davis jr., 19 January, 1695(6). Next comes, 
in August, 1714, the baptism of Elizabeth, the wife of Samuel 
Davis ; on the fifth of the following month the baptism of Jabez, 
apparently an infant, and of Experience, Ann, and Damaris, all 
children of Samuel Davis. This Samuel appears to have been 
fairly prosperous ; although no Davis is entered in the division of 
lands in the seventeenth century, yet in his will he mentions his 
right in commons and undivided land. No Davis appears to have 
been made a freeman in the seventeenth century. The colonial 
records show that Samuel Davis was successful in a suit against 
S. Hawley of Stratford in October, 1722. The baptisms of 


Samuel's remaining- children are as follows : Lydia, 12 February, 
1716; Sarah, 14 May, 1721 (perhaps by the second wife, Han- 
nah) ; Elizabeth, 2 June, 1723; Rachel, 2 August, 1724. Samuel 
made his will on 22 March, 1739(40), "being under ye wound 
of an incurable cancer and knowing I must shortly die and leave 
this world." He lived in Greenfield. He mentions wife Han- 
nah, grandchild Sarah Barlow (clearly daughter of Experience), 
son Jabez, daughters Anne Cable, Damaris Bradley, Sarah, Olive, 
Elizabeth, and Rachel Davis. Jabez is his chief heir and sole exec- 
utor. Samuel makes his mark, though this is not proof that he 
could not write. Lydia, born 1716, probably died young, or was the 
daughter of another Samuel. The birth of Olive seems not to 
be entered in the register. The will is interesting as enumerat- 
ing with considerable detail household furnishings. 

Jabez apparently died in the same year as his father; for we 
find a Lydia mentioned — probably his wife — in connection with 
the settlement of his estate in 1740; also in 1740 Rachel and 
Elizabeth chose guardians; Rachel, John Bradley jr., a cousin of 
Damaris's husband ; Elizabeth, Captain Thomas Hill. Jabez per- 
haps left a son, as a Jabez is administrator in 1791 on an estate. 
A Samuel Davis of Stratford made his will in 1748. Still other 
Davises are mentioned in the probate records but no other cer- 
tainly connected with the family of Samuel. The Cables had 
been long in Fairfield and were connected with the Burrs. 


Joseph Bradley married Eleanor Jackson, granddaughter of 
Henry Jackson. Mrs. Schenck says that Henry was probably 
the man who came to America 1635 in the ship Elizabeth and 
Ann, aged twenty-nine, bringing a certificate from a minister 
and justice of the peace of his conformity and loyalty. He was 
in Watertown in 1637. On 2 February, 1648, he made an agree- 
ment to erect a grist-mill in Fairfield, which he sold in 1653, in 
the same year purchasing a home-lot. In 1656, on behalf of the 
town he with others arranged a treaty with the Indians, which 
treaty or agreement is extant and quoted by Mrs. Schenck, pp. 
93-94. In 1661 he had charge of the laying out of certain town 
lands; in 1664, with John Banks, he ran the bound between 
Stratford and Norfolk. In 1668 he headed the committee to 


divide the lands at Greenlea. In October, 1669, he was made 
freeman. His will is dated 11 November, 1682, and is minute in 
its property particulars. His wife is mentioned but not named. 
His daughter Hannah, who had married Philip Galpin, is dead; 
also his son Joseph. He names sons Moses and S'amuel as living, 
also several grandchildren. He appoints Major Nathan Gold 
and Josiah Harvey as overseers. The will shows that Joseph's 
widow was a daughter of George Goodwin. The Goodwins of 
Hartford names her as Mary and says also that Samuel Good- 
win married Mary Jackson, but Henry Jackson's will makes no 
mention of a daughter Mary. No dates concerning Joseph Jack- 
son or his children can be determined. Henry's will mentions 
five children without naming them; there is said to have been a 
son Joseph as well as the daughters Sarah, Abigail, and Eleanor ; 
all were probably minors in 1682. The three daughters mentioned 
are said to have married the three brothers, Francis, Daniel, and 
Joseph Bradley. The marriages must have occurred near the 
end of the century. 


The wife of the first Benjamin Banks was Elizabeth, or Betty 
as she is called in her father's will, daughter of Richard Lyon. 
There were in Fairfield two Lyons, probably brothers, Richard 
and Thomas, both well-to-do landholders. Richard was probably 
the elder. The Lyons were known in Dorchester, Roxbury, and 
Salem as early as 1635. Richard bought a house and lot of 
two acres in Fairfield in January, 1654, though he was there 
as early as 1649. He was made a freeman in 1664. In 1673 
is recorded another land purchase. His will is dated 12 April, 
1678, about which time he probably died. He mentions sons, 
Moses, Richard, William, Samuel, and Joseph, the last two being 
minors; daughters, Hester, married to Nathaniel Perry, Betty, 
Hannah, and Abigail, each of the last three to receive 40£ when 
nineteen years of age. Betty married Benjamin Banks, 29 Janu- 
ary, 1679. It is thought that Richard Lyon had still other sons, 
John and Henry. Henry was householder in Fairfield in 1652. 
Richard must have been born early in the century. He may have 
been married more than once ; his widow was Margaret. Richard 
was commissioner in 1669. 


The family seems to have originated in Brabant. For faith- 
ful service one of the family was granted lands in Petshire, Scot- 
land, in 1091, to which he gave the name Glen Lyon.^ 

The line descends from this date to John Lyon of Rystippe, 
third, eldest son of Henry Lyon (1440), born 1470. He married 
Emjna Hedde, and had four sons: Henry, born 1500; Thomas, 
born 1503; Richard, born 1505; and John, bom 1510. It is a 
singular fact that of the fifteen Lyons who came to the Ameri- 
can colonies between 1638 and 1683, twelve of them bore the 
distinctive family names of these sons of John Lyon of Rystippe 
— the exception being William of Roxbury, and Peter and George 
of Dorchester. 

Richard Lyon settled in Fairfield, Connecticut. According to 
a tradition he was the youngest of three brothers, who came to 
New England probably about 1648 and located first in Fair- 
field County, Connecticut. The earliest item relating to him is 
found in the Colonial Records of Connecticut, i, p. 183, where 
we read in the proceedings of a "perticular Courte" in Hartford, 
16 May, 1649, "Nehemiah Olmstead Pit contra Richard Lyon 
defendt in an action of the case to the damage of 12 pounds." 

It is related that on one occasion at a witchcraft triaJ "the 
prisoner was sharpely rebuked by Richard Lyon, one of the 
keepers for bold language." This was the trial of Goody Knapp, 

1 Sidney Elizabeth Lyon, in The Lyon Memorial, records the follow- 
ing legend: 

"Henry, Thomas and Richard Lyon, Lyons of Glen Lyon in Perth- 
shire, soldiers in Cromwell's army, were on guard before the Banquet- 
ing House at Whitehall on January 30th, 1648(9), and they witnessed 
the execution of Charles L A tremendous reaction followed the regi- 
cide, and many a Puritan and Covenanter patriot of the insurgent army 
dissapeared from London. 

"The three Lyon brothers took advantage of a national privilege. They 
had kinsmen in Middlesex and Norfolk counties who may have kept 
them in concealment pending a departure of a ship for the Colonies. 
It is a rational supposition that Henry, Thomas and Richard Lyon landed 
at New Haven. As there lived John Lyne of Badby, Northamptonshire, 
England, a supposed kinsman, who had come in 1638, with Eaton and 
Hopkins, as directors and John Davenport, as spiritual guide, to plant 
an independent colony on the Connecticut coast. To their hospitable 
protection came the Regicides, GofiFe and Whalley, in later troublous 
times." Improbable, even the date being against it. Richard Lyon was 
probably in this country some time before 30 January, 1649. 


in which also Mrs. Richard Lyon and Thomas Lyon appeared. The 
will of Richard Lyon, dated 12 April, 1678, probated 17 Octo- 
ber, 1678, is almost the only source of information about his 



The first wife of the first John Banks was a daughter of 
Charles Taintor. The dates of birth of John Banks's children 
are unknown, but from their marriages, it is pretty clear that 
they were bom before 1658. In that year John Banks calls 
Charles Taintor "father Taintor" ; his wife therefore was living 
at the time and must therefore have been the mother of his son 
Benjamin who was married in 1679. What is known of Charles 
Taintor is contained in a little book, The Taintor Family, by 
Charles M. Taintor, Greenfield, Massachusetts, 1847. He is 
said to have come from Wales, an exile for religious reasons. 
Prof. Wm. Tyler of Amherst is quoted as saying that in 1692 
a Thomas Taintor was commissioner for Wiltshire and also 
in other years. There was in this country a Joseph Taintor at 
Watertown, whose relationship to Charles is uncertain. Charles 
was in 1643 a deputy to the General Court from Wethersfield, 
again in 1646, and "frequently in ofltice." He was said to have 
been deprived of a large estate in Wales ; he was a man of some 
property in the New World, being engaged in commerce, in 

1 Children of Richard Lyon, not certain that they are all by his wife 
Margaret, although nothing is known to the contrary, are not recorded 
in order of age, but all probably born in Fairfield, Connecticut: Moses, 
married Mary (Grumman?), died without issue 1696 or 1697; Richard 
jr. married Mary Frye, died Redding, January, 1740; William, married 

Phebe , died November, 1699; Samuel, a minor in 1678, married 

Susanna , died 1732; Joseph, probably youngest son, married Mary 

Jackson, died March, 1698; Hester, oldest daughter, born as early as 1658, 
married (1) before 1678, Nathaniel Perry, and (2) before April, 1699, 

Grumman, died in 1699; Betty (Elizabeth), born about 1660 (a 

minor in 1678), married (1) 29 January, 1679, Benjamin Banks (Fairfield 
town records) , married (2) before April, 1699. William Roberson* (History 
of Fairfield) ; Hannah, bom after April, 1699, married Joshua Jennings; 
Abigail, born after 1659, probably youngest child, married in 1696, Samuel 

• Also given as Rowlandson. 


foreign voyages. He was lost at sea, October, 1654, with Mr. 
Jagger,^ with whom he was probably part owner of the ship. 
The Fairfield records, according to Nathaniel Goodwin of Hart- 
ford, under date of 14 June, 1656, record the sale of his land: 

John [probably Jehu ; John was not a freeman until 1664] 
Burr hath purchased of Charles and Michael Taintor, the 
following parcels of land and housing, as by a deed under 
their hands, bearing date June 14, 1656, may appear, viz. : 
One house lot, bounded east by the Common Street with 
the buildings thereon. 

Five acres of land in the Old Field. 

Four and 1-2 acres of meadow in Sascoe Neck. 

His son Charles went to Virginia. Michael, who left sons 
and daughters, was master of a yacht trading to Virginia in 
1653.2 He settled in Branford where he was prominent. The 
daughter Mary, Marie, who probably lived with her brother, 
married in Branford, November, 1662, Thomas, son of the Rev. 
Abraham Pierson ; when the Rev. Abraham withdrew from Bran- 
ford in 1667, a celebrated case, leaving the church without a 
shepherd, Michael Taintor and his family appear to have been 
the chief support of the church. A son of the Reverend Abra- 
ham and brother of Thomas, a second Reverend Abraham, was 
one of the ten clerical founders of Yale and in 1701 its first 
president. Father and son wielded a commanding influence 
throughout the colony. 

Perhaps it should be noted that the Taintor Genealogy cites 
no documents other than are mentioned here, except the court 
record cited under John Banks, the only evidence that John 
Banks's wife was a Taintor. 

The second Benjamin Banks married Ruth (Hyatt is 

written in in pencil). Though the Hyatts were numerous and 
well known, Ruth's family connections are not certain. She was 

1 New Haven records mention, 27 March, 1657, a petition from Jer. 
Jagger for release from a bond for good behavior. Respecting trips to 
Virginia there is an interesting entry 9 January, 1648. 

2 Michael appears to have been within the jurisdiction of New* Haven 
by 1645. New Haven Records, 6 May, 1645: "Apprentice of Goodman 
Taintor is ordered whipped." 4 January, 1647, Taintor owes Lamberton 
estate 6£ 6s. ; 25 June, 1650, a long entry regarding the cruel treatment 
of an Indian by one of Taintor's sailors. Of the younger Charles there 
is, 3 October, 1654, an entry not much to his credit. 


born 18 May, 1683, and baptized in infancy. She renewed the 
covenant 7 February, 1714, at which time her three sons were 
baptized. She was probably the daughter of Thomas Hyatt jr., 
a founder of Norwalk, though her birth, according to his will, 
must have been in May, 1684. Thomas jr. died about 1698. 
His estate was distributed in 1718. He had a son Thomas, born 
in 1680. 





Sketch of Old Engi,and 
Showing places from which came the immigrant ancestors of the family 

Persons and Places of Old England 

Abbot's Kerswell, Devon 
Marjorie Stephenson, mar- 
ried Ch. Avery, 1616 
Baldock, Hertford 

Thomas Pratt, baptized 
Bewdley, Worcester 

William Hopkins, died 

Helena Vickaris 
Francis Wakeman 
John Wakeman, baptized 
March 29, 1601 
Boston, Lincoln 

William Cheesebrough, 

married Anne Steven- 
son, 1620 
Bovingdon, Hertford 

Golds, sixteenth and sev- 
enteenth centuries 
Braintree, Essex 
John Talcott 

Collins, sixteenth and sev- 
enteenth centuries 
William Skinner, will 1616, 
daughter Ann, married 
John Talcott 
Bridport, Dorset 

Thomas Ford, married 
Eliz. Cooke, June 19, 
Bristol, Gloucester 

William Eddy, 1560 
Broughton, Hants (?) 

John Beebe, seventeenth 
Bury, Suffolk 

Nathan Gold, died Fair- 
field, 1692 
Carnarvon, Wales 

Richard Strong, born 1561 

William Eddy. M. A. Trin- 
ity, 1586 
George Phillips, B.A. Gon- 
ville, and Gaius, 1613 
Chaddesley, Worcester 

John Wakeman, sixteenth 
Chew Magna, Somerset 
Clement Miner, c. 1600 

Colchest€fr, Essex 
Edmund Sherman 
Motts, 1334-1600 
Coventry, Warwick 

Francis Bradley (?) 
Cranbrook, Kent 

Rev. William Eddy, vicar, 
1587-1616; daughter Abi- 
gail, born 1601, married 
J. Benjamin 
Dedham, E^ssex 

Drayton, Worcester 

Wakemans, sixteenth cen- 
Eastham, Worcester 
Anne Goode, married 
Francis Wakeman 
Farleigh, East Kent 
Dolor Davis, 1614 
Fingringhoe, Essex 

Tobias Makin, will 1610; 
daughter, Joan, married 
Edmund Sherman 
Halden, Kent 

Peter Branch, 1632 

John Benjamin, 1632. Ship 
High Easter, Essex 

Thomas Gates, fl. 1327 to 
Geoffrey Gates, c. 1570 
High Roding, Essex 

Josselyns, fifteenth and 
sixteenth centuries 
Hingham, Norfolk 

Stephen Gates 
Homersfield, Suffolk 

Wards, sixteenth century 
Horsemonden, Kent 

Richard Willard, will 1616 
Ipplepin, Devon 

Christopher Avery, 1616 
Lillingstone Lovell, Bucks 
Wentworths, sixteenth cen- 

Collins, seventeenth cen- 
Stephen Goodyear, died 

Mendip Hills, Somerset 

Henry Miner, died 1359 
Milton Clevedon, Somerset 

Rev. Peter Thacher, vicar, 
Nettlested, Kent 

Peter Branch, 1619 
Newton Abbot, Devon 

Christopher Avery, inven- 
tory, 1613 
Norwich, Norfolk 

Thomas Lincoln (?) 
Oxford, Oxford 

Peter Thacher, A.B. Cor- 
pus Christi, 1608 
Queen Camel, Somerset 

Rev. Peter Thacher, vicar, 
Rainham, Norfolk 

Christopher Phillips, son 
Rev. George, b. c. 1590 
Rawmarsh, York 

Brownells, sixteenth cen- 
Ripon, York 

Wakemans, 1066 
Salisbury, Wilts 

Rev. Peter Thacher, rec- 
tor, 1622-1640 
Savvbridgeworth, Herts 

Josselyns, 1248-1550 
Sheriff Hutton, York 

William Bradley, time 
Henry VIII 
South Chard, Somerset 

Deanes, sixteenth century 
Stevenage, Hertford 

Rev. William Pratt 
Swanton Morley, Norfolk 

Thomas Lincoln, baptized 
December 28, 1600 
Taunton, Somerset 

John Strong, born 1605 
Tenterden, Kent 

Simon Branch, will 1614 

Places Connected with the Early History of the Family 



Joseph Benjamin, 1680 

Dolor Davis, 1640 

James Avery and Joan 
Greenslade, married 1643 

Thomas Bliss, 1635 

Wm. Cheesebrough, 1630 

Thomas Hazard, 1638 

Daniel Travers 

Jeremy Adams, 1632 

J. Benjamin, 1632 

Edw. Collins, 1640 

Dolor Davis, 1634 

Stephen Gates, 1650 

J. Pratt, 1630 

John Talcott, 1632 

R. Blott, 1635 

E. Harris, 166- 

W. Palmer, 1629 

Dolor Davis, 1636 

Jon. Hubbard, 167— 

Merriam, 164- 


W. Deane, 1638 

Dolor Davis, 1637 

George Partridge, 166- 

Rev. R. Partridge, 163- 

C. Avery, 164- 

J. Ayer, 1647 

J. Hutchins, 164- 

Thomas Lincoln, 1638 

J. Strong, 1635 

Theoph. Phillips, 16- 

J. Ayer, 1646 

J. Hutchins, 1642 

Stephen Gates, 165- 

J. Branch and M. Speed, 
married 1652 

A. Edwards, 1655 

J. Parsons, 1655 

L Sheldon, 1655 

J. Strong, 1659-1699 

T. Woodford, 1655 

G. Partridge, 163- 

S. Tracy, 1623 

Ed. Wilcox, 163- 

T. Woodford, 1635 

Wm. Cheesebro, 1643 

W. Palmer, 1643 

W. Harris, 165- 

Jehu Burr, 1630 


Jon. Davis, 172- 

J. Ayer, 1640 

Thankful (Parsons) 
Deane, 1750 

Jehu Burr, 1635 

A. Edwards, 1640 

Jos«ph Parsons, 1636 

Stephen Gates and Jemi- 
ma Benjamin, married 

P. Branch and H. Lincoln, 
married 168- 

J. Strong, 1638 

J. Tisdale, 163- 

W. Deane, 16- 
Thacher's Island 

A. Thacher, wrecked, 1635 

J. Benjamin, 1637 

R. Lockwood, 1631 

Rev. G. Phillips, 1630 

A. Ward, 1634 

R. Woodward, 166- 

Rev. T. Thacher, 164- 

Joseph Benjamin, 1661 



Richard Harrison, died 


John Beebe and Ruth 
Pratt, married 1726 
Joseph Pratt, 1700 


John Banks, 1645 
John Barlow, 164— 
Francis Bradley, 166- 
Jehu Burr, 16- 
Nathan Gold, 164- 
George Goodwin, 16- 
Henry Jackson, 16- 
Robert Lockwood, 164- 
Richard Lyon, 1649 
Charles Taintor, 165- 
Andrew Ward, 164- 
Rev. Sam Wakeman, 166- 


Jeremy Adams, 163- 
Thomas Bliss, 1640 
Joseph Collier, 1668 
John Pratt, 1636 
Robert Sanford, 164- 
John Talcott, 1636 
Thomas Woodford, 164- 


Reynolds Marvin, 166- 


Sam Collins, 166- 
William Harris, 165- 

New Haven 

William Bradley, 164- 

Henry Glover, 164- 

Stephen Goodyear, 1638 

Richard Harrison, 164— 

John Thompson, 163- 

John Wakeman, 164- 
New London 

James Avery, 1651 

John Beebe, 165- 

Thomas Hyatt, 165- 

James Deane, 1696 

Joseph Benjamin, 169- 

Peter Branch, 168- 

Stephen Gates, 16- 

Jon. Phillips, 17- 

Jon. Davis, 174— 

John Deane, 1750 

Andew Ward, 1639 

John Ayer, 1696 

John Beebe, 165- 

Wm. Cheesebrough, 1651 

Jas. Deane, 1677 

Thos. Miner, 165- 

Peter Powers and Mary 
Allworth, married 1740 

Martha (Harvey) Gold 

Joseph Hawley 

John Banks, 164— 

John Wyatt, 164- 

Thonias Ford, 1636 

Andrew Ward, 1634 

Charles Taintor, 1643 



Edward Wilcox, 163- 


Thomas Hazard, 1639 


Thomas Brownell, 1647 
Thomas Hazard, 1640 


John Lewis, 1661 
John Maccoon, 166- 



Jon. Davis, 17- 

William Powers, 177- 
New Concord 

Captain John Davis, 177- 

A. Lewis, 176- 

John Banks, 1670 

John Deane, 176- 

Peter Powers, 176- 





Children of Ira Bradley and Jemima (Smith) Banks: 
Frederick Jaeger, born 28 Januar>', 1857, married 30 November, 

1881, Mary E. Dodd. Children: Clarence Leslie, born 21 Decem- 
ber, 1883; Helen, born 22 June, 1886, married 19 May, 1916, 
Roy D. Waltz; children, Frederick Alden, born 19 May, 1918; 
Robert Leslie, born 12 December, 1919. 

David Bradley, born 26 March, 1858. 

George Robert, bom 20 October, 1862, married 22 October, 
1896, Mary V. Trucky. Child, Paul Robert, born 25 December, 
1898, married June, 1918, Margaret Love. 

John B., born 20 August, 1864, married (1) Jennie C. Reed 7 
April, 1887; child, George Ira, born 10 June, 1888, died 18 Octo- 
ber, 1918; married 29 October, 1913, Ida K. Sonne; children, 
Dorothy Louise, born 17 October, 1914, Elizabeth Reed, bom 28 
July, 1918. John B. married (2) Mary Sue Kuhlman 29 July, 
1895 ; child, Dorothy Sue, born 23 October, 1906. 

Julia, born 14 November, 1865; married 3 September, 1891, 
I. E. Long; died 15 December, 1905. 

Children of Charles and Lydia Ann (Banks) Powers: 

Helen Altana, born 10 October, 1848 ; married 26 January, 
1869, Gustavus Jaeger, who died 29 July, 1917. Children: Lucy 
P., born 25 September, 1870; married Rudolphus Rosentreiter, 
two children, Pauline (deceased), Ernest. Wilhelmina, born 14 
March, 1872; died 22 April, 1884. Charies Ernest, born 26 July, 
1876; married Helen Heath; children, George H., born 28 April, 
1907, Helen, born 2 July, 1909. Caroline Louise, born 29 Feb- 
ruary, 1880; died 21 April, 1917; married Walter Miller, 1903; 
children, Richard, born 8 March, 1904, Wilson S'., bom 12 April, 
1906, Louise, born 24 December, 1912. Julia Helen, born 5 June, 

1882. Margaret, born 2 January, 1892 ; died 17 January, 1892. 
George P., bom 25 June, 1850; married August, 1883, Alice 


Osman. Children: Carrie Alice, bom 14 June, 1884; married 
23 October, 1907, Albert F. Camper; children, Alice E., born 13 
November, 1908, Richard A., born 16 February, 1911, Josephine 
E., born 22 April, 1913, Harold Dean, bom 27 December 1916. 
Helen Adah, born 21 November, 1885; married (1) 6 February, 
1906, Delos A. Wilbur (child, Helen Dee, bom 3 March, 1907), 
(2) 14 October, 1916, Hans M. Mohr. Clark D., born 22 March, 
1892; married 23 December, 1916, Helen Beatty; child, Martha 
L., born 2 October, 1917. 

Julia Marsh, born 26 September, 1852; died 21 March, 1854. 

Charles Andrew, born 28 January, 1855 ; married Mary Love 
Porterfield. They have an adopted son, Vivian (grandson of 
Mary), born February 7, 1898. 

James Freeland, born 24 August, 1857; died 31 August, 1918. 

Edward Adorno, born 7 April, 1861 ; died 16 April, 1913 ; ^ 

1 Under the caption, "Genoa Mourns," a local paper had the following 
relative to the death of Edward Adorno Powers: 

All Genoa is nervous over the serious illness of E. A. Powers, whose 
condition grew so bad Sunday that on Monday he was removed to 
the Toledo hospital where he underwent an operation for stomach 
trouble Monday night. 

When word was received that he would likely not recover there 
was a sadness akin to mourning. At this writing, Tuesday after- 
noon, Mr. Powers is still alive, but in a very critical condition. 

The loss of Mr. Powers would be a severe blow to Genoa and 
vicinity. He is as important a factor in Genoa as is the keel of a 
ship to the vessel that rides the seas. Mr. Powers is connected with 
many of Genoa's institutions. Besides being manager of The Powers 
Elevator Company, which has elevators at Genoa and Martin, he is a 
director in the Genoa bank and the Northwestern Ohio Electric 

Mr. Powers is well known throughout the state, having served 
several terms as auditor of Ottawa County during which service he 
formed a wide acquaintance. His speedy recovery is hoped for by 
a host of friends. 

Since the above was written and put into type Mr. Powers died 
and all Genoa is mourning. 

His death occured at the Toledo hospital at 4:30 Tuesday after- 
noon, following the operation on Monday night. 

In 1876 the deceased went to Elmore and entered the hardware 
store of Gustavus Jaeger as salesman, in whose employ he remained 
for two years, after which he taught school in Harris Township for 
several years. In 1880 he engaged in the mercantile business at 
Webb, Wood County, Ohio, which he conducted successfully until 
1883 when he removed to Genoa and followed the same pursuit. 
Later he entered the grain and lumber business which became one of 
Genoa's most substantial institutions. In 1893 Mr. Powers was elected 
to the office of county auditor and reelected in 1895, serving two 


married, 1883, Wilhelmina Georg-ii. Children, Plum Jaeger, 
born and died 1884. Charles Adorno, born 25 March, 1885, 
married Nellie Myers. Helen G., born 2 August, 1887; married 
1 January, 1911, Galen Bowman; children, Helen M., born 15 
December, 1913, Sara J. born 18 February, 1916. Otto G., bom 
and died in 1889. Alice P., born 7 November, 1891 ; married 15 
September, 1913, Tracy Le Cost: children, Alice Joanne, born 10 
June, 1914, Aileen, born 26 August, 1917. George Gillard, born 
19 October, 1897. 

John Leslie, bom 21 March, 1863, married, 14 October, 1885, 
Luella Augusta Osman. Children: Charles Osman,^ born 5 
August, 1888. Gretchen, born 6 September, 1889; married, 21 
November, 1914, Thomas Farmer Crocker ; three children, John, 
Powers, born 1 November, 1915, Thomas Farmer, born 5 Janu- 
ary, 1919, Margaret, born March 10, 1921. Frederick Dodge,^ 
born 14 August, 1892; married 1 September, 1915, Mrs. Emma 
Messer Clark. John Leslie,^ born 23 January, 1895. 

William Howard, bom 12 September, 1868; married 2 Septem- 

terms. He was a staunch Democrat and was very influential through- 
out the county. 

Mr. Powers evidently had a premonition that he would not survive 
the operation as within an hour before his departure for the hospital 
he made his will and arranged his business affairs. 

He had amassed considerable wealth, though no estimate has been 
made of the value of his estate. He carried about $25,000 life 

Mr. Powers was a member of Genoa Lodge No. 433, and the Toledo 
Consistory Scottish Rite of Free-Masonry, also a member Genoa 
I. O. O. F. 

That he was held in the highest esteem of the officials and citizens 
of Genoa is evidenced by the lowering of the flag on the city hall at 
half mast. 

iC. O. Powers enlisted in June, 1917, in S. U. I. Unit, U. S. A. A. C, 
afterward Section 583, S. S. U., landed in France in January, 1918, served 
with a French division from March to November 11, 1918, was cited by 
the French commander and awarded the Croix de Guerre in May, 1918. 
After the Armistice was with the Army of Occupation until March, 1919; 
then to headquarters at Paris until discharged (sergeant) in September, 

2 F. D. Powers entered the U. S. Naval Academy in June, 1910, was 
graduated in June, 1914, with rank of ensign, served in the convoy fleet 
during the war WMth Germany and is now (1921) in command of First 
Division, U. S. S. Oklahoma, with rank of Lieutenant. 

3 J. L. Powers jr. enlisted in the U. S. Marine Corps in May, 1917, 
served in the convoy fleet from September, 1917, to August, 1918, when 


ber, 1902, Edith Lampman. Children: Howard Adorno, born 
4 January, 1904. E. Pamela, born 16 December, 1905. 

Children of Travis and Amanda (Banks) Kelly: 

Darwin B., born 15 February, 1859; married, 1878, Amelia 
Decker. Children : Mabel, born 13 August, 1879 (died 11 Octo- 
ber, 1899), married 10 December, 1896, Jay Taylor, child, Mar- 
guerite, born 24 November, 1897, who married 3 February, 1916, 
Elden Carlson, their child, Catherine E., born 10 November, 1916. 
Ida, born 27 June, 1881, married 8 December. 1905, Saun- 
ders; children, Harold, born 23 March, 1906; Mary, born 8 July, 
1915. Russell, born 21 January, 1887. Marguerite, born 5 
August, 1895. George B., born 2 August. 1900. 

Helen Amanda, born 11 September, 1861; married (1) J. E. 
Hackett, child, Travis Kelly, bom 19 November, 1891 ; married 
(2) Ernest Hackett, (3) W. F. Ellis. 

Children of James Augustus and Jemima (Muir) Banks: 

Margaret Permelia, born 10 January, 1861 ; married (1) 1886, 
Harvey Warriner; child, Walter, born 3 September, 1887; mar- 
ried (2) John Houtz, children, Ralph E., born 21 January, 1897, 
Helen, born 15 February, 1902. 

William B., born 4 September, 1865, married . Children: 

Lucile, 27 March, 1896; Gertrude, born 3 July, 1904; Graham 
D., born 16 May, 1907. 

Frances Jeannette, born 10 September, 1867; died ; mar- 
ried Mr. Davidson. Children: Jessie M., born 3 January, 1889; 
Feme, born 9 May, 1891 ; Earl H., born 9 January, 1895. 

Helen Amanda, bom 1 September, 1869; married Hugh Goodell. 

George H., born 11 May, 1871; married ; child, Leona, 

born 15 March, 1898. 

Mary E., born 6 June, 1876; married Mr. Rober. Children: 
Edgar H., born 18 March, 1903; Jeannette M., born 24 April, 
1905 ; Florence E., born 8 March, 1907. 


Peter Powers at his death, in 1861, left at his son George's a 
bundle of letters, most of them dated between 1800 and 1807, 
written by his brothers and sisters. These letters are now in the 

he was transferred to the Marine Flying Corps ; honorably discharged 
(sergeant) in January, 1919, at Miami, Florida, just after he had begun 
solo flying work. 


possession of George Powers of Perrysburg. The letters are of 
more than ordinary interest to every member of the family and 
afford besides a means of reproducing the emotional life of such 
a middile class family a hundred years ago. 

The letters are not bookish ; the only literary reference is the 
scrap from Pope. Yet they are written as if from persons ac- 
customed to expressing themselves ; though largely concerned 
with business and private affairs, they yet reveal clearly the dif- 
ferences in disposition of the writers. With sligiht exception 
they show mastery of the spelling book and habitual correctness. 
One boy alone remained unsullied by our vile English spellings ; 
penliaps he was naturally a reformer, though his phoneticisms 
seem simply atrocious. Yet even he had aspirations to be a 
school-teacher ; one letter is addressed to him with the title M.D. ; 
perhaps he had sat in a doctor's office — not unlikely, seeing that 
both father and grandfather had practiced the art of surgery. 
His spelling then was natural illiteracy, not indifference to learn- 
ing. In age he was a painful and devoted reader of the Bible. 

What moral qualities the writers of these letters had and what 
fitness for success in the ways of business is in part directly 
shown in the letters, in part matter of inference from their actual 
careers. Two of the brothers disappear absolutely from view 
after the period to which the letters belong. Richard is little 
more than a name. Apparently he must have fended for himself 
from about the date of his mother's marriage; when he got his 
Ix>rtion of the estate or what he did with it is not known. Of 
Henry, however, we have for the years of the letters the liveliest 
revelation. His was a sensitive disposition, naturally sanguine 
piobably, and therefore easily depressed. Lacking shrewdness 
he entered into undertakings for which apparently he was not 
fitted or in which he had not calculated the difficulties and the 
costs. He accordingly found himself in straits that reflected 
upon his character, unjustly his letters rather lead one to believe, 
and must have hurt the family pride. 

John appears to have been a mixture of religious zeal and world- 
ly shrewdness, a shrewdness that at times at least found its end 
in recouping his faulty judgment at the cost of others. Hte was 
presumably a busy man, made busyness a business. He appears 
later in life to have been in ill odor with James, partly perhaps 


because his ultimate worldly success was slight, partly because 
he was counted sly, partly because his zeal was no respecter of 
seasons. Yet in the letters it is he alone that invokes honor of 
the family name as a motive to rigliteous living. 

James on the other hand prospered in a worldly way. His 
pride was accompanied by severity and attached itself to his pos- 
sessions as well as to his family name ; he cultivated roses and 
grapes, observed careful forms in his domestic arrangements ; for 
he was as jealous of the integrity of his turf beside the drive as 
was Aunt Betsy Trotwood. It is related that his daughters grown 
to years of discretion used to caution guests to scrupulous care 
to confine themselves to the graveled walks and drives. 

Peter, how easily one says, Poor Peter ! In this case suitably 
enough. The letters were preserved by him and are nearly all 
addressed to him. In his old age he became somewhat querulous 
and withal severe ; but his essential quality must have been a lack 
of self-assertion that made him the depository of the family cares 
of the others. Henry advises him, truly enough one must judge, 
that he was ill-qualified for school-master and urges him repeat- 
edly to enter with him into his Canadian projects. Richard ap- 
parently he visits. He is a medium of apologetic regrets between 
foxy William and pious John. John would have him his agent 
in the ambitious scheme of disposing of the family property; to 
John throughout life the state of his soul appears to have given 
great concern. Yet nothing appears against his character or con- 
duct; one can only infer that his religion was not expressive. 
Even business-like James, concise and pointed, confides to him 
his shortness of cash in the first stages of the practice of the law, 
confident of relief in proportion to Peter's means. To Rhoda, 
his darling sister, he is alike an object of affection and sisterly 
concern. Negative all this, and perhaps that is all that can be 
said of Peter. For after attempts at a livelihood in many ways 
and many places, we find him alone and without property pouring 
out to his son in his inimitable spelling the melancholy of his heart 
intensified by his anxious care for the moral welfare of his chil- 
dren ; we find him dying at four-score at his son's ; nearly twenty 
years homeless, now with one, now another, he yet preserves in all 
his wanderings the bundle of well-read letters, the visible link of 
affectionate connection with that band oi brothers and sisters; 


preserved though sixty years have paled the blush of hope and 
feeling with which they were penned. 


The earliest in date, 7 June, 1800, is from James, aged fifteen, 
then in Kinderhook, where probably he is going to school; he 
writes about the purchase of a grammar. James's letters, in gen- 
eral are brief and matter of fact. They are six in number and 
extend over a period of twenty-five years, the last being dated, 
18 November, 1825. One is a long legal opinion concerning the 
putting of a road through by the Chatham farm ; this was dated 
26 July, aged nineteen ; James was a precocious lawyer. Judg- 
ing from another letter he had begun practice that year. In 1825 
one infers that the Chatham property still remained in possession 
of the family. For James writes from Catskill, where he made 
his permanent home, to Peter in Canaan, entrusting to him the 
making of certain improvements, agreed upon in conference with 
John, including a new kitchen ; the business is entrusted to Peter, 
probably as a matter of convenience. The only one of the letters 
that has any emotional quality is dated from Hudson, 19 June, 
1804; he has been attending court in Claverack. His mother's 
health is occasion for anxiety ; as t!he letter is addressed to Chat- 
ham, the mother must at this time have been somewhere else; 
so also must Rhoda have been ; perhaps on a visit together. In 
expression the letter is unusual, in choice of words racy. "I 
have just heard a few days since from my Mother who remains 
in the same way as she has for this year back happening to be 
enveloped more than usual in the cloud of spleen." Concerning 
Rhoda (why does the stripling lawyer, the youngest son, have 
responsibility for Rhoda's wardrobe? Had he so early shown 
himself the business man of the family?) : "Rhoda's Bonnet is 
finished and I have not one cent to pay for it, the attending court 
in Claverack dreened my pocket entirely dry. Borrow it for me 
if you can, and I will be able to return it soon." A few days 
later he writes about making arrangements to send Mary, tlie 
youngest, who was then eleven, to school. Evidently the young 
lawyer is the business head of the family. 

Another letter belongs to the year 1800, one from Henry, the 
oldest of the family. He was now twenty-four. The letter is 


addressed to Peter in Shefford ; but there is some mistake ; prob- 
ably the letter was written from Shefford, Canada, and Peter was 
in Chatham. A Jetter six weeks later is addressed to him in 
Shefford. The letter implies that William, Richard, and Henry- 
are all in Canada, and shows that they wish to get their share of 
the property in ready money. Henry bluntly tells Peter that he 
is not qualified to be a schoolmaster; Henry and Peter appear to 
have had many qualities in common, one being- an inability to spell. 
Did Henry's sensibility make him akin to genius? At any rate 
he is now buoyed by inventive hopes : "I sihall shortly git a Pat- 
ent." ^ The Canadian enterprise, though stuck to patiently for 
four years, was a failure ; hopes were illusive. In February of 
1804 Henry is still optimistic enough to regret that Peter has 
resisted their repeated endeavors to get him to purchase in Shef- 
ford. William has parted company from them, either wronged 
or wronged we have upon this only Henry's comment. The 
estate is still undivided : "As it is not in my power to be in Chat- 
ham this winter & the business cannot be settled without my being 
present we have concluded to postpone it till May." Strong is 
Henry's feeling against William. "I am told that my Brother 
[what emphasis] Wm. is Indeavouring to make those of my 
friends beleave that I have cheatted him out of his propperty. I 
am sorry to say [what restraint] that my brother is ungratefuU, 
but it is no more than can be expected from a person destitute of 
principal." No mincing of words ; a Puritanic directness when 
Henry's moral nature is indignant. Again, at the end, he re- 
turns to the issue with, shall wc say, a Christian regret : "please 
to present this letter to my Brother Wm [there shall be no word 
behind his back] or tell him that I should hav written how un- 
grateful he is — but if I could be persuaded that a refformation 
had could or would take place how happy I should feel." The 
punctuation in the letters is often lacking or faulty; but what 
need of punctuation when feeling carries the words. Henry's 
natural tenderness does not fail him even w^hen so distraught. 
There intervenes between the remarks upon William this mes- 
sage: "Give my respects to Mamma Rhoda Mary and all in- 
quiring friends." 

Two months and six days later the crash had come, just what 

^ There is no record at Washington of such a patent. 


we do not know. Had William got out from under and a burden 
of debt too great for him fallen upon Henry? Hiad William's 
tricks exasperated the patience of creditors so that they pro- 
ceeded to extremities? At any rate with heart-breaking anguish 
Henry's next words are penned and he feels himself already an 
inmate of a prison : "I know not where to go, I am a Wanderer 
upon this land . . . but what Reasons have I to murmur 
for as it is the will of divine providence (as Pope says what- 
ever is is Right) and shall I not acquiess in what is Ordained." 
It is family ties that make his shame bitterest and yet his 
natural tenderness even so is not choked. "I hope my brother 
you will be Obliging to your mother & our two sisters. . . 
Please to give my warmest respects to Rhoda & Mary not for- 
getting my friends if any Remain." 

Henry manages somehow to escape actual imprisonment, or at 
any rate the confinement is of short duration ; for four months and 
a half later, 26 August, 1804, he writes from Plattsburgh. He 
is still despondent, still melancholically philosophical. His deep- 
est grief one infers arises from a sense, or a fear, that his dearest 
in his own family have lost their trust in him. Again and again 
in this letter he utters a plea for a letter: "do write by male." 
His sufiferings have taught him that "in this world their is no 
real satisfaction and that their is no real friendship in mankind." 
Yet his kindly feeling never forsakes him : "I hope our Mother 
has recovered her health." This is the last word from Henry; 
the curtain closes forever. 

It must be noted that this letter was written just two months 
after James's description of the mother's splenetic condition and 
his own dry pocket. Were these misfortunes connected? Had 
the mother's year-long cloud arisen from concern for her eldest? 
Poor Peter! Was his part in these crises as merely receptive 
and negative as is inferred from the letters ? Would that we had 
his in reply! 

The first letter from John is dated 6 January, 1803, his age 
nineteen. He had become a fine penman and was evidently a 
merchant's clerk. His last letter is dated 1 May, 1846, more 
than forty-three years later. His first letter is written from New 
York, where he is engaged for six hours a day with a Mr. Rod- 
man. The letter of the nineteen year old boy is chiefly a moral 


discourse, good sentiments well, though stiltedly, expressed. A 
year later, 12 June, 1804, he is in Albany. Though Peter is al- 
most two years older, he ventures to give his brother advice 
couched in most elegant language : "I conceive the resolution you 
have formed to cultivate the soil to be very laudable, but I fore- 
see your constitution is too feeble, to pursue the business thor- 
oughly enough to make it lucrative, while reflecting on those 
circumstances, with an ardent wish for your prosperity, I came 
to a resolution in my own mind to make certain propositions to 
you which I presume you will think liberal." John goes on then 
to formulate a business undertaking which presupposes however 
capital to be derived from the disposal of their shares of the 
estate. It must be borne in mind that this was the date of 
Henry's misfortunaes, just two months after the date of his prison 
fears ; were James and John utterly irresponsive to his sufferings? 
At any rate the nearest approach to a brotherly feeling is indi- 
rectly given in these words of family pride: "let us endeavor 
to convince the world that there are still some of the name of 
Powers whose conduct is beyond the reach of Censure and worthy 
of the respect due to our origin." With Micawber flourishes the 
letter concludes (age twenty-one to twenty-three) : 

I am with sentiments 
of pure affection 

^ John Powers. 

The next letter is from the business point of view the most 
important of the group. John writes from Albany, 27 August, 
1807. In this alone, or almost alone, of the letters, John forgets 
his moralizings and spiritual exhortations : 

I forgot to suggest to you the propriety of setting out an- 
other orchard on some part of our Farm in case we should 
sell it separately at any time that would be of considerable 
importance — I do not know where would be the best spot 
to fix one, but suspect the Field above the Oujtle( ?) 
meadow. . 

I saw old squire McKown a few days since and he has a 
great deal of money which he wants to invest in lands when- 
ever he can make a good bargain. I proposed to go down 
and view our farm and think it probable he will go before 
long, should he come down you must treat him very po- 
litely and dont be afraid of saying to him every good thing 


you can relative to the situation of our farm — I told him 
the price of the whole was $16000 which sum you must stick 
to and tell him how cheap it is compared with the price of 
Thompsons Farm. . . I know of a good many farms in 
the upper part of the town which have been selHng at 40 & 
50 Dollars an acre. . . There wil be no difficulty in fall- 
ing from the price afterward to the price we intend to have 
for it & the business I will take good care to manage myself 
if necessary ... My best love to Altana Rhoda & cou- 
sin Caty. 

Altana was Peter's wife. What had become of Mary? She 
was not married until ten years later. 

Comment upon this letter is superfluous; it leads us to infer 
that the farm contained about four hundred acres. 

By 1817, at least, John had taken up his residence in Catskill, 
where he was still living in 1846. At some time he had been in 
business in New York. Peter had gone to Salisbury, west of 
Albany, where he was living in 1817 and 1818. The letters of 
that date are chiefly interesting as showing John's moral zeal and 
religious fervor. Here is a passage not without pedagogic sig- 
nificance. There were enclosed in a bundle some tracts "for the 
children — to commit to memory, which I think is of great im- 
portance this is the time for pouring instruction into their minds 
. . . Do not be idle" which last might have reference solely 
to his nurture of the children in things spiritual, or might have 
reference to that industry underlying worldly prosperity. Poor 
Peter ! Destined all his life to be thought the fit object of moral 
advice. Is it small wonder that the daguerreotype of old age 
shows him solemn almost to a Dantean melancholy? 

The Canadian enterprise showed great vitality ; for John's let- 
ter, 13 April, 1818, mingles, with its exhortion and advice spirit- 
ual, counsel against taking his family to Canada. It contains also 
the last reference to Richard. John's last letter shows his worldly 
aflfairs in rather an unsatisfactory condition and implies trans- 
actions needing some defence. The tradition is that he unloaded 
upon a guileless nephew, Peter's son George, an antiquated stock 
of unsaleable hardware to be taken to the wilds of northwestern 

From William's hand there is but one letter, 28 August, 1809. 
It mingles complaint and apology, complaint of the conduct of 


John in some money transaction and apology for his words to 
John. Why make Peter the recipient of either complaint or 
apology ? William does not come ofif well in this correspondence. 
Tlhe last mention of him, 26 February, 1831, is at the close of a 
letter from Mary, the youngest of the family : "I have heard 
that William has left Hudson for what cause I know not it was 
no more than I expected I likewise have heard that he has ex- 
perienced religion God grant that it may be so. I shall then have 
hopes of his being a man of principle," The prayer may have 
been answered ; he went to Ohio, prospered apparently, and visit- 
ed, when bygones were bygones, his brother Peter in the late 
forties or early fifties. He had a copy of his father's will, per- 
haps the original. 

The only letters from Peter's own hand were written in Ohio 
after 'his wife's death when he was sad and lonely. His young 
daughter, unmarried, had been sick; moreover, she was way- 
ward. "Lucy has been sick she was taken a tusday nite with a 
violent pane in her head and sick at her stummic and she was all 
most deranged." Again from another letter: "She is in a pita- 
ble situation and for myself I cannot stay there [referring to one 
of his sons] my heart is Broken and my troble is so greate that 
I cannot hardly bare up under it I do not sleap nites." But we 
know that seventeen years of peace and comfort, divided between 
the homes of his sons George and Charles were left for the old 
man. To return to the contention that his ill-spelling was not al- 
together due to lack of education : one of his sons was almost as 
uncertain in his orthography; he gives for example his wife and 
sweetheart the choice of iher own name, Lydia, Liddy, Liddia. 
Yet he was a great reader, took Graham's, Godey's, Harper's from 
its beginning, Harper's Weekly, read poetry; I have in my pos- 
session his Burns, his Cowper, and the minute Tupper in red 

From the girls the letters were few ; from Mary only one, 26 
February, 1831. She was happily married in Catskill. The let- 
ter is addressed to a nephew, son of Peter, in New York, is occa- 
sioned by the sickness nearly to death of her children and another 
— was it a cousin? — Frances by name, but is chiefly filled with 
the religious yearnings her anxious bedside watchings have 
prompted. It is a beautiful letter glowing with genuine feeling. 


She is still remembered in Catskill, though dead these many years, 
as a nobly charming woman. 

Last place for Rhoda, from whose hand there were two letters, 
one undated referring to mamma's delicate health ; probably there- 
fore of the fateful year, 1804. The message of affection to Rich- 
ard and William would imply that Peter was on a visit to them, 
in Canada ? The other letter can be characterized only as remark- 
able. Hers was a sensitive nature, early maturing. The letter, 
dated 1801 when she was just past Dorothy Q's age, thirteen 
summers, shows a filial affection and a sisterly solicitude quite 
womanly. The expression moreover is little short of Johnsonian. 
It was addressed to Shefford where Peter was probably visiting 
Richard and William ; she sends messages to them, as also to 
William's wife. Monday afternoon, thirtieth of June, is the time. 

Hannah has just read me her letter. I find she has in an 
ironical manner given you reason to expect a letter from 
your sister Rhoda. [She expresses her sadness at absence 
from her brothers] : I endeavour to drive these melancholy 
ideas from my mind [punctuation as so often lacking] by the 
assiduous attention to industry and Economy provide for 
yourselves a decent competency which if you are so fortunate 
as to acquire you will remember cannot be enjoyed without 
a clear conscience and a good reputation these I will flatter 
myself my dear Brothers one and all will ever make it their 
chief study to maintain O Peter we cannot but be sensible 
that our dear Mother feels very solicitous for our happiness 
consequently it would give the most heartfelt satisfaction to 
her maternal heart to have us walk with undeviating steps in 
the paths of Virtue and entegrity let us then my dear Broth- 
er by our affectionate obliging deportment endeavour to ren- 
der the life of our Parent happy indeed Peter it is entirely 
in our power, our father Kellogg we have all of us reason 
to respect and love for his tender treatment of our Mother 
and his kindness to all of us . . . Mary's love to all of 
you. Mav health and felicity await you forever is the sin- 
cere wish 'of your affectionate sister Rhoda Powers 
Peter Powers, M.D. 

The precociousness indicated by such a letter from a thirteen- 
year-old probably indicated an extraordinarily sensitive nature, a 
nature that made a quick response. So delicately was her frame 
organized that when a few years later her loving heart met with 
neglect, the mind was unhinged. 


So much of reconstruction in the annals of this simple family, 
this bundle of letters, supplemented by a few other traditions, 
makes possible. Certainly the story is one in itself of interest to 
any member of that family, in its hints and suggestions at times 
quite tantalizing, in its proofs of hereditary permanence of traits 
now and then amusing, now almost tragic. To one outside the 
family is not the story of interest as showing that our homespun 
ancestry was not entirely humdrum, not merely concerned in the 
day's work that felled the trees and boiled the soap-kettle ; that 
they had time and interest for books and education so far as they 
were within reach ; that they had time for the cultivation of fam- 
ily affections, for thoughts upon life and its amenities, and more- 
over that they cherished the art of giving expression to such 
thoughts and feelings. Village Hampdens they were, not even 
inglorious Miltons, yet not quite mute or voiceless, not of the 
heart irresponsive. 


Major Nathan Gold was present at the meeting of the General 
Court — second on the list of assistants or magistrates — meet- 
ing 9 July, 1675, which made provision for action in the interim 
of the sessions of the General Court by appointing a council con- 
sisting of the governor, deputy governor and assistants, with 
Captain Newbery, Captain Wells, Mr. John Wadsworth, and 
Richard Lord. Thus Gold was made one of the War Council. 
Except on one occasion however he is not named as meeting with 
the Council. Distance may have had somewhat to do with this. 
The meetings were commonly at Hartford and those from Hart- 
ford were regularly there. Besides, Major Gold was occupied 
in colony business, part of the time in Fairfield, part of the time 
elsewhere in connection with New York matters. 

On 6th August orders were issued for the raising of seventy 
dragoons in the county of Fairfield to be in readiness to march 
upon an hour's warning; Major Gold and the commissioners were 
to apportion the numbers in the plantations and to appoint a 
lieutenant, ensign, and two sergeants. On 25th August the 

1 Taken from the Connecticut Colonial Records, 1675-1676. 


Council wrote a letter to Major Gold to send up those dragoons 
that are "prest formerly to be at Hartford upon Saturday next." 

On 31st August note is made of a letter from Major Gold re- 
ceived and answered but without hint as to its contents. 

On 19th September is noted the arrival of the dragoons from 
Fairfield ; they are ordered to "march up to Norwottog and so to 
our army under conduct of Ensign Steven Burritt." 

Meantime the Council was much concerned over the activities 
of Governor Andros. On 26th September, being informed of 
his preparations against S'aybrook by letters from Gold and others, 
they commissioned Captain Bull to defend Saybrook, and im- 
pressed men for its defence from Lyme, Killingworth, and Guilford. 

On 22d November the Council empowered Major Gold to see 
that the soldiers returned to Fairfield County under conduct of 
Captain Seely, be prepared with accommodations of arms, cloth- 
ing, and horse sufficient for their march when they shall be called 
forth upon an hour's notice, and to provide able men to displace 
any disabled. On the next day Gold sat with the Council. One 
hundred bushels of wheat were ordered raised from Fairfield 
County, Major Gold, Mr. John Burr, and Mr. Joseph Hawley 
to raise the amount. On 25th November Major Gold and Mr. 
John Burr were authorized to sign bills for Fairfield. 

On 17th December Major Gold, with the assistants from New 
Haven, was ordered to appoint a convention of ministers of those 
two counties with Mr. Woodbridge and Mr. Buckingham to meet 
down at New Haven "some day next week in the fear of God to 
make diligent search for those eveils amongst us which have 
stirred up the Lord's anger against us." Their conclusions were 
to be sent the following week to the Council by Mr. Wakeman 
and Mr. Eliot. Of this meeting nothing further is recorded. 

"14 Oct. 1675. The Court desires Major Gold to send up Mr. 
Josiah Harvey or John Hall to be chirurgeons of the army, which 
of them he judgeth most suitable." 

"Jan. 4 and 5, 1676. A letter allso was wrote to the Assistants 
of Fayrefeild wherein there was ordered that there should be 
raysed out of Fayrefeild County 37 men . . . and a com- 
mander ... and 120 bushels of wheat to be sent to New 


"13 Jan. Fayrefeild forces ordered forthwith to march to New 
London and to hasten the sending of the wheat, when ground 
into meal, with 20 barills of beife and porck, 

"18 Feb. 1676. A letter was allso sent to Major Gold to send 
up Mr. Tho. Fitch, Captaine for their county forces, or some 
other suitable person ; and allso to send up horses and such neces- 
sary recruits as they could procure for their soaildiers; and that 
they be here by Thursday night next at the fartherest. 

"31 March one-half e the soldiers that belong to Fayrefeild 
sihall march forth upon the scoutt to prosecute and attacque the 
enemy in the best way they can ; and in case they meet with no 
part of the enemie they are to repayre to their respective habita- 
tions; and Major Gold with the next three commissioners are to 
take order that there be so many new prest soldiers imprest to 
attend the country service as now shall return unless the present 
soldiers some of them may be perswaded to continue in the ser- 
vice ; and the soldiers so imprest are to be upon their march agayn 
towards Hartford by Thursday next . . . with their arms 
and ammunition compleat, well fixed and fitted for service. 

"27 Aprill. A letter was writt to Major Gold to desire him to 
send such of their Indians (and some English with them) as are 
willing to goe to joyne with the volunteers in New London. 

"9 June. Forthwith Major Gold and the Gentn of that County 
should forthwith send 200 bushells of wheat and two or three 
barrells of porck to New London. 

"19 Aug. Relative to a request to Gov. Andros that Connecti- 
cut men might pursue the fleeing Indians by passing up the Hud- 
son river. The Councill ordered the Secretary to signe the letter 
in the name of the Councille and send it to Major Gold with a 
desire to him to send it to the Govr, by a post. 

"24 Sept. 1677. Major Gold is to see that five hundred pounds 
of bread lye in readiness in Fairfield Co. against sending out a 
force against the enemy." 


It is certainly astonishing how many of this family group were 
more or less intimately identified with some of the witch cases, 
though, when you stop to consider how the delusion caught nearly 


every one in its excitement, the astonishment grows less. In 
Connecticut there were several of these cases, chief of which are 
that of Goodwife Knapp with its sequel, the libel case against 
Ludlow ; the cases of Mary and Hannah Harvey, of Mary Staples, 
and of Mercy Disborough; all these of Fairfield. Second in im- 
portance and interest to the persons of these memoirs were the 
cases of Elizabeth Godman of New Haven and of Elizabeth Claw- 
son of Stratford. 

Of the Goody Knapp case there seems to be no direct account, 
but the want is not much felt because the full report of the sub- 
sequent libel suit is extant which repeats substantially much of 
the evidence in the Knapp case. The Ludlow libel suit is given 
in full in Mrs. Schenck's History of Fairfield and also in Taylor's 
Witchcraft in Connecticut. Upon it is based Dr. Child's piece of 
fiction, A Colonial Witch; indeed considerable portions of the 
report are quoted. As would be expected the testimony is more 
or less conflicting. It would seem that Goody Knapp had been 
executed in the spring, probably in March or early in April. 
Part of the evidence presented at the Ludlow case was in the 
form of affidavits, the earliest being dated April 26, 1654. Evi- 
dently the case against Knapp had been conducted in the fashion 
usual with witches ; a mass of testimonies to unnatural things 
said and done by the victim, all a tissue of absurdities; a search 
of the most revolting character of the witch's person to see if she 
bore the marks of a witch, this conducted by some of the matrons 
of the town appointed by the court for the purpose; their re- 
port, the condemnation, the waiting in the dreary prison broken 
only by self-appointed committees seeking to involve the victim 
in confessions and accusations, and then the execution on a scaf- 
fold amid the throng of men and women ; for apparently even the 
most respectable persons were in attendance. Of the official 
searchers we can be sure only of Mrs. Pell, Luce, wife to Thomas 
Pell. Now Thomas Pell was a surgeon and had in that capacity 
accompanied the forces against the Pequots. He is described as 
formerly "Gentleman of the bedchamber to Charles I." He 
later removed to New York, the place being still called Pelham 
Manor. After the verdict, on the earnest entreaty of Mistress 
Jones, wife of the preacher, Mrs. Pell, taking with her also Hes- 
ter, the wife of another dignitary, Andrew Ward, visited Goody 


Knapp in prison that they might get from her evidence against 
other witches. 

"Goodwife Bassett," said Mrs. Jones, pressing her to confess 
whether there were any other that were witches, "when she was 
condemned" — that was in the neighboring village of Stratford — 
"said there was another witch in Fairfield that held her head 
full high." 

"Goody Bassett meant not me," said Goody Knapp, stepping a 
little aside. Upon a little more urging Goody Knapp said that 
she named Goodwife Staples. 

Thomas Shervington, Christopher Combstock, and Goodwife 
Baldwin also visited her for a like purpose. Mistress Pell was 
apparently most officious in the case; for, according to the testi- 
mony of Mrs. Sherwood, wife of another of the substantial men, 
immediately following the verdict, Mrs. Pell, her two daughters. 
Goody Lockwood (another prominent person) and Goody Purdy, 
all came in to get Mrs. Knapp to confess her witchcraft and to 
accuse others, telling her, "before she was condemned she might 
think it would be a means to take away her life, but now she must 
die, and therefore she should discover all." According to Mrs. 
Sherwood the party, getting no satisfaction, came again the next 
day, with Mr. Jones and Mr. Lockwood. The testimony, in part 
contradicting what Mrs. Pell had given, has a dramatic -pathetic 
dignity. Elizabeth Brewster, daughter to Mrs. Pell, who had 
been the widow Brewster, desiring Mrs. Knapp to name other 
witches in town, was answered: 

"I must not say anything which is not true. I must not wrong 
anybody. What hath been said to me in private, before I go 
out of the world, when I am upon the ladder (the scaffold) that 
I will reveal to Mr. Ludlow or the minister." 

"If you keep it a little longer till you come to the ladder, the 
devil will have you quick, if you reveal it not till then." 

"Take heed the devil have not you," cried Goody Knapp moved 
out of her patience ; "you know not how soon you may be my 
companion. You would have me say that Goody Staples is a 
witch, but I have sins enough to answer for already, and I hope 
I shall not add to my condemnation. I know nothing by Goody 
Staples and I hope she is an honest woman." 

"Goody Knapp, what ails you?" said Goodwife Lockwood; 


"Goodman Lyon, I pray speak: did you hear us name Goodwife 
Staples since we came here?" 

"Have a care," warned Mr. Lyon ; "breed not difference betwixt 
neighbors after you are gone." 

"Hold your tongTje, Goodman Lyon; you know not what I 
know. I have ground for what I say. I have been fished withal 
in private more than you are aware of. I apprehend that Goody 
Staples hath done me some wrong in her testimony, but I must 
not render evil for evil." 

This testimony is substantially repeated by Thomas Lyon, who 
added that Goody Knapp told him privately that she knew noth- 
ing against Goodwife Staples being a witch. 

Similar advice was given by Goodwife Gold, first wife to him 
who for forty years was deputy to the General Court. She 
wished her if she knew anything on good ground she would de- 
clare it. If not, "Take heed the devil do not persuade you to 
sow malicious seed to do hurt after you are gone. Yet speak 
the truth if you know anything by any person." 

"I know nothing but upon suspicion by the rumors I hear." 

"You are now to die ; therefore you should speak truly." 

"She burst forth into weeping and desired me to pray for her 
and said I knew not how she was tempted, pray, pray for me." 

Even on the way to the scaffold the badgering continued, per- 
severed in in the name of religion; for Rebecka Hull, wife to 
Cornelius Hull, but daughter to the Rev. Mr. Jones, testifies that 
no less men than her father and Deputy Governor Ludlow did 
press Goody Knapp on the way to the scaffold to confess that 
she was a v^itch. 

The dead body was not respected, but several of these same 
good women rushed up to examine for themselves whether the 
report of the witch-searchers was correct. Foremost among them 
appears to have been Goodwife Staples, though what she found 
is diversely told in the testimony. 

Such in its chief features was the trial and execution of Goody 
Knapp. The case against Ludlow that grew out of it was stated 
thus by the attorney for Mr. Staples, John Banks: "Mr. Lud- 
low hath defamed Thomas Staples's wife, in reporting to Mr. 
Davenport and Mrs. Davenport that she hath laid herself under 
a new suspicion of being a witch, that she had caused Knapp's 


wife to be new searched after she was hanged, that when she 
saw the marks, she said if they were the marks of a witch then 
she was one, [f]or I have such marks; secondly, Mr. Ludlow 
hath said Knapp's wife told him that Goody Staples was a witch ; 
thirdly, that Mr. Ludlow hath slandered Goodwife Staples in 
saying that she made a trade of lying, or went on in a tract of 

Before the case came finally to trial, Mr. Ludlow had left the 
colony for good, and this circumstance may have had its influ- 
ence in detennining the verdict. To win a case against a magis- 
trate, the next to the highest and clearly the ablest in the colony, 
would be clear proof of a clever lawyer. Mr. Ludlow's defence 
was conducted by Ensign Bryan and consisted largely of affi- 

The plaintiffs rested their case chiefly upon the evidence of 
Mr. and Mrs. Davenport. Remember, that Mr. Davenport was 
the great Rev. John Davenport, co-laborer with Governor Eaton 
in establishing in New Haven a new theocracy. Their testimony 
is clear enough and leaves no doubt that the great Mr. Ludlow 
was rather free in his speech though it must be remembered that 
the words had been uttered in the privacy of Mr. Davenport's 
home and, for relaxation when the day's work ended, not above 
a little malicious gossip. As to the last charge, when that came 
to be taken up several months later, Ensign Bryan declined to 
continue the case. The evidence I take it was too complete. The 
testimony of the Davenports had been supported by Goodwife 
Sherwood, John Thompson, whose wife was Elizabeth Sher- 
wood, and Goodwife Gold, though it seems pretty clear that 
Mrs. Gold was not hostile to Mr. Ludlow. All agreed as to the 
picturesque phrase, "a tract of lying," used seemingly in some 
quarrel over church affairs when Goodwife Staples's lively tongue 
had vexed Mr. Ludlow out of his self-control. The phrase had 
then been used, whether slanderous or not no attempt was made 
either to prove or to disprove. 

As to the more serious part of the charge, out of the conflict- 
ing testimony this much can be gleaned : Goody Knapp had re- 
peated to several a story to the effect that Goodwife Staples had 
once told her that an Indian had brought to her some little things 
brighter than the day, Indian gods as the Indian called them; 


"if she would keep them, she would be so big rich." Further, 
Goodwife Staples would seem to have been rather skeptical about 
the justice of Goody Knapp's condemnation, a skepticism in the 
minds of worthies like Mrs. Gold smacking of impiety; there is 
a suspicion that she finally cloaked this skepticism to save her 
skin. That she had foully mishandled the dead body seems to 
have been admitted. 

The decision at any rate went against Ludlow and he was fined. 

One can't avoid the feeling that both Mr. and Mrs. Staples 
were ahead of their times, Mrs. Staples for her intellectual san- 
ity that would not accept the evidence adduced against the poor 
victim of the credulous times, her husband in seeing that the 
only safety for him and his wife was in taking the bull by the 
horns, anticipating an accusation against his wife for witchcraft 
by getting in first a trial of his opponent for slander. Staples 
was a man of consequence, on terms it would seem of intimacy 
with such men as Nathan Gold. His daughter Mary became 
the wife of Dr. Josiah Harvey, step-son to Major Gold. This 
marriage had not then taken place and there is no evidence of 
any tenderness between Mrs. Gold and Mrs. Staples ; rather the 
other way, Mrs. Gold reproving her somewhat sharply for her 
disbelief in witches. Yet the only beautiful bit in the whole 
sordid business, aside from Goody Knapp's own evident nobility, 
is the gentleness of Mrs. Gold which breaks into tears of anguish 
the badgered and perhaps hardened temper of Mrs. Knapp. 

The whole thing takes its place as a part of family annals, 
when we note that nearly all the persons concerned were either 
then or in their children related, or at least belonged to two or 
three related groups. To the Davenports were related the Golds 
and the Harveys and the Wards ; to the Wards were related the 
Lockwoods, the Sherwoods, the Bankses, the Barlows, and the 
Thompsons. The Pells and a few others seem to be outside this 
range of family connection. 

Lively and intellectually curious and keen Mrs. Staples may 
have been ; but she must have been a good deal of a talker, per- 
haps somewhat two-faced. One suspects at any rate that there 
was some moral defect in her character, something a little un- 
sound, since forty years later, after the death of the husband who 
had so long and so successfully protected her, she was actually 


indicted as a witch. She was acquitted. One bit of testimony, 
though it has no relation to the purpose of this chapter, is too 
good not to quote. It is found in Witchcraft in Connecticut, p. 
140. It was sworn to at Greenwich, July 12, 1692. 

John Tash aged about sixtyfour or thereabouts saith he 
being at Master Laveridges at Newtown on Long Island 
about thirty years since [note the date, nearly ten years after 
the Ludlow case] Goodman Owen and Goody Owen de- 
sired me to go with Thomas Staples wife to Fairfield to 
Jemeaco on Long Island to the hous of George Woolsy 
[query: connected with the Dwights?] and as we were go- 
ing along we came to a dirty slow [slough] and thar the 
hors blundred in the slow and I mistrusted that she the said 
Goody Stapels was ofT the hors and I was troubled in my 
mind very much soe as I came back I thought I would take 
better notis how it was and when I came to the slow afore- 
said I put on the hors pretty sharp and then I put my hand 
behind me and felt for her and she was not upon the hors 
and as soon as we wer out of the slow she was on the hors 
behind me boath going and coming and when I came home 
I told these words to Master Leveridg that she was a light 
woman as I judged. 

I have no further account of her trial in 1^92. Accusations 
against her daughter Mary and her granddaughter Hannah, how- 
ever, figure in the trial of Elizabeth Clawson of Stamford, an 
accusation falling also upon the old grandmother herself. One 
suspects malice against this woman and her family. It is par- 
ticularly worthy of note that this evidence was presented to Jona- 
than Selleck, as commissioner, who was related by marriage to 
Nathan Gold, probably on very intimate terms with him, and 
actually associated with him in taking the evidence in this par- 
ticular case. Yet, bear in mind that the Mary accused was 
wife to Josiah Harvey and the little girl own granddaughter 
to Gold's wife. 

The accusations, ostensibly given by the evil spirits of the per- 
sons themselves, are elicited from one Kateran Branch, when in a 
trance-like state. Perhaps the woman, or rather girl, was sub- 
ject to hypnotic seizures, but there can be little doubt of the 
malicious intent of some of her didoes. In this particular case 
she carried on a conversation with the air, receiving answers from 
strange voices. "Goody Clawson," she cried, "why do you tor- 


ment me so?" It was in the course of the trial of Goody Claw- 
son that the testimony was given. 

Goody Clawson, it appeared, was accompanied by others, five 
altogether, "Goody Clawson, Mercy Disbrow, Goody Miller, & a 
woman & a gail." Then follows an extended conversation in 
which Kate endeavors to get the names of "the woman & gail." 

Soe at last Kate cried out, Hanah Harvy is that your 
name why then did you tell me a lie before; Well then said 
Kate what is the womans name that comes with you. . . 
Goody Crumpe what is the womans name that comes with 
Hanah Harvy; & so urged several times, a then said Mary, 
Mary what, & then Mary Harvy; well said Kate is Mary 
Harvy the mother of Hanah Harvy ; & then said now I know 
it seeming to rejoice, & said why did you not tell me be- 
fore, . . . and Kate said what is that creature with a 
great head & wings and noe body & all black, sayeing Hanah 
is that your father ; I believe it is for you are a wich ; & 
Kate sayd Hanah what is your father's name ; & have you 
noe grandfather and grandmother; how come you to be a 
wich & then stoped & sad again a grandmother what is her 
name & then stoped, & sd Goody Staples. 

And so the foolishness goes on. But there were no execu- 
tions. In fact, against Mary Staples and her daughter, Mary 
Harvey, and her granddaughter, Hannah Harvey, the jury 
brought no indictment. 

For the dignity of the persons involved no other case is com- 
parable to the Goody Knapp case of Fairfield except that of 
Elizabeth Godman of New Haven. There were present, remem- 
ber, at the Ludlow libel suit, Theophilus Eaton, governor of New 
Haven, where the case was tried, Mr. Stephen Goodyear, deputy 
governor, Francis Newman, another friend of Eaton's, William 
Fowler, and William Leete, the three magistrates, that is, sena- 
tors, besides the array of notable witnesses. So in the case of 
Elizabeth Godman the governor and his deputy presided, with a 
similar group of magistrates. At the trial in Hartford of John 
Carrington in 1662 the governor and his deputy were present, 
but so far as I know no dignitaries were personally interested in 
the case. In this last case the list of jurymen has been preserved ; 
among them is at least one notable name, Mr. Tailecoat (Talcott), 
none less than the future major of the Indian war, father of the 
governor. But to return to the case of Elizabeth Godman : The 


case was tried in 1655 ; she was acquitted and released from 
prison with a reprimand in September of that year. What gives 
particular interest to the case is the way in which the Goodyear 
family was involved. Elizabeth Godman must have been a ser- 
vant, employed apparently in different places, but often at Mr. 
Goodyear's. A sermon of John Davenport seems to have pre- 
cipitated matters; he had said that "froward discontented frame 
of spirit was a subject fit for y" Dfevill," and some of his Hsteners 
fitted the description to Elizabeth, who promptly took the matter 
up by bringing her accusers into court, complaining that Mrs. 
Goodyear, Mr. Hooke, Mrs. Hooke, Mrs. Bishop, Mrs. Atwater, 
Hannah and Elizabeth Lamberton suspected her of being a witch 
and asking for the evidence. The chief testimony appears to 
have been offered by Hannah Lamberton, evidence of a character 
it would be beneath a child to offer or to consider. That was 
in 1653 ; Elizabeth was dismissed, but in 1655 was again brought 
up. This time the chief testimony was by no less a man than the 
deputy governor himself ; there is nothing, however, to show that 
he himself was active in bringing the suit ; we may think him 
somewhat reluctant to do so. The chief features of his story may 
be transcribed. Perhaps it should be recalled that he himself 
was a wealthy merchant adventurer, that on the loss of his wife 
in the phantom ship of 1646 he had found consolation in the 
relict of the captain of the fated vessel, Master Lamberton. 
Hence the Lamberton daughters are his step-children. Hannah 
Goodyear was his own daughter, a little later wife to the Rev. 
Samuel Wakeman of Fairfield. 

Goodyear's story is substantially as follows: 

His daghter Sellevant (Eliza Lamberton), Hanah Good- 
yeare, and Desire Lamberton lying together in the chamber 
under Eliza: Godman; after they were in bed heard her 
walke up and downe and talk aloude ; . . . they fell 
asleep but were awakened with a great jumbling at the cham- 
ber dore and something came into the chamber wch jumbled 
at the other end of the roome and aboutte the trunke and 
amonge the shooes and at the beds head ; it cam nearer the 
bed and Hanah was afraid and called father, but he heard 
not wch made her more afraide ; then clothes were pulled off 
their bed by something two or three times ; they held and 
something pulled, wch frightened them soe that Hanah 
Goodyeare called her father so loude as was thoug^ht might 
be heard to the meeting house; . . . after a whiJe 


Mr. Goodyeare came and found them in great fright ; they 
lighted a candle and he went to Eliza : Godmans Chamber 
, . . being asked why she went downe staires . . . 
she said to light a candle to looke for two grapes she had 
lost in the flore and feared the mice would play with them 
in the night and disturbe y® family, wch reason in the Courts 
apprehension renders her more suspitious. 

When the case was disposed of in October, "she did engage 
before the court fifty pound of her estate that is in Mr. Good- 
yeers hand, for her good behavior, wch is further to be cleered 
next court, when Mr. Goodyeare is at home," Mr. Goodyear in 
the meanwhile having sailed for London whence he never re- 
turned to America. Elizabeth Godman died 9 October, 1660. 
It perhaps should have been pointed out that Betty Brewster, 
Mrs. Pell's daughter, gave evidence in this case also; she seemed 
to have a penchant for witches. It was something of a craze. 

Note this as evidence of the credulity of the time, solemnly 
attested by Jonathan Burr and Nathan Gold, assistants, that is, sen- 
ators : 

Sd hugh [Hugh Crotia, under date of Feb. 15, 1692] asked 
whether he did not say hee had made a Contract with y^ 
d'evell five years senc with his heart and signed to ye devells 
book and then sealed it with his bloud ... he saith he 
did say so . . . and that he had ever since been prac- 
tising Eivel against every man.^ 

Yet the grand jury brought in its decision, Ignoramus. Crotia 
was granted a jail delivery. 

The last case I shall mention is that of Mercy Disborough, no- 
table partly because of the variety of evidence adduced, particu- 
larly because of the noble declaration which brought it and witch- 
craft in Connecticut to an end, and that too it must be borne in 
mind full twenty years precedent to the last conviction in old 
England. No one of distinction appears to have had any close 
connection with the case. John Barlow, not very creditably, 
figures as one of the witnesses. No confession could be ob- 
tained, no charge against other persons as witches or suspects. 
Mercy was searched several times with little success. Finally, 
she and Elizabeth Clawson were bound hand and foot and put 
into the water, when according to two worthy witnesses, Abram 
Adams and Jonathan Squire, they swam upon the water like a 

1 Witchcraft in Connecticut. 


cork, and when one labored to press them into the water they 
buoyed up like a cork. Yet even this could not convince the 
jury. If not much mercy there appears to have been a consid- 
erable amount of common sense prevailing in Connecticut. As 
compared with the mania in Massachusetts, the craze in Con- 
necticut was mild. None was executed after 1662 ; six out of 
the eight certain executions occurred in the first years of excite- 
ment before 1654. At any rate in Mercy Disborough's case the 
jury disagreed, and the case, the accused being meanwhile kept 
in prison, was referred to the General Court for further instruc- 
tions. Under such directions the jury twice returned their ver- 
dict of guilty and finally the governor passed sentence of death. 
Yet for some reason execution was not had, probably in conse- 
quence of a petition for delay on the part of the association of 
ministers. At any rate there is under date of 17 October, 1692 — 
the date of the governor's sentence appears to have been 28 
October — this remarkable document, called : "The ministers ad- 
vice about the witches in Fayrfield" : 

1. We cannot but give our concurrence with ye gener- 
ality of divines that ye endeavour of conviction of witchcraft 
by swimming is unlawful and sinful. 

2. The unusuall excresencies found upon their bodies 
ought not to be allowed as evidence against them without 
ye approbation of some able physitians. 

3. Respecting ye evidence of the afflicted maid [this was 
Kateran Branch] we find some suspition of her counter- 
feiting. . . We apprehend her applying of them to these 
persons merely from the appearance of their spectres to be 
very uncertain and failable . . . wherefore cannot think 
her a sufficient witnesse. 

4. As to the other strange accidents of ye cattle dying 
&c., we apprehend ye applying of them to these women as 
matters of witchcraft to be upon very slender and uncertain 
grounds. Joseph Eliot 

Timothy Woodbridge 

The rest of the ministers gave their approbation. 

Lastly, under date of 12 May, 1693, we find set forth, prob- 
ably by a committee of the General Court appointed for that 
purpose, "Reasons for repreving Mercy Disbrough." These ap- 
pear to have been considered as sufficient ; no record of her execu- 
tion appears and she was alive in 1707. 


The clerg-y have been much blamed for fostering- this super- 
stitution, very justly too. But the condemnation must not be 
wholesale, must not prevail to such an extent as to make us hold 
lightly in memory that it was to the steady opposition of some of 
the more enlightened that the cessation of the trials was due. 
In 1692 all the Connecticut clergy appear to have been 
in substantial agreement that the trials were not means of arriv- 
ing at the truth. We would gladly name the other brethren of 
the cloth who backed Joseph Eliot, son of the great Indian mis- 
sionary, and Timothy Woodbridge, noble exemplar of a worthy 
line of clergymen. Witchcraft was dead in Connecticut. 

For another trial for witchcraft see the history of Mary Bliss 
Parsons, ante, p. 84. 


The settlement of Sheffield was in large measure the work of 
the Ashleys and their friends. The grant of land was made 
in 1722 or 1723, The Ashley Genealogy gives the date of the 
petition as 30 January, 1722(3), the Centennial Celebration of 
Sheffield, historic address of General John C. Barnard, gives 
the date as 30 January, 1722, quoting Holland's History of 
Western Massachusetts. The Parsons Genealogy asserts that 
the grant of seven miles square was made to Joseph Parsons and 
others 30 June, 1722; probably January was mistaken for June. 
The grant was made to 176 petitioners of two townships, each 
seven miles square, embracing the present towns of Sheffield, 
Washington, Great Barrington, Egremont, Alford, parts of Lee 
and Stockbridge, and New Marlboro. The committee for di- 
vision of the tract consisted of Colonel John Stoddard, Captain 
Henry Dwight of Northampton, Captain Luke Hitchcock of 
Springfield, Captain John Ashley of Westfield, Captain Samuel 
Porter of Hadley, and Captain Ebenezer Pomeroy of Northamp- 
ton. In January, 1724, grants were made to fifty-five settlers. 
On April 25th, a deed was executed by the Indians,^ "three 
barrels of Sider and thirty quarts of Rum" being the considera- 

Although Joseph Parsons is named as one of the 176, it does 
not appear whether he actually took up land there. 

1 See Ashley, p. 30. 


The sons of David Ashley's sons were conspicuous among the 
actual settlers. Among them were Daniel, Ezekiel, and Aaron, 
sons of Samuel Ashley, Colonel John, son of John, and Ebenezer, 
son of Jonathan ; that is, though it was to their fathers that the 
grants were made, it would seem that the older men did not 
remove to the new country. Most conspicuous among these 
was Colonel John, whose house still stands in Ashley Falls. The 
first actual settler appears to have been a man by the name of 
Noble. The first Ashley appears to have gone there about 1728, 
Ezekiel. He was a business man, active in church, town, and 
military affairs. With John Pell he surveyed and located the 
"old ore hill" in Salisbury, Connecticut. He had an interest in 
the forge and iron works of Sheffield. 

Colonel John Ashley, son of the captain who was one of the 
original committee, after graduating at Yale in 1730 and being 
admitted to the bar in 1732, took up his residence in Slieffield. 
He was very active in church, town, and military affairs, and 
represented the town in the General Court. In Sheffield was 
born his son John, more eminent than his father. 

Ebenezer Ashley, who represented the grant to his father, 
went to Sheffield to live only a few months before his death ; 
his widow, however, seems long to have been identified with 
the place. 

Perhaps frontier life made them familiar with fighting; at 
any rate their part in the wars seems out of proportion to 
their number. Patriotism ran very high there. On 12 January, 
1773, was passed by the town a most extraordinary set of reso- 
lutions. They extend to more than one hundred and twenty 
lines and are too long to quote. They anticipate the Declaration 
of Independence, resembling it in their general principles, make 
specific complaint of the grievances of Massachusetts, and finally, 
in addenda of instructions to their representative, David Inger- 
sol, take their stand against the presumptuous encroachments of 
New York, which had already called one of their citizens to trial 
as of the County of Albany! On the committee preparing the 
resolutions were Theodore Sedgwick, Dr. Silas Kellogg, Colonel 
Ashley, Aaron Root, and Philip Callender. Again in 1776, 18 
June, two weeks before Congress acted, the town pledged itself 
to support independence. The committee reporting consisted 


of Colonel Ashley, Dr. Lemuel Barnard, Colonel John Fellows, 
Colonel Aaron Root, and Captain Nathaniel Austin. 

It was put to the vote — Whether the inhabitants of the 
Sd town of Sheffield, should the Honble Continental Con- 
gress in their wisdom think prudent and for the interest 
and safety of the American Colonies to declare sd colonies 
independent of the kingdom of Great Britain, they, the in- 
habitants of sd Sheffield will solemnly engage with their lives 
and fortunes to support them in their measures. 

Voted in the affirmative : 

Two dissent'g only Wm. Day, Moderator. 

The financial burdens incident to the war were so excessive 
as to lead to solemn remonstrance made 1 April, 1782. 

Shays's Rebellion, it is well known, involved Berkshire County. 
In Sheffield indeed was the only battle of that rebellion. And 
it was a Sheffield man. Colonel, later General John Ashley, who 
in successful battle checked the rebellion. A good anecdote is 
told by Wm. O. Bates, of Westfield:^ The period of enlist- 
ment of his soldiers having expired. General Ashley determined 
to try the effect of persuasion. In his address he told them that 
he wanted no cowards to follow him, even though success was 
now just within grasp. "I am going to see who are brave men 
and who are cowards among you. I wish you to give me your 
attention. When I give the command, 'Shoulder arms,' let 
every brave man bring his musket to his shoulder, and let every 
coward slink back out of the ranks." He stopped a moment, 
eyeing his men closely; then, drawing his sword, he shouted 
with an oath: "But remember, I'll run the man through the 
body that drops out! Attention, fellow soldiers! Shoulder 
arms !" Every man's musket sprang to his shoulder. 

Again General Ashley tried his persuasive power upon his 
misguided fellows who were in arms against authority. At last, 
convinced of the futility of his efforts, seeing in fact that the 
mob suspected him of cowardice, he gave his order: "Pour in 
your fire, my boys, and may God have mercy on their souls!" 

Catherine Sedgwick wrote a stirring story of the times. 

The turnpike road from Hartford ran through Sheffield. It 
is said that Chateaubriand, on his visit in America, made this 
trip; it is certain that he visited Albany. 

1 Centennial Celebration of Sheffield, p. 101. 


It is true that in these stirring times John Deane and his 
family were hving over the h'ne in New York; but it does not 
appear they had severed all relations with Sheffield. In any case 
their interest was vital. We have seen how active was Deane 
in land controversies. He could not have been indifferent to 
the political aspect of the controversy. His sons John and 
Samuel served in the Revolution, John in the expedition to 
Quebec. There are no letters extant from his nephew Silas to 
John Deane, but it needs no direct evidence to draw the conclu- 
sion that John was one with Silas in promoting- independence ; 
furthermore, it is not unlikely that rather close relations existed 
and that out of this relation with the land speculator, John, came 
Silas's attempts, while he was in Europe, to promote western 
settlement. It is not unlikely that business, public or private, 
may have taken John Deane to Boston in the year of Bunker 
Hill, when, if he had been at all indifferent before, he would 
have been fired by meeting his second cousins, the patriot lawyer, 
Oxeubridge Thacher, and the patriot preacher and orator, Peter 
Thacher. His wife's relations to moving figures in these mo- 
mentous times was even closer. Perhaps it is enough to recall 
that her sister, Elizabeth P. Allen, seven years her senior, was 
the mother of five patriot sons, serving effectively in the war, 
and that two brothers, Noah and Timothy, were in the service. 
But the Ashley soldiers were even more numerous, several of 
them right there in Sheffield. First of all and local leader was 
her husband's cousin, Colonel John Ashley.^ Without attempt- 

1 Colonel John was born 1709 and died 1802. He served in the French 
and Indian War and was on the Committee of Correspendence in the 
Revolution. His son John was born 1736, died 1799, within a month of 
Washington ; we have already seen his part in Shays's Rebellion. General 
Moses was bom 1749 and drowned at Lee in 1791; a long and feeling 
obituary, containing seven stanzas, is published. He served at Cambridge 
in 1775, at Trenton and Princeton, was at Valley Forge, at Monmouth 
and elsewhere, being continuously in service for over eight years. A 
letter of his from Charlestown, 20 June, 1775, shows how deep was 
his religion and his patriotism. A. B., Yale 1767. He married, 1781, while 
in service, his distant cousin, Mrs. Thankful Williams, named for her 
mother. Thankful Parsons. Other soldiers were Colonel Samuel, born 
1720, representative and delegate 1774, 1775, on the Committee of Safety, 
1775, served at Ticonderoga and until the surrender of Burgoyne; re- 
ceived a letter of thanks from Gates, which is published. Refused to 


ing an enumeration, one other name should be added, Major, 
later General Moses Ashley, who in 1781 became her son-in-law. 
Her own son Abner was in service in 1777 and again in 1780. 
It may be noted also, as in the case of the Powerses, that the 
other side of the quarrel was also represented, her husband's 
brother, the Reverend Jonathan Ashley, of a virile eloquence, 
having taken the side of the king and passing tempestuous days. 

If we recall that Thankful was born three years before Jona- 
than Edwards came to Northampton, that all her girlhood was 
passed under his ministry, and that she was still only a few 
miles away in Westfield when Edwards was dismissed frorn the 
Northampton church, the theological connections of the family 
become as interesting as the military and patriotic. It does not 
appear what position Noah Parsons took in the Northampton 
controversy. But the Ashleys opposed Edwards. Thank- 
ful's brother-in-law, the Reverend Jonathan Ashley — the later 
Tory — had opposed the great revival of 1740; in 1750, when 
Edwards was on trial, Ashley twice preached in Northampton 
opposing Edwards. Another Ashley, the Reverend Joseph, a 
cousin of Thankful's husband, was one of the members of the 
church conference and voted against Edwards. Plainly their 
ways of thinking were liberal; they rejected the reactionary 
measures of Edwards. 

We may however believe that this opposition was theological 
not personal, and that in the following years, when Edwards 
was working among the Stockbridge Indians just north of 
Sheffield, he occasionally enjoyed the hospitality of Thankful 
and her husband. It is certain that he was a friend to Thankful's 
brother-in-law, Captain Ebenezer Ashley. For, just after King 
George's War, he had married Rebecca Kellogg, one of the 
victims of the Deerfield attack in 1704. She had lived much 
with the Indians and often acted as interpreter for missionaries. 

serve in Continental Congress 1779. His brother. Dr. Martin, served as 
surgeon in the Ticonderoga-Saratoga campaigns. William, born 1742, 
ser\-ed in the siege of Boston, at Stillwater, and Bennington. Captain 
David, born 1727, was an intimate friend of Ethan Allen and served at 
Ticonderoga in the war. Major Azariah, born 1754, served at Saratoga 
and elsewhere; also in Shays's Rebellion. He lived in Washington. Dr. 
Israel, born 1747, served at Saratoga and elsewhere. William, born 1752. 
was fifer in 1779. 


She and her husband became teachers in the Stockbridge school 
in 1752, the year that Edwards came among them ; through Ed- 
wards's agency Captain and Mrs. Ashley went with another as 
missionaries to the Indians of the Susquehanna ; one of these 
chiefs had married Mrs. Ashley's sister and a brother, Joseph, 
was interpreter among them. In the Susquehanna country she 
died in 1757, before the Wyoming massacre. 

Enough has been said to show the interest in education among 
the Ashleys. In the Yale class of 1730 were at least three of 
the family, Colonel John, the Reverend Jonathan, and the Rever- 
end Joseph. Finally, it is quite possible that to Captain Richard 
H. Ashley,^ of West Point, Charles Powers may have gone to 
school ; for he ended his days in Canaan in 1856, and was teach- 
ing there as early as 1822. 


The colonial records indicate that the General Court was 
scrupulously fair in its dealing with its Indians. Illustrative of 
this is the history of the Indians of Groton and the region there- 
abouts. From time to time some question here would arise 
prompted often times by a desire of the planters to get possession 
of the lands set aside to the Indians. The desire had been in a 
measure furthered by the Court, but still with due regard had to 
what was fair to the Indian: "If they should be at any time 
molested or disturbed ... in the said Masshantucksett lands, 
upon their application made to this Court shall be heard and re- 
lieved." So ran the decision in May, 1714. Captains James Mor- 
gan and James Avery were appointed guardians of these Indians, 
Captain John Morgan succeeding James Morgan on 'his death in 
1720. Complaint was accordingly made in 1722, both Avery and 
Morgan appearing to be zealous in the matter, but action took a 
new turn in 1732 when Humphrey Avery and John Dean and 
"the rest of the proprietors of the common and undivided land" in 
Groton made petition against Avery and Morgan, "representing 
and complaining of sundry difficulties and contentions that have 
arisen and now are continuing, respecting the lands at Masshan- 

1 He was son to General Moses and Thankful (Ashley Williams) 
Ashley and therefore cousin to Peter, father of Charles Powers, 


tuxsett, and praying for relief: Resolved by the Assembly that 
Roger Wolcott, Timothy Pierce, Esq., and Capt. WiUiam Throop 
be appointed" to look into the matter and report to this Assem- 
bly in October, this action being taken in May. The report was 
made under date of 12 October. It gives briefly a history of the 
lands in question and explains the Indian manner of using the 
land. The amount set aside was 1,737 acres "for the Indians to 
dwell on, cut firewood and plant, the proprietors reserving the 
herbage ; ... it is very rocky and hilly, and considerable 
part of it fit for pasturing only. The Indians have cleared about 
two hundred acres and two hundred more is partly cleared and 
many apple trees are standing thereon. The male Indians over 
fourteen are sixty-six in number. The proprietors wish to fence 
the lands and to buy and sell. The overseers of the Indians say 
that they would then soon drive the Indians out. The committee 
accordingly recommend that as one-half the lands would be fully 
sufficient for the Indians to dwell on and cut firewood, the re- 
mainder be laid out and fenced in fifty acre lots 'to secure the 
English and the corn of the Indians,' the Indians planting if tliey 
like part of these lots and being allowed after their manner every 
three years to change to other lots." The matter was so ordered 
by the Assembly, "always provided that the liberty shall continue 
no longer than this Assembly shall think proper." Nothing more 
appears on record until the year 1741, when a petition of the In- 
dians thrcmgh John Morgan and James Avery is received, its 
contents not given, against the proprietors of Groton : John Dean, 
Nathaniel Brown. John Wood, Jacob Parks, Francis Tracy, Philip 
Gray, and Elnathan Minor ; "the pleas offered in abatement of said 
petition" were deemed sufficient. Again, in 1747, the Indians 
complain of encroachments to be answered this time by the ap- 
pointment of a committee, Jonathan Trumble (Trumbull) and 
John Burkley, Esq., ordered to report in October; but no report 
is recorded. In 1750 the same committee was appointed with the 
same orders, and again no report is recorded. But the Indians 
again petitioning in May, 1751, patience had at last its reward, 
the committee then appointed, Isaac Huntington and Ebenezer 
Backus of Norwich, making their report in May, 1752. The 
Assembly thereupon ordered the "English proprietors of Groton 
to appear before this Assembly at their sessions in October next, 


to shew reason, if they have any, why said act of 1732, respecting 
said lands, should not be repealed and made void." The final 
word of the Assembly, in October, 1752, rehearses the wrongs of 
the Indians, "the English proprietors have grievously wronged 
and injured said Indians, and hindered their improvements, cut 
down and destroyed their wood, &c., to their great discouragement, 
and the said proprietors have greatly exceeded and gone beyond 
their liberty granted to them by the act of Assembly in October, 
1732; . . . the proprietors have forfeited all that liberty grant- 
ed them and they ought to be secluded the benefit of said grant for 
the future ; the said proprietors shewing no sufficient reason why 
the said grant should not be repealed, therefor: It is resolved and 
decreed that the aforesaid grant is hereby repealed . . . that 
the overseers of the said Indians are hereby impowered to prose- 
cute any suit in behalf of the said Indians . . . and to defend 
^them] in any action brought by others touching the same." So 
the matter ended much to the credit of the Assembly, even though 
justice had been long delayed. 

It is worth noting that the whites concerned in this matter were 
of the best in the colony. Jonathan Trumble, disguised by this 
spelling of his name, needs no identification if one spells his name 
Trumbull. It seems strange that in spite of a repeated appoint- 
ment he did not serve on the committee to inquire into the wrongs 
of the Indians. Captain James Avery, the guardian of the In- 
dians, of a distinguished family usually represented in the Assem- 
bly, was himself distinguished and influential. Morgan, too, was 
a name often known in the General Court. It is to be noted that 
one of the Averys, Humphrey, himself at times a Representative, 
was one of the proprietors who succeeded in getting the conces- 
sion of 1732. Elnathan Miner, one of the proprietors mentioned 
in 1741, was of a family rivaling the Averys in the worth of their 
local services. John Deane, the only proprietor named twice, 
first in 1732, again 1741, was uncle to Silas Deane, the diplomat 
of the Revolution, probably an acquaintance of Trumbull's. The 
best of citizens, then and now, have defended, at least condoned, 
greed for land held unproductively in incapable hands. 



Below will be found several items which were obtained too late 
for insertion with the text. 

At the head of each note will be found a reference to the page 
of text where the note properly belongs. 

Page 29 
The inference that Richard Powers went to Canada receives 
strong confirmation in the fact that John Savage, with whom he 
was associated, did go to Canada. W. H. Siebert of Ohio State 
University has made a thorough study of the American loyalists in 
Canada. One of his papers, 'American Loyalists in the Province 
of Quebec," was printed in the Proceedings of the Royal Society 
of Canada for 191 3, pp. 3-41. Some of these fugitives had in er- 
ror settled south of the Canadian border, but most of them quickly 
moved northward when the boundary was accurately defined. 'A 
person less prompt in departing from the American side was Cap- 
tain John Savage, who in a petition to the government in 1792, 
stated that he had a farm in Caldwell's manor within the Ameri- 
can lines from which Colonel Allen was attempting to remove him 
for refusing to take the oath of allegiance to the American States. 
This appears to have been the same Captain Savage who several 
years previously had returned with Mr. Campbell from St. John's 
to Vermont to aid Ira Allen in settling royalists there pursuant to 
the latter's plan." But he found out that Allen's purpose was 
merely to make them a help toward securing the independent state- 
hood of Vermont. S'iebert gives references also to the Mississ- 
quoi County Historical Society, Third Annual Report, and also to 
the Canadian Archives, vol. for 1888. 

Page 39 
Here is a letter written by Charles Powers to his wife at the 
beginning of the Civil War (with some personal matters omitted). 
It should be of interest to the present generation which has wit- 
nessed an upheaval beside which the Civil War was child's play. 

Columbus, May 1, 1861 
"... We have had two companies (each) quartered 
in the hall of the House and Senate Chamber ever since the 
troops commenced arriving (nights), there not being barracks 


enough to accommodate them at Camp Jackson. There [are] 
about 8000 here now. I understand they will in a few days 
go to Camp Dennison near Cincinnati where they will be 
received into the iregular service of the U. S. A. The response 
has been so great that the Agt. Gen'l has not been able to 
receive and provide (as well as he would) for them. Nor 
can he begin to receive more than one-half that have made 
application. I have been for one week past bouncing him 
every day to accept the Woodville Company. Yesterday he 
accepted them and gave me an order for their sustenance. I 
presume he got tired of me so yielded to my proposition. 
When they will be ordered into camp it will [be] difificult to 

"I see by telegraph last night that the President has issued 
an order for 83,000 more. What are we coming to as a nation 
I think the wisest heads can't solve. If the war is protracted 
and the North is victorious as I have no doubt she tifill be iti 
will involve us in a debt that will almost bankrupt the nation.' 
Any parties owning property will have to pay a very heavy 
rent in the way of taxes. It's to be dreaded but it's upon us 
and we will have to abide the result. 

"I hope that there may be a settlement without the shedding 
of blood." 

Page 42 

John Bigelow, in Retrospections of an Active Life, vol. i, p. 67, 
published in 1909 (five volumes) says: 

"Two of the five [inspectors of the Sing Sing prison] were 
residents of Westchester County ; a third was Judge Powers 
of Catskill; a fourth Benjamin J. Mace, a lawyer of New- 
burgh. I was the fifth. The two inspectors from the county 
were men who represented local interests rather more faith- 
fully than the interests of the state, as the other three thought. 
I think the same never could have been said justly of either 
of the other three, who happily constituted a working major- 

Then follow about two pages all going to show how rough is 
the road any reformer has to travel. Thus after a lapse of more 
than sixty years the integrity of James Powers was fresh in Bige- 
low's mind. 

Page 45 

The author of the Hubbard genealogy records the name of the 
wife of Samuel Davis as Mary Meade, this interpretation being 
adopted probably because the name of Meade is otherwise known 
in Concord. On the records are listed several Abigails born at 
the time suited to the age of the wife of Jonathan Davis. The 


most likely, because nothing else appears concerning her in the 
record and because the families were already connected, is Abi- 
gail Blood, born 30 July, 1703, daughter of James and Abigail 
(Wheeler) Blood, who were married 26 December, 1701. James 
Blood was the son of Robert and Elizabeth (Willard) Blood, 
born 3 November, 1673. Savage gives the date of Robert's mar- 
riage as 8 April, 1653, and records a long list of children. Robert 
was the elder brother of James, Richard, and John, all sons of the 
immigrant James. The fam.ily was prominent in Concord. If 
this conjecture be correct the relation thus established is of more 
than ordinary interest, because of the connection with still another 
of the early and prominent Concord families — the Wheelers, 
known also in Fairfield, Connecticut — but more particularly 
because of the fact that Robert's wife Elizabeth was the daughter 
of Major Simon Willard, the Indian fighter, and sister of the 
president of Harvard. This Elizabeth Willard was first cousin to 
Samuel Davis. 

Page 50 

Descendants of Nicholas Cady, by O. P. Allen, Palmer, Massa- 
chusetts, 1910, afifords several additional facts about the Beebes. 
Ruth, daughter of John and Ruth (Pratt) Beebe, born 12 Feb- 
ruary, 1736, was married in 1756 to Asa Waterman, lieutenant 
colonel of the Seventeenth Regiment, King's District. Their 
daughter Ruth married Elisha Cady, one of the seven sons of 
Ebenezer Cady; all of these lived in Chatham. Another of the 
seven, Captain Ebenezer Cady, was married to another daughter 
of John and Ruth Beebe, Chloe, who was born 29 April 1749 (?) ; 
she is said to have made a speech in favor of Harrison in the 
campaign of 1840 and to have died the following year. Still 
another daughter of John Beebe, Tryphena, born 2 November, 
1749, was married to a third Cady brother, Eleazer. He marched 
to Saratoga under his brother, Captain Ebenezer; the son of 
Eleazer, Judge Daniel Cady, was the father of Elizabeth Cady 
Stanton. Thus Eleazer Cady was a brother-in-law of Captain 
John Davis, Judge Daniel Cady was first cousin to Altana 
(Davis) Powers, and EHzabeth Cady Stanton was second cousin 
to Charles Powers. Tryphena (Beebe) Cady died 5 November, 
1839, at the age of ninety. Her brother Martin was a major in 
the Revolution; he was born in 1738, died in 1782; was present 
at Burgoyne's surrender. He married Dorcas Hurd. Daniel 
Beebe, born in 1731, married Esther Pratt, died 29 March, 1800. 


John Beebe, born 5 December, 1727, married Mary Hill, removed 
to Dutchess County and thence to Canaan. Ann Beebe, born 
16 November, 1735, married John Vaughan. Trial Beebe, bap- 
tized tin 1745, married Thomas Hulbert. Another of the early 
comers to Canaan from Connecticut was Daniel Love joy, in Ca- 
naan about 1761 ; he too married a Cady, Prudence, only sister to 
the seven brothers. The father, Ebenezer Cady, vi^as in Canaan 
about 1764 and died there 16 May, 1779. 

Page 52 
The compilers of the Pratt genealogies have not always used 
judgment. They insist that the elder John Pratt was born in 1620, 
married about 1632 and died, leaving grandchildren, in 1655. 
The connection of the American John with the Enghsh clergy- 
man seems entirely conjectural. A few other facts should be 
added. The will of Thomas Pratt of Baldock was dated 5 Feb- 
ruary, 1539; his wife Joan and four children, Thomas, James, 
Andrew, and Agnes, are named. The list of the children of 
Thomas is from the parish records: Ellen, baptized 1561; Will- 
iam, baptized October, 1562; Richard, baptized 27 June, 1567. 
The elder John Pratt's will mentions only sons John and Daniel. 
The younger John regarded himself "grown in years" when he 
made his will, 9 April, 1687, when the genealogist would make 

him about fifty. 

Page 53 

An examination of the will of Hepzibah Pratt leads to the con- 
clusion that she was not the mother of Joseph Pratt. It is found 
in Manwaring's Early Connecticut Probate Records, vol. ii, p. 
286. This will is of date 27 December, 1711, inventory, i 71-9-6, 
28 January, 1711(2), proved 5 February, 1711(2). She makes 
a bequest to "my son Jonathan Pratt" of 100 acres, "my farm in 
Wethersfield," to her son Thomas S'add, to her daughter Susannah 
Merrells, and to her granddaughter of the same name. No others 
are mentioned, pretty certain evidence that the older Pratt chil- 
dren including Joseph were not hers. She was married to John 
S'add, a tanner of Wethersfield, 10 March, 1691 ; he died 20 De- 
cember, 1694. The mother of Joseph then must have been 
Hannah Boosey. But little can be learned of the Booseys. 
James Boosey was one of the early settlers of Wethersfield. He 
died 22 June, 1649, will dated the preceding day, inventory, 


£983-8-0, taken 4 August. His chief bequest is to his eldest 
son Joseph, others to his daughters: Mary, born 10 Septem- 
ber, 1635; Hannah, born 10 February, 1641(2) ; and Sarah, born 
12 November, 1643, his wife (not named) being the sole execu- 
trix. Mary married Lieutenant Sam. Steele ; Sarah, 2 June, 1659, 
married Nathaniel Stanly. Sarah died 18 August, 1716. Joseph 
died 25 July, 1655, his widow Esther marrying Jehu Burr of Fair- 

Page 60 ^ 

It seems to be generally accepted that the mother of Jonathan 
Hubbard was Mary Merriam. Her name was Mary. As no evi- 
dence is advanced for the name of Merriam, that name is likely 
to be a guess arising from the relationship mentioned in the will 
of Robert Merriam. But the vital records of the immediate 
family of Robert allow no place for a Mary who might have been 
mother to Jonathan Hubbard. However it is easily possible that 
her name might have been Merriam and her relationship to Rob- 
ert not be possible of determination. It is quite as likely how- 
ever that her name may have been Sheafe, or at least that the 
relationship was through the wife of Robert Merriam, Mary 
Sheafe. Some color is given to this guess inasmuch as Mary 
Merriam is quite as insistent as Robert upon the relationship. She 
names him cousin and twice speaks of him as living with her. 
She names "cousin Jonathan Hubbard that now Hves with me and 
cousin Samuel Merriam" as her executors. Jonathan's father was 
somewhat of a roamer and apparently Jonathan had for long made 
his home with the Merriams. It is not impossible that his mother 
had died after his birth and that his father married a second Mary. 
Jonathan's father was John, his grandfather, it is supposed, 
George. George is said to have come first to Watertown, to have 
removed in 1635 to Wethersifield, where with S'amuel Wakeman 
he is authorized to consider the bounds. He was a deputy from 
Wethersfield and later for some years from Guilford. Before 
going to Guilford he had owned Milford Island. He bought his 
Guilford property of Jacob Sheafe, brother of Mary Merriam. 
This was 22 September, 1648, when his son John was about 
eighteen, the courting age. He died in January, 1683, will dated 

^A Thousand Years of Hubbard History, by E. W. Day. New York, 
1895. Merriam Genealogy, by Chas. H. Pope. Boston, 1906. General 
History of the Rice Family, by A. H. Ward. Boston, 1858. 


23 May, 1682, proved 30 May, 1683, inventory, i 564-8-6. Chil- 
dren: Mary, married John Fowler; Sarah, born 1635, married 
Dan Harrison, son of Richard Harrison of New Haven, con- 
nected with the Thompsons and Bradleys ; Hannah, born 1637, 
married Jacob Melyen ; Elizabeth, born 1638, married Deacon John 
Norton ; Abigail, born 1640, married Humphrey Spinning ; John ; 
Daniel, baptized 26 May, 1644, married Elizabeth Jordan ; Will- 
iam, born 1642, married Abigail Dudley. 

The son John, born about 1630, lived in Wethersfield, removed 
to Hadley about 1660, and after 1672 lived with his son Isaac in 
Hatfield. His will, proved in 1702, named seven children, two 
having died. Children: Mary, 27 January, 1650(1); John, 12 
April, 1655, died Glastonbury c. 1748; Hannah, born 5 December, 
1656, died 1662; Jonathan, born 3 January, 1658(9), died Con- 
cord, 17 July, 1728; Daniel, born 9 March, 1661, died 12 Febru- 
ary, 1744; Mercy, born 23 February, 1664, married Jon. Bore- 
man; Isaac, born 16 January, 1667, died 1750; Mary, born 10 
April, 1669, married Dan. Warner; Sarah, born 2 November, 
1672, married Sam Cowles. 

Jonathan's marriage is plainly recorded at Concord, and yet so 
careful a writer as Judd in his history of Hadley, says that he 
married a Merriam. The Concord record reads, "Jonath Hub- 
bard and Hannah Rice maryed 15 (1) 1681," that is, 15 January. 
1681(2). Their children: Mary, born 3 April, 1682, died 11 
February, 1741; Jonathan, 18 June, 1683, died 7 April, 1761; 
Hannah, 20 April, 1685, married J. Temple, died 23 May, 1735 ; 
Samuel, 27 April, 1687, died 12 December, 1753 ; Joseph, 8 Febru- 
ary, 1688(9), died 10 April, 1768; EHzabeth, 16 June, 1691, mar- 
ried Sam. Heywood, died 25 December, 1757; John, 12 March, 
1692(3), died old ; Daniel, 20 November, 1694, married; Thomas, 
27 August, 1696, married ; Abigail, 23 January, 1698, married 
Sam. Flelcher; Ebenezer, 28 December, 1700, died 21 May, 1755. 

The Merriam genealogy prints a number of English wills, 
among them that of the father of the American Merriams, Will- 
iam. His will is dated 8 September, proved 27 November, 1635. 
He names his wife Sara, daughters Susan, Margaret, Joane, and 
Sara, son-in-law Thos. Howe, sons Joseph (and William his son), 
George (and daughter Mary), and Robert. The will of Robert's 
widow is dated 15 February, 1686(7), proved 2 August, 1693. 
She names a great many relatives. The family seems to have been 


of consequence. The brother Jacob made a fortunate marriage 
and when he died in Boston (his slone is in King's Chapel 
burying ground) left an estate valued at i 8528-8-3. His widow, 
Margaret Webb by birth, was married to Thomas Thacher, first 
pastor of the Old South. See The Sheaf e Family of Old and New 
England, by W. K. Watkins, Boston, 1901. 

In the Concord records we read : "Mrs. Hannah Hubbard Relict 
widow of Mr. Jonathan Hubbard Died April 9 1747 in ye eighty 
ninth year of her age." She was bom then about 164-8, daughter 
to Samuel and Elizabeth (King) Rice of Sudbury and Marlboro. 
Her grandfather, the immigrant Deacon Edmund Rice, who was 
born about 1594, came from Parkhamstead, Herts, and settled in 
Sudbury about 1638. He was selectman and deacon. His wife 
Tamazine died in Sudbury 13 June, 1654. To his second wife, 
Mercie, widow of Thomas Brigham of Cambridge, he was mar- 
ried 1 March, 1655 ; she died 3 May, 1663. Inventory, £ 566. 
Children: Henry, married Elizabeth Moore; Edward, married 
Anna Bent( ?) ; Thomas, married Mary King( ?) ; Matthew, born 
1629, married Martha Lamson ; Samuel, born 1634, married Eliza- 
beth King ; Joseph, born 1637, married Mercy King ; Lydia, born 
1627, married Hugh Drury; Edmund; Benjamin, born 31 May, 
1640, married Mary Brown; Ruth, born 29 September, 1659, mar- 
ried Samuel Wells; Ann, born 19 November, 1661, married prob- 
ably Nathan Gary. Samuel was married 8 November, 1655, to 
Elizabeth King. She was buried 30 October, 1667, and he was 
married to Mary (Dix) Brown, September, 1668, and third to 
Sarah (White), widow of James Hosmer of Concord, 13 Decem- 
ber, 1676. He died at Sudbury 25 February, 1684(5) ; will dated 
10 February, proved 7 April, 1685; inventory, £349-2-6. He 
mentions his daughter Hannah Hubbard. Children : Elizabeth, 
26 October, 1656, married Peter Haynes; Hannah, 1658; Joshua 

19 April, 1661, married Mary ; Edmund, 1663, married 

Ruth Parker; Esther, 18 September, 1665, married Hub- 
bard; Samuel, 14 October. 1667, married Abigail Clapp; Mary, 6 
August, 1669; Edward, 20 June, 1672, married Lydia Fairbank; 
Abigail, 10 March, 1673(4), married Palmer Goulding; Joseph, 
16 May, 1678, married Mary Townsend. 

The Hubbard genealogy declares that the wife of George Hub- 
bard was Mary, daughter of John and Anne Bishop of Guilford. 
The authority for this seems to be the bequest in the will of Anne 


Bishop to her granddaughter Elizabeth Hubbard. The will was 

proved in June, 1676. John Bishop was one of the founders of 

Guilford, probably born about 1600, said to have been a brother 

of James of New Haven, said by Steiner in History of Guilford 

to have had one of the largest estates in Guilford. According to 

Savage he had sons John and Stephen ; his inventory was taken 

7 January, 1661. John Bishop and George Hubbard were of the 

same generation. 

Page 62 

John Tisdale had four children born in Duxbury, John, James, 
Joshua, and Elizabeth, four born in Taunton, Sarah, Joseph. 
Mary, and Abigail.^ He was in Duxbury, says Winsor's His- 
tory of Duxbury, 1637, sold lands in 1657. He removed to Dux- 
bury before that date. He lost his life in King Philip's War 
27 June, 1675, says the report of the Taunton town clerk, made 
to Plymouth Court, third of fourth month, 1675 — 3 July, 1675 — 
says a letter of John Freeman, one of the ofifkers : "This morn- 
ing three of our men are slain close by one of our courts of guard, 
John Tisdale sr. of Taunton. . . John Tisdall's house burnt and 
Jias. Walker's as we judge." 

Page 74 

Children of Noah and Mindwell Parsons: Timothy, died an 
infant. Jemima, 17 November, 1713; died 24 January, 1794; 
married Sam. Kingsley. Elizabeth, 25 March, 1716, died 9 Janu- 
ary, 1800; married 22 November, 1733, Jos. Allen. Mindwell, 

5 September, 1718; married King. Rachel, February, 

1720; died 1 January, 1762; married E. Clapp. Thankful, 7 
September, 1723. Mary, 11 January, 1725; died 25 January, 
1805; married Wm. Bartlett. Keziah, 19 July, 1728; died, 1809. 
Noah, 6 February, 1731; died 11 January, 1814; married Phebe 
Bartlett. Marian, 9 February, 1733; married Azariah Mosby. 
Margaret, 9 February, 1733; died 30 September, 1814. Miriam, 
17 February, 1734; died, 1822. Timothy, 22 January, 1738; 
died 22 February, 1822 ; married 1 December, 1773, Martha Hub- 

Page 89 (Thachers) 

Cotton Mather in Magnolia, i, p. 494: "For visiting a sick 
person after going out of the assembly [where he preached for 

1 From the History of Taunton, by S. H. Emory, 1893. 


Increase Mather], he got into some harm, which turned into a 
fever whereof he did, without any 'hour and power of darkness' 
upon his own mind, expire on October 15, 1678." Sewall re- 
cords the death of his son, Thomas Thacher, on April 2, 1686. 
"Buried on the Sabbath Afternoon [April 4th]." S'ewall has 
many references to the Thachers ; he "was admitted into Mr. 
Thacher's church" March 30, 1677. "Satterday, Feb. 24, 1693(4), 
Mrs. Margaret Thacher widow dies." She was buried in King's 
Chapel burying ground. The New York Genealogical and Bio- 
graphical Record, v. 47, 1916, p. 415, records that the second 
wife of Rev. Thomas Thacher, Margaret (Webb) Sheafe, was 
baptized in St. Edmund's church, Salisbury (church of the father 
of the Rev, Thomas), in September, 1625. Hence she must 
have been a childhood acquaintance of the Rev. Thomas. Fur- 
ther, Rev. Ralph Thacher died in Groton, Connecticut, 26 July, 
1733, and was buried in Rose Hill buryung ground. Hiis wife 
Ruth had died in Lebanon 30 October, 1717, and after that the 
Rev. Ralph lived with his daughter, Lydia Deane, at Groton, 
totally blind in his last years. He had been constable from 1673 
to 1678, town clerk from 1684 to 1694. 

Pages 90 and 91 

Winsor in the History of Duxhury says that Stephen Tracy 
was in Duxbury in 1639, that he returned to England before 
1654; for in a document dated 20 March, 1654(5), Tracy says he 
lives at Gt. Yarmouth, England, that he has five children in New 
England, Ensign John, Lieutenant Thomas, Ruth, Mary, and an- 

Winsor quotes at length Cotton Mather's account of the 
Rev. Ralph Partridge, taken from the Magnolia, also a eulogy 
with a long poem from Secretary Morton's Memorials. "His pious 
and blameless life became very advantageous to his Doctrine. 
. . He was of a sound and solid judgement in the main Truths 
of Jesus Christ." In his will he left all his lands to his daughter, 
Elizabeth Thacher, and after her decease to her second son, 

C. E. Banks, in his History of Marthas Vineyard, has 
about two pages on Ralph Thacher. The account is in the "An- 
nals of Chilmark," p. 47, in the second Volume. The first record 
of him at Chilmark is the purchase of forty-five acres before 13 


February, 1694. He had been constable and town clerk at Dtix- 
bury. He was not a college graduate and his parish was a sort 
of missionary field. He acquired considerable property, had nine 
children, and in 1714 removed to Lebanon, Connecticut. Judge 
Sewall visited the island in 1714 and in his diary records 
that Ralph Thacher and his son Ralph called to "welcome me to 
the Island." 

Elizabeth Partridge had by her first husband, Wm. Kemp of 
Duxbury, Patience, married Wm. Seabury, no authority.^ Pati- 
ence Kemp and Samuel Seabury married November 16. 1660.^ 

He [either Rev. Thomas or his son. Rev. Peter Thacher] had 
a daughter Patience who married Wm. Kemp.^ Wm. Kemp 
(wife Elizabeth), inventory 23 September, 1641; son William, 
married Patience Thacher ( ?) ; daughter Patience married 
Wm. Seabury.^ 

Page 115 

It does not appear who were the grandparents of Mary Bennet, 
second wife to Theophilus Phillips. There Vvcre Kibbies in Rox- 
bury. An Edward Kiibbie was in Lancaster for a while. His 
name is subscribed to the orders for church covenant, 13 Febru- 
ary, 1654. The editor notes : "This name has always been er- 
roneously printed Rigbie. Kibbde was of Roxbury, a sawyer, 
and did not long to remain here. Lydia was perhaps his daugh- 
ter." But no such name appears on the Roxbury records. 

In the account of the will of Richard Linton ° he is said to have 
left part of his land to his grandson, George Bennet. Linton's 
name appears frequently in the index. Savage suggests that he 
was of Governor Cradock's company at Medford in 1630 and at 
Watertown in 1638. There he deeded a house to Robert Sander- 
son in September, 1645. He was earlier than that at Lancaster. 
His daughter Ann married Lawrence Waters of Lancaster. He 
died 30 March, 1665. 

The marriage of George Bennet and Lydia Kibby is recorded 
13 April, 1658. The birth of the daughter Mary is recorded 19 

^N. Y. Gen. and Biog. Records, v. 47 (1916), p. 415. 
2 Duxbury Vital Records. 
^Winsor, History of Duxhury, p. 415. 
^Ibid., p. 273. 

5 Barlv Records of Lancaster, 1643-1725, edited by H. S. Nourse, 1884, 
p. 252. 


June, 1661. The other children were: John, born 13 May, 1659; 
Samuel, born in 1665 ; George, born 26 March, 1668; Lydia, born 
1674. Samuel died in 1742. 

George Bennet was killed in Monoco's raid at Lancaster Sun- 
day afternoon, 22 August, 1675, with seven others. The "Clarke 
of the writs" informed the court from Lancaster, 21 October, 
1675 : "I was desired [to have her matter deferred] by a poore 
widow whose husband was s^laine by the Indians here and hath 
5 small children left with her; by a law of the countrie shee 
should have brought in an Inventorie of her husband's estate, 
but such are the difficulties of the time and also the trouble of her 
little children that shee could not possibly with any saftie come 
downe ; her name is Lidia Benet." 

Before her marriage Lydia figured in the case against I\Iary 
Gates. From the deposition taken before Simon Willard, 27 
November, 1656, we learn that when Goodwife Gates, being called 
upon to give satisfaction to blaster Rowlandson, the preacher, 
for some offense, asserted she had done so and was still under 
question, her daughter Mary stood up "uncalled verie boldly 
in (the publique assemblie" and contradicted "our minister." 
Here is the deposition of Lidia Cibie, aged about nineteen years : 
"I heard Mary gats speake to Sergant Kerby that he would 
goe and speake, he said noe for it will give ofence Ofence said 
shee, lett those take ofence and be hanged. If they will." (See 

p. 153.) 

Page 118 

Ayer Phillips, born 16 March, 1726, died in May, 1799, married 
Sarah Burton, no date given. Children : Lucy, born 24 August, 
1750, died 9 December, 1763; Esther, born 29 August, 1752; Asa, 
born 25 May, 1755; Ayer, born 24 August. 1758; Sarah, born 27 
July, 1762 ; Ruth, born 25 April, 1765 ; Daniel born 11 August, 1768. 

George A. Phillips of Bemus Point, New York, from whom 
the above information was obtained, writes : "The only record 1 
find of Jonathan Phillips is on a paper pinned to a leaf of the 
Bible and is as follows: Jonathan Phillips, born 3 December, 
1752- Ternie Palmer 20 ^larch, 1755, married 21 January. 1779. 
Ethel' ijoru 17 October, 1779; Palmer, born 4 July, 1781 ; Jemima, 
21 March. 1784; Joseph, 16 April, 1786; Polly, 27 September, 
1793; Asenath, 18 May, 1799; Jonathan, 25 April, 1802. Then 


the record shows the marriage of Jonathan to Anna Crary, 1 Feb- 
ruary, 1804, and there the record ends so far as Jonathan is con- 
cerned. Daniel, who was my great-grandfather, was married to 
OHve Keigwin 16 August, 1792. Then follows the record of their 
children. Arthur was the first child (my grandfather) and he 
was married to Asenath Phillips in October, 1817, so I would 
figure that my grandmother was cousin to my grandfather. My 
father's name was Joseph and I have one sister, Pauline. There 
were a number of children, brothers and sisters of my father." 

Henry B. Phillips, who has at the cost of years of effort, col- 
lected a vast mass of Phillips data, in a letter dated 4 October, 
1920, quotes Jared Phillips (son of Daniel,^ Ayer,^ Jonathan^) 
born at Plainfield, 15 December, 1812: "His [Ayer's] father 
with several brothers came over from England." Jonathan died 
about 1776, Ayer (Jared's grandfather) died in 1799; so that 
Jared's information comes at three removes from the source. Still 
continuous residence in Plainfield must give weight to a tradition 
less than a hundred years old. 

Page 128 
There was a John Maccoon in Cambridge who might perhaps 
be identified with the Westerly Maccoon. The birth of son 
John — to John and Sarah Maccoon — is recorded, 14 June, 1665 ; 
a son Daniel 18 February, 1668. This suits very well the age of 
the son John of John Maccoon of Westerly. However, Cam- 
bridge records assign other children to John Maccoon, but by 
other wives: Hannah, to John and Deborah, 31 October, 1659; 
Deborah, 31 December, 1661 ; Elizabeth, 31 January, 1662; Sarah, 
15 February, 1663; Margaret, to John and Mary, 20 February, 
1671; Peter, to John and Mary, 21 February, 1671. Query: 
One John with three wives, or three Johns? 

Page 136 

The Collins Family, by Wm. H, Collins, 1897, confirms what is 
in the text conjectured as to the relationship of the American 
Edward ColHns to the Rev. Samuel Collins of Braintree, Eng- 
land. John Collins, salter, lived in London and also in Brampton, 
Essex, and was buried in Brampton. His sons were: Edward 
of Cambridge, Massachusetts ; John, wife Susannah, Jived in Bos- 
ton and Braintree ; Daniel ; and Samuel, vicar of Braintree, Es- 


sex. His daughter Abigail married (2) VVm. Thompson who 
came to New England. The Collins Family is very largely a col- 
lection of portraits. The will of Daniel Conins is given in Glean- 
iui^s of English Records, by J. A. Emmerton and H. F. Waters, 
1880. It was proved 30 October, 1643 ; names brother Edward in 
Cambridge and brother Samuel, vicar of Braintree, and names 
nephew Samuel as executor. Thus then our Samuel was first 
cousin to the Czar's physician. 

The Marvins are dealt with in a sumptuous volume by E. E. 
and Evelyn M. Salisbury, Family Histories and Genealogies, vol. 
iii, 1892, but the work is in error respecting the marriage of Mary 
Marvin. The mistake is corrected in Descendants of Reinold and 
Matthew Marvin, by G. F. and W. T. R. Marvin, Boston, 1904. 
They have been successful in determining the English origin of 
the family ; they came from Essex as did the Collins family. 
There is the will of a Rynailde Marvin of Micheal-Stowe, Ramsey, 
Essex, dated 22 December, 1554. The grandfather of our immi- 
grant, Reinold, was another Rynald, born about 1514, dead before 
15 October, 1561. Deeds show that he was the owner of various 
estates and that his wife was Johan. He was a yeoman, taxed in 
1540 twenty shillings. His children were Richard, Edward, John, 
Andre, Margaret, and Barbara. Edward was bom in Ramsey or 
Wratness about 1550. There is a picture of his "mentshon 
howse called Edons." He was buried 15 November, will dated 
13 November, 1615, proved 17 January, 1615(6). His wife 
Margaret survived him. S>t. Mary's register records her burial 
in Great Bentley parish 28 May, 1633. Great Bentley is ten 
miles southwest of Ramsey. There were eleven children: Ed- 
w^ard, Thomas, Richard, Robert, Margaret, Marie, John, and 
Reinold, born and died in 1593, Reinold baptized "October ye 25th 
1594," Elizabeth, and Matthew. Reinold inherited lands called 
"Moysses," was overseer 1625, church warden, 1627, 1683(4) ; the 
last entry concerning him in St. Mar>''s relates to his ship-money 
tax, of 2s 6d in 1636. This doubtless was a circumstance con- 
tributing to his migration. He is last mentioned in Great Bentley 
in 1637 and appears in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1638. He re- 
moved to Farmington and thence to Lyme for the rest of his life, 
though he owned property in Saybrook. He was a freeman 20 
May, 1658. His wife Marie died about 1661 ; a court record at 


Hartford 5 September, 1661, concerning an indictment for witch- 
craft speaks of her death as due to witchcraft: the accused is 
charged with "ye loss of Hves of several persons and in p'ticular 
ye wife of Reynold Marvin." His will, date 23 May, proved 28 
October, 1662, is preserved at Hartford.^ The inventory, 28 Oc- 
tober, 1662, amounts to i 820-13-6. He names his daughter 
Marie, his son Reinold, and his son Wm. Waller. "My wives 
wearing cloathes and linen belonging to her I leave to my daugh- 
ter Mare's dispose." Children : William, baptized 4 November, 
1618; Elizabeth, baptized 19 April, 1621 ; Marye, baptized 27 Oc- 
tober, 1622; John, born 16 March, 1626; Elizabeth, baptized 29 
April, 1627, married Wm. Waller; Sara, baptized 22 July, 1629; 
Reinold, baptized 20 December, 1631 ; Abigail, baptized 4 May, 
1634; Mary, baptized 23 October, 1636, died 5 March, 1713(4). 
Mary's daughter, Martha Collins, died in August, 1750. 

The estate of Samuel Collins was inventoried in February, 
1695(6), £216-10-6.2 After the widow's death his son-in-law, 
Wm. Ward, became administrator of the estate. 

Page 167 

A reexamination of all tlie records available convinces the wri:- 
er that the wife of Peter Branch must have been the daughter of 
the second Thomas Lincoln, as is suggested by Mrs. Rogers. No 
such daughter is mentioned in the will of the first Thomas, the 
miller of Taunton. His will is given in full in Stephen Lincoln 
of Oakham, by J. E. Morris, 1895. Now the second Thomas, 
also of Taunton, married Mary Austin and had a daughter Han- 
nah, born 15 March, 1663; at is supposed that she is the Hannah 
who was married to Daniel Owen(s) in 1689. I have found no 
record of children of this marriage. Daniel Owens may have 
died early and his widow married (2) Peter Branch about 1691. 
If that be the case then the first two children of Peter Branch 
must have been by another mother. The Taunton records have 
been burnt. Peter's third child Elizabeth was born about 1692. 
Peter's marriage to Hannah Lincoln certainly occurred before 
4 January, 1694; see the land record quoted on page 167 ante. 
The wife of the second Thomas Lincoln is supposed to be the 
daughter of Jonah and Constance Austin ; Jonah Austin was in 

1 Manwaring, Early Connecticut Probate Records, i, p. 220. 

2 Manwaring, p. 428. 


Hingham 1635, on the ship Hercules from Sandwich, Kent; like 
the Branches Austin was from Tenterden. He was in Taunton in 
1643 and died there 30 July, 1683. He was a partner with the 
Deanes in the iron business. See Savage and Morris's Saiuufl 
Lincoln. Thomas Lincoln was baptized by the Rev. Peter Ho- 
bart in Hingham, in February, 1637(8). 

Page 173 

Daniel Travis died 19 January, 1683 (Savage). According to 
Massachusetts Colonial Records, in May, 1680, he was allowed £5 
a year in recognition of his long and hitherto unrewarded services 
as chief gunner. Boston records show that his son Daniel was 
born 3 October, 1652 ; son Ephraim born and died 1659 ; Stephen, 
born 18 September, 1660; Hannah, born 5 January, 1661(2). 

The Suffolk County deeds show that on 8 July, 1660, Daniel 
Travis and his wife Esther conveyed a dwelling house in Boston 
to Robert Risden for £49 sterling. 

As the tax records list both Daniel sr. and Daniel jr. in June, 
1687, and list Daniel sr. among the inhabitants 27 August, 1688, 
there must be an error in Savage's date of his death. In the tax 
list of 1691 appears the name of Widow Travers. 

Page 231 

Captain John Talcott was sent from Connecticut, in the autumn 
of 1663, to Westchester to encourage the people in their hostility 
to Dutch rule. He bettered his instructions by fostering discon- 
tent in all the English towns on the west end of Long Island.^ 

From Colonial Records of Connecticut, ii, p. 229: 

22 May 1674. This Court doth desire and impower Mr. 
Sam" Willys Major John Talcott and the Secretary they or 
any two of them, to goe over to Long Island as soone as they 
may, and are hereby impowered to order and settle the 
affayres of those people, and to establish such military officers 
amongst them as they shall see reason and judge necessary 

Page 118 
A recent letter from Mabel M. Dalrymple lists all the descen- 
dants of Levi, a brother of EHsha Phillips, and makes some correc- 
tions in the list of Squire's children. IMiss Dalrymple is a grand- 
daughter of Levi and her list is evidently derived from family 
records kept by her grandfather. 
1 Scribner's Popular History of the United States, vol. ii, p. 257. 


Children of Squire Phillips: Sarah, born 31 June, 1780; Elisha, 
born 13 March, 1782; Loren, born 3 June, 1784; Darius, born 2 
July, 1786; Lucy ; Jonathan ; Maria, born 3 October, 1790; Lydia; 
Levi, born 24 June, 1795 ; Anna; Elijah; Albert. 

Maria was married to Joseph Marsh and had children : Richard, 
married his cousin Celestia Phillips; Joseph, married Minerva 
Style ; Albert ; Betsy, married Ferdinand Davis ; Harriet, married 
Lorenzo Witham. The family moved to Princeton, Illinois. 
Maria died 5 August, 1870. 

Levi was married to Phebe Marsh, 12 February, 1824, and had 
children: Hiram L. (daughter Rachel), Nancy (son, Charles N. 
Stanton), Rachel, Lorenzo D. (sons, Herbert who has son Ray, 
and Milton), Alonzo (four sons and three daughters), Mary Jane 
(daughter), Pierson C. C. (son), Andrew H. (two daughters), 
Phebe A., married A. S. Dalrymple (children, Roy, Mabel), 
Daniel W. (son). 

Elijah, married to Ellen (sister of Elisha Thompson), had 
children: Lydia, Celestia, Martha, Elizabeth, Thompson, Milton 
(married Esther Phillips, lives in Warren, Pennsylvania), Ellen, 

Jonathan married Voltenburg; served in War of 1812. 

Phebe was a sister to Joseph Marsh, also to Thomas Marsh, 
father of Thursa, who was wife to Harvey Phillips. 

From Mrs. Chase at Russell come some data, obtained partly 
from old lists made by Levi Phillips and partly from tombstones. 
As to the stone record on Squire's grave that must be in part in- 
correct; that is, as according to the town records he was born in 
1759, he must have been more than eighty-seven in 1848. Nor is 
it strange that the inscription should be incorrect as it was put up 
by his son Levi, some time after his death and perhaps (as to his 
age) from memory. 

Squire Phillips and his wife Anna, and his two sons, Darius and 
Albert, were buried in Fairbanks Cemetery, Farmington Town- 
ship (near Russell). Uncle Levi and his wife, Phebe, were 
buried in another small cemetery, Elijah and his wife in Russell, 
but their graves have no markers. 

Tombstone facts: Squire Phillips died March, 1848, age eighty- 
seven years. Anna, his wife, died 1838, age seventy-seven years. 
Their sons died, Darius, in January, 1843 ; Albert, 5 January, 1845, 
age fifty-seven years ; and Elijah, 28 July, 1866, age sixty years. 


List of some of the works consulted : 


Ashley Genealogy, by F. B. Trowbridge. 1896 

Avery Clan, The Groton, by E. M. Avery and Catherine H. 
Avery. 2 vols. 1912 

Ayer — History of the Treman (and other) Families, by E. M. 
Treman and M. E. Poole. 1901 

Baldwin Genealogy, by C. C. Baldwin. 2 vols. 1881-1889 

Beehe Genealogy, by Clarence Beebe. 1904 

Benjamin Families of Columbia County, Nezu York, by R. M. 
Benjamin. 1911 

Benjamin, Family of Samuel, by M. L. Benjamin. 1900 

Bliss Family, by J. H. Bliss. 1881 

Bradley of Fairfield, by J. P. Bradley. 1894 

Burr Genealogy, by C. Burr Todd. 1891 

Collins Family, by Wm. H. Collins. 1897 

Darcfis, Dolor, by Horace Davis. 1881 

Davis, Ancestry of John, by Horace Davis. 1897 

Dean Family, by A. D. Deane. 1903 

Gates, Stephen, by C. O. Gates. 1898 

Gould, Zacheus, by B. A. Gould. 1895 

Hubbard History, by E. W. Day. 1895 

Lincoln, Ancestry of Abraham, by J. H. Lea and J. R. Hutchin- 
son. 1909 

Lockivood Family in America, by F. A. Holden and E. D. Lock- 
wood. 1889 

Lyon Memorial, Connecticut Families, by S. E. Lyon. 1907 

Marvin, Descendants of Reinold and Matfhezv Marvin, by G. F. 
and W. T. R. Marvin. 1904 

Miner, Diary of Manasseh, ed. by F. D. Miner. 1915 

Parsons, Descendants of Cornet Joseph, by Henry Parsons. 1912 

Pratt Family, by F. W. Chapman. 1864 


Pratt, Ancestry of John, by C. W. Whittlesey. 1900 

Sanford, Thomas, Emigrant to Nexv England, by C. E. Sanford. 

2 vols. 1911 
Taintor Family, by C. IM. Taintor. 1847 
Talcott Pedigree, by S. V. Talcott. 1876 
Thompson Lineage, by W. B. Thompson. 1911 
Wakeman Family, by R. P. Wakeman. 1900 
Ward, Andrezv, by G. K. Ward. 1910 
Wentzvorth Genealogy, by John Wentworth, 3 vols. 1878 
Willard Genealogy, by C. H. Pope. 1915 


Cambridge, Massachusetts, History of, by L. R. Paige. 1877 
Columbia County, Nezv York, History of, by F. Ellis. 1878 
Concord, Massachusetts, History of, by L. Shattuck. 1835 
Connecticut Colonial Records, 15 vols. 

Connecticut Genealogies, by W. R. Cutting-. 4 vols. 1911 
Connecticut Magasine. Vols. 1 to 12. 1895-1908 
Connecticut Men, Record of Services of. Hartford. 1889 
Delazvare County, Nezv York, History of, by Jay Gould. 1856 
Fairfield, Connecticut, History of, by Mrs. E. H. Schenck. 2 vols. 

1889, 1905 
Genealogical Gleanings in England, by H. F. Waters. 1901 
Greenfield, Connecticut, Old Church of, by G. H. Merwin, c. 1913 
Hartford County, Memorial History of, by J. H. Trumbull. 2 

vols. 1886' 
Historical Magacine, Putnam's. Vols. 1 to 7. 1892-1899 
N'ezv England, Founders of, by S. G. Drake. 1860 
Nczu England, Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of, by 

J. Savage. 4 vols. 1860 
Nezv England Historical and Genealogical Register. Vol. 1-, 1847- 
Nezv Haven Colonial Records, ed. by C. J. Hoadley. 2 vols. 
Nezv Haven Tozvn Records. Vol. 1 

Nezv Haven, History of Colony of, by E. E. Atwater. 1881 
Nezv York Genealogical and Biographical Record. Vol. 1-, 1870- 
Nezi} York, Military Minutes of. 
Northampton, Massachusetts, History of, by J. R. Trumbull. 2 

vols. 1898 
Norzvich, Connecticut, History of, by F. M. Caulkins. 1874 


f^edding, Connecticut, History of, by C. B. Todd. 

Rhode Island Colonial Records. 10 vols. 

Rhode Island Faniilies, Genealogical Dictionary of, by J. O. 

Austin. 1887 
Sharon, Connecticut, History of, by C. F. S'edgAvick. 3rd ed. 

Springfield, History of, by H. Morris. 1876 
Springfield, First Century of, by H. M. Burt. 2 vols. 1898, 1899 
Stonington, Connecticut, History of, by R. A. Wheeler. 1900 
Stratford, Connecticut, History of, by Sam. Orcutt. 2 pts. 1886 



Alliance Frigate, 187 
Ambler, Mrs. Julia, 47 
Amenia, N. Y., 25, 50, 92 
Andros, Edmund (Gov.), 

263, 264 
Andros, Sir Edmund, 57, 99, 

100, 176, 177, 178 
Austerlitz, N. Y., 68, 70 

Bandon,  Ireland, 92 
Barnstable, Mass., 15, 44, 157 
Barry, John (Capt.), 186, 187 
Bedford, Mass., 45 
Bement, Mrs. Ella, 78 
Bennington, Vt., 118, 119 
Berks, Eng., 210 
Bigelow, John, 42 
Bloomville. O., 108, 121, 189 
Boston, Eng., 129 
Boston, Mass., 15, 59, 61, 

73, 81, 85, 89, 129, 141, 

147, 173, 186, 218, 221, 

Boundary questions, 66, 100 
Braintree, Eng., 136, 230, 

234 fif. 
Braintree, Mass., 55. 81, 84, 

Branford, Conn., 16, 229, 

236, 244 
Bristol, Eng., 77, 156 
Bucks, Eng., 11, 160 
Bunker Hill, 186 
Bury St. Edmund's Eng., 

174, 189 
Butler, B. F., 41 

Cambridge, Eng., 156, 215 
Cambridge, Mass., 15, 17, 44, 

51, 55, 136 f., 152, 156, 

165, 230 
Cambridge. O., 119 
Canaan. N. Y., 28, 30, 34, 

47, 50, 54, 66, 76, 92, 255 
Canada, 33, 254, 256, 259 
Canterbury, Conn., 93 
Catskill. N. Y., 33, 37, 42, 

69, 255, 259 
Captives of war, Cromwell's, 

Cedar Rapids, la., 112 
Charlestown, Mass., 15, 116, 

134, 135, 144, 156, 158, 165 
Chatham, N. Y., 30, Zi, 47, 

"^55 f. 
Chautauqua, N. Y.. 119, 128 
Chester, Eng., 229 

Cincinnati, O., Ill, 112 
Clinton, De Witt, 30 
Colchester, Conn., 50, 54 
Colve, Gov. Capt. Anthony, 

Concord, Mass., 15, 44 f., 

59 f., 104, 165 
Coventry, Eng., 148, 235 f. 
Cradock, Gov., 137, 2'i2 
Darrtown, O., 120 
Dartmouth College, 178 
Day, Caleb, 41 
Delaware Co., N. Y., 107, 

Derby, Eng., 209 
Devon, Eng., 70, 71, 84, 137, 

Disborough, Mercv, 265, 271, 

273 f. 
Dongan, Gov. Thomas, 99, 

Dorchester, Mass., IS, 62, 81 
Dorset (Bridport), Eng., 83 
Durham, Conn., 73 
Duxbury, Mass., 44, 90, 91 
Dwight, 82, 270 
Dwight, Timothy, Rev., 106, 

187, 238 

Edinburgh, 137 

Eliot, Rev. Joseph, 274 f. 

Elmore, O., 123, 250 

Essex, Eng., 57, 71, 130, 

149 f., 158, 194, 210, 213 f., 

230, 234 
Estabrook, J. D., 44 
Estabrook, Rev. John, 46 

Fairfield, Conn., 16, 18, 
97 f., 1 .5, 174 f., 190 f., 
196 f., 206, 211, 235 f., 
239 f., 244, 2^2 f., 265 

Farmington, Conn., 53 

Friendship, N. Y., 37, 106, 
108, 110, 111, 121, 188, 

Fuller, Thomas yW orthxes^ , 

Garfield, Jas. A., 
Genoa, O., 110, 122, 250 
Gibsonburg, O., 35 
Gloucester, Mass., 15, 141, 

Goodsell, John, Rev., 104 
Gookin, Gen. Daniel, 85 
Grafton, O., 34 

Great Barrington, Mass., 31 

Green Co., O., 33 

Green River, Upper, 23, 27, 

31, 66, 93 
Greenfield, Conn., 103, 106, 

107, 237 f. 
Grey, Jane, Lady, ISO 
Griswold, Conn., 155 
Groton, Conn., 63, 64, 90, 

144, 172, 280 f. 
Groton, Mass., 45 

Haddam, Conn., 52, 84 
Hales, John, 221 
Hamilton, Alex, 21 I., 30 
Hancock, John, 186 
Harmony, Pa., 128 
Hartford, 15, 49, 51, 54 f., 

71, 80, 84, 145, 181, 203 

211, 231, 244, 271 
Harvard College, 61, 78, 80 

138, 145, 182, 196, 205 

219, 223 
Harwich, Mass., 123 
Haverhill, Mass., 172, 173 
Hereford, Eng., 51, 155 
Herkimer, N. Y., 34 
Hertford, Eng., 174 
Hillsdale, N. Y., 31, 70 
Hingham, Eng., 168 f. 
Hingham, Mass., 16, 81, 145, 

152, 158, 160, 167 f. 
Holland, 91 

Hooker, Thos., 51, 55. 231 
Hopkinton, Mass., 115, 117 
Hudson, N. Y., 31, 41 
Hull, Rev. Jos., 45 

Indian Lands, 100, 280 f. 

Indian Missions, 279 f. 

Indians, Chickens, 181, 182, 
199; Jane, 207; Narragan- 
setts, 144; Pequots, 132, 
143, 144; Uncas, 142, 143; 
Wampus John, 176 

Ipswich, Mass., 172, 173, 212 

Jackson, Andrew, 42 
Jay, John, 30 
Jagger, 98, 244 

Kelso, Wm., 54 

Kent, Conn., 50, 51 

Kent, Eng., 44, 60, 97, 152, 

155, 157, 163 f. 
Kenton, O., 127 



Kinderhook, N. Y., 41 
King, Benj., 25 
King, Rufus, 30 
Kingston, R. I., 25, 129, 149 
Kitchener, Stephen, 29 
Knapp, Goody, 242, 265 f. 
Koenigsberg, 136, 137 

Laborie, James (Dr.), 180 
Lancaster, Mass., 16, 115, 

152, 153 
Laurens, John (Col.), 187 
Lee, Jonathan, Rev., 65 
Leisler, Capt. Jacob, 178 
Leverett, John, Gov., 85 
Leyden, 70 

Lincoln, Eng., 81, 129, 218 
Litchfield, O., 34, 48 
Livingston, John, 27 
Livingston, Philip, 27 
London, Eng., 90, 97, 136, 

137, 211, 217, 227. 236 
Long Island, 128, 130 
Lord, Rev. Hezekiah, 155 
Louisburg Expedition, 198 
Ludlow, Roger, 98. 101, 194, 

211, 266 f. 
Lyme, Conn., SO, 138 

Marblehead, Mass., 88, 116 
Martha's Vineyard, Mass., 90 
Mason, Capt., 56 
Mather, Cotton, Rev., 137, 

Mather, Mag. Christi, 290 
Mather, 78, 80 
Mather, Increase, 61 
Medford, Mass., 137 
Middlebury, 25 
Middletown, Conn., 134, 135, 

138, 139, 212 
Milan, O., 110, 189 
Milford, Conn., 54, 64, 11, 

83, 175, 176, 229 
Moore, Sir Henry, 47 
Monk, Gen. George, 138 
Moxon, George (Rev.), 194 
Mystic, Conn., 131 

Narragansett, 143 f., 232 f. 

New Concord, N. Y., 47, 49 

New Hampshire, 105 

New Haven, Conn., 15, 11, 
178, 196, 203 f., 210, 211, 
218 f., 221 f., 225 f., 236, 
244, 263, 268, 271 f. 

New London, Conn., 15, 25, 
26, 50, 63, 130, 136, 141 f. 

Newark, N. J., 207 

Newbury, Mass., 70, 88, 173 

Newport, R. I., 15, 124, 147 

Niagara, Canada, 121 

North Kingston, 25 

Norfield, Conn., 106, 107 

Norfolk, Eng., 114, 149, 
168 f., 174, 189 

Northampton, Eng., 49, 84, 

Northampton, Mass., 15, 

12 f., 83, 85, 279 
Northfield, Mass., 85 
Norwalk, Conn., 245 
Norwich, Conn., 25, 166, 232 

Odell, Augrustus, 28 
Olcutt, Sam, 54 
Otis, Amos, 45 
Oxford, Mass., 116, 117 

Palmes, Major Edward, 142 
Pauchug, Conn., 155 
Pawcatuck, 130, 131, 133, 

142 f. 
Perrysburg, O., 33, 34, 35, 

36, 37, 109, 111, 122, 252 
Petersburg. N. Y., 126, 127, 

Pitkin, \Vm., 58, 100, 178 
Plainfield, Conn., 16, 62, 63, 

117, 118 
Plattsburgh, N. Y., 257 
Plymouth, Eng., 81 
Plymouth, Mass., 44, 91, 145, 

149, 153, 156, 165 
Portsmouth, R. I., 147, 149 
Pray, Mrs. Alice E., 70 
Preston, Conn., 16, 114, 

116 f., 153, 155, 165 f. 
Providence, R. I., 149 
Redding, Conn., 105, 106, 


Rehoboth, Mass., 130, 145 
Ridgefield, Conn., 182, 187, 

Roosevelt, Isaac, 21 
Robinson, Doane, 145 
Robinson, John, Rev., 71 
Rosseter, Rev. E. B., 24 
Rowley, Mass., 134 
Roxbury, Mass., 16, 81, 194 
Roxbury, N. Y., 188 
Rudd, M. D., 68, 70 
Russell, Pa., Ill, 118, 119, 

123, 155 
Russia, 136 

Rutland, Mass., 16, 46, 47 
Rye, N. Y., 18, 99, 100, 101 

Salem, Mass., 16, 144 
Salisbury, Conn., 65, 68, 75 
Salisbury, Eng., 86 f. 
Salisbury, Mass., 172 
Saltonstall, Sir Richard, 114, 

Saybrook, Conn., 53, 84, 99, 

138, 139, 171, 206 
Schuyler, Peter, 28 30 
Scituate, Mass., 157, 165 
Sharon, Conn., 47, 65 
Sharp, Archbishop, 54 
Sheffield, Mass., 65 f., 73, 

75, 275 ff. 
Shefiford, Canada. 29 
Shepard, Thos. Rev., 89 
Shove, George, Rev., 61 

Slaves, of Thaddeus Banks 
(Tony), 105; of Sam Burr 
(Nancy), 201; of Wm. 
Garner, 31; of Abel Gold 
(Tony), 183 f . ; of Jos. 
Powers, 26; of Wm. Pow- 
ers, 26, 31; of Jos. Sav- 
age, 31; of Col. Scott, 31; 
of Sam Wakeman, 207; of 
Thos. Wakeman, 208 

Somerset, Eng., 61, 81, 82, 
86. 140, 142 

Spencertown, N. Y., 23, 27, 
11, 65 f., 76 

Springfield, Mass., 16, 70 f., 
11, 79, 84, 195, 211, 229 

Stamford, (Tonn., 16, 178, 
211, 270 

Stephentown, N. Y., see 
Petercburg i^ 

Stone, Rev. Samuel, 14S 

Stratford, Conn., 16, 175, 
192, 209, 215 

Stockbridge, Mass., 66, 76 

Stonington, Conn., 16, 24, 
49, 62, 63, 92, 131, 132, 
134, 140, 142, 146, 172 

Stow, Mass.. 16, 152, 153 

Stuyvesant, Rev. Peter, 218 

Suflfolk, Eng., 151, 161, 171, 

Taunton, Eng., 61, 81, 82 
Taunton, Mass., 61, 62, 167 
Thacher's Woe, 89 
Trumbull, 90 

Tryon, Gov. Wm., 47, 184, 

Van Buren, Martin, 41 f. 
Van Ness, Peter, 28 
Van Rensselaer, 28 
Virginia, 152, 163, 244 
\'oluntown. Conn., 118, 125 

Wales, 11, 81, 243 
Walsingham, 152 
Walsingham, Elizabeth, 159, 

Walsingham, Francis, 159, 

Warwick, Eng., 148, 235 f. 
Waterbury, 25 
Watertown, Mass., 16, 114, 

115, 116, 152, 156, 193, 

211, 212, 240 
Westerly, R. I., 124 f.. 128, 

134, 142 f., 149, 232 
Westfield, Mass., 75, 279 
Wethersfield, Conn., 53, 210, 

211, 212, 243 
Weymouth, Mass., 89 
Wheeler, 16 

Whiting, Col. Wm., 28 f. 
Wilson, John, 55 
Whittier, John G., 89 
Wilts, Eng., 86, 171 
Windham, Conn., 93 


Windsor, Conn., 53, 71, 81, Woodbridge, Rev. Timothy, Wright, Jos., 50 

83, <il 274 f. Wright, Gov. Silas, 42 

Winthrop, 142 Woodbury, 25 

Winthrop, John, 114, 211 Woodville, O., 34, 37 f., Yale College, 181, 186, 198, 

Winthrop, John2, 114, 130, 109 f., 121, 123 208, 238, 244 

144, 178, 219 Wooster, Col. David, 50 Yarmouth, Mass., 156 

Winthrop, Waite, 142 Worcester, Eng., 201 f., 203, York, Eng., 148, 159, 202, 

Witchcraft, 84 f., 264 f. 220 f., 224 235 f. 

Wolcott, Roger, 63 


Adams, Ann 2, 57 

Eleanor 2, 57 

Jeremy 1, 55, 56, 57 

John, 41, 57 

Rebecca (Greenhill), 56 

Rebecca (Warner), 56 

Samuel 2, 57 
Allan, Kathryn, 23 
Allen, Elizabeth (Parsons), 


Elizabeth (Patridge), 91 

James, 63, 91 

Jonathan, Maj., 75 

Joseph, 75 

Joseph, Capt., 75 

Samuel, 74, 91 

Sarah (Partridge), 91 

Solomon, Rev., 75 
Allworth, Bulah (Mosely), 93 

Hannah (Baker), 93 

Tames, 92, 93 

Mary, 13, 92 f. 

Rebekah, 92 

Rose, 92 

William, 92, 93 
Aly, Elizabeth (Hopkins), 

Theophilus, 222 
Andrews, Hellinah (Burr), 

John, 197 
Angier, Ann (Sheriman), 215 

John, 215 

Judith, 215 
Arnold, Benedict 2, 134 

Benedict (Gen.)5, 64, 134, 

Caleb 1, 149 

Penelope 2, 149 

William 1, 134 
Ashleys, 275 f. 
Ashlev, Abigail, 68, 75, 76 

Abiier, 75, 76 

Anne, 75, 76 

Ebenezer, 75 

Hannah (Glover), 225 

Joseph, 72 

Margaret (Parsons), 75 

Mary (Bliss), 12 

Mercy, 75, 16 

Moses, Gen., 76 

Moses, Rev., 12 

Phineas, 75 

Thankful, 68, 75, 76 

Thankful (Parsons), 65, 
Austin, Constance, 296 

Austin, Jonah, 296 

Martha, 167 

Mary, 167, 29 6 
Averill, Capt. James, 118 
Avery, 12, 133, 140, 141 

Abigail (Cheesbrough), 
133, 134, 146 

Abigail (Holmes), 133 

Christopher, 141 

Christopher 1, 15, 141 

Christopher 3, 144 

Hannah 3, 144 

Hannah (Miner), 145 

Humphrey, 63 

Elijah, Capt., 118 

James, (Capt.), 100, 133, 

141, 142, 143, 144, 232 
James 3, 144 

James Oliver, 141 

To(h)an, 141 

Joanna (Greenslade), 141, 

142, 144 
John, 133 
Johns, 144, 146 
John (.Rev.), 88, 89 
Jonathan 3, 144 
Margery (Stephens), 141 
Mary 3 (Marie), 144, 145, 

Rebecca 3, 144 
Samuel 3, 144 
Susan (Palmer), 144 
Thomas 3, 144, 145 
Ayer, Anne, 171 
Catherine, 171 
Christopher, 171 
Daniel 4, 172 
David 4, 172 
Dorothy (Martin), 172 
Elizabeth (Hutchins), 172 
Elizabeth (Palmer), 172 
Elizabeth (Rogers), 171 
Elizabeth, 171 
Elizabeth 3, 172 
Esther 4, 116, 117, 172, 173 
Galpedus, 171 
Giles, 171 
Hannah, 172 
Hannah 2, 172 
Hannah (Pike), 172 
Hannah (Travers), 172, 

Hannah 4, 172 
Humphrey, 171 
Jerusha 4, 172, 173 
John 1, 171 
John 2, 172 

Avery, Johns, 172 
John 4, 172 
Joseph, 173 
Love 3, 172 
Martha 4, 173 
Mary 2, 172 
Marys, 172 
Nathaniel, 2 172 
Obediah 2, 172 
Peter, 171 
Peter 2, 172 
Rebecca, 172 
Robert, 171 
Robert 2, 172 
Ruth (Wilford), 172 
Samuel 3, 172 
Sarah (Williams), 172 
Susan (Symonds), 172 
Thomas, 17 i 
Thomas 2, 172 
Thomas 3, 172 
Truelove, 171 
William, 171 

B.\BCocK, Gershom, 48 

Stephen, 48 

William, 48 
B:»o'niler, 164 

Bacon, Mary (Sherman), 214 
Baker, Hannah, 93 
Baldington, Agnes 2, 150 

Sir Thomas i, 150 
Baldwin, Alice, 78 

Christian 2, 77 

Edward, 77 

Elizabeth 2, 77 

Elizabeth (Hitchcock), 77 

Ellen, 77 

Hannah, 77 

Henry, 71, 78 

Isabel (Ward), 77 

John, 77, 78 

Joseph 2, 77 

Martha, 78 

Mary, 77 

Mary 2, 77 

Nathaniel 2, 77 

Richard, 77, 78 

Richard l, 77 

R-ibert, 78 

Ruth, 78 

Sarah, 78 

Sarah 2, 77, 78 

Sylvester, 77, 78 

Timothy 2, 77 

Widow, 77 
Ballard, Peleg, 117 



Banks, 235, 238 
Abigail 3 102 
Amanda (see Helen A.) 
Benjamin 2, 101, 241, 243 
Benjamins, 102, 103, 104, 

Benjamin 4, 102, 103, 104 
Bradley 6, 103, 105, 106, 

107, 108, 189, 190 
Burr 7, 110 
Clarence L.9, 109, 249 
Daniel, 106 
David, 106 
David 6, 105 
David Bradley 7. 107, 103, 

109, 110, 121, 123, 189 
David Bradley 9, 109, 249 
David Elisha 8, 109 
Dorothy L-H, 249 
Dorothy S.9, 109, 249 
Ebenezer (Lieut.), 106 
Elizabeth Reed lO, 249 
Elizabeth (Lyon), 102, 

241, 243 
Elizabeth 3, 102 
Elizabeth 6, 105 
Eunice, 110 
Frances J.9, 252 
Frederick Jaeger, 109, 249 
George H.9, 252 
George Ira lO, 109, 249 
George Robert 9, 109, 249 
Gershom 4, 102, 103, 104 
Gertrude lO, 252 
Graham, 252 
Hannah 2, 101 
Helen 10, 109, 249 
Helen Amanda 8, 108, 109, 

122, 251 
Helen A.9, 252 
Hester, 104 
Hester 5, 104 
Ira Bradley 8, 108, 109, 

110, 122, 189, 249 

Jas. Augustus 8, 109, 122, 

Jemima (Smith), 109 
Jesse, 106 
Johanna 4, 102, 103 
John, 97, 106 
John 1, 16, 97, 98, 99, 100, 

193, 197, 240, 243, 244, 

267 f. 
John 2 (Lieut.), 98, 101, 

102, 177 
Johns, 102 
John 4, 102, 104 
John 9, 109, 249 
Jonathan, 106 
Joseph, 103, 106 
Joseph 2, 101 
Joseph 3, 102 
Julia 9, 109, 249 
Justus 6, 105 
Katherine (Muir), 252 
Leona 10, 252 
Lucile 10, 252 
Lydia Ann S, 27, 106, 107, 

108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 

113, 123, 189, 190, 249 
Margaret Pernelia 9, 252 
Mary (Shedwood), 101, 

Mary 2, 101 
Mary 4, 102 
MolleyC, 105 
Moses, 106 
Nehemiah 4, 102 
Obadiah2, 101, 102 
Olive (Bradley), 105, 108 
Pamelia (Phillips), 108, 

110, 119-124 
Paul Robert 9, 109, 249 
Polly 7, 110 
Ralph, 97 
Rebecca, 101 
Reuben B., 107 
Richard, 97 
Ruth (Hyatt), 102, 104, 

Ruths, 104 
Samuel 2, 101 
Samuel 6, 107, 110 
Sarah, 104, 105 
Sarah 5, 104 
Sarah (Gold), 107, 110 
Seths, 104, 116 
Susanna 2, 101 
Talcott 7, 107, 189 
Taikent (Talcott), 106 
Thaddeuss, 104, 105, 106, 

107, 238 
Thomas 4, 102, 103, 104 
Thomas 5, 106, 107 
Thomas 6, 105 
Wm. B., 252 
Zalmon B., 107 
Barlov/, Aaron, 193 
Abiah, 192 
Abigail (Lockwood), 191, 

193, 194 
Abigail 3, 191 
Abigail 4, 191, 192 
Ann, 191, 192 
Anna, 13, 188, 191, 193 
Anne 4, 191, 192 
Benajan 5, 192 
Daniel 4, 192 
Daniel, 193 
David 4, 192 
David, 192 
David 5, 192 
David 6, 193 
Deborah 2, 191 
Deborah 3, 191 
Deborah 4, 191 
Edmund, 192, 193 
Elizabeth 2, 191 
Elizabeth 3, 191 
Elizabeth 4, 192 
Experience (Davis), 192, 

239, 240 
Francis 4, 191, 193 
George i, 192 
George 2, 192 
Gershom 4, 192 

Barlow, Grace 4, 192 

Hezekiah 3, 192 

Huldah 6, 192 

Isabella 2, 191 

Jabez 5, 192 

Joel 5, 14, 192 

Johni, 190, 191, 236 

John 2, 191, 193, 194 

Johns. 191, 273 

John 4, 191, 192 

John, 192 

Johns, 193 

John 6, 193 

Josephs, 191 

Joseph 4, 191, 192 

Martha 2, 191 

Marys, 192, 193 

Mary (Sikes), 193 

Mary 6, 193 

Mehitable (Staples), 192 

Nehemiah 5, 192, 193 

Ruth 2, 190, 236 

Ruths, 191 

Ruth 5, 193 

Samuel 3, 191 

Samuel 4, 191, 192 

Samuel, 193 

Sarah 4, 191 

Sarahs, 192, 193 

Silas 5, 193 

Susanna 5, 193 

Thomas, 191 
Barnard, Esther (Travis), 

John, 173 
Barnes, Abigail, 135 
Bartlett, Mary, 85 

Robert, 78 

Samuel, 85 
Barnard, Abigail (Phillips), 

James, 115 
Barton, Elizabeth (Edwards) 

Bateman, Abigail (Mer- 

riam), 59 
Bates, Bela, 79 
Bedel, Abigail (Collins), 136 

Samuel, 136 
Beebe, Abigail (Yorke), 49 

Ann 5, 50, 286 

Benjamin 3, 49, SO 

Benjamin 4, 49 

Bezaleel, 49 

ChloeS, SO, 285 

Clement 4, 49 

Daniel 5, 50, 285 

Dorcas (Hurd), 286 

Ebenezer 4, 49 

Esther (Pratt), 285 

Hannah 2, 49 

Hannah (Wheeler), 49 

Hannah 4, 49 

Hezekiah 5, 50 

James 2, 49 

Joanna 4, 49 

John 1, 16, 49 

John 2, 49, 50 



Beebe, John 4, 49, 50, 285 

Johns, 29, 50, 286 

Martin 5, 50, 285 

Mary 2, 49 

Mary (Boltwood), 49 

Mary (Hill), 286 

Nathaniel 2, 49 

Rebecca i, 49 

Rebecca 2, 49 

Rebecca 3, 50 

Rebecca 4, 49 

Ruths, 50, 285 

Ruth (Pratt), 50, 54, 285 

Samuel 2, 49 

Sarahs, 50, 51 

Thomas 2, 49 

Trials, 50, 286 

Tryphena 5, 50, 285 

Zacheriah 4, 49 
Beecher, Eliphalet, 236 

Henry Ward, 212 

Sally, 236 

Sarah (Bradley), 236 
Beers, James, 191 

Martha (Barlow), 191 
Bellingham, Richard, 90 
Benjamin, 166 

Abel 2, 156 

Abigail (Eddy), 155, 156 

x\bigail 2, 156 

Abigail 3, 156 

Amithy (Myrick), 156 

Caleb 2, 156 

Elizabeths, 157 

Hannah 3, 156 

Jemimas, 153, 157 

Jemima (Lombard), 153 

Johni, 16, 155, 156 

John 2, 156 

John 3, 157 

Joseph 2, 156, 157 

Joseph 3, 156 

Joshua 2, 156 

Keziah 3, 156 

Mary 2, 156 

Marys, 156 

Mary (Hale), 156 

Mercys, 157 

Richard, 155 

Samuel 2, 156 

Sarah (Clark), 156, 157 

Sarah 3, 157 
Bennet, George, 115, 292 f. 

John 2, 293 

Lvdia (Kibbie), 115, 292 f. 

Mary 2, 115, 292 f. 

Samuel 2, 293 
Bent, Anna, 288 
Birdseye, Edward i, 210 

Joseph, 210 

Katherine2, 210 
Bishop, Anne, 288 

Elizabeth (Phillips), 115 

James, 288, 223 

Job, 115 

John, 288 

John 2, 288 

Mary, 288 

Bishop, Stephen, 288 
Bliss, 74, 

Ann 4, 82 

Elizabeth 3 

George, 84 

Jonathan, 84 

Lawrence 4, 84 

Margaret (Lawrence), 84 

Mary 2, 84 

Mary 4. 12, 83, 84 f. 

Nathaniel, 84 

Thomas l, 84 

Thomas 2, 84 

Thomas 3, 83 
Blood, Abigail, 284 

Abigail (Wheeler), 234 

Elizabeth (Willard), 284 

James, 284 

James 2, 284 

John, 284 

Mary, 45 

Richard, 284 

Robert i, 284 
Blott, Joanna 2, 81 

Mary 2, 81 

Robert i, 81 

Sarah 2, 81 

Susanna 2, 81 
Boardman, Saiah (Deane),6S 

Silas, 65 
Bolde (Willard), 60 

Thomas, 60 
Boosey, Esther, 287 

Hannah 2, 52, 53, 286 

James i, 52, 53, 286 f. 

Joseph 2, 286 

Mary 2, 287 

Sarah 2, 287 
Btooth, Elizabeth, 145 
Boreman, Jonathan, 286 

Mercy (Hubbard), 286 
Bourne, Ann, 147 
Bradford, William, Gov., 90 
Bradley, Abigail 6, 211 

Abigail (Jackson), 237 

Abraham 4, 226 f. 

Alice (Prichard), 226, 230 

Agnes (Margates), 236 

Anna Maria 4 

Benjamin, 235 

Benjamin 4, 226, 228 

Damaris (Davis), 237, 240 

Damaris 8, 238 

Daniel, 226 

Daniel 5, 227 

Daniel 6, 237 

David 7, 235, 2Z1 , 238 

David 8, 238 

Deborah 7, 237 

Ebenezer 5, 227 

Eleanor (Jackson), 237, 

Eleanor 7, 237 

Elizabeth (Thompson), 

Elizabeth, 235 

Elizabeth 8, 238 

Ellen, 226 

Bradley, Ellen 8, 237 
Esther 5, 226, 227 
Eunice 8, 237 
Frances (Watkins), 236 
Francis, Sir, 236 
Francis 3, 235, 236 
Francis 4, 236 
Francis 5, 190, 236 
Francis 6, 237 
Hannah (Thompson), 226, 

Hannah (Sherwood), 237 
Johns, 227, 235, 237 
John 6, 237 
John 7, 240 
Joseph 4, 226 
Joseph P. (Justice), 14, 

Joshua, 226 
Joseph 6, 211, 240 
Joseph 7, 237 
Justus 8, 238 
Lydia 5, 237 
Martha 4, 226 
Mary (Cotes), 236 
Mary 8, 238 
Nathan, 226 
Nathan 7, 237 
Nathan 8, 238 
Nathaniel 2, 226 
Olives, 105, 108, 235, 238 
Peter 8, 238 

Ruth (Barlow), 190, 236 
Ruth (Dickerson), 226 
Ruth 6, 237 
Samuel, 237, 238 
Samuel 8 237 
Sarah, 236 

Sarah (Bassett), 227 
Sarah (Holt), 227 
Sarah 4, 226 
Sarah (Jackson), 237 
Sarah 7, 237 
Silence (rockett), 226 
Stephen, 226 
Thomas 3, 236 
Williams, 226, 229, 236 
William 1, 236 
William 2, 235, 236 
William C, 236 
Branch, Alyce (Stookes), 

Content (Howe), 118, 166. 

Content 0, 166 
Desire «, 160 
Edward 2, 164 
Elizabeth 2, 164 
Elizabeth (Gillame), 164 
Elizabeth 4, 296 
Jenevereth •!, 118, 166, 167 
John 3, 165 
John 4, 165, 166 
Johns, 166 
Mary (Speed), 165 
Mary S, 166 
Mary 6, 156 
Mercy 4, 165 



Branch, Mildreds, 165 

Peter 2, 16, 118, 163, 164, 

Peter 3, 165 

Peter 4, 165, 166, 167, 296 
Peters, 166 
Peter 6, 166, 167 
Samuel 5, 166 
Sarah (Averill), 167 
Sarah 5, 166 
Sarah 7, 167 
Seth 6, 166 
Simon 1, 163 
Susanna 2, 164 
Temperance G, 166 
Thomas 3, 165 
Thomas 4. 165 
Thomas 5, 166 ' 
Zephaniah fi, 166, 167 
Zipporah (Kinnie), 166 
Brearelay, Ann, 148 
Brewster, 166 

Hannah (Ayer), 172 
Lidia (Partridge), 91 
Stephen, 172 
Bridgman, James, 84, 85 

Sarah, 84 
Briggs, Constant (Lincoln), 
Elizabeth (Lincoln), 168 
William, 168 
Brigham, Mercie, 287 

Thomas, 287 
Brockett, Silence, 226 
Bronson, John, 61 
John 1, S3 
John 2, 53, 54 
Mary 2, 53 
Brooke, Elizabeth, 148 
Brown, Abigail (Maccoon), 
George, 126 
Jerusha (Lewis), 126 
John, 34 

Mary (Kellogg), 34 
Mary, 288 
Mary (Dix), 288 
Sarah, 120 
Brownell, Alice (Dawer), 
Ann, 148 
Ann 2, 148 
Ann (Brearelay), 148 
Ann (Chitend), 148 
Dorothy (Greene), 148 
Sir Edward, 148 
Elizabeth (Brooke), 148 
Margaret (Gilberthoyse), 

Margaret, 148 
Martha 2, 148 
Mary 2, 147 
Mary (Pearce), 148 
Robert, 148 
Robert 2, 148 
Rowland, 148 
Sarah 2, 148 
Sarah (Smiton), 148 

Brownell, Susan (Pearce), 148 

Thomas, 148 

Thomas 1, 147, 148 

Thomas 2, 148 

William, 148 

William 2, 148 
Bulkeley, 104, 194 

Joseph, Capt., 60 

Peter (Rev.), 199 

Rebecca (Hubbard), 60 

Ruth (Mrs.), 199 
Bull, Capt., 99, 263 

Jeremiah, 142 

John, 100 
Bunday, Priscilla, 154 
Burr, Aaron, 30 

Abigail 3, 194, 196, 197 

Abigail 4, 199, 200 

Abigail (Glover), 196, 197, 
223, 225 

Amelia (Silliman), 184, 
199, 200 

Andrew (Col.), 198 

C. P. (Mrs.), 23, 43 

Catherine (Wakeman), 209 

Charles 4, 194, 199, 240 

Daniel 2, 101, 102, 194, 

196, 223, 225 

Daniel 3, 196, 197 

Daniel 4, 199 

Deborah 3, 197 

Ebenezer 4, 184, 199 200, 

Elizabeth (Wakeman), 
199, 201, 208, 209 

Elizabeth, 183 

Elizabeth Ellen 4, 183, 
184, 199, 200 

Ellen, 183 184, 199, 200 

Esther (Boosey), 287 

Eunice (Sturgis), !99 

Hannah (Banks), 101 

Hannah (Goodyear), 219 

Hellinah 3, 197 

Jehu 1, 16. 102, 194, 195, 
196, 244 

Jehu 2, 100, 177, 196, 197, 
212, 287 

John 2, 196, 263 

John (Col.), 183, 208 

John, 197, 198, 208, 209 

Jonathan, 273 

Mary (Wakeman), 209 

Mary (Ward), 212 

Mehitable 3, 197 

Hehitable 4, 199 

Nathaniel 2, 196, 212 

Nathaniel 3, 197, 219 

Nehemiah 4, 199, 200 

Peter, 181 

Sarah (Osborne), 199 

Sarah (Ward), 212 

Samuel, 185 

Samuel 4, 199 

Seth 4, 199, 200 

Seth Samuel 3, 194, 197, 
198. 199, 200, 209, 223 
Thaddeus, 185, 186, 197 

Burr, William, 201, 209 

Cady, Chloe (Beebe), 285 
Daniel, Judge, 41, 285 
Ebenezer, 285, 286 
Ebenezer, Capt., 285 
Eleazer, 41, 285 
Elisha, 285 

Elizabeth, 31, 41, 285 
John, 170 
Prudence, 286 
Ruth (Waterman), 385 
Tryphena (Beebe), 285 
Cable, Anne (Davis), 240 

John, 194, 195 
Camp, J., 58 

Mary (Sanford), 58 
Camper, Albert F., 249 
Alice E., 249 
Carrie A. (Powers), 249 
Harold Dean, 250 
Josephine E., 250 
Richard A., 250 
Capdon, Ann (Flemming), 
Thomas, 150 
Chamlin, Hanrah (Hazard). 
Jeffrey, 149 
Chase, Ak, 121 
Bridget, 121 
Bridget (Phillips), 120 

C. W., 120 
Lydia Ann, 121 
Chauncey, Chas., Rev., 89, 90 
Cheesebrough, Ann (Stev 
enson), 129, 132 
Abigail (Ingraham), 133 

Abigail 3, 133, 144, 146 
Abigail 4, 134 
Andrew 2, 133 
Bridget, 146 
David 2, 133 
Elihu4, 134 
Elisha 2, 133, 134 
Elisha 3, 133, 146 
Elisha 4, 134 
Elisha 5, 134 
Elizabeth 3, 133 
H., 134 
Jabez 2, 133 
Jabez 4, 134 
Jabez 5, 134 
James 4, 134, 136 
James 5, 134 
jedediah 4, 134 
John 2, 133 
John 4, 133 
Jonathan 2, 133 
Joseph 2, 133 
Marias, 133 
Marie 2, 133 
Martha 2, 133 
Mary (Miner), 133, 146 
Mary 4, 134 
Nathaniel 2, 133, 134 



Cheesebrough, Nathaniel 4, 

Prudence, 134 

Prudence 5, 134 

Rebecca (Mason), 134 

Rebecca 4, 134 

Rebecca 5, 134 

Samuel 2, 133, 134, 146 

Sarah 3, 133 

Sybil 5, 134 

William 1, 15. 129, 130, 
131, 141, 145, 146 

William 2, 133 

Zabulon 4, 134 
Chitend, Ann, 148 
Church, Ann (Gates), 154 

Jonathan, 154 
Clapham, Isabella (Barlow), 

Peter, 191 
Clapp, Abigail, 288 

Preserved, 74 
Clare, Ann (Hopkins) 

Ralph, 220, 221 

Simon, 220 
Clark, 157 

Abigail (Ashley), 68, 76 

Abigail (Parsons), 74 

Benjamin, 153 

Charity (Gold), 110, 189 

Daniel. 189 

Deborah (Gold), 179 

Ebenezer, 74 

Elizabeth i, Edwards), 79 

George, 179 

Isaac, 68, 76 

J., 156 

James. 44 

Jemima (Gates), 153 

iucy, 189 

Mary, 73, 79 

Mercy (Partridge), 91 

Samuel. 79, 153 

Sarah ((jates), 153 

Sarah, IZ, 156, 157 

Seth G., 110, 189 

Stephen, 118 

William, 79, 157 
Cleer (Clare) 

Ann, 216 

Ann 2, 214, 216 

Benjamin, 216 

Jane, 216 

Jane 2, 216 

John, 216 

Katherine, 216 

Mary 2, 216 

Nicholas i, 216 

Nicholas 2, 216 

Thomas 2 216 

William 2, 216 
Clopton, Elizabeth 2, 150 

Widow, 151 

William 1, 150 
Clugstone, Mary (Wake- 
man), 207 

Marys, 209 

Clugstone, Michael, 207 
Coburn. Mercy (Partridge), 91 
Coit, Martha (Harris), 136 

Solomon, 136 
Collier (Colyer), Abel 2, 55 

Abigail 2, 55 

Ann 2, 55 

Elizabeth (Sanford), 54, 

Elizabeth 2, 55 

Elizabeth (Humphries), 55 

John 2, 55 

Joseph 1, 54 

Joseph 2, 55 

Sarah 2, 54, 55 

Susanna 2, 55 
Collins, Abigail (Rose), 137 

Abigail, 135 

Abigail 2, 136, 295 

Abigail 3, 137 

Abigail 4, 138 

Daniel 2, 136, 137, 294 f. 

Daniel 3, 136, 137 

Daniel 4, 138 

Dea Edward 2, 16, 136, 
137. 294 f. 

Edward 3, 137 

Edward 4, 138 

John, 235 

John 1, 136. 137, 294 

John 2, 137, 294 

John 3, Rev., 137, 138 

John 4, 138 

Margery, 234 

Martha 1, 137 

Martha 2, 137 

Martha 3, 133, 136, 138, 
139, 296 

Martha 4, 138, 139 

Mary 4, 138 

Mary (Dixwell), 138 

Mary (Marvin), 138. 295 f. 

Nathaniel 3, Rev., 137, 138 

Samuel 2, Rev., 136, 235, 
294 f. 

Samuel 3. M. D., 136 

Samuel 3, 137, 138, 139 

Samuel 4, 138 

Susanna. 135, 294 

Susanna 4, 138 

Sybil 3, 137 

Sybil (Francklyn), 137 

Sybil 4, 138 
Colton, Abigail (Parsons), 73 

John, IZ 
Cook (Cooke), Aaron, Maj., 

Alice, 116 

Elizabeth. 83 

George, 129 

John (Rev.), 234 

Mary, 234 

Mary (Phillips), 116 
Sarah, 182 
Sarah (Place). 129 
Cooper, Mary, 59 
Cotton, Anna (Gold), 189 

Anne (Goodyear), 218 

Charles, 189 

Cotton, Chauncey, 189 

Cyrus, 189 

Deborah. 189 

Ellen, 189 

George, 190 

Helen, 189 

Henry, 189 

Hubbard, 189 

Ira, 108, 110, 189 f. 

James, 189 

John, Rev., 115 128 f. 

John 3, Rev., 218 

Juliet, 189 

Sally Ann, 189 

Samuel, 123, 186, 187, 189 

Samuel C. 189 

Sarah (Crold), 108, 110, 
111, 189, 190 

Sumner, 189 

Talcott, 189 

Thomas, 189 
Couch, Capt., 181, 182 

Simon, 99 
Cowlay, Margaret (Brow- 
nell), 148 

Robert, 148 
Cowles, Samuel, 287 

Sarah (Hubbard), 287 
Culver. Nathaniel, 67 

Nathaniel, Rev.. 67 
Crandall, John, 142 
Crocker, Gretchen (Powers), 

John Powers, 251 

Margaret, 251 

Thomas Farmer, 251 

Thomas Farmer jr., 251 

D\NA, Lorenzo (Dr.), 183 

Polly (Gold), 188 
Darby, Jonathan. 67 
Darrow, Lydia (Deane), 64 
Davenport, Abraham, 178 

Johni (Rev.), 219, 227, 
267 f., 272 

John 3 (Rev.), 178, 179 

Martha (Gold), 178. 179 
Davidson, Asa L., 121, 127 

Helen. 127 

Lee. 127 

Lydia (Lewis), 121. 127 
Davis. Abigail, 13. 46, 284 

Abigail 5. 46 

Abigail (Read), 45 

AltanaC, 34, 44, 48, 49 

Amos 4, 46 

Anns, 239, 240 

Chloefi. 48 

Damaris3, 237, 239 

Daniel, 46. 47 

Daniel 3, 45, 46 

Daniel «, 48 

Daniel 7, 48 

Dolor. 15. 44. 45. 60. 61 

Dorothy (Heald), 45 

E. A., 44 

Eleazer 3, 45 

Eleazer 6, 48 



Davis, Elijah 6, 48, 49 
Elizabeth, 239 
Elizabeth 2, 45 
Elizabeth 3, 240 
Elizabeth (Fletcher), 46 
Ephraim 4, 46, 47 
Eunice (Potter), 45 
Experience (P.), 192, 239, 

Ezras, 46, 47, 48 
Hannah, 240 
Hannah 5, 49 
Hannah (Baldwin), 79 
Hannah (Lynnell), 45 
Horace, 44 
Jabez 3, 240 
Jabez 4, 240 
Joanna, 47 

Joanna (Beersley), 45 
John, 44, 79 
Johni, 13, 239 
John 2, 239 
John 2, 44, 45 
John 5, 46, 47, 48, 49, 51 
John 6, 48 

John, Gov., 14, 44, 46 
Jonathan 4, 16, 46, 47, 284 
Jonathan 5, 46, 47 
Joseph 4, 46 
keziah 5 47 
Eucretia 6, 48 
Lydia, 46, 239 
Lydia 3, 240 
Margery (VVillard), 44 
Martha (Wakeman), 202, 

205, 223, 224 
Mary, 47, 48 
Mary 3, 45, 239 
Mary 4, 46 
Mary 5, 46, 47 
Mary (Meade), 45, 284 
Mercy 3, 45 
Mercy 5, 47 
Nathaniel, 48 
Nathaniel 4, 46 
Olive 3, 240 
Peter, 46 
Philip F.7, 34 
Phebe (Brown), 47 
Rachels, 240 
Rosewell B.6, 48, 51 
Ruth 2, 45 
Ruth 5, 46, 47 
Ruth 6, 48 
Samuel, 79 

Samuel 2, 45, 46, 284 
Samuel 3, 45 
Samuel 2, 13, 192, 239 
Samuel 3, 239 240 
Sarah, 127 
Sarah 3, 340 
Sarah 6, 48 
Sarah (Beebe), 47, 48, 50, 

Sarah (Frisbie), 48, 51 
Simon 2, 45 
Simon 3, 45 
Stephen 3, 46 

Davis, Stephen 6, 48 

Uriah L. 7, 48 

William, 202, 224 
Dawber, Edmund, 152 

Margaret (Gates), 152 
Day, Isaac, 59 

Joan (Merriam), 59 

John, 3i 
Deane, 28 

Anna 4, 63 

Arthur D., 62, 70 

Barnabas 4, 63 

Barzillai 4, 63, 64 

Benjamin 2, 62 

Benoni 5, 65 

Bucephorus 3, 63 

Charlotte 5, 65 

Cynthia 6, 70 

Eleanor, 61 

Eleanor (Strong), 62, 82 

Elizabeth 6, 11 

Esther 5, 65, 67 

Ezra 2, 62, 64 

Ezra 5, 65 

Ezra 6. 65 

Francis 3, 63 

Gaiuss, 31, 69 

Hannah 3, 63 

Hester 5, 65 

Isaac, 61 

James 2, 16, 62, 64, 70, 

James 3, 63 

Joanna (Fisher), 63 

John, 61 

John 3, 63, 65, 82 

John 4, 24, 63, 64, 65, 66, 

68, 69, 71, 75, 76, 82, 

Johns, 64, 69, 278 

Jonathan 3, 63 

Jonathan 5, 29, 65 

Joseph 2, 62 

Josiah, 66 

Lavina 4, 64 

Lydia 4, 63 f. 

Lydia 5, 64 

Lydia (Thacher), 63 f. 

Marjorie, 59, 81, 82 

Mary 3, 63 

Mary 4, 64 

Mary 5, 65 

iSiathaniel 3, 63 

RhodaS, 27, 32, 41, 61, 

65, 68 f., 82 
Samuel s, 29, 30, 31, 48, 

69, 278 

Sarah (Douglas), 63 

Sarah (Tisdale), 61 f. 

Sarah 3, 63 

Sarah 5, 65 

Susan, 61 

Thankful (Parsons), 65, 

69, 71, 76 
Tlionias, 61 
Unclt, 34 

Walter i, 59, 70, 82 
William 2, 59, 81, 82 

Deane, William 3, 63 

William 5, 65 
Deering, John Kendall 
(Rev.), Ill 

Lydia Ann (Banks), 111, 
112, 113 
Denison, Capt., 132 143, 146, 

General, 85 

H., 133 

Joseph, 146 
Denny, Albert, 207 

Elizabeth (Wakeman), 207 
Depew, Chauncey M., 216 
Dixwell, John i (Regicide), 

Mary 2, 138 
Douglass, Sarah, 63, 64 
Downing, Elizabeth (Gates), 

Drury, Hugh, 288 

Lydia (Rice), 288 
Dudley, Abigail, 286 

Thos. (Gov.), 210 
Dyer, Anna 2, 140 

Thomas i, 140 

Eddy, Abigail 2, 155 

Benjamin, 116 

Elizabeth (Phillips), 116 

John 2, 156 

Mary (Foster), 156 

Samuel 2, 156 

William 1, (Rev.), 155 
Eaton, Theophilus (Gov.), 

219, 236, 268, 271 
Edwards, Alexander, 16, 71 

Benjamin 2, 79 

Benjamin 3, 79 

Ebenezer 3, 79 

Elizabeth, 74 

Elizabeth 2, 79 

Hannah 2, 79 

Hester 3, 80 

John, 239 

Jonathan (Rev.), 279 

Joseph 2, 79 

Justin, 79 

Marv 2, 79 

Mary 3, 79 

Mary (Clark), 79 

Mary (North), 79 

Mary Talcott, 79 

Mindwell, 74, 76, 80 

Nathaniel 2, 79 

Richard 1, 234 

Samuel 2, 79 

Sarah (Baldwin), 77 

Sarah 2, 79 

Thankful 3, 79 

Thankful (Sheldon), 79 
Ellis, Edward, 81 

Helen (Kelly), 252 

Sarah (Blott), 81 

William F., 252 
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 137 
Ensign, David, 80 

Mehitable (Green), 80 



Evarts, William M., 215 

Fairbank, Lydia, 288 
Fenn, Benjamin, 78 

Sarah (Baldwin), 78 
Ferris, Jeffrey, 193 

Susanna (Barlow), 193 
Field, Hannah (Baldwin), 79 

John, 79 
Fisher, Joanna, 63 

Rebecca (Partridge), 91 
Fitch, James, 232 

Mary, 101 

Thomas, 264 

Thomas, Gov., 101 
Fleming, Ann 2, 150 

Thomas 1, ISO 
Fletcher, Abigail (Hub- 
bard), 287 

John, 57 

Rebecca, 57 

Samuel, 287 
Ford, Abigail, 82, 83 

Elizabeth (Cooke), 83 

Joan, 83 

Thomas, 15, 82, 83 
Foster, Marcy (Gates), 153 

Thos., 153 
Fowler, John, 286 

Mary (Hubbard), 286 
Francklyn, Sybil 2, 137 

Thomas 1, 137 
Freeborn, Gideon, 148 

Martha (Brownell), 148 
Freeman, Daniel, 154 

Elizabeth, 152 

Mercy (Gates), 154 
Frisbie, Philip (Col.), 51 

Roswell B., 51 

Sarah, 48, 51 
Frost, Daniel, 97, 191 

Elizabeth (Barlow), 191 

Galpin, Hannah (Jackson), 

Philip, 241 
Gates, 149, 155 

Agnes (Boldington), 150 

Amy 5, 154 f. 

Annas, 118, 149, 154, 299 

Ann (Hills), 152, 158, 293 

Anthony, 152 

Bridget, 155 

Charity (Lathrcp), 154 

Christopher, 150 

Cyrus, 154 

Daniel 3, 153 

Daniel (Capt.), 154 

Dorothy, 151, 159, 160, 
163, 164 

Deborah (Partridge). 154 

Deborahs, 154 

Elizabeth, 152 

Elizabeth 2, 152 

Elizabeth 4, 153 

Elizabeth 5, 154 

Elizabeth (Clopton), 151 

Elizabeth (Freeman), 152 

Gates, Elizabeth (Pynchon). 

Geoffrey, 150, 151, 158, 
159, 161, 164 

Hannah (Woodward), 153 

Henry, 151, 161, 164 

Horatio, Gen., 14, 151 

Horatio, Rev., 149 f., 153 

Isaac 2, 152 

Isaac 3, 153 

Isaac 4, 119, 153, 154, 155 

Isaacs, 154 

Jacobs, 154, 155 

Jemima (Benjamin), 153, 
154, 157 

Jemima s, 154 

Joan (Wentworth), 151, 
158, 159 

John, Sir, 150, 161 

Louisa (Lovicio) 5, 154 

Mabel (Capdon), 150 

Marcy 4, 153 

Margaret, 152 

Margaret ( ), 152 

Mary, 152 

Mary 2, 152, 153, 293 

Mary (Josselyn), 159, 160, 
161, 163 

Mercys, 154 

Nathaniel 3, 153 

Peggy (Smart), 154 

Peter, 159, 160, 161, 163 

Priscilla (Bunday), 154 

Prudence, 116 

Ralph, 150 

Rebecca 2, 152 

Rebecca 3, 153 

Robert, 155 

Sarah, 13, 119, 154 

Sarah 3, 153 

Sarah 4, 153 

Sarahs, 153 

Sarah (Woodward), 153, 158 

Simon 2, 152 

Simon 3, 153 

Stephen 1, 149, 151. 152, 
153, 158, 160 

Stephen 2, 152, 158 

Stephen 3, 153 

Stephen 4, 153 

Susannah 4, 153 

Susannah 5, 154 

Thankful 4, 153 

Thomas, 150, 151 

Thomas 2, 152 

Thomas 3, 153 

Thomas, Capt., 152 

Thomas, Sir, (Gov.), 152 

William, 150, 151 
Gilbert, John, 58 
Gilberthoyse, Margaret, 148 
Gillame, Elizabeth, 164 

Elizabeth 4, 165 

Elizabeth s, 166 

Experience 4, 165 

Hannah (Lincoln), 166, 

Hannah 5, 166 

Glover, Abigail 2, 196, 223, 

Ellen, 205, 223, 225 
Hannah 2, 225 
Hannah (Bliss), 72 
Henry l, 196, 223, 224, 225 
John, 224, 225 
Mary 2, 225 
Mercy 2, 225 
Pelatiah, Rev., 72 
Thomas (Sir), 224 
Gold (Gould). Abel 4, 183 f., 

188 t., 200 f. 
Abels, 184, 188 
Abigail 3, 182, 209 
Abigail 4, 183 
Abraham 4 (Col), 107, 183, 

186, 187 
Abraham 5, 188 
Alice, 174 
Amelia (Silliman), 184, 

Anna 6, 189 
Anna (Barlow), 188 
Benjamin A., 174 
Charity, 110, 189 
David. 186 
Davids, 183 
Deborah, 110. 189 
Deborah 2, 179 
Elizabeth, 174 
Elizabeth (Burr), 183 
Ellens, 184 f. 
Ellen (Burr), 183 f., 188, 

Ellen (Jennings). 184 
Esther 6, 184 
Esther (Bradley). 183, 226 
Esther, Hester 4, 183 
Grissel 5 184 
Hannah 5, 184 
Hannah (Slawson), 182 
Hannah (Talcott), 181 
Hezekiah 3, 182, 183 
Ichabod, 186 
Isaac S, 184 
Tames, 174 
Jay T, 14, 107 
Jeremiah, 174 
Jesse, 186 
John, 174 
John 3, 182 
John S, 184 
Josephs, 183 
Judith, 174 
Luther, 186 

Martha (Harvey), 175 
Martha 2, 178, 179 
Marthas, 183 
Mary, 174 
Mrs. Nathan 1, 194, 195, 

267 f. 
Nathan, 174, 186 
Nathan, Maj.. 99, 100, 102, 

174, 175, 176, 177, 178. 

179, 180, 197, 207, 262 

f., 267, 270 



Gold, Nathan 2, 179, 180, 
181, lyl, 207, 210 

Nathan 3, 182, 183 

Nathan 5, 184 

Onesimus, 183 

Polly 6, 188 

Priscilla, 174 

Rebecca, 174 

Richard, 174 

Robert, 174 

Sallys, 184 

Samuel 3, 182, 201, 226 

Samuel 5, 184 

Samuel 6, 188 

Sarah 2, 179 

Sarah 3, 182 

Sarah G, 107, 110, 174, 175, 
188, 190 

Sarah (Cook), 182 

Seth Burr 5, 184 

Simon, 174, 186 

Stephen, 174, 186 

Talcott 4, 186 

Talcotts, 107, 110, 184, 
185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 

Thomas 174 

William, 174 

Zacheus, 174 
Gonville (Gunville), Rich- 
ard, 210 
Goode, Ann, 202 
Goodwin, George 1, 241 

Mary 2, 241 
Goodyear, Abigail (Cibbard), 

Alice (Parkyns), 217 

Andrew, 217 

Andrews, 219 

Anthony, 217 

Esther 3, 219 

Hannah 3, 205, 217, 218, 
219, 272 

Henry (Sir), 218 

John 3, 219 

Lydia 3, 219 

Mary 3, 218, 219 

Mrs., 218, 219, 212 

Stephen 2, 15, 205, 217, 
218, 219, 227, 271 f. 

Stephens, 219 

Zacherye 1, 217 
Gorman, Mary (Phillips), 

Goulding, Abigail (Rice), 

Palmer, 288 
Goure, Robert, 60 
Green, Eleanor, 126 

Mehitable, 80 

Thomas, 80 
Greenhill, Rebecca, 56 f. 

Samuel, 56 

Thomas, 56 
Greenslade, Joanna, 141, 

Grumman, Mary, 243 

Hale, Mary, 156 
Hammond, Elizabeth 2, 158 

Thomas 1, 16, 158 
Hannum, William, 85 
Hibbard, Abigail (Linden), 

Hare, John (Dr.), 210 

Nicholas (Sir), 210 
Harris, Abigail (Barnes), 

Anne 2, 134 

Anthony, 135 

Daniel 2, 134, 135 

Daniels, 135 

Edith, 135 

Elizabeths, 135 

Hannahs, 135 

John 2, 134, 135 

John 3, 135 

Joseph 3, 13S 

Marthas (Collins), 134, 
138, 139 

Martha 4, 136 

Mary, 135, 212 

Mary 3, 135 

Mary 4, 136 

Patience 4, 136 

Prudence 4, 134, 136 

Sarahs, 135 

Sybil 4, 136, 139 

Thomas 2, 134, 135 

Thomas 3, 135 

William 2, 134, 135, 212 

Williams, 135, 139 

William 4, 136 

William (R. I.), 146 
Harrison, Daniel 2, 288 

Ellen 2, 227 

Richard 1. IS, 286, 227, 229 

Sarah (Hubbard), 288 

Thomas 2, 229 
Harvey, Abigail, 175 

Edmund i, 175 

Hannah 2, 175 

Hannah 3, 265, 270 f. 

Josiah (M. D.), 175, 263, 

Martha, 175 

Marthas, 175 

Mary (Staples), 175, 265, 
270 f. 

Mary 3, 175 

Richard, 175 

Thomas 3, 175 
Hawley, Abigail (Gold), 182. 

Ebenezer 2, 209, 212 

Elizabeth 2, 209 

Elizabeths, 207, 209, 212 

Ephraim 2, 209 

Hannah 2, 209 

Hester (Ward), 209, 212 

John 2, 209 

Joseph (Capt.), 209 

Joseph 1, 209 

Joseph 2, 209, 263 

Katherine (Birdseye), 209, 

Hawley, Mary 2, 209 

Thomas, 209 

Thomas (Rev.), 182, 209 

William, 209, 212 
Haynes, Elizabetii (Rice), 

Peter, 288 
Hazard, 128 

Abigail (Maccoon), 129 

George, 148 

George 3, 148 

George 4, 147 

Hannah 2, 147, 149 

Hannah 3, 149 

Jeremiah 3, 149 

Martha, 147 

Martha 2, 147 

Martha 3, 149 

Martha (Shcrriff), 147 

Mary 3, 149 

Mary (Brownell), 147 

Mary (Smith), 149 

Penelope (Arnohl), 149 

Robert 2, 147, 148 

Robert 3, 149 

Rowland G., 148 

Stephens, 149 

Susannah (Nichols), 148 

Thomas, 15, 146, 147 

Thomas 3, 148 
Hervie, Bridget 2, 140 

George 1, Sir, 140 
Hey wood, Elizabeth (Hub- 
bard), 287 

Samuel, 287 
Hicks, Edward i, 140 

Henrietta 2, 140 
Hill, Eliphaleti, 213 

Eliphalet2, 213 

Hester (Ward), 213 

William 2, 213 
Hills, Ann, 158 

Richard, 135 
Hitchcock, Elizabeth, 17 
IToar, George F., 215 
Holdridge, Abraham, 66, 68 
Holland, Sarah, 115 
Holmes, Abigail (Cheese- 
brough), 133, 146 

Joshua, 133, 146 
Hone, Bartholomew, 71 

Elizabeth (Parsons), 71 

Jane (Parsons), 71 

William, 71 
Hopkins, Abigail, 221 

Anna, 205 

Anne, 220, 221 

Elizabeth 2, 203, 220, 221, 
222, 223 

Elizabeth ( ), 222 

George, 221 

George 2, 222 

Helen (Vickaris), 220, 221 

Mary, 221 

Robert, 221 

William, 221 

William 1, 203, 220, 221 

William 3, 222 



Hosmer, James, 289 

Sarah (White), 289 

Thomas, 56 
Howe(s), (Merriam), 287 

Content, 166 f. 

Thomas, 287 
Howell, Abraham, 207 

Anna (Wakeman), 207 
Hubbard, Abigail 2, 288 

Abigail 4, 60, 288 

Abigail (Dudley), 288 

Daniel 2, 288 

Daniel 3, 288 

Daniel *, 60, 288 

Ebenezer 4, 60, 288 

Elizabeth 2, 288, 290 

Elizabeth 4, 60, 288 

Elizabeth (Jordan), 288 

George i, 287, 289 f. 

Hannah 2, 288 

Hannah 3, 288 

Hannah 4, 288 

Hannah (Rice), 288 f. 

Isaac 3, 288 

John, 59 

John 2, 288 

John 3, 288 

John 4, 60, 288 

Jonathan 3, 59, 287, 288, 

Jonathan 4, 288 

Joseph 4, 60, 288 

Mary, 287 

Mary 2, 288 

Marv 3, 288 

Mary 4, 45, 46, 59. 60, 288 

Mary (Bishop), 289 

Mercy 3, 288 

Rebecca 4, 60 

Samuel *, 60, 288 

Sarah 2, 288' 

Sarah 3, 288 

Thomas 4, 60, 288 

William 2, 288 
Hubbell, Richard, 202 

Sarah (Wakeman), 202 
Hulburt, William, 80 
Humphries, Elizabeth, 55 

Thomas, 60 
Hurlbert, Martha (Collins), 

Thomas, 138 
Hutchins, Benjamin 2, 173 

Elizabeth 2, 172, 173 

Frances, 173 

John 1, 173 

John 2, 173 

Joseph 2, 173 

Love 2, 173 
. Samuel 2, 173 

William 2, 173 
Hyatt, Ruth, 102, 244, 245 

Thomas :, 245 

Thomas 2, 245 

Thomas 3, 245 

Ingraham, William, 133 
Isaac, Jos., 51 

Jackson, Abigail 3, 237, 241 

Eleanor 3, 237, 240 

Hannah 2, 241 

Henry l, 240 

Joseph 2, 240 

Joseph 3, 241 

Mary (Goodwin), 241 

Mary, 241 

Moses 2, 241 

Samuel 2, 241 

Sarah 3, 237, 241 
Jaeger, Caroline Louise 2, 

Charles Ernest 2, 249 

George H.3, 249 

Gustavus 1, 249 

Helen 3, 249 

Helen (Heath), 249 

Helen A. (Powers), 112, 
123, 249 

Julia Helen 2, 249 

Lucy P.2, 249 

Margaret 2, 249 
Jarvis, Abigail (Squire), 185 

Isaac (Lieut.), 185, 186 
Jeanes, William, 80 
Jennings, Ellen, 184 

Hannah (Lyon), 243 

Joshua, 243 
Jessops, 148 
Jesup, Sarah, 208 
Jordan, Elizabeth, 286 

(Powers), 33 

Josselyns, 158 

Anne, 160, 161 

Christopher, 161 

Dorothy (Gates), 151, 160, 
163, 164 

Dorothy, 161 

Edward, 160, 161, 163, 164 

Geoffrey, 162, 163 

George, 163 

Gilbert, 162 

Henry, 160, 161, 162 

James, 162 

Jane, 160, 163 

Joan, 159, 160 

John, 160, 161, 162, 163, 

Leonard, 160 

Mary, 160. 161, 163, 164 

Mary (Lambe), 160, 161, 

Philippa, 163 

Ralph, 162, 163 

Richard, 160, 164 

Robert, 162 

Thomas, 160, 161, 162, 164 

Thomas, Sir, 151, 159, 160, 

William, 162 

Winifred, 161 

Ingraham, Abigail, 133, 146 Kaley, Henry, 36 
M., 133 Lucy (Powers), 36 

Kellogg, Col. Aaron, 32, 34, 
67, 69 

John, 34, 68 

Mary, 34 

William, 67, 68 
Kelly, Amelia (Decker), 251 

Darwin B.2, 251 

George B.3, 252 

Helen A. (Banks), 251 

Helen Amanda 2, 252 

Ida 3, 252 

Marguerite 3, 252 

Russell 3, 252 

Travis i, 251 
Kemp, Patience 2, 

William, 292 
Kibbie, Edward, 292 

Lydia 2, lis, 292 f. 
Kimball, Esther (Phillips), 
117. 118 

Jacob. 117, 118 
King, Elizabeth, 289 

Mary. 289 

Mercy, 289 
Kinnie. Zepporah, 166 
Kitchell. Elizabeth (Wake- 
man), 205 

Samuel (Rev.), 205 
Lake, Anne)2, 218 

Edward (Sir), 218 

Mary (Goodyear), 218 

Thomas 1, 218 

Thomas 2, 218 

Lamb(e), John, 160, 163 

Mary, 160, 161, 163 

William, 161 
Lamberton, Capt., 244 
Lamberton, 272 f. 

Thomas (Capt.), 218, 219. 
Lamson Martha, 288 
Laselle, Elizabeth (Gates), 

John, 152 
Lathrop, Samuel, 144 
Lawton, T., 147 
Lay, Mary, 146 
Leonard, Thomas Ensign, 61 
Lewis, Abel 4, 126 f. 

Abel 5, 127 

Abel 6, 127 

Abigail S, 126 

Abraham 4, 126, 134 

Abrahams, 126, 127 

Abraham 6, 127 

.\mos 4, 126 

Ann, 125, 126 

Anna 3, 126 

Anna 4, 126 

Asa 5. 127 

Augustus S, 127 

Clarke, 127 

Daniel 2, 125 

David 2, 125 

Delight .1, 127 

Dorcas 2, 125 

Eleanor (Greene), 126 



Lewis, Esther 4, 126 

Esthers, 126, 127 

Esthers, 127 

Hannah 4, 126 

Israel 2, 125 

James 2, 125 

James 5, 126, 127 

Jerusha 3, 126 

Jerusha 4, 126 

Johni, 16, 124, 125, 132 

John 2, 125 

Johns, 126 

John, Capt., 126 

Jonathan 2, 125 

Joseph 3, 126, 149 

Joseph 4, 126, 127 

Lydia 6, 127 

Mary, 126 

Mary, 119, 124 

Mary 3, 126 

Mary 4, 126 

MaryO, 127, 128 

Mary (Burdick), 126 

Mary (Wilcox), 126, 149 

Mary (Cleer), 216 

Mary (Thompson), 227 

Nathaniel, 126 

Nathaniels, 127 

Nehemiah 6, 127 

Philip, 239 

PhineasS, 127 

Rebecca (Cheesebrough), 
126, 134 

Robert (Rev.), 216 

Samuel, 227 

Samuel 2, 125 

Sarah 3, 126 

Sarah 6, 127 

Thankful 4, 126 

Thankful 5, 127 

Thankful (Maccoon), 127 

Uriah 5, 127 

Williams, 126 
Lincoln, Abraham, 168, 170 

Agnes, 169 

Alice, 169 

Ann, 169, 1.0 

Catherine, 169, 1/0 

Christian, 170 

Constant 3, 168 

Edmund, 168 

Elizabeth, 169, 170 

Elizabeth 3, 168 

Elizabeth (Street), 167 

Franciscus, 169 

Hannah 3, 166, 167, 168, 
296 f. 

Henrv, 169, 171 

Joan, 168, 170, 171 

John, 168, 169 

John 2, 168 

Jonah 3, 168 

Margaret, 169, 170 

Mary 2, 168 

Mary 3, 168 

Mary (Austin), 296 

Mercy 3, 168 

Richard, 169, 170 

Lincoln, Robert, 168, 170, 171 

Rose, 170 

Samuel, 168, 170 

Samuel 2, 168 

Samuel 3, 168 

Sarah 2, 168 

Sarahs, 168 

Stephen, 168 

Susan, 169 

Thomas, 169, 170 

Thomas 1, 61, 167, 168 

Thomas 2, 168, 296 f. 

William, 168, 170, 171 
Lindon, Abigail, 90 
Linton, Ann 2, 292 

Richard, 115, 292 
Livermore, Rebecca, 116 
Lockwood, Abigail 2, 191, 
193, 194 

Abigail (Burr), 194, 197 

Daniel 2, 193, 194 

Daniel 3, 194, 197 

Deborah 2, 193, 194, 212 

Edmund, 193 

Ephraim 2, 193 

Gershom 2, 193 

John 2, 193 

Jonathan 2, 193, 194 

Joseph 2, 193, 194 

Mary (St. John), 193 

Mary 2, 193 

Robert, 16. 193, 194, 266 

Sarah 2, 193 

Susanna, 193, 194, 266 f. 
Lombard, Benjamin 2, 157 

Bernard, 157 

Caleb 2, 157 

Jedediah 2, 157 

Jemima 2, 156 

Joan (Prichard), 230 

John, 230 

Joseph 2, 157 

Joshua 2, 157 

Margaret 2, 157 

Thomas 1, 156, 157 
Long, L E., 249 

Julia (Banks), 249 
Lord, Abigail 2, 213 

Ebenezer 2, 213 

Hester (Ward), 213 

Marie, 145 

Robert, 213 

Robert 2, 213 

Sarah 2, 213 
Lovejoy, Daniel, 286 

Prudence (Cady), 286 
Lovell, Daniel, 81 

Joanna (Blott), 81 
Lyon, Abigail 2, 241, 243 

Eliphalet, 102 

Elizabeth, 102 

Elizabeth 2, 241, 243 

George, 242 

Hannah 2, 241, 243 

Henry, 241, 242 

Hester 2, 241, 243 

John, 241, 242 

Joseph 2, 241, 243 

Lyon, Margaret, 241, 243 
Mary (Frye). 243 
Mary (Grumman), 243 
Mary (Jackson), 243 
Moses 2, 241, 243 
Phebe, 243 
Richard, 242 
Richard 1, 241, 267 
Richard 2, 241, 243 
Samuel 2, 241, 243 
Susanna, 243 
Thomas, 242 
Thomas 1, 241, 243 
William, 242 
William 2, 241, 243 

Maccoon, Abigail 3, 129 

Abigail 4, 129 

Anne, 128 

Daniel, 294 

Daniel 3, 129 

Deborah, 294 

Dennis D., 128 

Elizabeth, 294 

Hannah, 294 

Hannah 4, 128 

Isabella 2, 128 

James, 128 

John, 16, 128 294 

John 2, 128 

John 3, 129 

Josephs, 129 

Lydia Luther, 128 

Margaret, 294 

Mary, 294 

Mary S, 129 

Peter, 294 

Rachels, 129 

Sarah, 294 

Sarah (Cook), 129 

Thankful, 127, 129 

Thankful 4, 129 

William 3, 128 
McDowell, A., 134 

M., 133 
Madison, Lydia (Phillips), 

Makin, Grace 2, 216 

Joan, 214, 216, 215 

John 2, 216 

Katherine, 216 

Rebecca 2, 216 

Samuel 2, 216 

Tobias, 214, 215, 216 

Tobias 2, 216 

Thomas 2, 216 

Westbroome, 216 
Marsh, Albert, 298 

Betsy, 298 

Harriet, 298 

Joseph, 120, 298 

Maria (Phillips), 119, 298 

Phebe, 298 

Thomas, 298 

Thursa, 120, 298 
Marshall, John, 90 

John 2, 91 

Mary (Partridge), 90 



Marshall, Robert 2, 91 
Marvin, Abigail 4, 296 

Andre 2, 295 

Barbara 2, 295 

Edward 2, 295 

Edward 3, 295 

Elizabeth 3, 295 

Elizabeth 4, 296 

Johan, 295 

John 2, 295 

John 3, 295 

Margaret 2, 295 

Mary 4, 138, 139, 295 f. 

Matthew 3, 295 

Reynold i, 295 

Reynold 3, 138, 139 

Reynold 4, 296 

Richard 2, 295 

Richard 3, 295 

Sarah 4, 296 

Thomas 3, 295 

William 4, 296 
Mason, Anne (Peck), 171 

John, Capt., 134, 171 

Major, 143 

Rebecca, 134 
Mather, 78, 89 

Abednego, Col., 71 

Anne (Goodyear), 218 

Cotton (Rev.), 236 

Increase (Rev.), 218 
Maverick, Anne (Harris), 

Maynard, John, 152 

Mary (Gates), 152 
Meade (Mcdoes), Hannah, 

Mary, 45, 284 
Medoes, see Meade 
Meigs, John, 212 

Trial, 212 
Melyen, Hannah (Hannah), 

Jacob, 286 
Merriam, Abigail 3, 59 

Elizabeth 3, 59 

George 2, 59, ^88 

Hannah 2, 59 

Hannah 3. 59 

Hannah (Rice), 289 

Joan 2, 288 

Johns, 59 

John 4, 59 

Joseph, 59, 288 

Joseph 4, 59 

Margaret 2, 288 

Mary, 287 f. 

Mary 3, 288 

Mary (Cooper), 59 

Mary (Sheafe), 59, 287 f. 

Nathan 4, 59 

Robert 2, 59, 286. 287 

Samuel 4, 59, 286' 

Sara, 287 

Sarah (Stow), 59 

Sarah 2, 287 

Susan 2, 287 

William 1, 287 

Merriam, William 3, 59, 287 
Miller, Caroline E. (Jaeger), 

Louise, 249 
Richard, 24 9 
Walter, 249 
Wilson S., 249 
Miner, 50, 133, 139 f. 
Anna, 140 
Arthur, 140 
Benjamin 3, 146 
Bridget, 140 
Bridgets, 146 
Bridget (Cheesebrough), 

Clement, 140, 142 
Clement 2, 140, 145 
Christopher 3, 146 
Elizabeth, 140 
Elizabeth 2, 140 
Elizabeth (Booth), 145 
Ephraim 2, 140, 142, 145 
Grace (Palmer), 144, 145 
Hannah (Avery), 144, 145 
Hannah, 144, 145 
Henry, 140 
Israel, 140 
Joanna 3, 146 
John, 140 
John 2, 140, 145 
Joseph 2, 133, 144, 145, 146 
Josephs, 146 
Judah 2, 140 
Eodowick, 140 
Lydia (Moore), 145 
Manassah 2, 140, 145, 146, 

Marcie 3, 146 
Maria 2 (Marie), 140, 145 
Marie (Lord), 145 
Mary 2, 133, 140 
Marys. 133, 146 
Mary (Avery), 133, 144, 

Mary (Lay), 146 
Mary (Saxton), 146 
Samuel 2, 145 
Nathaniel, 140 
Prudence 3, 146 
Robert 140 
Sarah (Tracy), 146 
Sarahs, 146 
Thomas, 140 
Thomas 1, Lieut., 16, 100, 

131, 132, 140, 142 f., 

146, 232 
Thomas 2, 140, 145 
William, 140 
Moody, Rev. Joshua, 137 

Martha (Collins), 137 
Moore, Elizabeth, 288 
Lydia, 145 
Mary (Collins), 138 
Richard, 138 
Moorehead, Francis, 60 
Joan, 60 

Morehouse, Hannah (Gold), 

John, 184 

Thomas, 190 
Morgan, Desire (Branch), 

Ebenezer, 166 

J. Capt., 63 
Mosely, Bulah, 93 
Mott, Anne, 230 

Dorothy, 230, 234, 235 

Frances (Gutter), 230 

John, 235 

Marie, 235 

Mark 1, 136, 230, 235 

Mark 2 (Rev.), 235 

Thomas de la, 235 

William, 235 
Mowny, Mowry, Ben, 147 

Martha (Hazard), 147 
My rick, Amithy, 156 

Nichols, Adam, 202 

Ann (Wakeman), 202 

Ann (Ward), 212 

Caleb, 212 

Cyprian, 234 

Disborow, 213 

Ephraim 2, 212, 213 

Esthers, 213 

Helena (Talcott), 234 

Hester (Ward), 212 

Ignatius 3, 213 

Isaac 1, 212 

Susannah, 148 
North, Joseph, 79 

Mary, 79 

Sarah (Baldwin), 79 
Northam, Elizabeth (Ward 

Catlin), 77 
Norton, Elizabeth (Hubbard) 

John, Deacon, 286 

Odell, Jonathan, Rev., 104 

Julia, iJ5 

Maline, 105 

Maria, 120 

Samuel, 104 

Sarah (Banks), 104, 105 

William 1, 104 
Ogden, Alice, 212 

Richard, 212 
Olmstead, Neheniiah, 196, 

Osborne, Sarah, 199 
Owen, Daniel, 168, 296 

Hannah (Lincoln), 168, 

Paine, Thomas, 187 
Palmer, Abraham, 144 

George Herbert, 145 

Grace 2, 144 

Moses 2, 145 

R., 133 

Rebecca (Short), 145 

Susan, 144 



Palmer, Walter 1, IS, 144 
Park, Isaac, 117 
Parker, Ruth, 288 

Susan (Robinson), 189 

Winthrop, 189 
Parr, Catherine (Queen), 162 

Maud, 162 
Parsons, Abigail 3, 73 

Abigail 4, 74 

Benjamin 2, 70, 71 

Daniel 4, 74 

David 4, 11, 74 

Ebenezer 3, 72, 85 

Ebenezer 4, 73 

Elizabeth, 71 

Elizabeths, 12, 85 

Elizabeth 4, 11 

Elizabeths, 75, 278, 290 

Elizabeth (Edwards), 74 

Elizabeth (Strong), 73, 82 

Hannah 3, 72 

Hester 3, 73 

Isaac 5, 74 

Jeffrey, 71 

Jemima 5, 290 

John, 71 

John 3, 73, 85 

John 4, Lieut., 73 

Jonathan 3, IZ 

Jonathan 4 Rev., 70 

Joseph, 71 

Joseph (Cornet), 16, 70, 
71, 80, 83, 84 

Joseph 3, 73, 82, 275 

Joseph 4, 73, 74 

Josiah 4, 74 

Keziahs, 290 

L. B., Gen., 73 

Margarets, 75, 290 

Marian 5, 290 

Martha (Hubbard), 290 

Mary (Bliss), 12, 83 £. 

Mary (Clark), 73 

Mary 3, 72 

Mary 5, 290 

Mary (Stebbins), 73 

Mindwell (Edwards), 74, 
76, 80 

Mindwell 5, 290 

Miriam 5, 290 

Moses 4, 74 

Noah 4, 74 f., 80, 278, 290 

Noahs, 74, 76, 278, 290 

Phebe (Bartlett), 290 

Rachel, 76 

Rachel 5, 290 

Richard 1, 71 

Samuel, 71 

Samuel 3, Lieut., 73 

Samuel H., 71 

Samuel Holden S, Gen., 70 

Sarah (Clark), 11 

Sarah (Sheldon), 74 

Sarah (Vinson), 71 

Thankful 5, 65, 69, 71. 75 f. 
82, 278, 290 

Theophilus, 71 

Thomas, 71 

Parsons, Timothy 5, 74, 278, 

William, 71 

William, Sir, 71 
Partridge, 166 

Eliza(bcth) 2, 89, 90, 291 f. 

Elizabeth 2, 91 

George i, 91 

Gervase-Jervase, 90 

James 2, 91 

John 2, 91 

katherine, 90 

Lidia2, 91 

Mary, 90 

Mary 2, 91 

Mercy 2, 91 

Patience, 91 

Ralph (Rev.). 89, 90, 291 

Rebecca 2, 91 

Ruth, 90 

Sarah 2, 91 

Sarah (Tracy), 91 

Tryphosa, 91 
Pauer family, 25 
Pearce, Mary, 148 

Susan, 148 
Peck, Abigail (Collier), 55 

Anne, 171 

Augusta, 35 

Robert, 171 

Samuel, 55 
Pell, John, 66 

Mrs., 265 f. 

Thomas, M.D., 265 
Perry, Hester (Lyon), 241, 

Nathaniel, 241. 243 
Phelps, Mary (Collier), 55 
Phillips, 155 

Abels, 120 

Abigail 3, 115 

Alberts, 298 

Alberts, 298 

Alexander?, 119 

Alice (Cook), 116 

Alonzo 8, 298 

Andrew 8, 298 

Ann (White), 115 

Annabel 4, 115 

Anne 7, 119, 298 

Anne (Gates). 119 

Arthurs, 294 

Asa 5, 117, 118, 293 

Asa, L. D.s, 120 

Asenathe, 118, 293 

Augustus, 117, 293 

Ayer4, 117, 293 

AyerS, 118, 293 

Bathsheba (Towne), 116 

Benjamin 4, 115 

Berthia 4, 115 

Bridgets, 120 

CelestiaS, 298 

Christopher 1, 114 

Clark 8, Rev., Ill, 120 

Contents, 118 

Phillips, Daniels, 118, 293 f. 

123. 251 
Darius 7, 298 
David 4, 116 
David A.9, 120 
Deborah (Dix), 115 
De Witt, C.s, 120 
Ebenezer 5, 116 
Elijah, 154 
Elijah?, 119, 298 
Elisha, 116, 117 
Elisha7, 116, 119, 128, 298 
Elizabeths, 115 
Elizabeths, 116 
Elizal)eth 8, 298 
Elizabeth (Weldon), 115 
Ellen, 119 
Ellen 8, 298 
Ephraim 4, 115 
Esther (Ayer), 116, 117. 

120, 173 
Esthers, 118, 293 
Esquire 0, 116, 118, 120, 

140, 154, 155, 298 
Ethel, 118, 293 
George 2, Rev., 16, 114, 

117, 211 
George S, 116 
George A.s, 293 f. 
Goodman, 58 
Harvey 8, 111, 120 
Henry, 116 
Henry B., 294 
Herbert 9, 298 
Hiram L.. 298 
Jared 7, 294 
Jemima fi, 293 
Jenevereth (Branch), 118, 

166, 167 
Jennie (Palmer), 293 
Jerusha 6, 118 
John 4, 116 
Johns, 118 
John 7, 119 
Jonathan, 117 
Jonathans, 115, 116, 173, 

Jonathan 4, 114, 116, 154. 

166, 167, 293 
Jonathans, 117, 118, 29} 
Jonathan 6, 118, 293 
Jonathan 7, 118, 119, 298 
Joseph 4, 116 
Josephs, 118, 119, 293 
Joseph 7, 294 
Lee A. D.8, 120 
Lee 9, 120 
Levis, 118 
Levi 9, 119, 120, 298 
Lewis 9, 120 
Loren7, 119, 298 
Lorenzo D.S, 298 
LucinaS, 111, 119, 120 
Lucy 5, 293 
Lucys, 118 
Lucy 7, 298 
Lydia 4, 116 
Lydia 6, 118 



Phillips, I,ydia 7, 119, 120, 

Mahalae, 119, 120 

Maria 7, 119, 120 

Maria (Odell), 120 

Maria iA.9, 120 

Mary (Bennet), 115 

Mary 4, 115, 116 

Mary 7, 118 

Mary 9, 121 

Mary (Lewis), 119, 124, 
127, 128 

Mary (Stephenson), 120 

Mary J.8, 298 

Milton 9, 298 

Nancy 8, 298 

Nathaniel 6, 118 

Obadiah 3, 115 

Obadiah 4, 116 

Obadiah 5, 116 

Palmers, 118, 293 

Pamelia 8, 103, 110, 119 f., 
127 f. 

Pauline 8, 293 

Phebe 8, 298 - 

Pierson, C. C.8, 298 

Polly 6, 293 

Prudence (Gates), 116 

Rachel 8, 298 

Rebecca (Livermore), 116 

Rose A.9, 120 

Ruth (Towne), 116 

Ruth 5, 118, 293 

Samuels, 115 

Samuel 4, 115 

Samuels, 118 

Sarah (Holland), 115 

Sarah (Lynde), 116 

Sarahs, 117 

Sarah (Brown), 120 

Sarah (Burton), 293 

Sarah s, 293 

Sarah 7, 298 

Squire (see Esquire) 

Susan 7, 119 

Susanna (Gates), 154 

Temperance (Branch), 166 

Theophilus 3, 114, 115, 116. 

Theophilus 4, 116 

Thursa (Marsh), 120 

Waterman 6, 118 

Wendell, 14, 114 

William, 166 

William E.9, 120 

Zerobabel, 115 
Pierson, Abraham (Rev.), 

Abraham 2, (Rev.), 244 

Mary (Taintor), 244 

Thomas, 244 
Pomeroy, Anne (Parson), 76 

Timothy, 76 
Pope, John 1, 140 

Sarah 2, 140 
Potter, Ichabod, 147 

Martha (Hazard), 147 
Potts, Rebecca (Avery), 144 

Potts, William, 144 
Powers, Abigail, 26 

Alice (Osman), 249 

Alice P.6, 251 

Altana (Davis), 34, 44, 48, 
49, 259 

Anne 2, 24, 68 

Augusta (Peck), 35 

Bathsheba, 26 

Bathsheba (Smith), 26 

Caroline 4, 23, 42, 43 

Carrie Alice 6, 249 

Charles 4, 34, 36-40, 44, 47, 
110, 111, 249, 260, 280, 

Charles Adorno 6 251 

Charles Andrews, 112, 250 

Charles Osman 6, 251 

Clark D.6, 250 

Edith (Lampman), 251 

Edith Pamela 6, 251 
Edward Adorno 5, 111, 250, 

Elizabeth, 33 

EmeJine (Cook), 136 

Emily 4, 42, 43 

Emily S, 

Emma M. (Clark), 251 

Frances 4, 42 

Frederick Dodge 6, 251 

George 4, 34, 37, 252, 260 

George G.C, 251 

George P.5, 112, 249 

Gretchen 6, 251 
Helen Adah 6, 250 
Helen Altana 5, 112. 123, 

Helen (Beatty), 250 
Helen G.6, 251 
Henrys, 29, 32. 33, 255 f. 
Henry 4, 35, 39, descend- 
ants, 35 
Howard Adorno 6, 251 
Ichabod, 25 
James, 26, 33 
James 3, 23, 24, 27, 32, 

40-44, 69, 254 f., 284 
James 4, 35 
James F.5, 111, 250 
Jane (Wilson), 34, 35 
John, 8, 24 

Johns, 32, 33, 34, 253 f. 
John 4, 36 
John Leslies, 112, 113, 

123, 251 
John L- jr. 6, 251 
Joseph, 25 
Julia Marsh s, 250 
Luella A. (Osman), 251 
Lucy 4, 34, 36, 260 
Lydia, 26 

Lydia A. (Banks), 37, 106. 
108-113. 123, 189, 190, 
Martha L.7, 250 
Mary (Allworth), 24, 92, 93 
Mary, 26 
Mary 2, 24, 

Powers, Mary 3, 33, 41, 44, 

255 f. 
Mary (Love), 250 
Meribah, 25 
Michael, 26 
Otto G.6, 251 
Peter 1, (M.D.), 23. 24, 

25, 26, 66, 68, 92, 93 
Peters, 29. 32, 33, 34, 

35, 48. 252 f. 
Peter (Rev.), 25 
Plum, J.6, 251 
Rhoda (D€ane), 27, 32, 

41, 61, 65, 68, 69 
Rhoda 3, 24, 33. 41, 255 f. 
Richard 2, 24, 28, 29, 283 
Richards, 29, 2Z, 34, 254 
Samuel, 26 
Vivian, 250 
Walter, 25 

Wilhelmina (Georgii"), 251 
William 2, 23, 24, 26, 27 

28. 29. 30, 68, 69 
William 3, 29, 32, 33, 254 f. 
William 4, 39, descend- 
ants, 36 
William Henry, 33 
William Howards, 112, 

123, 251 
Pratt, Abigail 4, 54 
Agnes, 286 
Alice, 189 
Andrew. 51, 286 
Azariah, 50 
Azariah 4, 54 
Daniel 2, 52, 286 
Daniel 3, 53 
Daniel 4, 54 
Elisha 4, 54 
Elizabeth. 51. 52 
Elizabeth 3, 53 
Ellen, 286 
Esther, 285 
Garry, 189 
Hannah 3, 53 

Hannah (Boosey), 52 f., 286 
Henry, 189 

Hepzibah (Wiatt), 52, 286 
James, 286 
Joan, 286 
Joel, 189 

John 1, 15, 51, 52, 286 
John 2, 52, 286 
Jonathan, 53, 116, 286 
Joseph 3, Serg., 50, S3, 

54, 55 
Joseph 4, 54 
Kezia, 116 
Lydia (Phillips), 116 
Mary, 51 

Mary (Baldwin), 77 
Mary Jane (Taylor), 189 
Richard, 51, 286 
Ruth 3, 53 
Ruth 4, SO, 54, 285 
Sarah, 51 
Sarah 3, 53 
Sarah 4, 54 



Pratt, Sarah (Collier), 54, 55 

Susanna 3, 53, 286 

Thomas, 51, 286 

Thomas 2, 286 

William, Rev., 51, 286 

William, 51 
Prichard, Alice 2, 226, 230 

Elizabeth (Pruden), 229 

Frances, 229 

Joan 2, 229 

Nathaniel 2, 229 

Roger 1, 229 
Pullen, Marie, 230 
Pynchon, Edward, Sir, 71 

Elizabeth, 151 

Jane, 71 

John 2, Col., 70, 71, 72 

William, 71, 72, 194, 195 

Read, John i, 234 

John 2, 181, 182 

Ruth (Talcott), 234 
Reed, George, 138 

Sybil (Collins), 138 
Reynolds, John. 221 

Mary (Hopkins), 221 
Rice, Abigail, 289 

Abigail (Clapp), 289 

Anna (Bent), 289 

Benjamin 2, 289 

Edmund 1, Dea., 289 

Edmund 3, 289 

Edward 2, 289 

Edward 3, 289 

Elizabeth 3, 289 

Elizabeth (King), 289 

Elizabeth (Moore), 289 

Esther 3, 289 

Hannah 3, 288 f. 

Henry 2, 289 

Isaac, 138 

Joseph 2, 289 

Joseph 3, 289 

Joshua 3, 289 

Lydia2, 289 

Lydia (Fairbank), 289 

Martha (Lamson), 289 

Mary 3, 289 

Mary (Brown), 289 

Mary (Dix Brown), 289 

Mary (King), 289 

Mary (Townsend), 289 

Matthew 2, 289 

Mercie (Brigham), 289 

Mercy (King), 289 

Ruth 2, 289 

Ruth (Parker), 289 

Samuel 2, 289 

Samuel 3, 289 

Sarah (White), 289 

Sybil (Collins), 138 

Tamazine, 289 
Richards, Priscilla (Wake- 
man), 202 

Thomas, 202 
Robinson, Dudley, 189 

Florence, 189 

Helen (Cotton), 189 

Susan, 189 
Rockefeller. John D., 144 
Rogers, Elizabeth, 171 

John, 171 

Joseph, 26 

Nathan, 90 
Rose, 165 

Abigail 2, 137 

Peter, 154 

Sarah (Gates), 154 

Thomas 1, 137 
Rosentreter, Ernest, 249 

Lucy P. (Jaeger), 249 

Pauline, 249 

Rudolphus, 249 
Rouse, Antoinette, 189 

Barlow. 189 

Deborah (Gold), 110, 189 

Electa, 189 

John. 189 

Obadiah, 189 

Samuel, 189 

Wallace, 18 
Rowland, Joseph, 104 

Elizabeth (Banks), 102 

William. 102 
Russell. John (Rev.). 234 

Mary (Talcott), 234 

Noadiah (Rev.), 223 

William, 220, 223, 225 

Sadd, Hepzibah (Pratt), 52, 

John, 286 

Thomas, 286 
St. John, 193 

Mary, 193 
Sanford, Abigail 2, 258 

Andrew, 57 

Ann, 51, 58 

Elizabeth 2, 54, 55, 58 

Ezekiel, 57, 58 

Hannah 2, 53, 58 

John, 57 

Jonathan, 57 

Mary, 57 

Mary 2, 58 

Robert i, 54 

Robert 2, 55, 57, 58 

Samuel, 57 

Sarah, 58 

Thomas, 57 

Zacheriah 2, Ensign, 55, 
57, 58 
Saunders. 143 
Savage, 28 

Anne, 24 

James, 67 

John, 29, 283 

Peter, 24 

Uncle, 24 
Saxton, Mary, 146 
Scott, Anne (Powers), 24, 

Matthew, Col., 27, 28, 31, 
68, 76 

Mercy (Ashley), 68, 75, 76 

Serif. Mary (Partridge), 91 
Searle, Elisha, 78 

Joanna, 77 

John 1, 78 

John 2. 78 

Sarah (Baldwin), 77 
Selleck. Abigail (Gold), 178 

Jonathan 1, 178 

Jonathan 2. 178, 179 

John 2. 178, 179 

Martha (Gold), 178 
Seymour, Catherine (Grey), 

Jane (Queen), 160, 161 

Edward, 161, 162 
Shaw. Richard. SO 
Sheafe, Jacob. 89, 287 f. 

Margaret (Webb). 89. 289, 

Mary, 59, 287, 288 

Sheldon. Israel, 16, 79. 80 

Hester (Wakemj.n), 202 

Mary (Woodford), 80 

Mehitable (Green), 80 

Sarah 2, 74 

Thankful 2, 79 

Thomas, 202 
Sherburn, John, 173 

Love (Hutchins), 173 
Sherman, Agnes (Butler), 

Ann 4. 214, 215 

Ann (Cleere). 214 

Ann (Pcllatte), 214 

Annas, 214 

Anne 3. 214, 215 

Benjamin 3. 214 

Bezaliel 3, 214, 215 

Edmund 2, 214 

Edmund 3, 213, 214 

Edmunds. 214, 215 

Edmunds, 214 

Edmund 4, 214 

Grace 2, 213 

Grace (Makin), 216 

Henry i, 213 

Henry 2. 213, 214 

Hester 4, 210, 212, 213,214 

Joan 4, 214, 215 

John. 212, 215 

John 4, 211, 212, 213, 215 

John 2, 214 

John 3, 214 

John 4, 215 

John (Capt.), 216 

John (Sen.). 14 

Judith 2, 214 

Judith (Angier), 215 

Margery, 213 

Martha (Gold), 183 

Mary 4, 214 

Richards, 214 

Richard 4, 214 

Roberta (Dr.), 214 

Samuel, 183. 213 

Samuel 4, 213, 215 

Samuels, 214 

Susan (Hills), 214 



Sherman, Susan 3, 214 

William T. (Gen.), 14 
Sherriflf, Martha, 147 

Thomas, 147 
Sherwood, 238 

Eleanor (Bradley), 237 

Elizabeth, 268 

Hannah, 237 

Mary, 101, 102, 266 

Mary (Sherwood), 101 

Matthew, 101 

Thomas, 101, 196, 237 
Silliman, Amelia 2, 184, 199, 

Benjamin 3, 178, 186 

Ebenezer 1, 184, 199, 201 

Elizabeth (Burr), 199 

Gold Sellick2 (Gen.), 
178, 184, 186, 188 

Martha, 186 

Robert, 182 

Samuel, 199 
Skinner, Anne 2, 230 

Captain, 118 

Frances 2, 234 

John 2, 234 

Margerie, 234 

Margery, 235 

Rachel 2, 234 

Rebecca 2, 234 

Richard 2, 234 

Thomas, 230 

William i, 230 

William 2, 234 
Smith, Abigail (t,yon), 243 

Esther (Goodyear), 219 

Henry, 195 

Hester (Parsons), 73 

Joseph, 7Z 

Mary, 149 

Nathan, 219 

Samuel, 243 
Smiton, Sarah, 148 
Spence, Mrs. H. M., 47 
Spencer (Spenser), Elizabeth 
(Tiptoft), 159 

Jared, 53 

Margery, 159 

Philip de, 159 

William, 52 
Spinning, Abigail (Hub- 
bard), 286 

Humphrey, 286 
Squire, Abigail, 185 

Ellen (Gold), 185 

Samuel (Capt.), 185 
Standish, 166 

Alexander 2, 91 
Josia 2, 91 

Miles, 91 
Stanton, 134 
Deborah, 144 

Elizabeth (Cady), 41, 285 
^Thomas, 132. 143, 232, 2i3 
Staples, Mary, 175, 266 f. 
Mary 2, 175, 265 f. 
Mehitable, 192 

Staples, Thomas, 97, 98, 

175, 218, 267 f. 
Stebbins, Mary, 73 
Stephen, Thomasin, 149 
Stephens, Edward, 141 

Margaret, 141 

Margerie, 141 
Stephenson, Mary, 120 
Stetson, Deacon, 134 

Elizabeth (Harris), 134 
Stevenson, Anne 2, 129, 132 

Peter i, 129 
Storms, Mary G., 121 

Shubael, 121 
Storrs, Richard S., Rev., 72 
Stoughton, Dorothy (Tal- 
cott), 234 

Thomas (Capt.), 234 
Stow, Sarah, 59 
Street, Elizabeth, 167 

Francis, 167 
Strong, 79 

Abigail (Ford), 82 

Benajah, 197 

Caleb, Gov., 78 

Ebenezer, 73 

Eleanor 2, 62, 81. 82 

Elizabeth, 73 

Elizabeth 3, 82 

Elizabeth (Parsons), 73 

John, 7i 

John 2, 62, 81. 82 

Jonathan, 74 

Margerie (Deane), 81, 82 

Mehitable (Burr), 197 

Richard i, 62, 81 f. 
Stubbs, Abigail (Benjamin), 

Joshua, 156 

Hannah (Hazard), 147 
Sturgis, Deborah (Barlow), 

Emma, 199 

Grissel (Gold), 184 

John, 191 

Jonathan, 101 

Seth, 184 

Susanna (Banks), 101 
Sweet, Hugh, 141 

Taintor, 164 

Charles 1, 16, 97, 243, 244 

Charles 2, 244 

Joseph, 243 

Mary 2, 98, 244 

Michael, 244 

Thomas, 243 
Talcott, Abigail (Tibbals), 

Anne (Skinner), 230 

Dorothy 5, 234 

Dorothy (Mott), 230, 234 

Elizabeth 5, 234 

Grace 2, 234 

Hannahs, 181, 234 

Helena 5, 234 

Helena (Wakeman), 205, 

Talcott, Hezekiah 5, 234 

Joanna 2, 234 

John 1, 230 

John 2, 230 

John 3, 230 

John 4, Col., 15, 100, 143, 
181, 205, 231 f., 271, 297 

John 5, 234 

Jonathan 5, 234 

Joseph 5, Gov., 14, 234 

Marie 2, 234 

Marie (Pullen), 230 

Mary 4, 234 

Mary 5, 234 

Mary (Cook), 234 

Rachel 3, 234 

Robert 2, 234 

Ruth 5, 234 

Samuel 4, 233, 234 

Samuel 3, 234 

Sarah 3, 234 

Thomas 2, 234 
Taylor, Ann Louise, 189 

Franklin, 189 

Henry H., 189 

Ira C. 189 

Mary Jane, 189 

Preston (Dr.), 189 

Sally Ann (Cotton), 189 

Hannah (Merriam), 59 

John, 101 

Mary (Banks), 101 

William, 59 
Temple, Hannah (Hubbard), 
John, 287 
Thacher, Abigail (Lindon), 
Alice (Ball), 188 
Anne, 88 
Anne 3, 88 
Anne 5, 90 
Anthony, 87 

Anthony 2, Rev., 86, 87, 88 
Barnabas 3, 88 
Clement, 87 
Edith, 88 
Eliza 4, 89 
Eliza (Partridge). 89 f., 

Elizabeth 3, 88 
Giles 2, 86 
John 2, 86 f. 
John 3, 88 
LydiaS, 63. 90, 291 
Martha 3, 88 
Mary 5, 90 
Mary (Deane), 63 
Oxenbridgc «, 14, 90 
Patience 4. 89, 292 
Paul 3, 88 
Peter i. Rev., 86 
Peter 2, Rev., 86, 87 
Peter 3, 87, 88 
Peter 4, 88 
Peter 4, 89 
Peter 5, 90 
Ralph 4, Rev., 89, 291 



Thacher, Rebecca, 86 
Rodolphus 5, 90, 292 
Ruth 5, 90 
Ruth (Partridge), 90, 91, 


Samuel 3, 88 

IMargaret (Webb), 89, 291 

Thomas. 87 

Thomas 2, 86 

Thomas 3, Rev., 61, 88, 89, 
290 f., 292 

Thomas 4, 89, 291 

Thomas 5, 63, 90 

William 4, 88 
Thompson, Abigail (Collins), 

Abigail (Gold), 183 

Ann (Vicars), 228 

Anthony 1, 227, 228 

Anthony 2, 228 

Bridget (Cheesebro), 146 

Charlotte E., 121 

Clark W., 120 f. 

Davidson, 121 

Elisha, 121, 298 

Eliza, 121 

Elizabeth 2, 226, 228 f. 

Ellen, 298 

Hannah 2, 226, 221 

Jane, 121 

John, 179, 268 

John (farmer), 228, 229 

John jr.. 228 

Johni, IS, 227, 228 

Laniska, 121 

Louisa, 121 

Lucina (Phillips), 111, 120 

Lydia 2, 228 

Martha, 121 

Mary 2, 227 

Mary G., 121 

Nathan, 183 

Sarah 2, 228, 229 

Sarah (Gold), 179 

Virginia, 121 

Wayne, 121 

William, 227 
Thorp, Gershom, 104 
Tiptoft, Elizabeth, 159 

John, Earl of Worcester, 

Robert, 159 
Tisdale. Abigail 2, 290 

Elizabeth 2, 61, 290 

James 2, 61, 290 

John 1, 61, 290 

John 2, 61, 290 

Joseph 2, 61, 290 

Joshua 2, 61, 290 

Mary 2, 61, 290 

Sarah 2. 61, 62, 290 
Towne, Bathsheba, 116 

Ruth, 116 
Townsend, Mary, 288 
Tracy, John 2, 291 

Mary 2, 291 

Ruth 2, 291 

Sarah 2, 91, 146 

Tracy, Stephen i, 91, 291 

Thomas 2, 291 

Tryphosa, 91 
Travers (Travis), Daniel 1, 
173, 297 

Daniel 2, 173, 297 

Ephraim 2, 173, 297 

Esther, 173, 297 

Esther 2, 173 

Hannah 2, 172, 173, 297 

Henry, 173 

Jeremiah 2, 173 

Richard, 173 

Sarah 2, 173 

Timothy 2, 173 
Turnev, Aaron (Lieut.), 186 

Ellen (Gold), 186 

Esther (Gold), 183 

John, 183 
Tyboull, John, 60 

ViCKARis (Vicars), 222 

Ann, 228 

Anne, 221, 228 

Helen, 220, 222, 228 

Richard, 222 

Walter, 221 
Vinson, Sarah, 71 

Wadsworth, Elizabeth (Tal 

cott), 234 
Joseph (Capt.), 234 
Wakeman, 201, 202, 236 
Ann 2, 202 
Ann 4, 207 
Anne 2, 202 
Anne (Goode), 202 
Catherine 5, 209 
Ebenezer 4, 207 f. 
Ebenezer 5, 208 f. 
Elizabeth 3, 205 
Elizabeth 4, 207 
Elizabeths, 199, 201, 208 f 
Elizabeth (Hawley), 207, 

Elizabeth (Hopkins), 203, 

220, 222 f. 
Ellen 2, 203 
Esbun 3, 205 
Francis!, 201, 202, 205 
George, Sir, 202 
Hannah (Goodyear), 205, 

217 f. 
Helena 3, 205 
Henry, 224 
Hester 2, 202 
Isaac 2, 202 
Jabez 4, 207 
Jabez 5, 209 
Joan, 202 
John, 201, 202 
John 2, 197, 202 f., 220 f., 

225, 228 
John 4, 207 
John le Wake, 202 
Joseph 2, 202 
Joseph 4, (Capt.), 199, 207, 

208, 209 

Wakeman, Joseph 5, 209 

Martha 2, 202, 205, 223 

Mary 2, 202, 221 

Mary 4, 207 

Nicholas, 202 

Priscilla2, 202 

Richard, 202 

Roger, 201, 202 

Samuel, 286 

Samuel 2, 202, 203, 205 

Samuel 3, (Rev.), 199, 
205, 206, 207. 217, 218, 

Samuel 4, 207 

Samuel 5, 209 

Sarah 2, 202 

Sarah (Jesup), 208 

Stephen 5, 208, 209 

Thomas, 202 

Thomas, Sir, 202 

William, 201, 202 
Walker, Anna (Hopkins). 
205, 221 

Edmund, 205, 221 

John, 205 

James, 61, 290 

John. 147 

Philip, 61 

Sarah, 61 
Wall, Ann (Skinner), 234 

Li<lia 2, 234 

Mary 2, 234 

Moses 1, 234 

Moses 2, 234 
Waller, Elizabeth (Marvin), 

William, 139, 296 
Ward, ^^igail 2, 212 

Abigail 4, 135, 138 

Alice (Ogden), 212 

Andrew 1, 16, 101, 210, 
211, 213, 265 

Andrew 2. 212 

Ann 2, 212 

"Brother," 216 

Edmund 2, 212 

Elizabeth, 11 

Hannah (Judson). 212 

Hester (Sherman), 194, 
210, 212, 213, 216, 265 f. 

Hesters (Esther), 209. 

John 2, 212 

Mary (Harris), 212 

Mary 2, 212 

Nathaniel (Rev.), 212 

Ralph, 211 

Richard, 194 

Richard (Sir), 210 

Samuel 2, 212 

Sarah 2, 212 

Thomas, 210 

Trial (Meigs), 212 

William, 296 

William, Dr., 100, 138, 
194, 212 
Warner, Andrew, 56 f. 

Daniel, 287 



Warner, John, 57 

Mary (Hubbard), 287 

Rebecca, 56 

Sarah (Sherman), 214 

Thomas, 214 

William T. (Gen.), 215 
Warriner, Elizabeth (Bald- 
win), n 

Elizabeth (Hitchcock), 77 

Harvey, 110, 122, 123 

James, 77 

Joanna (Searle), 11 

Pamelia B., 110 

William, 11 
Waterman, 28 

Asa, 285 

Charlotte (Deane), 65 

Gladding, 65 

Joseph, 26 

Ruth, 285 

Ruth (Beebe), 285 

Uncle, 26 
Watkins, Frances, 236 

Francis, 236 
Watts, Elizabeth (Hutchins), 

Samuel, 172 
Webb, Henry, 89 

Margaret, 89, 289, 291 
Weldon, Elizabeth, 115 

Robert, Capt., 115 
Wells, Ruth (Rice), 288 

Samuel, 288 
Wentworth, 151 

Agnes (Fitz Symonds), 

Clare, 163 

Henry, 160, 163 

Joan, 151, 158, 159 

Joan (Josselyn), 159, 163, 

John, 163 

Letitia, 162 

Margery, 161 

Margery (de Spenser), 159 

Nicholas, Sir, 159, 160, 161 

Paul, 159 

Peter, 159, 161, 163 

Philip, 160 

Roger, 159, 163 

Thomas, Earl of Strafford, 

William, 159 
West, Elizabeth (Merriam), 

Francis, 146 

Marcie (Miner), 146 

West, Samuel, 91 

Tryphosa (Partridge), 91 
Wetherell, Daniel, 142 
Wheeler, Abigail, 285 

Hannah 2, 49, 50 

Julia (Odeli), 105 

Rebecca (Banks), 101 

Samuel, 105 

Sarah, 59 
Whelpley, Deborah (Burr), 

Joseph, 197 
Whipple, Susanna (Gates), 

White, Ann, 115 
Whiting, 83 

Anne (Sherman), 215 

Anthony, 215 

John, Rev., 137 

Mary, 137 

Sybil (Collins), 137 
Wiatt, Hepzioah 2, 52, 53 

Israel 2, 53 

John 1, 52, 53 

John 2, 53 

Mary 2, 53 
Wilbur, Ann (Brownell), 148 

Joseph, 148 
Wilcox, Edward 1, 147, 149 

Edward 2, 149 

Hannah (Hazard), 149 

Martha, 149 

Mary 3, 149 

Mary (Hazard), 149 

Stephen 2, 147 

Thomas, 149 

Thomasin (Stephen), 149 
Willard, Agnes, 60 

Alexander, 60 

Alice, 60 

Andrew, 60 

Catherine 2, 60 

Elizabeth, 60 

Elizabeth 2, 60 

Elizabeth 3, 284 

Frances E., 13, 61 

George, 60 

George 2, 60 

Joan (Morehead), 60 

Margaret, 61 

Margery, 60 

Margery 2, 44, 60, 61 

Mary 2, 60 

Richard, 60 

Richard i, 44, 60 f. 

Richard 2, 60 

Robert, 60 

Willard, Samuel 3, 60 

Simon, 60 

Simon, Major, 44, 46, 60 f.. 

Thomacine, 60 

Thomas, 60 

William, 60 
Willet, Abigail (Collins), 137 

John, 137 

Nathaniel, 57 
Williams, 128 

E., 68 

Thankful (Ashley), 68, 278 

Thankful (Maccoon), 129 

Thomas, 129 

Thomas, Col., 68, 76 
Williston, Joseph, 12 

Mary (Bliss), 12 
Wilson, Ann (Sherman), 

Thomas, 147 f., 215 
Wood, Barm, 93 

Mary (Alworth), 93 
Woodford, Mary 2, 79, 80 

Mary (Blott), 81 

Thomas 1, 80, 81 
Woodward, 16 

Abigail (Benjamin), 156, 

Ann (Gates), 152, 158 

Daniel, 153 

Elizabeth (Hammond), 158 

George 2, 153, 158 

Hannah, 153 

John 2, 156, 158 

Mary (White), 158 

Richard 1, 152, 158 

Rose, 158 

Sarahs, 153, 158 

Thankful (Gates), 153 
Woven (Wowen), John, 203, 

Mary (Wakeman), 203, 
Wright, Daniel, 74 

Margaret (Lincoln), 169 

Robert, 170 

Roger, 169, 170 

Yemans, Jonathan, 139 

Sybil (Collins), 139 
Yorke, Abigail 2, 49 

James 1, 16, 49 

James 2, 49 

Joanna i, 49 
Younglove, Maria (Day), 11